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E X H E R S T

Note: This page requires extensive revision following the publication of my article co-written with Adrian Benjamin Burke and Janet Chevalley Wolfe, “The Exhurst Ancestry of the Stoughton Siblings of New England,” pt. 1, New England Historical and Genealogical Register 165 (2011): 245-60. A few of the more important corrections have already been incorporated, and the others will be made as time permits.
Wilde arms
The Wilde arms in the 1633-35 Visitation of London (Publications of the Harleian Society, vol, 17, p. 377). In the fifth quarter (the middle row, on the viewer’s left) appears a version of the Exherst coat: gules, a cross engrailed or, in the first quarter a fleur-de-lis argent. In the sixth quarter (to the viewer’s right) is that of Sepham: crusilly three cinquefoils, tinctures unclear. (Click for larger image.)

The Exherst family, of Ash-next-Sandwich, in Wingham Hundred, Kent, although it was almost certainly extinct in the male line by the middle of the sixteenth century, has an enormous American progeny through the marriage of Mary Exherst (no. 2.ii below) to Edward Stoughton. Their short-lived son Francis was father of the Rev. Thomas Stoughton, a Puritan clergyman, who, attaching to one of his published works a “Postscript to his Children as it were his last Will and Testament unto them,” writes on 22 August 1622:

Many are God’s mercies towards me more then [sic] to mine owne Father, first that I have lived twice his age, and twelve years more. Secondly, whereas he had but my selfe alone, God hath given me twelve children, whereof I have yet seven living, besides the children of some of my children.[1]

Only six children of these seven children have been identified, namely Mary, Thomas (Jr.), Judith, John, Elizabeth, and Israel. Of these, all but Mary and John came to New England.[2]

The account below relies, rather more heavily than might be wished, on the pedigree of the Monins family given in John Philpot’s 1619 Visitation of Kent, ed. Hovenden (Publications of the Harleian Society, vol. 42, 1898), pp. 28-9, which includes the Exherst-Aldy-Monins descent. This pedigree was earlier published, with additions, by Berry in his County Genealogies: Pedigrees of the families of the County of Kent (1830), pp. 179-80. None of the families of the alleged wives in the first four generations — Mersin, Walder, Coleman, or Sepham — are treated elsewhere in either work, and no documentary evidence in support of this part of the pedigree has been discovered. The visitation pedigree was accepted uncritically (moreover, with the introduction of a new and serious error) in Planché’s A Corner of Kent (1864), p. 88,[3] and in a very bad 1904 Molyneux genealogy in which Molyneux, Molines, and Monins are treated as variants of the same name.[4]

An account of this family was to have been treated in a projected work by the late Brice McAdoo Clagett, entitled Seven centuries: Ancestors for twenty generations of John Brice de Treville Clagett and Ann Calvert Brooke Clagett. I have not seen the draft version of the Exherst chapter, and do not know whether the work is still scheduled to appear.

I am grateful to the following persons for assistance:

  • Mr. Adrian Channing, of Ewhurst, Surrey, for an extract from Hasted’s Kent before I myself owned a copy of that work;
  • Jason Long, who brought a typographical error to our attention;
  • My collaborators Adrian Benjamin Burke and Janet Chevalley Wolfe, who in our work on the Exherst-Stoughton article made crucial discoveries that drastically revised earlier work.


location of Exhurst manor

Exherst (now spelt Exhurst) is a manor in the parish of Staplehurst, in the hundred of Cranbrooke, Kent. Its name shares, with that of the not-too-distant parish of Ashurst in the hundred of Washlingstone, a derivation from the Old English æsc (ash-tree) and hyrst (hill); and the two places, and the surnames derived therefrom, can be difficult to distinguish in records.[5] According to Hasted’s Kent,

Maplehurst and Exhurst are two manors here, which in antient times were of no small account, the former of them being situated within the bounds of one of those thirteen denberries which Kenewulf, king of Mercia, and Cuthred, king of Kent, gave to Wernod, abbot of St. Augustine’s, Canterbury, at the time he gave to that monastery the manor of Lenham, being called in that grant “Mapulterhurst.” This estate was in the reign of Edward I in the possession of the family of St. Ledger, and Thomas de St. Leger, in the 29th year of that reign [i.e. 1300-01], had a grant of “free warren” for his lands at Mapelhurst; and in his descendants it continued till it was at length sold to [the family of] Roberts, or Robesart, one of which name, Sir Lewis Robesart, died possessed of it in the 10th year of king Henry VI [i.e. 1431-32]. How long it continued in that name, or who were the successive owners of it from that time, I have not found out; but in later times they both became the property of [the family of] Speke, one of whom, in 1720, sold them to David Papilon, esq., of Acrise, in this county, whose son David Papillon, esq., late of that place, is the present owner of it.[6]

Although Hasted is not clear on the point, it was not only Maplehurst, but Exherst, which passed into the possession of Sir Lewis Robessart.[7] Filling in the subsequent gap in this account somewhat, and corroborating the locations mentioned, are a few references to lands in “le den of Exherst” in the possession of the Newstede Chapel, in the parish of Staplehurst, in the sixteenth century.[8] That this place of Exherst gave rise to the surname is practically certain from the appearance of a “John Exherst, husbondman … of Stapulherst” in a list of those included in 1450 in a pardon for having “in great number in divers places of the realm and specially in Kent and the places adjacent … gathered together against the statutes of the realm to the contempt of the king’s estate.”[9] It would appear, therefore, that the Exhersts were under-tenants of the St. Leger family, and later, of Sir Lewis Robessart. At one time it had seemed possible that Engherst or Engeherst might have been another variation of Exherst, but this now seems quite unlikely to us as there are instances in which the two names have been found applied to different persons in the same record.
    The following pedigree of the family is given in the 1619 Visitation of Kent, which gives not the slightest hint of its sources; nor have any been discovered:

  1. Edmund de Exherst.
  2. Thomas Exherst[10]; m. Matilda, daughter of Gilbert Mersin [recte Mersham?].
  3. John Exherst; m. Ann, daughter of William Walder.
  4. Thomas Exherst; m. Margaret, daughter of John Coleman.[11]
  5. John Exherst; m. Alice, daughter and co-heiress of William Sepham.

Our account begins with a John Exherst, also with wife Alice, who is perhaps identical with the foregoing:

John Exherst’s early descendants

               John Exherst         =  Alice (Sepham?)
       of Ash-next-Sandwich, Kent   |
                b. say 1450         |
             will proved 1493       |
                                    |
                    (1)             |              (2)
      Alice Waller   =       Richard Exherst        =   Joan Roberts
        fl. 1501     |  prob. of Ash-next-Sandwich  | (who m. secondly
                     |        b. say 1471           |     by 1522,
                     |         d. 1512-22           |  Thomas Horden)
             ________|___                   ________|____________
             |          |                   |         |         |
Thomas  =  Benett   Elizabeth   Edward  =  Mary    Thomas    Elizabeth
 Aldy   |  Exherst   Exherst  Stoughton | Exherst  Exherst   Exherst Jr.
of Ash  | d. by 1534   Sr.      of Ash  |          fl. 1529   = Alan
d. 1534 |            (a nun)  d. 1573-4 |                     Matthew
        |__________________           __|_____________________
              |           |           |           |          |
 John   =   Margaret    Edward     Francis     Thomas      Alice
Monins  | (or Margaret)  Aldy     Stoughton   Stoughton   Stoughton
d. 1554 |     Aldy    prob. d.s.p.    |           |
        |   fl. 1534    by 1545       ^           ^
   _____|__________________________________________________________
   |||    |                |                  |                   |
 William  |  William  =  Battell  Edmund  = Parnell  Thomas  = Katherine
  Mary    | Hamigston |  Monins  Stockwith  Monins   Paynter    Monins
  Jane    |           |
all prob. |           |_____________________________________________
 d.s.p.   |                    |                        |          |
          |     Joan  = (1) Francis (2) =  Anne      William    Monins
          |    Street |    Hamigston    | St. Leger Hamigston  Hamigston
          |           |              ___|_______                 (son)
          |           |              |         |
          |         Battell        William   Monins
          |_______  Hamigston    Hamigston  Hamigston
                 |
Elizabeth  = (1) Thomas (2) = Alice
 Peyton    |     Monins     | Crispe
           |    of Barton   |
           |    & Swanton   |
           |    fl. 1574    |
  _________|_        _______|______________________________________
  |         |        |               |         ||||     |         |
Edward  Peyton     Mary            Mary       William  Stephen   Frances
Monins  Monins     Monins        Monins Jr.    John    Monins    Monins
d.s.p. = George = Cavaliero = (1) Goldwell     Ryce   = Mary   = Leonard
         Tooke    Maycott         Rogers       John     Hales  Sprackling
       of Bere      9 ch.  = (2) Christopher  Thomas    8 ch.     2 ch.
         11 ch.                  Mann, Knt.    Anne
                                             prob. all
                                               d.s.p.

1. John Exherst, of Canterbury, and of Exherst in the parish of Staplehurst and hundred of Cranbrooke, Kent, b. say 1425–30. He was recorded as a brewer upon his admission as a freeman of Canterbury in 1478.[12] Around 1480 occurred the “suit of John Exherst, citizen and brewer of Canterbury, who refuses to abide by an award of Sir Thomas Bouchier, of Leeds, concerning some oxen.”[13] He is presumably the John Exherst who witnessed a deed made at Canterbury, dated 26 June, 2 Henry VII (i.e. 1487).[14] As “Joh[ann]es Exherst, brewer, of St. Paul’s parish [Canterbury]” he made a will dated 20 March 1492, and proved 15 April 1493, referring to lands in “the pa[ris]h of Stapilherst and the den of Exherst” and mentioning “Alis my wyff” and “Richard Exherst my son.”[15] It thus appears that he had multiple properties, and while conducting his business in the city may not actually have lived there. He m. Alice (Sepham?), said to have been a daughter of William Sepham.[16] It is possible but not proven, that the Notebeme ancestry attributed to the Stoughtons in the 1619 Visitation (p. 28) may have somehow derived from this marriage. (It is certainly not drawn correctly in the chart, where it is made to run through Alice [Waller], the first wife of Richard Exherst, who most certainly did not have such ancestry.)[17] John Exherst was certainly the father of:

  1. 2Richard Exherst, b. say 1471.


will of John Exherst
First page of the registered copy of the will of John Exherst, proved 1493


2. Richard Exherst, of Ash-next-Sandwich, son of John Exherst and Alice (Sepham?), b. say 1460–70, was still alive in 1512, but was dead before 6 Feb. 1522, the date of the making of the will of his second wife’s father. He is named in his own father’s will, proved 1493; and as no hint is given therein that he was a minor, he likely was not. By 1496 he had become a feoffee of William Peny, in whose will he is briefly mentioned.[18] He m. (1) probably by 1493, Alice Waller, likely living 1501, daughter of Richard Waller and Alice Brudenell. He m. (2) (as her first husband) probably after 1501, but before 1508,[19] Joan Roberts, b. say 1475–80,[20] alive on 6 Feb. 1522 at the making of her father’s will but dead by 6 Oct. 1552 (by which time her second husband had remarried), daughter of Walter Roberts, of Glassenbury in the parish of Cranbrooke, Sheriff of Kent in 4 Henry VII (1488-89), supposedly by the latter’s first wife, Margaret Penn, daughter and eventual heiress in her issue of John Penn, of Penn’s Place, Hertfordshire, by the latter’s wife Alice ____.[21] Joan afterwards married secondly (as his first wife), before 6 Feb. 1522, Thomas Horden (d. 1552-53), of Goudhurst, near Cranbrooke, Kent, and had by him seven children recorded in the 1530-31 Visitation of Kent, at which time she was ostensibly still alive.[22] (As pointed out to us by Janet Chevalley Wolfe, the 1530-31 visitation appears to contain insertions of later material, so strictly speaking we cannot be sure these children were born before 1531, but our estimate of Joan’s date of birth suggests that they were.)
    In 1501 Richard Exherst is left “a pair of red amber beads,” and Alice Exherst (presumably his wife, but possibly his mother) “a pair of coral beads,” in the will of Master Walter Sherborne, chantry-priest of the Septvans chantry, which also appoints Exherst one of the executors.[23] In November 1506 “Richard Exherst, gentleman” and others were enfeoffed by Richard Culpepir the elder, esquire, in the manor of Shorne, co. Kent, “with the exception of one acre,” and by Walter Culpepir, esquire, and John Herenden, gentleman, in the manor of Traseis (i.e. Tracies, in the parish of Newington), co. Kent, again “with the exception of one acre.”[24] Between 1507 and 1509 the name of Richard “Exerste” or “Exherst(e)” appears regularly in the court rolls of Sandowne, Kent, which in 1508 credit him with lands previously belonging to [William] Wymarke, and in 1509 show him in company with John Boysse paying “fidelity and relief for lands late of William Gaylar” (which Wymarke and Gaylar we later learn from another source to have been the same person).[25] In the will of Anne Dygges, widow, of Canterbury, dated 9 Aug. 1509 and proved 5 Nov. 1509, direction is given to her executors to “selle my land at Asche the which I have in fee simple except my place called Brookes the which I geve and bequeth to Ric. Exherst & to his heyres for evermore.” Exherst was appointed an executor with “Thomas Beell,” but in the probate endorsement only the latter is mentioned, suggesting that Exherst had defaulted. This will also leaves “xii payre of she[e]tes” to an Anne Exherst, perhaps a mistake (or copying error) for the name of Richard’s first wife Alice (which might well have resulted from several nearby references in the document to women named Anne), or alternately, a short form of the name of Richard’s second wife Joan.[26] “Richard Exherst, farmer of Colston [Goldstone] and Lyes [Lees],” asked for “allowances … upon his rent of 40l. for the years ended Michaelmas 1 Hen. VIII [i.e. 29 Sept. 1509] and Michaelmas 4 Hen. VIII [i.e. 29 Sept. 1512] including besides payment to his master at London by various persons … and repairs specified the rents of 14d. to the archbishop of Canterbury, 12d. to the same for suit of court, 4s.d. to the earl of Oxford and 2s. 3d. to the manors of Chekar [Checker] and Chilton.”[27] Our subject is mentioned twice in the famous ecclesiastical visitation conducted by Archbishop Warham in 1511, once as “Richard Exherst” and once as “Richard Exhurst,” in each case as one of the two wardens of the “Chapel of Asshe.”[28] In January 1512, “Richard Exherst” along with “Thomas Aldy” (his son-in-law) and others, received a demise from Edward Pratt “of those messuages with land in Asshe by Sandewich at a place called ‘Cobbestrete,’ which the said Edward lately had of the demise of the said Richard … on condition that the said Richard shall find [i.e. found] a yearly obit de dirige et missis, with a yearly payment of 6s. 8d. for the same, in the parish church of Asshe.”[29] Richard Exherst may have died testate, for “Thomas Iden and John Pennell, executors of Richard Exherst of Ash by Sandwich” brought a suit in Chancery against Robert Norwiche, serjeant-at law, relating to the manors of Goldstone and Lees; however if a will existed, it is unlikely it was ever entered into probate, and it may be that these men were merely his feoffees.[30] On 24 Sept., 4 Hen. VIII [1512], the last time he has been found mentioned in life, he is mentioned in a deed which adds much detail to our knowledge of the land transactions mentioned so briefly in the court rolls of 1507–1509:

Agreement between John Boys of Nonyngton, Kent, gentylman, and Richard Oxherst of Aisshe next Sandwich, Kent, gentylman, shewing that when Robert Wymark of Aisshe next Sandwich, son of John Wymark, son of Robert Wymark, sen., son of Hamo Wymark, sen., brother of William Gaylar’ late of Sandwich, otherwise called William Wymark, late of Sandwich, deceased; Thomas Wymark, son of Elias Wymark, son of the said Robert Wymark, sen., son of the said Hamo; John Heryng and Margaret his wife, daughter and heir of James Wymark, son of John Wymark, jun., son of said Hamo; John Wymark of Staple, Richard Wymark, Hamo Wymark, jun., and Edward Wymark, sons of Thomas Wymark, son of the said John Wymark, jun., son of Hamo Wymark, sen., enfeoffed John Boys and Richard Oxherst of and in the whole part of all their lands and tenements of the tenure and nature of Gavylkynde in the parishes of the Blessed Virgin Mary, St. Peter and St. Clement in the town of Sandwich and in the parishes of Wodenesbergh, Aisshe next Sandwich, Worth and Eastry in Kent, which belonged to the said William Gayllour and which lands intact with all appurtenances, among others to them and to Richard Wymark and William Wymark, clerk, sons of John Wymark, sen., son of the said Hamo, sen., and to Johanna Kyng, daughter of Richard Wymark, son of the said Hamo, sen., now deceased, by reason of the last will of the said William Gayllour, or after the death of Juliana, daughter of Johanna daughter of the said William Gaylour, belonged or otherwise descended: and that Richard Wymark and William Wymark, clerk, sons of John Wymark, sen., aforesaid, son of Hamo, sen., sold their part of the said lands to John Rooper, and enfeoffed the said John and others to his use in fee simple to have and to hold to the said John Boys and Richard Oxherst their heirs and assigns, the said J. B. and R. O., by this feoffment, were and remained seized of the said lands. The said John and Richard wishing to divide the said purparty between themselves and so that either of them and his heirs may have and occupy separately his part free from the claims of the other or his heirs have agreed by these presents that John Boys and his heirs shall hold separately all the lands lying in the parishes of Eastry and Worth; and that Richard and his heirs shall hold separately the windmill and all those lands with appurtenances lying in the parish of Aisshe next Sandwich, wherefore Richard releases and quitclaims for himself and his heirs to the use of John Boys and his heirs all his rights, etc., in lands in parishes of Eastry and Worth. Similar release by John Boys of his rights in lands at Aisshe next Sandwich. Endorsed: That whereas a particion was late made betwene the within named John Boyes and Richard Oxherst of and uppon certeyn londes and tenementes as it apperith by thys present endenture of whiche londys and tenementes viij acres of medow or pasture lying in the parissh of Seynt Clementes in Sandwich betwene the pasture of the heires of Water Coly E. and W., the commen way N., the londes of the lord of Goldston S., as yet betwene the said John and Richard is undeparted, the entent whereof is thys that the farme of the same pasture shall yerely in whoes handes so ever it shalbe to the valor of 20s. be employed in almes in billet to pore people at Cristmas Evyn and Candilmas Evyn by the seid John and Richard and their heires or assignes to be disposed and delt within the seid towne of Sandwich and that the seid John and hys heires for ever shall yerely paye or do to be payed oute of the maner of Flemyng in the parish of Wodenesborough in whos handes soever it shalbe 6s. 8d. for an obite to be doon in the parissh chirche of Seynt Petir of Sandwich aforesaid as in dirige massys and offerynges accordyng to the last Wille of the within named William Gaylard.[31]

    His daughter, “Mary daughter of Richard Exherst,” is named in the account of the Stoughtons in the 1574 Visitation of Kent, but the name of her mother is not given.[32] This bare account is elaborated upon in the 1619 Visitation, in which the Stoughton-Wilde pedigree refers to him (in the printed edition at least) as “Richardus Exhirst de Exhirst in parochia de Limton [recte Linton] in comitate Cantii,” i.e. Richard Exhirst of Exhirst in the parish of Linton in the county of Kent,[33] the reference to Linton being possibly an error for the adjacent parish of Staplehurst; in any case it is not in agreement with contemporary references, which all agree in placing him at Ash. The more extensive treatment of the Exhersts in the Monins pedigree in the 1619 Visitation says that his three daughters were his coheiresses (which is, strictly speaking, untrue, as he was certainly survived by a son), and calls him “Richardus Exherst, ar[miger], de Ashe,” but without giving any description of the alleged arms.[34] It would seem to be true that his actual place of residence was Ash, rather than his ancestral lands of Exherst. Despite the vagueness of the testamentary reference of 1534 by his son-in-law, Thomas Aldy, to “the four shields of my arms and my two wives,” these must have included the Exherst arms, as a descendant of Aldy’s wife’s sister, Sir John Wilde, is described by Hasted as “of a gentleman’s family in Cheshire, who removed into Kent, and … bore for their arms, Argent, a chevron, sable, on a chief, argent, two martlets, sable; quartered with Norden, Stowting [i.e. Stoughton], Omer, Exhurst, Twitham, and Clitherow,”[35] and even better, the arms of this Sir John Wilde’s brother, Richard Wilde, are actually shown in the 1633-35 Visitation of London, from which the illustration at the head of these notes is taken.[36]
    Issue:

    (by first wife)
  1. 3Benett Exherst, b. say 1494.
  2. Elizabeth Exherst, Sr., a nun at Amesbury Priory, in the diocese of Salisbury, in Wiltshire, at the time of its dissolution on 30 March 1539.[37] On 31 Dec. of that year (31 Henry VII) Elizabeth “Exhurst” was one of the nuns assigned an annual pension of £5,[38] while some sixteen years later the name of Elizabeth “Exhurste” appears in a list of nuns still receiving the same pension in 2 & 3 Philip and Mary (1555-56).[39] The nuns’ pensions are grouped in four amounts: £6 2/3, £6, £5, and £4, perhaps based on seniority, which if true would support the assumption that Elizabeth was not past middle age at the time (and hence did not belong to an earlier generation of the family). Whoever she was, this nun was probably the last surviving person born with the Exherst name.
    (by second wife)
  3. Mary Exherst, her father’s eventual coheiress, b. say 1500, d. almost certainly before 1552.[40] She m. (as his first wife) before 4 Nov. 1529, Edward Stoughton,[41] of Ash-next-Sandwich, Kent, b. ca. 1494-95 (as his age is given as 75 years in May 1570), d. between 27 March 1573 (when he made his will) and 16 Feb. 1573/4 (when it was proved), aged at least 78 years. “Edward Stowghton of Dartford in Kend, gent. … and his wife Mary” were married before 4 Nov. 1529, when he appointed Walter Hendle [Hendley], gent. (her step-cousin), and Thomas Exherst, gent. (her half-brother) trustees of an annuity of £8 “charged on his messuages and lands in Dartford, Sandwich, Deptford, Wryttyll Mershe and Kidbroke, Kent,” granted to her “for her life.”[42] A suit in Chancery was brought against “Edward Stoughton of Ash by Sandwich, gentleman, son-in-law of Richard Exherst, and Francis and Thomas his sons,” by Walter Mayney concerning the “detention of deeds relating to the manor of Exherst in Staplehurst, bought of John Monnynges, of Dover, gentleman, and Margery his wife.”[43] John Monnynges was the husband of Mary Exherst’s niece, Margaret/Marjorie Aldy, no. 4 below; and while Marjorie’s mother, Bennett Exherst, had evidently laid claim to the manor of Exherst, it is not clear what lands, if any, Mary received from their father’s estate. Edward and Mary (Exherst) Stoughton had issue Alice, Francis, Henry, and Thomas. Edward Stoughton’s second wife was Helen (Shirburn) Omer, widow of Lawrence Omer, of Ash. See our forthcoming STOUGHTON page for further details.
  4. Thomas Exherst, d. (evidently v.p. and s.p.) after 4 Nov. 1529, when he is mentioned in the deed relating to his half-sister Mary, wife of Edward Stoughton, cited above, but doubtless by 1535, when the heir of his half-sister Bennett was in possession of Exherst. The 1619 Visitation explicitly writes “s.p.” beside his name, although not in the case of the child directly beneath him, whose name the editor reads as Matthew.
  5. (?) Martha or Matthew Exherst. Berry, probably the first person to print the 1619 visitation pedigree, read the name as Martha, while Bannerman in 1898 read it as Matheus.[44] There is no obvious reason to prefer either of these readings over the other. If this child was male, he presumably cannot have left surviving descendants or his three sisters could not have been designated their father’s “coheiresses” in the 1619 visitation pedigree of Monins. In any case, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, it seems likely this child died young.
  6. Elizabeth Exherst, Jr., alive at her father’s death (after 1511) if her designation as “coheiress” in the 1619 visitation pedigree of Monins is correct. She m. Alan Matthew.

3. Benett Exherst, daughter and eventual coheiress of Richard Exherst by his first wife, Alice Notebeme, was b. say 1494, and d. before 9 April 1534 (since she is alluded to as deceased in her husband’s will). In the Monins pedigree in the 1619 Visitation of Kent she is called “Benetta filia maxima natu et cohaeres Ric[ar]di Exherst … de Ashe,” i.e. her father’s first-born daughter and coheiress. She was clearly the de facto heiress (in her issue, at least) of Exherst, which as will be seen below passed, not without dispute, to her daughter Margery. She m. (as one of his two wives, perhaps the second as he seems to have been considerably older than her) probably before January 1512, Thomas Aldy or Alday,[45] of “The Checker,” Ash-next-Sandwich, b. ca. 1480, d. in April or May of 1534, son of Nicholas Aldy of Alday, of Ash, by the latter’s wife ________, and grandson of John Aldye,[46] of the same place, probably by the latter’s first wife, Joan ____.
    Thomas Aldy was M.P. for Sandwich in 1504. As previously noted, “Thomas Aldy” made a deed in concert with his (future?) father-in-law, Richard Exherst, in January 1512. He received by his father’s will of 19 Dec. 1520 considerable property including the “manor of Cheker [Chequer] with all rents, etc., and all lands and tenements called Wellfeld, Wilvell, Moland, Hooke, the Cheker field, five acres in Weddinton field, [and] seven acres next Chilton.”[47] The will of “Thomas Aldy, of Asshe, gent.,” dated 9 April 1534 and proved 5 May following, directs that he be “buried under the yew tree in Ash churchyard, beside my father, and a stone to be laid on me with the four shields of my arms and my two wives.” It mentions lands at Ash, Goodneston (in Turnbrid?), and Wodnesborowe, and specifically the manors of Checker, Hilles Church gates, and Hilles Downe, leaving 6s. 8d. to each of the sons of his brothers Jerome and James, £20 to Henry son of his brother William, “unless at any time he claim the lands willed to me by my father Nicholas Aldy,” a gown to his daughter Margery, small bequests to various servants, and the residue to his son Edward, aged under 21. He appoints as executors William Boys, John Boys, and John Monynge, gent.[48]
    The 1619 Visitation of Kent, in the Monins pedigree previously cited, which refers to him as “Thomas Alde,” calls his daughter Margaret his “co-heiress” but does not name any other child. However, the Moninges pedigree in the 1574 Visitation of Kent, which was made considerably closer to her own time, simply calls her her father’s “heire,” and shows her descendants as quartering the Aldy arms (ermine, on a chief sable, two griffins combatant argent)[49]; and moreover she had fallen heir, by 1545 at the latest, to at least part of the manor of Checker. It must thus be doubted whether her brother Edward was then alive, or had left issue.
    Neither of the visitation pedigrees makes note of any wife of Thomas Aldy other than Bennet Exherst, so the other wife referred to but not named in his will was probably childless. Nevertheless, it would be desirable to have better proof of his children’s maternity.
    Issue (order inferential):

  1. 4Margaret or Margery Aldy, b. say 1512.
  2. Edward Aldy, b. after 1512, as he was a minor at the making of his father’s will in 1534. By 1535 his sister was in possession of Exherst, and while is conceivable (if unlikely) that he was still alive with her acting on his behalf during his minority, such an explanation is unlikely to hold a decade later, when he fails to join his sister and cousins in an action of 1544-45 involving the paternal property of Cheker (for which see the account of his sister).

4. Margaret or Margery Aldy, daughter of Thomas Aldy and Bennet Exherst, and sole heiress (or eventual heiress) both in her father’s manor of Checker and in her mother’s manor of Exherst, was b. say 1512, d. between 1544 (when her husband appears with her) and 1548 (when her husband appears with his second wife). She is called “Margery” in her father’s will of 1534, which leaves her a “gown”; although it is not clear (at least from published abstracts) whether she was then married, it would seem, based on estimates of her children’s dates of birth, that she must have been. Monins arms She m. (as his first wife) probably by 1530, and certainly by 1535, John Monins,[50] d. shortly before 21 Jan. 1554 (when his will was proved), lieutenant of Dover Castle, said to have been a son of John Monins or Moninges, of Swanton, Kent, by Battel Anstey.[51] Assuming the correctness of the received text of his will, he m. secondly, Jane ____, the wife mentioned therein. His arms were gules three crescents or. A late sixteenth-century pedigree of uncertain provenience gives the following account of him:

“John Monynges, sometyme leife tenant [i.e. lieutenant] to the Castell of Dover in the Countie of Kent, Esquire … maried Margerye, daughter and sole heire to Thomas Aldry [sic] of Chequer in the Countie of Kent, gent, and had yssue: Thomas, his eldest sonne; William, second sonne; Battell, maried to William Hannyngton of Dover, gent.; Parnell, married to Edmond Stockwithe of Stockwith in the Countie of Nottingham, Esquire; Katherin, maried to Thomas Paynter of Dover; Marye and Jane, dyed both sans yssue.”[52]

This account contains considerably more detail on his family than the 1574 visitation pedigree, which names only sons.
    Valuable for the dates they supply are two fines enacted by “John Monynges and his wife Margery.” In the first of these, dated 26 Henry VIII (i.e. 1534-35), they enfeoff John Boys in the manor of “Exerst” with 60 acres of land, 60 acres of meadow, 60 acres of pasture, and 20 acres of wood in Staplehurst,[53] the feoffee being presumably her uncle by marriage, “John Boys of Nonyngton,” who “maried to his first wyfe the daughter of Nicholas Aldry [recte Aldey] of Cheker in Ashe and syster to Thomas and Jerome Aldry,” or else this John Boys’s son of the same name.[54] In the second, dated 36 Henry VIII (i.e. 1544-45) they join with her cousins, Henry, Adam, Nicolas and John Alday” to make an enfeoffment of the manors of Cheker and Chilton with 100 acres of land, 4 acres of meadow, 20 acres of pasture, 3 acres of wood and 160 acres of marsh in “Ash near Sandwich” and in Woodnesborough.[55] The transaction in which “John Monynges and Margery his wife” were sued by her cousin, Adam Aldy, son of her uncle Jerome Aldy, probably relates in some way to the latter of these fines, but is of undetermined date.[56] As noted above, “John Monnynges, of Dover, gentleman, and Margery his wife” sold, also at an undetermined date, part of “the manor of Exherst in Staplehurst” to Walter Mayney, who had to sue the husband (or widower) of Margery’s aunt, Mary Exherst (no. 2.ii above), over the “detention of deeds” relating thereto. In 1548 John “Monynge” and his second wife Johanna ____ made an accord with Humphrey Clerk, gentleman, over various lands by Elham including garden, pasture, and woods.[57]
    The will of John Monins, which was proved 21 Jan. 1554 at Canterbury, reads in a published abstract:

John Monyngs, Gent., Lieutenant of the Castle of Dover. Jane my wife. Bathell, wife of William Hanyngton. Pernell Stockwith, my daughter. Edmund Stockwith, my daughter’s husband. Jane and Katherine, my daughters. Thomas Culpepper, my servant. My sister Warren. John Monyngs, my godson. My farm of Curdeswoode. To Thomas, my son, my tenements and lands in Elham, and my tenements and lands at Eastbridge, in Romney Marsh, in tail mail, [with] remainder to my son William, and then to my daughters successively, in like tail. My barn and land in Deal, Sholden, and Mongeham, in like manner, and likewise my parsonage of Charlton. To William, my son, all my right, part, and purport [recte purpart], in the manor of Chequer, in Ashe, and all my lands in that parish, in tail male, with remainder to my son Thomas. To my said son William my lease of the parsonage of Sholdern. To my son Thomas my lease of the farm called Barton, with the pastures and landsbelonging thereto, and of and in all the gavelkind land in the occupation of Thomas Colley, of Dover; and likewise of and in my lease of the Downes called Warden Downes. To Richard, my base son, my term of years in my parsonage of the Leden [i.e. Lydden?], and the glebe lands belonging [thereto]. Christopher Engeham, an infant, to whom I am guardian. My cousin, Mr. Richard Monyngs. My cousin, George Monyngs. My cousin, Thomas Hamon.[58]

A suit in the Court of Chancery of undetermined date refers to “Thomas Monynges, executor of John Monynges, lieutenant of Dover castle.”[59] Planché says that the heirs of Margaret Aldy sold part of Checker to Thomas Harfleet.[60]
    Issue (order inferential; the separate sequences of sons, and of daughters, are as given in the Visitation pedigree):

  1. 5Battell Monins, b. say 1531.
  2. Parnell Monins, b. say 1533; m. before 1554, Edmund Stockwith, of (West) Stockwith, a chapelry in the parish of Misterton, Notts., “esquire.” Her father’s will mentions daughter “Pernell Stockwith” and the latter’s husband “Edmund Stockwith.” He was possibly the Edmond Stockwith, son of Henry Stockwith, and grandson of Thomas Stockwith, of West Stockwith, shown in the 1569 visitation of Nottinghamshire without wife or children; the family is not treated in subsequent visitations (those of 1614 and 1662-64), and so we cannot be certain.[61] He is probably the “Edmond Stockwith of West Stockwith in Nottinghamshire gent.” who with Henry Stockwith his “son and heire apparent” sold to Brian Bailles “all their Swan-Marke in Bickersdike waters within the lordship of Kirton in Lensey in Com. Lincoln and in West Stockwith … or in and upon ye river Trent, and severall carres there adjoyning, and also the Swans thereupon, being in number 60 paire, by an indenture dated 25 Octob. 19 Eliz. An 1577.”[62] The parish registers of Misterton survive from 1540, but are only indexed in the IGI from 1635 onward.
  3. 6Thomas Monins, b. say 1537.
  4. William Monins, living at the making of his father’s will, and mentioned in the 1574 Visitation pedigree.
  5. Katherine Monins; m. (probably after the making of her father’s will), Thomas Paynter, of Dover.
  6. Mary Monins, d. v.p., s.p.
  7. Jane Monins, living at the making of her father’s will but said in the sixteenth-century pedigree cited above to have d. s.p.

5. Battell Monins, daughter of John Monins and Margaret/Marjorie Aldy, was b. say 1531, and was still alive at the making of her father’s will (proved 1554). She m. before 1554, as his first wife, William Hamigston, of Dover, armiger, who m. secondly Thomasina Audley.[63] Although this man is called “William Hanyngton” in the will (proved 1554) of his father-in-law, and “William Hannyngton, of Dover, gent.” in the Moninges pedigree cited above, his wife is clearly the “Batell filia Joh[ann]is Monins locum tenentis Castris Douoriae” named in the Hamigston pedigree in the 1619 Visitation, which shows her as the mother of all of her husband’s children. It is not evident from this pedigree whether William Hamigston was then alive. This source gives the Hamigston arms as argent, on a chevron engrailed sable between three demi-lions rampant and erased vert, as many trefoils slipped ermine. Issue:

  1. Francis Hamigston, eldest son. He m. (1) Joan, daughter of ____ Street of Nottinghamshire; he m. (2) before 1619, Anne, daughter of Sir Anthony St. Leger.[64] By first wife: Battell (presumably a daughter); by second wife: Anthony, Francis.
  2. William Hamigston, 2nd son, unmarried in 1619.
  3. Monins Hamigston, 3rd son, unmarried in 1619.

6. Thomas Monins, of Barton, in the parish of Canterbury, and of Swanton, in the parish of Lydden, near Dover, Kent, son of John Monins and Margaret/Marjorie Aldy, was b. say 1537, and was still alive in 1574. He m. (1) probably in the 1560s, Elizabeth Peyton, who d. considerably before 1574, sister of Sir Thomas Peyton, ancestor of the baronets Peyton, and daughter of Sir John Peyton, lord of the manors of Calthorpe in Burnham St. Martins, and of Knolton, by the latter’s wife Dorothy, daughter of Sir John Tindall.[65] He m. (2) well before 1574, Alice Crispe, living 1574, said to have been a daughter of William Crispe, lieutenant of Dover Castle, by the latter’s first wife, Mary, daughter of Avery Randolf, of Baddlesmere.[66]
    The sixteenth-century pedigree already cited in relation to Thomas’ father gives the following account of him:

Thomas Mongynges, of Barton near Dover … Esquire, sonne and heire to John, maried to his firste wyfe Elizabeth, daughter of John Peyton, of Knowlton in the said Countie [i.e. Kent], Esquire, and by her had yssue: Edwarde his eldest sonne; Peyton, a daughter, married to George Toke of Bere in the said Countie, Esquire. After the said Thomas maried to his second wyfe, Alys, daughter of William Cryspe, leife tenante [i.e. lieutenant] of the Castell of Dover in the said Countie, Esquire, and had yssue: William, John, and Ryce Monynges, dyed all three sans yssue; Stephen, Thomas, and John Monynges, nowe lyvinge; Marye maried to Cavelers Maycott, of Reculver in the said Countie, gent., and Marye the yonger, Francis, and Anne.[67]

“Thomas Monninges” signs as the informant for the Moninges pedigree in the 1574 Visitation of Kent, which gives his arms as:

Quarterly of five:
1. gules three crescents or [for Monins]
2. gules, crusily a cross humetty argent [unidentified]
3. ermine, on a chief gules three sinister hands, couped or [in the 1530-31 Visitation cited below the tincture of the sinister hands is given as argent, and this is surely the same as ermine, on a chief gules three sinister hands, couped and appaumés argent, which appear for the family of Malmaynes in the 1619 Visitation, s.v. Toke]
4. gules, a chevron ermine between three squirrels or [for Gren(e)ford]
5. ermine, on a chief sable two griffins combatant argent [for Aldy].

Comparing these arms with those of his paternal uncle, Edward Monynges, of Waldershare, as given in the Kent Visitation of 1530-31, p. 14, we find that of the five quarters given above, they shared (1) through (4), which are described — with a few variations including a different tincture of the sinister hands in (3) — as follows:

1. gules three crescents or
2. gules, semée [semy] of crosses crosslet, a cross humetty argent
3. ermine, on a chief gules, three sinister hands couped argent
4. gules, a chevron ermine between three squirrels sejant or, each holding a nut between the front paws

Depite the minor discrepancies, the correspondences are clear enough; thus only (5) can have been inherited by Thomas through his mother, and it must therefore be for Aldy.[68]
    Although the 1574 pedigree shows all of Thomas’ issue as being by his second wife, this is probably a drafting error, as the other pedigree is so clear on the point; and I am inclined to follow Berry in assigning the two eldest children to the first marriage.
    Issue:

    (almost certainly by first wife)
  1. Edward Monins, d. s.p., not named in the 1619 Visitation.
  2. 7Peyton Monins (daughter).
    (by second wife; order uncertain)
  3. 8Mary Monins, b. by 1574.
  4. Mary Monins “the younger,” called Marian by Berry, b. by 1574. She m. (1) 4 Oct. 1598 at Canterbury (IGI), Goldwell Rogers, fifth son of Richard Rogers (1532?-1597), Dean of Canterbury and Suffragan Bishop of Dover, who was of Ashford Kent, at the making of his will, by the latter’s wife Ann(e), daughter of Thomas Digges, of Newington, Kent.[69] His name was evidently in remembrance of his father’s mother, Margery, daughter of William Goldwell, of Great Chart, Kent.[70] Goldwell Rogers was admitted pensioner at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, in 1588-9, matriculating in the Michaelmas term of 1589; his brother Francis also attended Cambridge.[71] Their father’s will mentions wife Ann, and leaves “my landes and tenementes in the parishe of Greate Charte in the countie of Kent to my two sonnes, Gowtewell [sic] Rogers and Franncis [sic] Rogers.”[72] Mary or Marian Monins m. (2) (as his second wife, and reportedly without issue) well after 1605, but by 1619, Sir Christopher Man(n), of Canterbury, who was knighted 15 June 1625 at the same place.[73] She had by her first husband had at least the following issue:
    1. Anne Rogers, bapt. 27 Dec. 1599 in Canterbury Cathedral (IGI), d. by 1602, when another daughter was given the same name.
    2. Anne Rogers, bapt. 8 Sept. 1602 in Canterbury Cathedral (IGI), buried 22 Aug. 1679 in St. Margaret’s Church, Canterbury. As “Anne, daughter of Gouldwell Rogers” she m. in 1624, Francis Lovelace, bapt. 1594, d. 1679, recorder of Canterbury in 1636, son of Lancelot Lovelace, his son’s predecessor as recorder of Canterbury, by the latter’s wife Mary, daughter and coheiress of William Cussier or Cayser, of Hollingborne.[74] Francis Lovelace was removed from office in 1643 because of his Royalist sympathies, but was reinstated after the restoration of Charles II, which he had played some part in bringing about through his involvement in the “Kentish Petition” which resulted in the loyalist uprising of 1648. On May 25, 1660 he gave a speech welcoming the returning Charles II and his Queen to Canterbury,[75] and on 1 July as “Fras. Lovelace, Recorder of Canterbury,” he successfully petitioned the King “for the stewardship of the liberties of St. Augustine, near Canterbury, for himself and his son Goldwell,” on the grounds that he had “ suffered sequestration, imprisonment, and loss of office, for his loyalty.”[76] He was elected M.P. for Canterbury in 1661. Later addenda to the 1619 Visitation pedigree credit them with nine children (ages not stated): sons Lancelot, Francis, Bingham, Thomas, and Leonard, and daughters Mary, Anne, Margaret, and ____ (name left blank in the pedigree). Of these, only the following are confirmed in other sources:
      1. Anna Lovelace, bapt. 1 May 1632, mentioned in the Visitation.
      2. Margaret Lovelace, bapt. 10 July 1633, alive and unmarried in 1712.
      3. Thomas Lovelace, bapt. 25 Aug. 1634, mentioned in the Visitation.
      4. Lancelot Lovelace, bapt. 29 Dec. 1635, mentioned in the Visitation. Pearman suggests he was the Lancelot Lovelace, gent., nominated Town Clerk and Coroner in 1684.
      5. Robert Lovelace, bapt. 2 April 1637 in St. George’s Church, Canterbury; probably d. young as he is not mentioned in the 1619 Visitation of Kent.
      6. Goldwell Lovelace, bapt. 6 Dec. 1639 in St. George’s Church, Canterbury, buried there 26 Feb. 1711/2. He m. in 1687, Alice (____) Hawkes, of Canterbury, widow, buried 14 April 1717.
      7. William Lovelace, dead by 26 May 1656. He m. Judith Whitfield, daughter of Henry Whitfield. One daughter, of whom nothing further is known, and two sons who appear to have d. unmarried.
      8. Frances Lovelace, “daughter of Anne Lovelace,” buried 31 Aug. 1679 (three days after her mother).
  5. William Monins, d. young.
  6. John Monins, d. young.
  7. Ryce Monins, d. young.
  8. 9Stephen Monins, b. after 1574.
  9. John Monins, b. after 1574, who according to the 1619 Visitation was of London; Berry says he d. s.p.
  10. Thomas Monins, youngest son, b. after 1574; Berry says he d. s.p., which is probably correct as he is not mentioned in the 1619 Visitation.
  11. Frances Monins, b. after 1574. She m. before 1605, Leonard Sprackling (Jr.), of St. Dunstan, near Canterbury, bapt. 5 June 1580 in Saint Alphege’s, Canterbury (IGI), buried 12 June 1629 at St. Peter’s, Canterbury,[77] son of Leonard Sprackling.[78] The 1663-68 Visitation of Kent lists them as “Leonard Sprackling of Canterbury” and wife “Frances da[ughter] of Tho. Monins Ar[miger],” with one son Leonard. There is a monument to this couple in St. Peter’s, Canterbury, although whether they are actually buried there is unknown. The arms of this family, whose name is also found as Sprakeling and other forms, were sable, a saltire ermine between four leopards’ faces or. Known issue:
    1. Margaret “Spracklyn,” bapt. 8 Sept. 1605 in St. Peter’s Church, Canterbury[79], buried there 3 Oct. 1605.[80]
    2. Leonard Sprackling (III), bapt. 13 May 1615 at St. Dunstan’s, Canterbury (and aged 3 years at the 1619 Visitation of Kent), presumably the one of this name who as “Mr. leonard Spracklin” was buried 4 March 1668/9 in St. Peter’s, Canterbury.[81]. As Leonard “Sprakling” he was admitted, and matriculated as a Fellow-commoner at, Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, in the Easter term of 1632, the University register recording him as a son of Leonard Sprakiling, Esq., of Canterbury. He was admitted at Gray’s Inn, 24 Jan. 1633/4.[82] He m. 9 Dec. 1641 at Harbledown, Kent (IGI),[83] Christian Wood, daughter of James Wood, of Harbledown. They appear in the 1663-68 Visitation of Kent with nine children, while three others who died young are attested in burial records (order partly inferential):
      1. Frances Sprackling, buried 4 April 1644 in St. Peter’s, Canterbury, the record calling her “daughter of Mr. Leonard Spracklin and Christian his wife, from the parish of All Saints.”[84]
      2. Jane Sprackling, buried 4 Dec. 1646 in St. Peter’s, Canterbury, the record calling her “daughter of Mr. Leonard Spracklin and Christian his wife.”[85]
      3. Catherine Sprackling, buried 18 April 1653 in St. Peter’s, Canterbury, the record calling her “daughter of Mr. Leonard Sprattlinge [sic].”[86]
      4. Anne Sprackling. She is possibly the “Anne Sprackling, of Acton, Middlesex, spinster, about 28,” who on 8 June 1667 was granted a licence to marry at St. Mary, Savoy, Middlesex,[87] Richard Scotson, also of Acton, blacksmith, bachelor, about 28.
      5. Leonard Sprackling (IV), bapt. 25 March 1645 in St. Peter’s, Canterbury.[88] He is perhaps the ”Leonard Sprackling, of Stepney, Middlesex, mariner, bachelor, about 25,” who on 1 June 1667 was granted a licence to marry at Bowe, Middlesex,[89] Jane Greeseman, also of Stepney, spinster, about 21, parents dead.
      6. Adam Sprackling.
      7. James Sprackling.
      8. John Sprackling.
      9. Jane Sprackling, alive in 1663.
      10. Sibell Sprackling.
      11. Margaret Sprackling.
  12. Anne Monins, b. after 1574, probably d. young as she is not mentioned in the 1619 Visitation.

7. Peyton Monins, daughter of Thomas Monins by his first wife, Elizabeth Peyton, was b. say 1565. She m. probably by 1583, George Toke or Tooke, of Bere Court, in the parish of West Cliffe, in Bewsborough Hundred, Kent, d. 1610, only son of John Toke, of Bere Court, by the latter’s wife Margaret Pype, and grandson of Robert Toke, of Beere, by the latter’s wife Elizabeth Roberts (daughter of Walter).[90] In 1583, the churchwarden of West Cliffe complained of “George Tucke, gentleman, for that he hath not received the Holy Communion in our parish or elsewhere to my knowledge, since Easter was twelve-months.” In 1607, he was reproved because “our chancel lacketh tiling, which Mr. Tucke should mend, and hath not, though he have [sic] been spoken to of it.” In 1609, he was again complained of “for being absent from church thirty-one Sundays in one whole year, and for refusing to pay 12d. the day to the poor for those days,” and “for not paying his cess [i.e. assessment] towards the reparations of the church, being 8s. 4d.[91] Issue (sons, then daughters):

  1. 10Thomas Tooke.
  2. George Tooke, unmarried in 1619.
  3. Richard Tooke, unmarried in 1619.
  4. Edward Tooke, unmarried in 1619.
  5. Henry Tooke, unmarried in 1619.
  6. Francis Tooke, unmarried in 1619.
  7. Helen Tooke; m. by 1619, Thomas Bedingfield.[92]
  8. Anna Tooke, d. by 1645, predeceasing her husband. She m. (as his first wife) by 1610, William Rooke, of Horton Monks (now Monks Horton), Kent, bapt. 23 April 1588 at Brabourne, d. 2 May 1645, and buried 5 May following at Horton, second son of Laurence Rooke, of Monks, by the latter’s wife Ursula, daughter of Sir Reynold Scott, of Scott’s Hall, Sheriff of Kent.[93] His monument in Horton Church was read as follows in 1768: “Here lieth the body of William Rooke son of Laurence Rooke late of Monks Horton Gent. who left issue by Anne his first wife daughter of George Jink [recte Toke] Gent., George and Anne and Laurence by his second wife Susannah daughter of ____ Henman and he departed this life 2d May 16[45] in the 58th year of his age.”[94] This couple is not treated in the 1663-1668 Visitation. The wording of William Rooke’s memorial seems to suggest that his son Laurence was by the second wife. This Lawrence is clearly “my studious loveing nephew, Lawrence Rooke,” to whom his uncle, George Rooke, leaves “one mathematicall brasse instrument w[i]th all the app[ur]tenances, composed by one Gallileo Gallilei a famous mathematician in Italy, also my greate Ephemerides w[i]th all my manuscripte notes and papers touching the Mathematiques.”[95] As pointed out in 1880 by Henry Wagner, but ignored by most or all modern authors, this casts serious doubt on the usual assumption that the Laurence Rooke who served as Gresham Professor of Astronomy and Geometry, and was one of the founders of the Royal Society of London, was the testator’s son (despite the fact the testator mentions a son Laurence), for such bequests would be almost incomprehensible unless the recipient were the astronomer.[96] Known issue:
    1. John Rooke, b. 1609-10 (aged 9 at the 1619 Visitation), so possibly the John son of William Rooke bapt. 13 Oct. 1612 in the parish church of Monks Horton; he doubtless d. young as he is not mentioned on his father’s memorial.
    2. George Rooke, b. 1611-12 (aged 7 at the 1619 Visitation), so possibly the George son of William Rooke bapt. 12 Jan. 1614 in the parish church of Monks Horton; he was apparently alive at his father’s death in 1645.
    3. Ann Rooke, b. by 1619 (mentioned in the 1619 Visitation), apparently alive at her father’s death in 1645.
  9. Elizabeth Tooke; m. by 1619, Richard Kennet.
  10. Katharine Tooke; m. by 1619, John Henman.
  11. Margaret Tooke; m. by 1615, John Hales,[97] of Lenham, son of Humphrey Hales (Jr.),[98] York Herald, and a wife whose name is unknown to us. In 1619 they had two children: Anthony (aged 3), and Humphrey (III), presumably an infant. The Visitation of 1663-1668 shows them with only one child, a son Henry.[99] Known issue:
    1. Anthony Hales, b. 1615-16 (aged 3 in 1619).
    2. Humphrey Hales, b. probably ca. 1618.
    3. Henry Hales, b. after 1619; he m. Mary Kite, daughter of Thomas Kite, and had issue: John, b. 1651-2 (aged 11 in 1663), Elizabeth.

8. Mary Monins, daughter of Thomas Monins by his second wife, Alice Crispe, was b. by 1574, and d. 25 Dec. 1606. She m. on “St. Andrew’s Day” (i.e. 30 November) 1586, Cavaliero Maycott, of Reculver, in the Hundred of Blengate, near Canterbury, and of Dover, knight, d. probably shortly before 27 Nov. 1639 (when administration was granted on his estate), son of George Maycott, of Reculver, gent., by the latter’s wife Margaret Brooker.[100] A letter dated 7 May 1595 from John Whitgift, Archbishop of Canterbury, to the Archdeacon of Canterbury, acknowledges with approval that “Mr. Caveliero Maycote hath heretofore bond in hand with you for leave to make a vault in the chancel of the Parish Church of Reculver … that the dead corpse of his parents, wife, and children, etc., may therein be laid and placed.”[101] This man, as “Cavallero Macott” (sic), was created a knight bachelor on 14 March 1603/4.[102] As Sir Conagliew [?] Maycott, of Dover, he is recorded as performing as excutor for George Maycott of “Recalver,” (presumably his father) on 31 Oct. 1614.[103] As “Sir Cavalliero Maycott, Knight” he is named as a sponsor of the Virginia Company of London in 1612,[104] and as “Sir Cavaliero Maycott” he is mentioned in a pamphlet on affairs in Virginia, published in 1620.[105] In 1618 “Cavaleria Maycott, of Dover” was cited by the Archdeacon of Canterbury “for withholding a legacy of £10 a year, with certain wheat and malt, bequeathed by his late father, George Maycott, gent., to the poor of our parish.”[106] Briefly, and at a very uncertain date, he was the owner of the manor of Vinters, in the parish of Boxley, near Maidstone, Kent.[107]
    The antiquary Duncombe, in his history of Reculver, calls Maycott “an eminent courtier in the reigns of Elizabeth and James,” without further explanation, stating that he sold his paternal estate of Helburgh to Sir Christopher Clive, and “lived at Brook, in this parish (now a farm-house belonging to Sir Henry Oxenden, so named probably from a brook that runs near it), where is a curious old gateway with brick pillars.”[108] Both Duncombe and his continuator the Rev. John Pridden transcribe the memorial to Maycott and his wife in the since-ruined church of Reculver, Duncombe describing their tomb as “all in alabaster figures, kneeling, and over them the family arms,” and Pridden giving a rather crude engraving of the “beautiful monument” which, in agreement with its inscription, depicts the figures of eight boys and one girl with their parents. The arms of her husband are represented as (1 & 4) ermine, in a canton argent, a stag sejant gules (for Maycott) and (2 & 3) party per pale sable and ermine, a chevron engrailed gules (for ____).[109] They are also shown impaling gules, three crescents argent for Monins, although as we have seen the 1530 Visitation gives this coat as gules, three crescents or. The inscription reads:

Here under waite for a joyful resurrection, the bodyes of dame Marie and of her husband Sir Cavalliero Maycote, knight, who lived together in great contentment (from St. Andrew’s day, anno 1586) full 20 yeares, in which time they had 8 sonnes and one daughter, namely Jhon [sic], Thomas, George, Richarde, Thomas, William, Harbert [sic], George, and Elizabeth, wharof 5 sonnes dyed before them. She was the daughter of Thomas Monninges, gent. and Ales Crispe, sumetime dwellers at Swanton in Liddon [i.e. Lydden], and dyed on Christmas-daye, anno 1606. He was the sonne of George Maycote, gent. and of Margarette Brooker (long dwellers in this parishe) who dyed ____ [left blank]. To all whome the Lorde be mercyful at the latter daye.[110]

This monument was probably erected before the death of Cavaliero Maycott, as it does not give the date thereof. When administration was granted on the estate of “Sir Cavalier Maycott, of Dover,” in 1639, it was to “William Fowler, creditor.”[111] Whether this suggests that the family had fallen on hard times, or simply that there were no heirs, it is impossible to surmise; but either possibility might explain why the inscription on the monument was never completed. There is no mention whatsoever of this family in the 1663-68 Visitation of Kent, and it may be doubted whether any of the children other than the daughter Elizabeth survived childhood. Issue (sons, then daughter):

  1. John Maycott.
  2. Thomas Maycott, d. young. Either he or his younger brother of the same name was bapt. 8 Feb. 1592/3 in St. Peter’s, Canterbury, as a son of “Mr. Cavelerow Mockett.”[112]
  3. George Maycott, d. young.
  4. Richard Maycott.
  5. Thomas Maycott.
  6. William Maycott.
  7. Herbert Maycott.
  8. George Maycott.
  9. 11Elizabeth Maycott, b. 1605-06, possibly the youngest child as she was born within 24 months of her mother’s death.

9. Stephen Monins, possibly of Dover, was a son of Thomas Monins by the latter’s second wife, Elizabeth Crispe.[113] He m. before 1598, Mary Hales, one of the thirteen children of Charles Hales, of Thanington, Kent, by the latter’s wife Anne, daughter of Robert Honeywood, Esq., of Marks Hall, co. Essex, and of Lenham, Kent, by his wife Mary, daughter and coheiress of Robert Waters or Atwater, of Royton, in the parish of Lenham.[114] Thus, despite our failure to identify her father further, she was a second cousin (through the Atwaters) of John Hales, husband of Margaret Tooke (no. 7.xi) above.
    Issue (marriage data from Berry):

  1. Thomas Monins, of Canterbury in 1639, bapt. 5 Oct. 1597 in St. Peter’s, Canterbury.[115] According to Berry, he was of Fordwich, and m. Anne, daughter of Richard Shrubsole, of Canterbury,[116] by whom he was father of Stephen Monins, bapt. 24 Oct. 1627 at St. James’s, Dover.
  2. Charles Monins, bapt. 4 Feb. 1598/9 in St. Peter’s, Canterbury.[117]
  3. Mary Monins, b. 1602 at Holy-cross, Canterbury. She m. 21 Sept. 1623 at Dover, John Rygate.
  4. Anne Monins, b. 1603 at Holy-cross, Canterbury. She m. Edward Ward, of Dover, clerk, likely the Edward Warde shown as an 18-year-old in the 1619 Visitation, second son of William Warde, Mayor of Dover and Lieutenant of Dover Castle, by the latter’s second wife Catharine, said to have been daughter and coheiress of John Tench, of Dover.[118]
  5. Jane Monins, b. 1605 at St. Alphage, Canterbury. She m. 5 Sept. 1630 in Saint James The Apostle, Dover (IGI), Thomas Fineux, Esq., of “The Elms,” Hougham. Her husband is perhaps the Thomas Fineux shown as a 10-year-old child in the 1619 Visitation, son of Thomas Fineux by the latter’s wife Elizabeth, daughter of Laurence Rooke, of Monk’s Horton, by his wife Ursula, daughter of Sir Reynold Scott (for another marriage into which family see above under no. 7.iv).[119] In any case, he must have been an almost exact contemporary of Thomas Fuller (1608ñ1661), whose Worthies of England mentions a “good friend Mr. Thomas Fineux” as a source of infomation on the latter’s ancestor Sir John Fineux (d. 1527), Chief Justice of King’s Bench.[120]
  6. Dorothy Monins (position uncertain, but listed after Jane in the 1619 Visitation). She m. 19 July 1629 in Saint James The Apostle, Dover (IGI), Simon Dale, of Hollingbourn, Kent, gent.
  7. Stephen (?) Monins,[121] who according to Berry d. s.p.
  8. William Monins, b. 1613-14 (aged 5 in 1619), will proved 26 June 1686. He m. 10 Oct. 1644 at St. Margaret’s, near Dover, Margaret Toke, daughter of a Thomas Toke, of Bere (possibly our no. 10 below). They had five children, for whom see Berry.
  9. Richard Monins, b. 1617-18 (aged 1 in 1619), will proved 30 April 1701. He m. (1) Elizabeth Marshall. He m. (2) in 1658, at St. George’s, Canterbury, Anne Spracklyn. By one of these wives he had an only child, Elizabeth Monins, wife of Richard Glover, by whom she had a son Daniel, living in 1720, according to Berry.

10. Thomas Tooke, of Bere Court, in West Cliffe, living 1639, was a son of Thomas Toke/Tooke, of the same place, by the latter’s wife Peyton Monins. He m. before 1616, Joan or Jane Hales, daughter of Sir Charles Hales, of Tannington.[122] There is an account of this line in the 1858 edition of Burke’s Landed Gentry.[123] In 1639 the churchwarden of West Cliffe complained of “Thomas Tooke, Esquire, now of this parish, for not paying of his church cess in the year 1634, where he then dwelt, being 18s. Also for not paying his church cess in this parish in the year 1625, where he then dwelt, he being cessed at 27s. Also for the year 1636, being £4.”[124]
    Known issue (all by first wife, per 1619 Visitation):

  1. Charles Tooke or Toke, said to have been aged 3 in the 1619 Visitation, but whose birthdate is given as 1611 by Burke; d. 1664, and was buried at West Cliffe. He m. 6 July 1636 at Great Chart, Kent (IGI), his distant kinswoman, Bridget Toke, said to have been bapt. 26 Oct 1617 (IGI), daughter and coheiress of Capt. Nicholas Toke, of Godington, in the parish of Great Chart, Kent, Sheriff of Kent in 1663, by the latter’s second wife, Margaret, daughter of Thomas Knatchbull, and niece of Sir Norton Knatchbull.[125] Seven children are shown for them in the 1663-1668 Visitation (sons, then daughters):[126]
    1. Thomas Toke or Tooke, of Bere, in the parish of West Cliffe, and of Hougham, both near Dover, Kent, d. 1697, the eldest son, a residuary legatee in the 1680 will of his maternal grandfather (P.C.C. Bath), which stipulated: “I will … unto my nephew Nicholas Toke, eldest son of my brother Henry Toke, deceased, all my lands and tenements with the appurtenances in Great Chart, Ashford, Hoathfeild [sic; modern Hothfield], Westwell, Kingsworth, Betheriden [i.e. Bethersden?], Halden, Shadoxherst, Bennington, Wye, Murton, and Thonge, and also the mannor of Swinford … and all my other lands whatsoever, and if he dye without heirs males of his body lawfully begotten … then I will … all the lands and other … premises before willed … unto Thomas Toke of Beere, the eldest son of my daughter Bridget Toke.” However, the testator’s nephew Nicholas Toke long survived him, and had issue in the male line still extant in 1757.[127] Thomas Toke m. (1) in 1665, Catherine Hales, daughter of Sir Robert Hales, of Bekesbourne (now Beaksbourne), Kent. He m. (2) some time in 1668-1678, Elizabeth Babington, daughter of Matthew Babington, of Rothley Temple, Leicestershire, by the latter’s wife Anne, daughter of Sampson Hopkyns, of Coventry. Known issue:[128]

        (by first wife:)

      1. Nicholas Tooke, bapt. 31 Jan. 1666/7 at Bekesbourne, of whom nothing further is stated by Burke.
      2. Thomas Tooke, of London, merchant, bapt. 7 Dec. 1667, buried 12 Sept. 1736. He was sometime English Consul at Horta, on the Portuguese island of Fayal. He m. Elizabeth Chevall, daughter and sole heiress of Richard Chevall, and left a number of distinguished descendants, traced in Burke, among them a grandson, the Rev. William Tooke (1744-1820), historian, editor, and translator,[129] and the latter’s sons, Thomas Tooke (1774-1858), economist, and William Tooke Jr. (1777-1863), sometime President of the Royal Society of Arts.[130]

        (by second wife:)

      3. Charles Tooke, b. in 1678 or 1679 at Hougham, of whom nothing further is stated by Burke.
    2. Charles Toke, second son, probably d. young, as he was unknown to Buckler.
    3. Nicholas Toke, third son.
    4. Anne Toke, eldest daughter; m. Thomas Somer of London (Visitation), or ____ Thaire [i.e. Thayer?] (Buckler).
    5. Mary Toke, second daughter, probably unmarried.
    6. Bridget Toke, third daughter; m. ____ Moyle.
    7. Margaret Toke, fourth daughter. She m. Gideon Maude, Rector of Hothfield, near Ashford, Kent, and had a daughter, Margaret Maude, wife of John Harvey, of “Dane Court,” in the parish of Tilmanstone, near Deal, Kent, by whom she had issue (see Buckler for continuation of this line).
  2. John Tooke.
  3. Ann Tooke.
  4. (perhaps) Margaret Toke, said by Berry to have been daughter of a Thomas Toke, of Bere, who m. 10 Oct. 1644 at St. Margaret’s, near Dover, William Monins (no. 9.viii above).

11. Elizabeth Maycott, daughter of Mary Monins and Cavaliero Maycott, was b. 1605-06. She m. 19 Jan. 1626/7 at St. Mary Somerset, London, [131] Capt. Edward Christian, Esq., of St. Martin’s, bachelor, b. 1590-91 (aged 36 years at the time of their marriage) at “The Flatt,” Maughold, Isle of Man, d. 19 Jan. 1660/1 as a prisoner in Peel Castle, Peel, Isle of Man.[132] and buried at the parish church of Maughold, son of the Rev. John Christian, the first Protestant vicar of Maughold.[133] He was of the same family as the famous Fletcher Christian, leader of The Bounty mutineers, but the kinship was not particularly close as their most recent common ancestor was apparently Edward’s grandfather.[134] Their marriage record calls her “Elizabeth Maycott, of Dover, Kent, Sp[inste]r, 21, her parents dead, daughter of Sir Cavaler Maycott, Kt.” Moore’s Manx Worthies states of him:

Edward (or Edmond) Christian (b. circa 1600 [sic], d. 1661), the second son of the Rev. John Christian who was Vicar of Maughold between 1580 and 1625, played many parts in life. He was at one time a merchant adventurer, then a captain in the Royal Navy, then Deputy-Governor of the island, Commander of the insular militia, reformer, and patriot, or rebel. His early life was spent at sea, where, becoming the owner as well as the captain of a vessel, he amassed a fortune under the auspices of the “East Indy Co.” We next find him at the English Court as one of the suit of the Duke of Buckingham, by whose influence he was appointed to the “Bonaventure,” frigate, of 37 guns. On returning to his native island in 1627, he at once attracted the attention of its ruler, James, Lord Strange, who writes of him as follows: “was newly got acquainted with Captain Christian whom I observed soon to have abilities enough to do me service … I was told … [he] had already made himself a good fortune in the Indies; that he was a Manxman born, but, which took most with me, — that when he offered his service it was on these terms — that he would be contented to hold the staff until I chose another…. For the pay, he so little valued that, as he would be content to do service without any, or as little of it as it pleased [me]…. He is excellent good company; as rude as a sea captain should be, but refined as one that had civilized himself half a year at Court, where he served the Duke of Buckingham.”
    Such being Christian’s qualifications, Lord Strange, in 1628, appointed him “lieutenant and captain,” and “for some few years he,” says his master, “pleased me very well,” for he “had a quality of the best servant — that what I directed him to do, if it succeeded ill, he would take the same upon himself; and what happened well would give me the glory of it.” In 1633, while he held this office, he got into trouble with the Admiralty, on the accusation of Captain Thomas James, of H.M.S. “Lion’s Whelp,” for “trucking with a pirate.” Christian replied that the supposed pirate had shown him a commission which appeared to be in order, so that he had not detained him. This explanation does not seem to have been satisfactory to Sir Thomas Wentworth (afterwards Earl of Stratford), then Lord Deputy and (Governor-General of Ireland, since, in a letter to the Admiralty, he says that there were further proofs against Christian, and he remarks: “Surely so long as these pirates may make their return thither (to Man) as to a market overt for the vending of their stolen goods, they will hardly be beaten from their harassing and infecting this channel….” In reply to this, the secretary, Coke, writes: “I will also give you account what order shall be taken with Captain Christian, whose trucking with pirates and manner of inviting rather than apprehending such people is not to be endured.” Shortly afterwards, in January, 1634, the Commissioners for the Admiralty sent an order to Lord Strange that “Captain Christian fayle not personally to attend us at the Council Chamber in Whitehall upon Friday the 14th day of ffebruarie next at the farthest.” Lord Strange thereupon sent a messenger to Man, who reported that Christian was “soe weak and soe farr spent in body by reason of his long and lingeringe sickness that he is in noe way able to travaile on horseback at all, nor in any other way, without eminent danger of his life.” This report was duly forwarded to the Admiralty by Lord Strange. who again sent for Christian in April, when he was still “sick.” Whether he ultimately went I do not know, but, as he stated that he “would not faile to wait on his Lordship as soone as possiblie he could,” he probably did. Nor do I know what the result of his interview with the Admiralty was, but it does not seem to have resulted in his disgrace with Lord Strange, because, though Ewan Christian held the deputy-governorship (probably merely as his substitute) between 1631 and 1636, he did not finally lose that office till 1639, when he once more got into disgrace. He was, however, restored to favour, for the second time in 1642, being, on the breaking out of the civil war in England, appointed “Sergeant-Major” of the insular forces.
    But the earl soon found that he had “believed and trusted him too much,” discovering, as it was stated in evidence at his trial, that he was the “adviser, counsellor, and persuader” of the people who came armed to Tynwald on the 24th June, 1642, threatening that they would pay no more tithes; and there is no doubt that he was the leader of the popular party. In the following May, there was a serious riot at Douglas, originated by the arrest of a man who had declined to pay tithes, which is also said to have been instigated by him. In June, 1643, Lord Derby arrived in the island and, shortly afterwards, Christian was arrested and imprisoned. He was kept some time in prison before his trial took place. On this, Lord Derby comments: “I believe many wonder thereat, as savouring of injustice…. But, in my own knowledge, he deserves what he hath, and a great deal more,” and, he continues, “I believe such a course will be taken, that he shall groan under the burden of it. But whether it will reach his life, know not; for his judges do pretend they want precedents. On this, he shrewdly remarks: “And, indeed, in this country any offence will be excused, if of never so high a nature, provided he steal not sheep, and that because the judges be sheepmasters.” Lord Derby evidently thought that, “if a jury of the people do pass upon him (being he hath so cajoled them to believe he suffers for their sakes), it is likely they would quit him,” so he deliberately altered the ordinary procedure, and instead of bringing him first before a jury, he had him tried by the Keys, whom he had probably terrorised. The trial began in December, when the chief charges brought against him were (1) That he had said that the Keys should be elected by the people (2) That the deemsters should be chosen out of the 24 Keys, one by the lord, the other by the people, and that they should hold office for three years only; (3) That he had encouraged the people to resist the payment of tithes; (4) That he had endeavoured to take Peel Castle into his power; (5) That he had urged the people to behave seditiously against the lord. With regard to these accusations, the first two exhibit Christian as a patriot, since both the deemsters and the Keys had formerly been elected by the people, but we can well understand how revolutionary such ideas would appear in the days of the Stuarts. With regard to the third charge, it only shows that Christian had imbibed the notions in vogue at that time. But the last two, especially considering his position of trust as commander of the insular forces, were very serious, and fully justify the finding of the Keys, on the 13th of December, that Christian had “most seditiously and tumultuously behaved himself.” Upon perusal of this finding, the governor and Council, “for the greate and manifest misdemeanors of the said Edward Christian, do adjudge and censure him … in one thousand markes fine, and his bodie to perpetual imprisonment, or until he shall be released by the Lord of the Isle.” This verdict probably disappointed the earl, who remarks, with reference to Christian, that “It was safer much to take men’s lives than their estates.” In November, 1651, he was released on the Parliament taking possession of the island. We hear nothing more of him till 1659. It is probable that he was so broken down by the effect of his long imprisonment as not to be able to take any part in public affairs. In October of that year he seems to have been implicated in a plot against Fairfax’s governor, Chaloner, and so was again committed to Peel Castle in January, 1660. He remained there till September in the same year, when he was let out for a few days to plead personally in a suit, but was sent back again, and died there on the 19th January, 1661. Three days later he was buried in Kirk Maughold Church.[135]

This couple is generally said to have had sons John (d. 1663) and Robert (d. 1668), the latter of whom had descedants, but I am at present unable to resolve the contradictions in the literature. However, a possible child for whom there is clear record evidence was:

  1. Ann Christian, bapt. 8 Jan. 1627[/8?] in the parish church of St. Andrew, Holborn, London, as a daughter of Edwward Christian and Elizab. ____ (IGI).


Notes

1Thomas Stoughton, The Christian’s Sacrifice (London, 1622), pp. 252-58, at p. 254.
2Ethel McLaughlin Turner & Paul Boynton Turner, The English Ancestry of Thomas Stoughton… (Waterloo, Wisconsin, 1958), 62-3, corrected by Jane Fletcher Fiske, “A New England immigrant kinship network: notes on the English origins of the Scudders of Salem and Barnstable, Massachusetts, Bridget (____) (Verry) Giles of Salem, and Joanna (Chamberlain) Betts of Long Island,” The American Genealogist, 72 (1997): 285-300, at pp. 295-97.
3See further discussion of this below in our note on the Notebeme family.
4Nellie Zada Rice Molyneux, History, Genealogical and Biographical, of the Molyneux Families (Syracuse, 1904), p. 252.
5This point is brought out well, with many dated examples, in Maria Auxiliadora Martín Díaz, Dialectología y toponimia del kéntico bajomediaval, Thesis, Departamento de Filología Inglesa y Alemana, Universidad de la Laguna, n.d., pp. 73, 196, 218 (these last two for distribution maps of the suffic -hyrst), p. 267 [bis] (in a sequence of misnumbered pages following p. 272), 283, 329, 350, available online at ftp://tesis.bbtk.ull.es/ccssyhum/cs70.pdf. See also Judith Glover, The Place Names of Kent (Rainham, Kent: Meresborough Books, 1982), 69. Personally I am not inclined to take the reference to a Michaele de Exherste in the cartulary of Crumbwell Priory as evidence for the place in Staplehurst or for the like-named family of that place; see “Charters of Crumbwell Priory” (unsigned) Archaeologia Cantiana 5 (1863): 194-222, at p. 216. This is assumed in Henry J. Ellis & Francis B. Bickley, Index to the charters and rolls in the Department of Manuscripts, British Museum, vol. 1 (1900), 264, 691 (a reference kindly brought to our attention by Janet Wolfe).
6Edward Hasted, The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent, 2nd ed., 12 vols. (Canterbury, 1797-1801), 7:126, citing (for the document of 29 Edward I) “fn Rot. Cart. ejus an N. 15.” This extract was kindly sent by Adrian Channing before I owned a copy of Hasted. There is an addendum to this passage in Hasted, 8:541, but it only affects the modern period.
7The Rev. W.A. Scott Robertson, “[The] Church of All Saints, Staplehurst,” Archaeologia Cantiana, 9 (1874): 189-202, at p. 193. On Lewis Robessart (d. 1431), who was Baron Bourchier jure uxoris, see generally C.R. Humphery-Smith, “The Robessart Tomb in Westminster Abbey,” Foundations: Journal of the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy 1 (2003-04): 178-92; and Nathaniel L. Taylor, “Thoughts on the Robessart Tomb,” Ibid. 1 (2003-04): 241-45.
8Arthur Hussey, Kent Chantries (Kent Records, vol. XII, 1936), 302, 303.
9Calendar of the Patent Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office Henry VI, 5:338 ff., at p. 346.
10A Thos. de Exherst was taxed 6s 0d. in Cranbrook in the 1334 Lay Subsidy of Kent; see “Kent Lay Subsidy Roll of 1334/5,” ed. H.A. Hanley & C.W. Chalklin (Kent Records 18, 1964), 58-172, at p. 110.
11It may be worth mentioning that a “John Colman, armiger,” citizen of London, made a will dated 24 Oct. 1409 and proved 9 Nov. following, mentioning lands in Northfleet, in the deanery of Shoreham, which were not far from the lands of the Exherst family (P.C.C. 19 Marche; modern archival reference PRO prob/11/2A). But this will does not seem to mention a daughter Margaret; and if the testator was the father of our Margaret Coleman, he must have died when she was very young.
12The Roll of Freemen of Canterbury, from A.D. 1392 to 1800, ed. Jospeph Meadows Cowper (Canterbury, 1903), p. 266, from a copy kindly supplied by Janet Chevalley Wolfe. I first learned of this reference from Arthur Hussey, “Further Notes from Kentish Wills,” Archaeologia Cantiana 31 (1915):25-53, at pp. 50-1.
13National Archives online catalogue, citing C 1/67, Chancery pleadings addressed to the Bishop of Lincoln as Lord Chancellor, with the date given only as between 1475 and 1485.
14Calendar of the Close Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office … Henry VII, 1:60.
15Will of John Exherst, of Ash, proved 1493, Canterbury Archdeaconry Register, vol. 5, fo. 353 (Family History Library microfilm no. 188,920); cf. Arthur Hussey, “Further Notes from Kentish Wills,” supra cit. I am grateful to Jan Wolfe for assistance in reading the difficult dates in this document. I hope at some not too distant date to produce a transcript of this important document.
16The unreliable J.R. Planché, in his A Corner of Kent; or, some account of the parish of Ash-next-Sandwich (London, 1864), 224, mentions the “knightly Kentish family of the name of Sepham, whose arms were semée [semy] of cross-crosslets, three roses,” which is correct enough. But when he refers to this family as “Sepham … considered one of the many corruptions of the Septvans” he commits an etymological absurdity. For an explanation of his comment that they were “matched with the Cobhams and other families of distinction in this county” see Hasted’s Kent, 4:9.
    The surname Sepham was in fact derived from a “manor called Sepham in the parishes of Shorham and Otteford, co. Kent,” in the words of a charter of 4 May, 48 Edward III (i.e. 1374) abstracted in Calendar of Close Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, Edward III, vol. XIV (1913), p. 97. According to the 1572 Visitation of Surrey (Harleian Society, vol. 43, 1899), p. 32, the arms of the Sepham family were argent, crusilly three cinquefoils sable, while Thomas Willement, Heraldic Notices of Canterbury Cathedral (London, 1827), p. 90, gives them as sable, semée [semy] of cross-crosslets, three cinquefoils, argent, reversing the tinctures. Either of these descriptions would agree with that given by Planché. The Sephams are found associated with the manors of Sepham (also known as Upsepham) and Vielston (now Filstone), in Shoreham and Otford, lying in Codsheath Hundred in the Lathe of Sutton-at-Hone, the most westerly part of Kent, so early as 1285, and they are mentioned in at least 20 documents dating from between the thirteenth and fifteenth centuries, though these materials are not sufficient to establish a connected pedigree. It is also said that the Sephams purchased the manor of Planers alias Palsters in Shoreham, directly adjacent and to the north of the manor of Sepham, during the reign of Henry VI, but resold it in that of Henry VII (England’s Gazetteer, London, 1751, vol. 2, unpaginated s.v. “Planers”). The manor of Sepham itself was sold (directly?) to Francis Sandbach in 1547 (The Kentish [family of] Polhill [part 2], available online at http://polhill.info/kentish_polhill2.htm), and again (as “Cepham”) in 1629 by the then Earl of Leicester to Sir Edward Leeche and Ralph Whitfield (Harvard Law School Library English Deeds Collection, no. 700). The place is to this day known as Sepham Farm, and it was at one time the site of a well-known local cider factory, which I understand is now defunct. There is also a Sepham Court on Filston Lane, Shoreham, Sevenoaks, Kent.
    No reference of the right period has been found to the putative Alice Sepham’s father William Sepham, who would presumably have been born about 1400-1410. At this time the main (or perhaps only) branch of the Sephams consisted of the “sons … John, Richard, and Alice [sic]” mentioned in the will of their father, John Sepham, of Shoreham, dated 12 Jan. 1420, and proved only six days later on 18 Jan. following in the manor of Otteford by his relict Alice (Lambeth Wills, Book 22, p. 117, per http://www.kentarchaeology.org.uk/Research/Libr/Wills/Lbth/Bk22/ page%20117.htm, in which the name is miswritten as “Stepham” or “Speham” in a few places). Whether the “son” Alice was actually the wife mentioned out-of-place, a son named Ellis (or something of the sort), or a daughter Alice, can only be speculated. If actually a daughter, she was nevertheless clearly a generation two old to have been the one of our text.
17This surname has usually been modernized as Notbeam, but almost all the contemporary references are spelled Notebem(e) or Nottebem(e). As pointed out in E.A. Webb, et al., The History of Chislehurst; its church, manors, and parish (London, 1899), 9, it is a mediaeval term meaning nut-tree; the Middle English Dictionary published by the University of Michigan Press (1952-), 6:1093, col. 1, gives many dated instances of which some of the occurences are as a surname.
    Perhaps deriving from Nutbeme in Weyhill alias Penton Grafton, Hampshire, persons of this name were settled in Sussex and near Canterbury in Kent by the first half of the fourteenth century, Will’mo de Nutbyme being assessed for for 1s. 4d. for lands in Loddesworth, in Woking Hundred, Sussex, in 1332 (The three earliest subsidies for the county of Sussex in the years 1296, 1327, 1332…, ed. the Rev. William Hudson [Sussex Record Society, vol. 10, 1910], 117), and “Jn. atte Notebeme” being assessed for 7 shillings on lands in Westgate Hundred, Kent, in 1334/5 (“Kent Lay Subsidy Roll of 1334/5,” ed. H.A. Hanley & C.W. Chalklin [Kent Records 18, 1964], 58-172, at p. 86, col. 2); and the name is well attested in the area thereafter. The seventeenth-century herald John Philipot, in his “Church notes,” records the arms of the “Notbeame” family in St. Nicholas Church, Ash-next-Sandwich, as gules, a fess nebulée ermine; see C.R. Councer, Lost glass from Kent churches: a collection of records from the sixteenth to the twentieth century (Kent Records, XXII, 1980), 1, citing British Library Egerton MS. 3310; these arms are also mentioned in Planché, op. cit., p. 187. Burke’s General Armory (1842), 740, is in close agreement but describes the fess as wavy instead of nebuly.
    The Notebeme ancestry, which urgently requires a thorough re-evaluation based of primary sources, has been the subject of considerable confusion, much of it deriving from the claim in the 1619 Visitation pedigree, p. 28, impossible on chronological grounds, that the wife of Richard Exherst was “Alicia, filia et cohæres Johannes Notbene [sic in printed edition],” by the latter’s wife “Constantia, vidua Joh[an]is Sepuans, filia et hæres Tho. Ellis Fundator Hospitalis D[omi]ni Thomae apud Sandwicum,” i.e. Constance, widow of John Sepuans (recte Septvans), daughter and heiress of Thomas Ellis (usually referred to as Elys in contemporary records), founder of St. Thomas Hospital at Sandwich. Whatever truth there may be in this alleged descent, there has at the least been some telescoping of generations, as shown in John Blythe Dobson, “The Stoughtons of New England: Their alleged Elys-Notebeme ancestry,” Foundations: Newsletter of the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 2003), 46-50. The Visitation pedigree is followed uncritically by Berry, op. cit. (1830), p. 179, who reproduces the misspellings of the surnames Notebeme and Septvans. The generally reliable William Boys, Collections for an [sic] History of Sandwich in Kent… (Canterbury, 1792), 165, exacerbates the chronological difficulties when he writes, “Thomas Elys was a wealthy draper at Sandwich, and is mentioned … as having lent forty pounds to king Richard the second, in the first year of his reign [i.e. 1377-78] to supply his necessities. His wife’s name was Margaret; and he had a son, Thomas, and a daughter, Constance, who was married to John Septvans, esquire … which Constance, upon the death of her husband, became the wife of John Notbeame,” then skips altogether the generation of the supposed Alice Notebeme before passing on to the Exherst descendants. (Oscar Baker, History of the Antiquities of Sandwich and Richborough Castle in Kent [London, 1848], at p. 77, copies Boys so slavishly that he reproduces this error verbatim.)
   For the son, Thomas, Boys cites “Evidence of St. John’s hospital,” and he adds on p. 307 that Constance had a sister, Alice, who “became the wife of Thomas Chiche.” William Smith Ellis endorsed this statement quite positively in his Notices of the Ellises (1857), 79, and again in his paper “Pedigree of Ellis and Fitz-Ellis,” The Topographer and Genealogist 3 [1858]: 270-97, at p. 286, but later in Fourth and last supplement to Notices of the Ellises (1881), 281, admitted he knew of “no monument or documentary authority for the match.” It is true that a list of Thomas Elys’ children, evidently dating from the early fourteenth century (Boys, 192), mentions no daughter Alice, but perhaps was only meant to cover persons who were then deceased. And there are several independent strands of evidence to corroborate the connection. First, there is, at the very least, evidence as to the first name of Thomas Chiche’s wife, for “Thomas Chych and Alice his wife” deeded land at Sandwich on 3 Sept. 21 Ric. II [1397] (Harvard Law School Library English Deeds Collection, no. 301). As Ellis himself observes, the Chiche arms, azure, three lions rampant argent, a bordure argent, are displayed on the tomb of Constance’s parents, and, as is now known, Constance’s son, John Septvans, somehow came into possession of lands described as “late of Thomas Eleys or of Thomas Chyche in the parish of All Saints” (subsequently absorbed into the parish of St. Nicholas, under which heading it appears in Hasted’s Kent), in the Isle of Thanet (Catalogue of Ancient Deeds in the P.R.O., 6:72), suggesting that Alice Elys had no surviving issue. Further evidence for the Elys-Chiche match from seventeenth-century sources appears in C.R. Councer, Lost glass from Kent churches, 29, 107. Additionally, Ellis, in the main body of his Notices of the Ellises (1857), 79, averred — plausibly enough — that the son Thomas mentioned by Boys is the “Thomas Elys ju[nio]r,” of Sandwich, described as “quadraginta annos etatis et amplius“ (aged 40 years and over) at an inquest of 1389, per Proceedings and Ordinances of the Privy Council of England, ed. Harris Nicolas, 7 vols. (London, 1834-1837), 1:15; but reference to that document shows that it does not identify the subject any further.
    To return to Constance Elys’s son, John Septvans (the younger), the discussion of him in Planché (pp. 218, 321) gives a completely incorrect account of his parentage, and its unsupported claim that he was “Esquire of the Body to King Henry VI” is perhaps a garbling of the statement in the 1530-1 Visitation of Kent (Harleian Society, vol. 74, p. 79) that a John Septvans was “Lieutenant to John Lord Gray of Codnor, at Harflet [sic] in Normany in the wares of Henry the 5[th’s] tyme” — a statement which, while it has manifestly been placed at the wrong generation in the pedigree, is not necessarily incorrect, as John Grey, 5th Lord Grey of Codnor, was stationed at Harfleur during 1418 (Complete Peerage, VI, 9 n. g). One of the few things known of John Septvans (the younger) with certainty, because it is mentioned in his widow’s will (printed in Archaeologia Cantiana, 36:54), is that he founded the Chantry of Upper Hall in St. Nicholas Church, Ash-next-Sandwich. The editor of this will notes that the tomb of this John Septvans and his wife in Ash Church was “said to have been brought from Sittingbourne Church.” This suggestion can be confirmed from John Weever’s Ancient Funeral Monuments (London, 1631), 279, where, under the account of Sittingbourne (near Maidstone), occurs the following transcription: “Pray for the soule of Iohn Septvans Esquire, of the Isle of Thanet, sonne of Iohn Septvans, of this parish [i.e. Sittingbourne], Esquire, and for the soule of Katherine his wife. Which Iohn dyed Decemb. 18. 1458.” College of Arms MS D13 (printed in the 1530-1 Visitation of Kent, Harleian Society, vol. 74, p. 18) seems to state that he died “sans yssue” and to credit him with two brothers, Thomas and Gilbert. The statement as to Thomas receives strong support from a transcription by Philipot of another now-lost memorial in Sittingbourne church, quoted in C.R. Councer, Lost glass from Kent churches, 114, reading “Orate p[ro] animabus Thomæ Sepvans et Constancis matris eius” [“Pray for the souls of Thomas Sepvans and Constancia his mother”], with the arms of Ellis (Philipot writes “query” here) and Septvans.
    Although there was never any apparent reason to doubt that Constance Elys was the “wife Constance” mentioned in the 1396 will of John de Septvans (evidently of Sittingbourne), Esquire, who requested burial at Ash-next-Sandwich (Archaeologia Cantiana, 37:44), and the wardship of whose “lands and heir” were confirmed on 18 Sept. 1396 to the Archbishop of York (Calendar of Fine Rolls, 11:188), the often recklessly revisionistic Planché, in his Corner of Kent, pp. 330-32 (further to a briefer mention on p. 88), somehow convinced himself that the marriage to Constance belonged instead to John’s son, Gilbert Septvans alias atte Chequer alias Harflete, and claimed, “there is pretty sufficient evidence that his widow, Constance Ellis, remarried with John or William Notbeame, of Ash, by whom she had a daughter Alice, married to Richard Exherst, of Ash….” Planché was followed in this theory by Sir Reginald Tower in a derivative and amateurish monograph on “The Family of Septvans” which appeared in Archaeologia Cantiana, 40 (1928): 105-30, at p. 118, and by the editor of Kent Chantries, p. 2. But Planché’s account was challenged over a century ago in William Smith Ellis, Fourth and last supplement to Notices of the Ellises (1881), 282, which upheld the pertinence of the 1396 will by citing De Banco Roll, Trinity Term, 1 Henry IV [i.e. Spring 1400], membrane 215 — to the effect that John Septvans d. 26 Sept. in 20 Richard II [i.e. 1396], leaving a widow Constance who was remarried to William Notbeame. I have not checked this statement against the original record, but Ellis was a conscientious and accurate author. Recently, this version was endorsed — and that given by Sir Reginald Tower specifically rejected — in the excellent article on “William Nutbeam” written by Dr. Linda Clark for The History of Parliament: The House of Commons, 1386-1421, 4 vols. (1992), 3:857-8, which should be consulted for additional documentation.
    Constance Elys, who was first married well before 1396, could by no possibility have been the mother of the supposed Alice Notebeme, who can not have been born before the 1460s. She did however have a son John Notebeme, as proven in Dr. Clark’s article. There is no chronological impediment to the possibility of his having been Alice’s father (as was independently noticed by Brice Clagett, in a personal communication to us), and in the end perhaps the simplest explanation is that the 1619 Visitation simply omits a generation, showing John Notebeme as the husband of Constance Elys when it meant to show him as her son. In other words:

  Per the 1619 Visitation:

    Tho. Ellis      = ____
Fundator Hospitalis |
  D[omi]ni Thomae   |
  apud Sandwicum    |
                    |
 Johannes  =   Constantia 
  Notbene  |  filia et haeres
   [sic]   | vidua Joh[an]is 
           |     Sepuans
      _____|
      |
    Alicia  = Richardus 
   filia et |  Exherst
   cohaeres | Ar[miger]
            |
            ^
 What was perhaps intended:

    Tho. Ellis      = ____
Fundator Hospitalis |
  D[omi]ni Thomae   |
  apud Sandwicum    |
                    |
Guilielmus =   Constantia 
  Notbeme  |  filia et haeres
           | vidua Joh[an]is
           |   Sep[t]vans
      _____|   
      |
   Johannes
   Notbeme
       |
    Alicia  = Richardus 
   filia et |  Exherst
   cohaeres | Ar[miger]
            |
            ^

But it does not appear that evidence from a contemporary source has ever been adduced to show that John Notebeme actually had a daughter Alice who married Richard Exherst, and even with this adjustment the chronology still seems very attenuated. Finally, if yet another generation were actually missing between Constance Ellis and Alice, the line might conceivably run at that point through a female, since Alice’s surname is not explicitly stated as Notebeme.

18Will of William Peny, of Ash, dated 9 March 1495/6, Canterbury Probate Office, Register Wingham, Canterbury Probate Office, fo. 2, from a copy kindly supplied by Jan Wolfe. I am grateful to Tim Doyle for his reading of the date. The date of 1485/6 given in the abstract printed in Archaeologia Cantiana, 37 (1925): 34-5, is erroneous.
19Their son Thomas would appear to have been an adult in 1529.
20Burke’ Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies (London, 1838), 445, states that her parents were married 23 Oct. 1463, and that her mother d. 6 May 1480. Joan must have been born relatively late in this interval to have had children by her second marriage (see below).
21This is the Roberts family treated in Robert Tittler, Archive of the Roberts family of Boarzell in Ticehurst and the Dunn family of Stonehouse (Sussex Record Society, vol. 71, 1979), full text available at http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=179-dun. On Walter Roberts see Thomas Wotton, English Baronetage, 3 vols. (London, 1741), 1:403-11, at pp. 406-08 (an unacknowledged source of many later account of this family); Hasted, The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent, 1:197 (for the record of his service as sheriff); I.S. Leadam, “An Unknown Conspiracy against King Henry VII,” Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, new series, 16 (1902): 133-58, answered by James Gairdner, “A Supposed Conspiracy Against Henry VII,” Ibid., new series, 18 (1904): 157-94, pp. 167ff. being a reply by Leadam. His long and complicated will (P.C.C. 28 Maynwaring; modern archival reference P.R.O. Prob/11/20), dated 11 Feb. 13 Hen. VIII [1522], and proved 18 October following, mentions among many others “John Roberthe my ffather,” “Alyce my wyff,” and “Johan [i.e. Joan] Horden my dowghter.” The Visitations of Kent taken in the years 1530-1 by Thomas Benolte, Clarenceux and 1574 by Robert Cooke, Clarenceux, ed. W. Bruce Bannerman (Publications of the Harleian Society, vols. 74 & 75, 1923, 1924), 2:23-25, at p. 24 (where “Exherst” is erroneously printed “Epherst”); 1619 Visitation of Kent, ed. Hovenden, pp. 93-4, earlier published in Berry’s County Genealogies — Kent, p. 177 (where however the information is somewhat garbled).
    His daughter Joan is missed in the Roberts pedigree in The Visitations of the county of Sussex made and taken in the years 1530 … and 1633–4 (Harleian Society, vol. 53, 1905), 68, a reference kindly pointed out by Adrian Benjamin Burke. Whether she was really a daughter of her father’s first marriage to Margaret Penn it seems impossible to say with certainty.
    Wotton, English Baronetage, as cited above, at p. 407, citing Chauncey’s Hertfordshire (1700), p. 494, describes the first wife as “Margaret, daughter and heir of John Penn, of Penn’s place, in the parish of Aldenham, in Hertfordshire, who was squire to the Duke of Clarence,” and states that she married Walter Roberts on 23 Oct. 1463, and died 6 May 1480. However, the John Penn who is called “Sqwire with the Duc of Clarence” on his tombstone at Aldenham d. 18 June 1471 [Weever, Ancient Funerall Monuments (1631), p. 592), and as will be seen below was clearly her brother, not her father. It would also be more accurate to describe her as her father’s eventual heiress in her issue, for his immediate heir was his son Ralph, who outlived Margaret. Crucial to the proof of Margaret’s parentage is the Roberts pedigree in the 1574 visitation of Kent, cited above, which shows her as the mother of, among other children, “John Robertes [who] mar. Mary daught. of Rich: Sackeuille,” who was in turn father of “Dyonyce [Robertes] mar. to Tho: Mannocke of Essex.” Now the Victoria History of the County of Hertford, vol. 2 (1908), in its account of the parish of Aldenham, pp. 149-161, describes a piece of land called Aydens or Eydens which “was held by Ralph Penne when he died in 1486 [actually 3 Oct. 1485]” and which, though he had intended it to be used to found a chantry, instead “passed with one-fourth of the manor of Charings to Dionisia daughter of John Roberts and wife of Thomas Mannok, who conveyed it with her share of Charings to John Coningsby in 1546 [Feet of Fines, Herts, Michaelmas 38 Hen. VIII].” The will of “Raufe Penne of the county of Hertford, gentilman,” evidently an unmarried man, which is dated “the last day of Septembyr” 1485 (P.C.C. 27 Logge), is not in itself very genealogically informative, except that it makes a bequest to “euerich [i.e. every] of my cosyns fferbeis” [see J. Henry Lea, “Genealogical Gleanings, contributory to a History of the Family of Penn,” pt. 1, Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 14 (1890): 50-63, at pp. 53-54]. It does not even name the “John Robarth, consanguineus & next heir, aged 16 years & more” who was subsequently determined to be his heir (inquisition post mortem, 4 November, 2 Hen. VII [1486], printed in The Herts Genealogist and Antiquary 2 [1897]: 23-24, and in Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, Henry VII, 1:79-80, where however consanguineus is unjustifiably rendered as “cousin”). However, the connection to Margaret Penn is made by the will of this man’s father, which was probably first published in an anonymous work entitled A Pedigree and Genealogical Notes, from Wills, Registers, and Deeds of the Highly Distinguished Family of Penn… (London, 1871), p. 15. The will of “John Penne, Citizen and Mercer of London,” of St. Alban Wodestrete, London, and of Aldenham, Herts., proved 7 Sept. 1450 (P.C.C. 12 Rous), requests burial in the parish church of St. Albans de Wode Strete, London, and names wife Alice, sons Ralph, John, and Thomas Penne, and daughters Alice, Mary, and Margaret. It was witnessed by a Thomas ffereby, who (in the trancription at least) is called the testator’s “wife’s father.” On the basis of these transcriptions one would thus infer that the wife of John Penn was an Alice Fereby, but perhaps Thomas Fereby was only her stepfather, for the Victoria History of the County of Hertford, as above, states that the manor of Aldenham was held in 1449 “by John Hale, citizen of London and brother of John Hale of Aldenham [Close Rolls, 27 Hen. VI, pt. 1, m. 17d],” and in 1472 “was in the tenure of his daughters, Alice widow of John Penne, citizen and mercer of London, and wife of William Brayne, and Agnes wife of John Thrale, who united in settling it on Ralph Penne, son of Alice [Feet of Fines, Herts., 12 Edw. IV, No. 33; Close Rolls, 15 Edw. IV, membrane 20].” I have not attempted to resolve this discrepancy.
    Walter Roberts formed some surprisingly high social connections through his third wife, Alice Nayler. This woman, in the 1619 Visitation of Kent, is erroneously called “Alice Naylor widow of the baron of Abergavenny,” and this has led to much confusion. Burke’s Extinct Baronetcies, 1838 ed., attempts to identify her as “Alice, daughter of Richard Naylor, esq. and widow of Lord Abergavenny,” but the widow of George Nevill, 4th Lord Bergavenny (d. 1492) was named Elizabeth, and at this late date the names Alice and Elizabeth were really not interchangeable, a discrepancy pointed out by Leadam in his reply to Gairdner’s article cited above, p. 168 (though he misattributes the statement to Hasted, and confuses the chronology). Nevertheless, Vicary Gibbs, in a signed note in the Complete Peerage, 2nd ed., 1:31 n. (c), suggests that she was identical with Elizabeth (____) (Naylor) (Bassett) (Stokker) Nevill, widow, successively, of Richard Naylor, of London (will proved 1483), of Sir Robert Bassett, Lord Mayor of London in 1475-6 (d. 1484), of John Stokker, of St. George’s, Eastcheap (d. 1485), and of George Nevill, 4th Lord Bergavenny (d. 1492), whose second wife she had been. (The revisions to this article given in the volume of Addenda & Corrigenda published in 1998 correct the order of her marriages but do not directly address the question of whether Elizabeth could have had Walter Roberts as a fifth husband. In the 1st ed. of the Complete Peerage, 1:12-27, at p. 18, the names of her husbands were given in the order stated in her will, discussed below, which is incorrect.)
    However, in her will, P.C.C. 8 Moone (modern reference P.R.O. Prob. 11/12), abstracted in Testamenta Vetusta 1:441, which was made 14 April 1500 and proved scarcely two months later on 19 June following, the dowager baroness Abergavenny styles herself “Dame Elizabeth Nevile Lady of Bergavenne of the parishe of Chartham in the countie of Kent widowe,” an impossible designation and unlikely place of residence if she were then married to the still-living Walter Roberts. She does however name her children — all by her second husband, Richard Nayler — as “John Naylor, my son…, Hugh Naylor and Robert Naylor, brothers to the said John, and … Thomazine, Alice, and Joan, sisters to the said Hugh and Robert.” Thus, it is clear that the correct identification of Walter Roberts’s third wife is actually “Alice Nayler daughter of the Lady Burgaueny,” as stated in the Kent visitation of 1574. Her father, then, was Richard Nayler, Alderman and Tailor of London, whose will, dated 18 July 1483 and proved 22 Aug. following (P.C.C. 7 Logge, modern reference P.R.O. Prob. 11/7), makes a bequest “to Alice my doughter when she is married.” As the same phraseology is used for all three daughters it presumably does not imply an impending marriage; and indeed the children may all have been fairly young as none of his five sons had yet “come to lawfull age” and his wife had a “child in the womb.” Interestingly, the name of her father is given correctly in various old accounts, for example Jasper Sprange, The Tunbridge Wells Guide (Tunbridge Wells, 1782), p. 20. The Kent visitations of 1574 and 1619-21, and the Sussex visitation of 1530, all make Alice mother of some of her husband’s children.
22See the 1530-31 visitation pedigree in The Visitations of Kent, ed. Bannerman, “part” 1, p. 12, which assigns the follow issue to Thomas Horden and his wife Joan (sons, then daughters):
  1. Edward Horden.
  2. Alexander Horden.
  3. John Horden.
  4. William Horden.
  5. Richard Horden.
  6. Constance Horden.
  7. Anne Horden.
This family does not appear in any of the three subsequent visitations. Thomas Horden, of Goudhurst, who styles himself “esquire” in one place and “gentillman” in another, made a rather brief will dated 6 Oct. 1552 and proved 28 Jan. 1553 (P.C.C. 2 Tashe, modern archival reference Prob. 11/36) in which he names “Anne nowe my wieffe” and his “son and heir apparant” Edward, to whom he leaves his lands in Goudhurst, Cranbrooke, Staplehurst, Horsemondon, and Lamberhurst. Neither his other children nor any of the Exhersts is mentioned.
23Will of Master Walter Sherborne, dated 14 Feb. 1500/1, Canterbury Probate Office, register Wingham, fo. 27, abstracted in Archaeologia Cantiana 37 (1925): 45. It will be noticed that Richard Exherst’s son-in-law Edward Stoughton married secondly, a Helen Shirburn, but it is not known whether she was any relation to Walter Sherborne the priest.
24Calendar of Patent Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office … Henry VII, 2:496. For the identification of the manor of Traceis see the index entry under this spelling in Calendar of Inquistions Post Mortem and other analoguous documents preserved in the Public Record Office, Henry VIII, vol. I.
25Lambeth Palace Library, Court Roll CM 32/6, abstracted in East Kent Records, ed. Irene Josephine Churchill (Kent Records, vol. 7, 1920–22), 98, and also in Archbishops of Canterbury Archives, available online at http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/A2A/records.aspx?cat=109-aa_1-1_2.
26Will of Anne Dygges, widow, of Canterbury, dated 9 Aug. 1509 and proved 5 Nov. following, P.C.C. 21 Bennet. An rather full abstract appears in Reginald M. Glencross, “Virginia Gleanings in England,” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 30 (1922): 362-7, at 362; reprinted in Lothrop Withington [et al.], Virginia Gleanings in England (Baltimore, 1980), pp. 613-18, at 613. For the suggestion that “Anne” could represent “Joan” I am indebted to Jan Wolfe. Glencross writes, “Anne Digges does not appear in the only pedigree now accessible — that in Berry’s Kent. She was probably the widow of some member of the family in the generation preceding James Digges [the great-great-grandfather of Edward Digges, Governor of Virginia]. She evidently left no sons and was not an ancestress of any of the branches of the family.” Neither does she appear in the Visitation pedigrees of 1530-31, 1574, or 1619. A century later, Richard Exherst’s great-great granddaughter, Mary Monins (see 5.iv below), married Goldwell Rogers, whose mother was Ann(e), daughter of Thomas Digges of Newington, Kent, but this may be merely coincidental.
27Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, of the Reign of Henry VIII, preserved in the Public Record Office — Addenda, vol. 1, pt. 1 (London, 1920), 29. A few abbreviations introduced by the modern editors have been silently expanded.
28“Archbishop Warham’s Visitation in the year 1511,” pt. 1, The British Magazine and Monthly Register of Religious and Ecclesiastical Information… 29 (1846): 29-41, at pp. 41, 37.
29P.R.O. Exchequer: Treasury of Receipt: Ancient Deeds, Series A, no. 5970; modern reference E 40/5970; abstracted in Descriptive Catalogue of Ancient Deeds in the Public Record Office, 3:247.
30P.R.O. Court of Chancery: Six Clerk’s Office: Early Proceedings, Richard II to Philip and Mary, C 1/421/80. Reference from P.R.O. online catalogue, which does not provide the date; original record not seen.
31Lambeth Palace Library, Deed CM 31/107, transcribed in East Kent Records (Kent Records, vol. 7, 1920–22), pp. 35–37, and also in Archbishops of Canterbury Archives, available online at http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/A2A/records.aspx?cat=109-aa_1-1_2; our emphasis.
321574 Visitation of Kent, ed. Bannerman, 2:35.
331619 Visitation of Kent, pp. 18-19, s.v. Wilde, at p. 18. In the printed copy “Linton” is misprinted “Limton,” an error corrected by Berry in his County Genealogies — Kent, p. 108.
341619 Visitation of Kent, pp. 28-29, at p. 28.
35Hasted, History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent, as above, 7:21-22. These quarters, it will be noticed, are cited in the wrong order (Omer and Exhurst are reversed), and the claimed Clitherow ancestry of the Stoughtons was discredited in Ethel McLaughlin Turner & Paul Boynton Turner, The English Ancestry of Thomas Stoughton… (Waterloo, Wisconsin, 1958), 35.
36The Visitation of London Anno Domini 1633, 1634, and 1635, ed. Joseph Jackson Howard & Joseph Lemuel Chester, 2 vols. (Publications of the Harleian Society, vols. 15 [1880] and 17 [1883]), 2:377.
37For historical background on the priory, including the date of the dissolution, see “Houses of Benedictine nuns: Abbey, later priory, of Amesbury,” in Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire, vol. 3 (1956), pp. 242-259, available online at http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=36534; Yvonne Parrey, “‘Devoted disciples of Christ’: Early Sixteenth-Century Religious Life in the Nunnery at Amesbury,” Historical Research 67 (1994): 240-48.
38Report by Robert Southwell to Thomas Cromwell (Vicar General to Henry VIII), undated but presumably of Dec. 1539, printed in Sir William Dugdale, Monasticon Anglicanum: A History of the Abbies and other Monasteries, Hospitals, Frieries, and Cathedral and Collegiate Churches, with their Dependencies, in England and Wales, ed. John Caley et al., 6 vols. in 8 (London, 1817-1830), 2:333-43, at p. 340 col. b, available online at http://monasticmatrix.usc.edu/bibliographia/index.php?function=detail&id=2659. The document is also printed in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, of the Reign of Henry VIII, ed. James Gairdner & R.H. Brodie, vol. 14, pt. 2 (1895), entry no. 646, and there is a similiar but briefer one in Ibid., vol. vol. 15 (1896), entry no. 1032 (on p. 549).
39Dugdale, Monasticon Anglicanum, as above, 2:333-43, at p. 334 n. o, available online at http://monasticmatrix.usc.edu/bibliographia/index.php?function=detail&id=2659.
40Of her husband’s daughters by his second wife, Susan was married by 1573, when she is mentioned as “my sister Cole” in the will of her elder half-brother Thomas, and Sarah was married by 1575, when she is mentioned as “Sarah Yonge” in her mother’s will. Unless both happened to be newlyweds at the time, these facts would collectively suggest that at least one of them was born by 1552.
41Turner & Turner, The English Ancestry of Thomas Stoughton…, 52-6, and the sources there cited. The account of the Stoughtons in Burton W. Spear, Search for the passengers of the “Mary & John,” 1630 (Toledo, Ohio), vol. 7 (1987), 163-70, does not extend back to this generation; I have not seen vol. 11, pp. 94-97 of the same work, in which the account is continued backward.
42Settlement (grant of annuity) in trust, East Sussex Record Office, DUN 14/20, as abstracted in Robert Tittler, Archive of the Roberts family of Boarzell in Ticehurst and the Dunn family of Stonehouse (Sussex Record Society, vol. 71, 1979), previously cited. For the identification of her step-cousin Walter Hendley of Coursehorne, son of Gervais Hendley by Elizabeth, daughter of Walter Roberts, see, in addition to the Roberts pedigrees previously cited, the Kent visitations of 1592, ed. Bannerman (Harleian Society 75), 103-04; the will of Walter Roberts, previously cited, mentions “Elizabeth Hendle my dowghter” and “Gervase Hendle my sonne in lawe … and Walter Hendle his son.” This Walter is not to be confused with his nephew, and heir in his entailed lands, the younger Walter Hendley of Coursehorne, who heads the pedigree in the 1619 Visitation, ed. Hovenden, 95, and incidentally, through whose great-granddaughter Anne Hendley there shown, wife of Thomas Taylor, the Roberts descent was carried to Diana, Princess of Wales; see Richard K. Evans, The Ancestry of Diana Princes of Wales (Boston, 2007), p. 310.
43P.R.O. Court of Chancery: Six Clerk’s Office: Early Proceedings, Richard II to Philip and Mary, C 1/1450/16-19. Reference from P.R.O. online catalogue, which does not provide the date; original record not seen. In 1546 an inventory of the “rent of assise from certain lands in the parish of Stapleherst lying upon le dens of Estborden, Westborden, and Exherst” mentions “certain lands in tenure of Master Mayny upon le den of Exherst” (Kent Chantries, 302-04, at p. 303).
441619 Visitation of Kent, ed. Hovenden, p. 28.
45Josiah C. Wedgwood & Anne D. Holt, History of Parliament: Biographies of the members of the Commons House, 1439-1509 (London, 1936), p. 5.
46This man was not John Aldye, M.P. for Sandwich in 1463-5 and 1472-5, as tentatively suggested in the History of Parliament, supra cit. That man lived until 1494, while John, the father of Nicholas, died in 1486; see his will, printed in Archaeologia Cantiana, 34 (1922): 47.
47Will of Nicholas Alday, of Ash, dated 19 Dec. 1520, Canterbury Probate Office, register Wingham, fol. 51, printed in Archaeologia Cantiana, 34 (1922): 48-9. The will mentions, but does not name, the testator’s wife.
48Will of Thomas Aldy, of Ash, P.C.C. 14 Hogen, printed (with modernized spelling) in Archaeologia Cantiana, 37 (1925): 51; some extracts, with the original spelling, appear in the sketch of Aldy in the History of Parliament cited above.
49For the identification of these arms as those of Aldy see the (rather defective) sketch on the Aldey family in the 1574 & 1592 Visitations of Kent, ed. Bannerman, Appendix, 2:121. We will give further evidence of this below.
50For some of his descendants see the 1619 Visitation of Kent, ed. Hovenden, pp. 28-29. The various accounts of this family all agree that he was a brother of Edward Monins, ancestor of the baronets Monins of Waldershare. This Edward Monins, who d. 1552, made a will, dated 1 Jan. 1548 (1 Edw. VI), which mentions “my brother, John Monynges”; see Nicholas Harris Nicolas, Testamenta Vetusta, 2 vols. (London, 1826), 2:737-38. His wife Parnell, of whom John’s daughter Parnell was perhaps a namesake, is identified in C.R. Councer, Lost glass from Kent churches, 92, as Parnell, daughter of Anthony Leverick, of Herne, by the latter’s wife Constantia.
51Berry, Pedigrees of the families in the County of Kent, p. 179, followed by Burke’s Extinct Baronetcies, 1841 ed., p. 362. Burke makes the father of John Monins of Swanton to be Robert Monins, of Waldershare, and a daughter and coheiress of the family of Greenford, whose arms were in fact quartered by the Monins family in later generations. In this case, the sixteenth-century pedigree to be cited below in the text, and the 1574 Visitation of Kent, ed. Bannerman, 2:10-11, which state that he was a son of John Moninges, of Waldershare, Kent, by the latter’s wife Alice, daughter and heiress of ____ Grenford, of Swanton, seem to telescope two generations into one, and fail to account for the appearance of Battel(l) as a forename in subsequent generations of the Monins family. This John Moninges and Alice Grenford were the parents of Aloise [or Alice] Moninges, mother of Matthew Parker (1504-1575), Archbishop of Canterbury; see Brice Claggett, Ancestors of Archbishop Matthew Parker, available online at http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/GEN-MEDIEVAL/2003-06/1054742576.
   Berry makes the mother of our John Monins to be “Battel Anstyve, of Cambridge,” but it would appear from Falba Love Johnson, Johnson-McCall and related families (1979), p. 261, which I have seen only in Google Books snippet view, that she was actually Battel Anstey, daughter of John Anstey II of Holme Hall in the parish of Stow-cum-Quy, co. Cambridge.
521574 & 1592 Visitations of Kent, ed. Bannerman, appendix, 2:136-7 (punctuation added).
53PRO CP 25/2/21/129/33, Feet of Fines, as abstracted in Kent Feet of Fines, Henry VIII, ed. Michael Zell (Kent Records, new series, vol. 2, 1995-98), no. 1242.
54Visitations of Kent, ed. Bannerman, 2:123.
55PRO CP 25/2/23/145/25, Feet of Fines, as abstracted in Kent Feet of Fines, Henry VIII, ed. Zell, no. 2145.
56P.R.O. Court of Chancery: Six Clerk’s Office: Early Proceedings, Richard II to Philip and Mary, C 1/941/16-22. Reference from P.R.O. online catalogue, which does not provide the date; original record not seen. Jerome Aldy’s will, mentioning both his father Nicholas and his (obviously eldest) son Adam, is printed in “Ash Wills,” pt. 4, Archaeologica Cantiana 37 (1925), at pp. 51-52.
57CP 40/1135, as reproduced in the Anglo-Amercian Legal Tradition project, at http://aalt.law.uh.edu/aalt1/E6/CP40no1135/aCP40no1135fronts/ IMG_0156.htm. I am deeply grateful to Rosemary Simons, who is preparing an index of these documents, for pointing out this entry.
58Nicholas Harris Nicolas, Testamenta Vetusta, 2 vols. (London, 1826), 2:742; Nicolas has modernized the spellings, and I have altered the punctuation slightly for clarification. Another abstract was published in Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica, 5th series, vol. 4 (1920-22), 19.
59P.R.O. Court of Chancery: Six Clerk’s Office: Early Proceedings, Richard II to Philip and Mary, C 1/1469/1. Reference from P.R.O. online catalogue, which does not provide the date; original record not seen.
60Planché, op. cit., p. 88.
61The Visitations of the County of Nottingham in the years 1569 and 1614, ed. George William Marshall (Publications of the Harleian Society, vol. 4, 1871), 176.
62Cecil G. Savile Foljambe, “The Nottinghamshire Family of Thornhagh, from the original MS. of 1683,” pt. __, The Reliquary 16 (1875–76): 103–6, at p. 104.
631619 Visitation of Kent, p. 33.
64There is no pedigree of St. Leger in the 1619 or 1663-68 Visitations of Kent, but the St. Leger pedigree in Berry, p. 287, shows only one man of this name of the right age (although without the required daughter Anne), namely the Sir Anthony St. Leger who was Master of the Rolls in Ireland. This man was the brother of Sir Warham St. Leger, who with his wife Ursula Nevill is thoroughly covered in Ruvigny, The Plantagenet Roll of the Blood Royal — Mortimer-Percy Volume (London, 1911), p. 30, with some American descendants being traced in Faris, pp. 318 ff. Berry assigns to these men a sister Anne who is shown as the wife of Thomas Hannington, of Dover, and given the uncertainty surrounding the surname, this could be intended for the Francis Hamigston treated here. But if this is the case she has surely been placed in the wrong generation, for her alleged parents both died in 1559.
651619 Visitation of Kent, p. 66; Berry, p. 213; John Burke, A genealogical and heraldic history of the extinct and dormant baronetcies of England, Ireland, and Scotland, 2nd ed. (London, 1841), p. 411. She was collaterally related to the Viriginia immigrant Robert Peyton, for whom see Faris, Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Immigrants, 2nd ed., pp. 274-5.
66See 1619 Visitation of Kent, pp. 73-5, at p. 75; Berry, pp. 154-5, at p. 155. However, this man’s will, abstracted in Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica. 5th series, vol. 5 (1923-25), 148, mentions no such daughter.
671574 & 1592 Visitations of Kent, ed. Bannerman, appendix, 2:136-7 (punctuation added).
681574 Visitation of Kent, in Visitations of Kent, ed. Bannerman, 2:10. Additional evidence for the identifications of these arms, apart from the 1530 and 1574 visitations themselves, is as follows: Monins: 1619 Visitation, p. 28; Gren(e)ford: 1574 Visitation, 1:26; Aldy: 1574 & 1592 Visitations, Appendix, 2:121, and Burke’s General Armory (1842), 9. Even reference to Papworth’s Ordinary of British Armorials has not discovered the identity of the other two coats.
69The Visitations of Kent taken in the years 1574 and 1592… (Harleian Society, vol. 75), 25 (this pedigree being signed by Richard Rogers himself), 143. Richard Rogers appears in the DNB, where it is noted that “his sister Catherine married as her second husband Thomas Cranmer, only son of the archbishop, and his cousin [was] Sir Edward Rogers, comptroller of Queen Elizabeth’s household. … During the reign of Queen Mary he is said to have been an exile for religion. Soon after Elizabeth’s accession … he was made archdeacon of St. Asaph…. [etc.] He died on 19 May 1597, and was buried in the dean’s chapel in Canterbury Cathedral. By his wife Ann (d. 1613) he left several children, of whom Francis (d. 1638) was rector of St. Margaret’s, Canterbury.” The second of the visitation pedigree cited indicates that this Rogers family impaled the arms gules, on a cross argent, five double-headed eagles displayed sable. These are precisely those of the “Dygges” family treated in The Visitations of Kent taken in the years 1530-1 … and 1574… (Harleian Society, vol. 74), 9, and of the “Diggs” family treated in the 1619 Visitation (Harleian Society, vol. 42), 64-65, of which the mathematician and astronomer Thomas Digges (the first Copernican in England), and his son Sir Dudley Digges, grandfather of William Digges of Maryland, were members (see Faris, Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Immigrants, 118-20). As noted above, Mary Monins’ great-great grandfather Richard Exherst was a beneficiary in the will of an unidentified widow Anne Dygges, of Canterbury; but this was nearly a century earlier, and any connection between these events must be somewhat tenuous.
70Harleian Society, vol. 74, p. 10; his family held the manor of Goldwell in that parish, but it is not certain that William Goldwell was the head of the family in his day.
71John Venn & J.A. Venn, Alumni Cantabrigienses (London: Cambridge University Press, 1922-1954).
72Will of Richard Rogers, dated 14 May, 39 Elizabeth I [i.e. 1597], proved 14 June 1597; P.C.C. Cobham, modern archival reference PRO prob/11/90.
73He is called “Christopher Man” in the 1619 visitation pedigree of Monins (p. 29) but “Charles Man” in that of Man (p. 23), and Berry (pp. 179, 1 & 92) repeats both names without noticing the contradiction (and moreover gives essentially the same pedigree of Man on pp. 1 and 92). The name Christopher agrees with Shaw, The Knights of England, 2:188, and is also supported by an entry in the 1663-68 visitation cited below.
74See the editorial additions in the 1619 Visitation of Kent, pp. 126 (where her father is called “Gouldwell Rogers of Canterbury”) and Berry’s Kent pedigrees, pp. 474-5, at 474 (where her father is called “Godwell [sic] Rogers, of Denton, Esq.”). The best modern treatment seems to be A.J. Pearnman, “The Kentish Family of Lovelace,” Archaeologia Cantiana 10 (1876): 184–200, especially at pp. 216–20, and I draw heavily from it; however its author inexplicable calls Anne Rogers ”Elizabeth” and fails to realize she was the same as “Anne relict of Francis Lovelace,” whom he unneccesarily makes into a second wife. Daniel Lovelace, The Reliability of Florance Loveless Keeney Robertson’s Research on Colonel Francis Lovelance, Colonial Governor of New York during 1668-1673, available online at http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~lovelace/frankexcerpt.htm, discusses some of the identification problems caused by repetition of names in this family. Our Francis Lovelace was third cousin to the father of Sir Richard Lovelace, the poet. The edition by W. Carew Hazlitt of Lucasta: The Poems of Richard Lovelace, Esq. (London, 1864), explicitly distinguishes him from the poet’s brother Francis on p. xiii, then confuses the two men on p. 218.
75Entitled The speech of Francis Lovelace Esquire recorder of Canterbury: To the Kings most Excellent Majestie at his coming to Canterbury the 27 day of October 1660, quarto (1660), which I have not seen.
76Calendar of State Papers, Domestic, 1660-1, p. 139.
77The Booke of Regester of the parish of St. Peter in Canterbury…, 1560–1800, ed. Joseph Meadows Cowper (Canterbury, 1888) [hereafter Register of St. Peter’s, Canterbury], p. 130.
78There is a fragmentary pedigree of this family in the 1619 Visitation of Kent, p. 124. The pedigree in the 1574 Visitation, pp. 72-3, erroneously calls his father “Lourens” instead of Leonard. The son Leonard shown for this man in 1574 apparently d. young, the son treated in our text being given the same name. The name of the wife of Leonard Sprackling Sr. is given as “Margareta ____” in the 1619 Visitation, but an abstract of some Sprackling memorials in St. Peter’s Church, Canterbury, given in the Kent Family History Society’s finding aid to the D’Elboux Manuscripts, suggests that she was actually Frances, d. 1605, daughter of Vincent Huffam.
79Register of St. Peter’s, Canterbury, as above, p. 9.
80Register of St. Peter’s, Canterbury, p. 124.
81Register of St. Peter’s, Canterbury, as above, p. 139.
82John Venn & J.A. Venn, Alumni Cantabrigienses, as cited above.
83IGI; Venn (confirming the date).
84Register of St. Peter’s, Canterbury, as above, p. 133.
85Register of St. Peter’s, Canterbury, as above, p. 134.
86Register of St. Peter’s, Canterbury, as above, p. 135.
87Allegations for Marriage licences issued by the Vicar-General of the Archbishop of Canterbury, 1660 to 1668, ed. George J. Armytage (Publications of the Harleian Society, vol. 33, 1892), p. 210.
88Register of St. Peter’s, Canterbury, as above, p. 18.
89Allegations for Marriage licences issued by the Vicar-General of the Archbishop of Canterbury, 1660 to 1668, ed. George J. Armytage (Publications of the Harleian Society, vol. 33, 1892), p. 209.
90See the 1619 Visitation of Kent, pp. 153-4; Berry, pp. 166-8, at p. 167; and Burke’s Landed Gentry (1858), s.v. Tooke. The earlier generations of the family are treated in The Account Book of a Kentish Estate, 1616-1704 [i.e. the account-book of the Toke family], ed. Eleanor C. Lodge (London, 1927), chart at end, and in Walter Goodwin Davis, The Ancestry of Mary Isaac (Portland, Maine, 1955), 61-67, where numerous contradictions in the visitation pedigrees are pointed out. As “Peter de Sandwich” (pseud.) notes in his “Some East Kent Parish History,” in Home Counties Magazine, vol. 2 (1900), this branch of the Toke or Tooke family “possessed Bere Court in this parish [West Cliffe] from before the time of Henry V.”
91West Cliffe churchwardens’ accounts, quoted by “Peter de Sandwich” (pseud.), “Some East Kent Parish History,” in Home Counties Magazine, vol. 2 (1900).
92A collection of will abstracts for the name of Bedingfield is given in Noel Currer-Briggs, English adventurers and Virginia settlers, 3 vols. (London & Chichester: Phillimore, 1969), 1:147-57, but I have not been able to identify this man therein. Berry gives no pedigree of this name.
931619 Visitation, pp. 184, 128; 1663-68 Visitation, p. 141 (but for their son George only); Berry, p. 301; Henry Wagner, “Pedigree of Rooke,” The Genealogist 4 (1880): 195-208 (his monument being transcribed on p. 206). Ursula was a daughter of Sir Reynold Scott by his second wife, Mary, daughter of Sir Bryan Tuke, of Layer Marney, Essex, Secretary to Cardinal Wolsey; cf. David Faris, Plantagenet ancestry of seventeenth-century colonists, 2nd ed. (Boston: NEHGS, 1999), 150-1.
94Transcribed by Wagner, The Genealogist 4 (1880): 206, where Toke appears as “Jink (or Inkle)” and Henman as “Henman [perhaps Heyman].”
95Henry Wagner, in his 1880 Rooke article cited above, p. 202, endnote 2, and p. 204, footnote 1, citing the will of George Rooke, dated 1647, proved 1649, P.C.C. 106 Fairfax, modern archival reference P.R.O. prob/11/208, which I have also personally checked (and corrected a few minor errors in Wagner’s transcription). A contemporary reviewer of Wagner’s paper, in Notes and Queries, 6th series, vol. 3 (1881): 100, deserves credit for drawing attention to its mention of the instrument made by Gallileo. I have unfortunately not been able to see Alice W. Maladorno-Hargraves, “George Rooke, allievo inglese di Galileo,” Quaderni per la storia dell’Universita di Padova 19 (1986): 157-61.
96The doubtful identification passes unquestioned in Joseph Foster, Alumni Oxonienses: The Members of the University of Oxford, 1500-1714, 4 vols. (Oxford, 1891-92), 3:1278; DNB, vol. 17 (1897); and C.A. Ronan, “Laurence Rooke (1622-1662),” Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London, 15 (1960): 113-18.
971619 Visitation of Kent, pp. 58-60, at p. 59; Berry, p. 210; Burke’s Extinct Baronetcies, p. 233 n., where he is mentioned on account of the descent of the baronets Hales of Woodchurch from his great-grandfather, Sir James Hales.
98Humphrey Hales is mentioned in Wagner’s Heralds of England, p. 200. He was a son of Humphrey Hales (the elder) by Joyce, daughter and coheiress (not heiress as per the 1619 Visitation) of Robert Waters or Atwater, of Royton, in the parish of Lenham, per a pedigree prepared before 1620 by this woman’s nephew, Robert Honnywood, published as “Honeywood Evidences” in the Topographer and Genealogist, 1853, which is discussed in J.B. Bright, The Brights of Suffolk, England (Boston, 1858), 86-90. This Humphrey Hales (the elder) was a son of the famous Sir James Hales (d. 1554), a justice of the Court of Common Pleas, on whom see Fuller’s Worthies of England, ed. Nuttall (3 vols., 1840), 2:132-3, and the D.N.B.
991663-1668 Visitation of Kent, p. 69.
100The Maycott family of Reculver is listed under the heading “Maycote alias Mackwith” in Burke’s General Armory (1842), 673, where their arms are given as ermine, on a canton gules a buck passant or, in almost total disagreement with the tinctures specified by Pridden. The Mackwith alias is also attributed to this man in the finding aid to the D’Elboux Manuscripts published by the Kent Family History Society, but it has not been confirmed it from contemporary evidence, and this family is not treated in any of the published visitation pedigrees, nor in Berry. An “Anthony Meycott,” of Reculver, in his will dated 1 Feb. 1532/3 and proved some time in 1527-37, leaves to “… wife Agnes … all my lands and tenements for her life, then to George my son, but if he die without heirs then daughters Agnes and Jone [to] have all the same…,” and in view of the chronology it is possible the testator was Cavaliero Maycott’s grandfather; see Arthur Hussey, “Reculver and Hoath Wills,” Archaeologia Cantiana 32 (1917): 77-141, at p. 128, citing Consistory Court at Canterbury, vol. 15, fol. 186.
101Arthur Hussey, “Visitations of the Archdeacon of Canterbury,” Archaeologia Cantiana 25 (1902): 11-56, at p. 44.
102William A. Shaw, The Knights of England…, 2 vols. (1906), 2:130.
103Diocese of Canterbury, Judicial (Church Courts) Church Courts: Papers in Ecclesiastical Suits, DCb/J/J/18/21, as abstracted in the finding-aid Diocese of Canterbury, available on the Access to Archives website at http://www.a2a.org.uk/; original item not seen.
104The Third Virginia Charter, March 12, 1612, available online at http://www.law.ou.edu/hist/vchart3.html.
105A Declaration of the State of the Colonie and Affaires in Virginia, with the Names of the Adventurors, and the Summes Adventured, in that Action (London, 1620), reprinted in Tracts and Other Papers relating principally to the Origin, Settlement, and Progress of the Colonies in North America…, collected by Peter Force, 4 vols. (Washington, 1836-1846), vol. 3, item no. 5.
106Hussey, “Visitations of the Archdeacon of Canterbury,” cited above, at p. 48.
107Sir Bernard Burke, A Visitation of the Seats and Arms of the Noblemen and Gentlemen of Great Britain and Ireland, second series, vol. 2 (London, 1855), 153; J. Cave-Browne, The History of Boxley Parish (Maidstone, 1892), 5.
108John Duncombe, “The History and Antiquities of the two parishes of Reculver and Herne in the County of Kent,” in Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica, 10 vols. (London, 1780-95), 1:78.
109These arms are also noted in Hasted, 9:121. I cannot find these arms in Papworth’s Ordinary, and they do not appear in our own Index to the arms in W. Bruce Bannerman (ed.), The Visitations of Kent…, 2 vols. (Harleian Society, vols. 74 & 75, 1923-1924) [PDF], available online at http://cybrary.uwinnipeg.ca/people/dobson/GFA/kent_arms_1530-1592.pdf.
110Duncombe, op. cit., p. 72; “Letter to Mr. John Nicholas from the Rev. John Pridden,” in “An Appendix to the histories of Reculver and Herne,” Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica, 1:165-66, and plate facing p. 165.
111Leland L. Duncan, “Kentish Administrations, 1604-1649,” Archaeologica Cantiana 20 (1893): 1-48, at p. 30.
112Register of St. Peter’s, Canterbury, as above, p. 6.
1131619 Visitation, p. 29; Berry, p. 180.
114 The identification of Anne Honeywood is from the early-seventeenth-century family record first printed in “The Posterity of Mary Honywood, at her death in 1620,” The Topographer and Genealogist 1 (1846): 397-411, at pp. 398, 400, and later in a better version in pt. 1 of B.W. Greenfield, “Honeywood Evidences” Topographer and Genealogist 1 (1946): 568-76, 2 (1853): 169-85, 312-35, 433-46.
115Register of St. Peter’s, Canterbury, as above, p. 7. The entry originally read “son of Tho. Moninges,” but was later corrected to say “son of Mr. Steven Moninges.”
116A modern Hales genealogy however states that he m. (1) 12 March 1625, his first cousin, Anne Hales, b. ca. 1604, daughter of Thomas Hales, of Beakesbourne, Kent, by the latter’s wife Anne Peyton, and (2) Anne Shrubsole; see the Hales Family History Society database, available online at http://www.hales.org/chronicles.html.
117Register of St. Peter’s, Canterbury, as above, p. 7.
1181619 Visitation, p. 31.
1191619 Visitation of Kent, p. 29.
120Fuller, Worthies of England, ed. Nuttall (3 vols., 1840), 2:143. This work was first published, posthumously, in 1662.
121I take the reading of his name from Berry; the 1619 Visitation, in the printed edition, gives his name as Thomas, repeating the name of an older brother who was still alive.
122John Burke, A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, 4 vols. (London, 1834-38), 4:518, where however her husband is erroneously referred to as “____ Tokley, Esq.”
123Sir Bernard Burke, A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain and Ireland (London, 1858), p. 1213.
124West Cliffe churchwardens’ accounts, quoted by “Peter de Sandwich” (pseud.), “Some East Kent Parish History,” in Home Counties Magazine, vol. 2 (1900).
125Benjamin Buckler, Stemmata Chicheleana (1765), 12, 94; Hasted’s Kent, 7:507-8; Berry’s Kent, p. 166 (which would have benefitted from knowledge of Buckler’s work); The Account Book of a Kentish Estate, 1616-1704, ed. Eleanor C. Lodge (London, 1927), chart at end. Hasted, 7:498-99, writes, “The mansion of Godinton has had great improvements made to it by Mr. Toke, of Canterbury, whilst he resided here…. There was a vineyard at Godinton in Captain Nicholas Toke’s time, from which was made wine of an extraordinary fine sort and flavour…. It ought not to be forgotten in regard to the healthiness of this place, that the ages of Captain Nicholas Toke, who died in 1680, aet. 93, and of his four predecessors, successive owners of Godinton, made up 430 years….” Nicholas Toke’s 1680 will (P.C.C. Bath; modern archival reference PRO prob/11/364) mentions his “daughter Bridgett Toke” and also his “grandson Thomas Toke of Beere, the eldest son of my daughter Bridget Toke.” Given its extensive bequests to collateral relatives, he could not possibly have fathered the supposed son Sir John Toke attributed to him in Lilian Boys Behrens, Under Thirty-Seven Kings: Legends of Kent & Records of the Family of Boys (London, 1926), 109, who is there interposed between Nicholas and his daughter Bridget. It may also be noted that the royal ancestry attributed by Behrens to this Toke line is not supported by standard modern works.
1261663-1668 Visitation of Kent, p. 165. The chart pedigree of this family at the end of The Account Book of a Kentish Estate, 1616-1704 ed. Lodge, cited above, includes an additional daughter, Joan Toke, specifically described as “of Beere,” who is said to have been the first (and childless) wife of her distant kinsman, Sir Nicholas Toke (1636-1725), of Godington. However, Berry (p. 168) states that this Joan Toke was baptized 26 May 1636 at Great Chart, so if true, she would have to have been by an earlier wife, or else illegitimate; I cannot presently confirm this, as her baptismal record is not in the IGI as of October 2002. She probably belongs one generation earlier in the pedigree, or else was not of the Bere branch of the Toke family.
127The Account Book of a Kentish Estate, 1616-1704 ed. Lodge, as above.
128Burke, A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain and Ireland (1858), p. 1213.
129And, incidentally, editor of Weever’s Antient Funeral Monuments (5 vols., 1767), cited elsewhere in this page.
130For all of whom see the D.N.B. John Nichols, in Literary Anecdotes of the Eighteenth Century (London, 1815), 9:159-80, was under some strange misconception concerning the ancestry of these men, and in an immense footnote, supplies nine pages of irrelevant material on an altogether different branch of the Tooke family.
131Allegations for Marriage Licenses issued by the Bishop of London, 1520 to 1828, ed. Col. Joseph Lemuel Chester & Geo. J. Armitage, vol. 2 (London: Publications of the Harleian Society, vol. 26, 1887), pp. 183-84.
132William Harrison, in his re-issue of George Waldron’s A Description of the Isle of Man (Douglas: Printed for the Manx Society, 1865), available online at http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/manxsoc/msvol11/index.htm, mentions this fact but states that Edward Christian’s death occurred in 1660 “after a confinement of seven or eight years,” which in light of material quoted below would not appear to be strictly correct.
133A.W.Moore, Manx Worthies (1901), pp. 60 ff., with many source-citations, available online at http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/fulltext/worthies/p060.htm (caution: has OCR errors); “The Family of John McChristen, First Protestant Vicar of Maughold, 1580-1625,” Isle of Man Family History Society Journal, vol. 3, no. 4 (Oct. 1981), available online at http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/famhist/v03n4.htm, which specifically mentions the marriage of Edward Christian to Elizabeth Maycott.
134A.W. Moore, “Old Manx Families: The Christians of Miltown in the Isle of Man and Ewanrigg Hall in Cumberland,” The Manx Note Book: A Quarterly Journal of Matters Past and Present connected with the Isle of Man, 1 (1885): 17-20, available online at http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/manxnb/v01p017.htm. It was reprinted in The William and Mary Quarterly, vol. 9, no. 4 (April 1901): 243-245. It was also reprinted, with chapters on other branches of the Christian family including one on “The Christians of Lewaigue,” in the author’s Old Manx Families (1889), cited above.
135A.W.Moore, Manx Worthies (as above), pp. 60 ff..

From the Genealogy Page of John Blythe Dobson
URL = library.uwinnipeg.ca/people/Dobson/genealogy/ff/Exherst.cfm
This page written 20 December 1999
Last revised 15 December 2011