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THE HARRIS FAMILY

of Sandy Cove, Digby Township, Digby County, Nova Scotia

This page has the modest purpose of attempting to augment the published record only of such descendants of Joseph4 Harris (living 1746), of Poughkeepsie, New York, as derive from the Loyalist lines which left New York for Nova Scotia in 1783. Our original starting point for the documentation of this family was the long two-part article on the Harrises of Block Island and Dutchess County by the late Dr. Roderick Bissell Jones (1898-1974), of Winstead, Connecticut, a physicist by profession, which appeared in the New York Genealogical and Biographical Record (hereafter NYGBR) for 1953.[1] This article has however not stood up well to subsequent scrutiny. First — although the correction now proves to be irrelevant to the present line — the treatment of the supposed two wives of the founder, William1 Harris, was discovered to be in error.[2] Later, Gale Ion Harris, the noted authority on many American Harris families, determined that a large number of persons treated in Jones’s article, including the present Joseph, actually belonged to an entirely different family than that of William1 Harris, despite Jones’s belief in the “family tradition” that Joseph had “lived for some years with his [alleged] sister, Miriam (Harris) Coult, in Lyme, Conn., after her marriage in 1724.”[3] This reassignment eliminated the Innes, Willey, and Moore ancestries which had been credited to Joseph Harris for half a century. In compensation, however, it introduced the Mainwaring ancestry, which brings with it a royal line.

    It is, nevertheless, singularly fortunate that Jones, however mistakenly, took such an interest in the Harrises of Poughkeepsie and their Nova Scotian descendants, for pursuing his researches half a century ago, he preserved many details which might otherwise now be unrecoverable. Although Jones dealt exhaustively with the more recent male line of these Harrises, neither he nor his successors have made much effort to identify their wives.[4] His suggestion that Catharine Hegeman, wife of Joseph3 Harris, was a daughter of Frans and Antjen (Ruwaert) Hegeman, originally of Flatbush, L.I., proved easy enough to verify.[5] He ventures to suggest nothing concerning the parentage of Catharine Lent, wife of Francis4 Harris; but it must always have seemed obvious to genealogists that she belonged to the progeny of Abraham van Lent, of Newtown, L.I., about which much has been written. It turns out that we do not have to look further than the baptismal record of her eldest child to discover the names of her parents, Isaac Lent and Sara Luyster, who served as sponsors on that occasion. We shall present the evidence for this connection in greater detail in a forthcoming page on this site.

    The marriages, in succession, of Joseph Harris to Catharina Hegeman and of their son Francis Harris (firstly) to Catharina Lent, brought many Dutch lines into the ancestry of the Harrises of Sandy Cove, and this doubtless accounts for the fact that many of the latter report their ethnicity as “German” in nineteenth-century census records. Paternally, however, the line was certainly of British origin.

    Our accounts of Francis Harris and his brother Peter contain material from Canadian sources which, we believe, is mostly new. The versions or editions of church and cemetery records used are listed at the end of the text, preceding the endnotes; thanks is owed to the many persons, some of them anonymous, who have toiled to transcribe these records. Although something has been achieved here in documenting this Nova Scotian line of Harrises, we have scarcely managed to trace any branches of the family beyond the third Canadian generation. Surely there must be many descendants of this family still living in the vicinity of Sandy Cove and Shelburne, but the extreme commonness of the surname — it was the single commonest surname in the neighboring county of Annapolis in 1870[6] — is a great impediment to research, as is the loss of the 1851 census for most of Nova Scotia.

    The single most thorough account of a branch of this Harris family is now to be found outside of these pages. Francis Harris, just mentioned, was father of Francis Harris, Jr. (1788-1847), of Bayham Township, Elgin County, Upper Canada, who married Rachel McDormand. Their descendants, down to great-great-great-grandchildren, are traced in some 38 pages of Ross W. McCurdy’s Descendants of James & Anna (Rice) McDormand, of Brier Island, Nova Scotia (South Yarmouth, Massachusetts: the author, 2013), pp. 8ff. For this reason, it is unlikely the present treatment of this branch of the family will be further revised or expanded.

    These researches were greatly aided in their early stages by the late Cecelia (Coon) Botting (1905-1994), who read and commented upon an earlier draft. We are unclear as to precisely when she and her husband, the late Roland B. Botting, first identified the parentage of Catharine Harris, wife of John Comfort. It was some time between the publication in 1957 of the first edition of their Descendants of John Kennedy, where the Comfort and Harris families are confused, and the publication in 1971 of Comfort Families of America, where, probably by an oversight, her parents were never named, but the correct statement on p. 331 that they “were married in 1763” shows that the authors had the right couple in mind. This allusion was later clarified by Cecelia Botting in a personal communication to the present compiler, in which she kindly supplied the reference to the 1953 article by Jones. Thanks are also due to:

  • Cheryl Andrews for providing material on her ancestral lines;
  • Ross W. McCurdy, of West Yarmouth, Massachusetts, for contributing important source material;
  • Wayne Morgan, of Nova Scotia, for help with the Ontario branch of the family;
  • Rob McDormand, of Richmond, B.C., for help with the Ontario branch of the family;
  • George Levoy, for information on the family of his grandmother, Clara Saunders;
  • Ronald Gedney, a triple descendants of this family, for help with the families of Albert Edward Gidney and Emma Mabel Eldridge, and of Franlin Morrison Saunders and Mary Christina Saunders;
  • Marion Angrignon (not a Harris descendant), of Sandy Cove, for generously sharing her extensive unpublished notes on Sandy Cove families.
  • Jordan Peeples, a Harris and Saunders descendant.

    Please note that while the generation numbers in the headings refer to family’s presence in Canada, the superscript numerals after persons’ names follow the usual convention of reckoning generations in descent from the colonial immigrant (i.e. Walter1 Harris).


Early generations of the Harris family of Sandy Cove

                           Joseph Harris
                           (1709-1746+)
                          of Poughkeepsie
                        = Catharina Hegeman
                                |
              __________________|_____________
              |                              |
   (Capt.) Peter Harris, J.P.         Francis Harris
         (1739-1779)                    (1740-1816)
        of Poughkeepsie           of Sandy Cove, Digby Tp., 
       = Sarah Dubois           Annapolis (now Digby) Co., N.S.
             |                    = (1) Catharina Lent
             |                    |      = (2) Engeltje Vandewater
             |                    |      |
    _________|__________    ______|____  |_______________________
    |            |    ||    |         |        |       |        |
  Peter      Catherine   Peter   Catharine Stephen  Hannah   Francis
  Harris       Harris    Harris   Harris    Harris  Harris   Harris
(1766-1829+) (ca. 1770- (1765-   (1767-    (1774-   (1777- (1788-1847)
of Shelburne   1852)     1835)    1846)    1817+)   1817+) of Bayham Tp.
= Margaret    = Jos.   = Esther  = John            = John  Elgin Co.,U.C.
  Matthews      Bell    Saunders  Comfort          Saunders  = Rachel
    |            |         |   of Clinton Tp.,       |      McDormand
    |            |         |   Lincoln Co., U.C.     |         |
    |            |         |         |               |         |
4 children  6 children     |     10 children         |     12 children
    _______________________|______________________   |__________________
    |        |        |        |         |       |         |        |  ||
Catharine  Ruth   Engletje  Francis   Charles   John    William  Francis
 Harris   Harris   Harris    Harris   Harris   Harris   Saunders Saunders
 (1797-  (1798-   (1800/1-  (1804?   (1808/9- (1810/11- (1793?-  (1797?-
  1858)   1835+)   1881+)    -1885)  -1877/8)   1881+)   1874)    1811+)
= Silas   = ....  = Thomas = Ruhamah = Abigail = Ann    = .... = Ann/Amasa
  Carty   Welch    Crowell   Trask      ....    ....       |     Merritt
                 ______________|         |        |        |        |
          _______|  ||       ____________|     possible  at least at least
    ______|     _____________|__________________ issue     1 ch.    3 ch.
    |           |         |         |          |
Sandel Elias  Hiram    Caroline   Louisa     Mary D.
  Harris     Harris     Harris    Harris     Harris
  (1843?-   (1832/33-  (1833/34- (1843/44-  (1846/47-
   1881+)     1910)     1881+)     1893)     1881+)
= Mary Ann  = Matilda   = John   = John B.     /  = Richard 
  Raymond    Larymare   Outhouse  Gidney       /    Merry
     |          |         |          |         /
     |          |      at least   at least   Robert Harris
     |          |     8 children  5 children  (illegit. son)
     |          |_________________________________________________________
     |____________________________________________________________       |
     |           |          |           |            |           |       |
  Henry D.  Florence L.   Sandel    Adam Layton  Frank John   James E.   |
   Harris     Harris      Harris      Harris       Harris      Harris    |
(1869-1936) (1871-1936) (1873-1925) (1875-1943) (1877-1926) (1888-1901+) |
                                                                         |
      ___________________________________________________________________|
      |              |                |           |         |        |
    Sarah        Margaret         Charles    Willie S. Byron S.   Alfred
    Harris        Harris          Harris      Harris    Harris    Harris
(1858/9-1871+) (1860/1-1871+) (1862/3-1871+) (1865-)  (1868/9-) (1875/6-)


|| indicates other children in family have been omitted to save space


The parents of the Nova Scotia Immigrants

1.   Joseph4 Harris, of Poughkeepsie, Dutchess Co., New York, son of Peter3 (Gabriel2, Walter1) Harris, of New London, by the latter’s wife Elizabeth Manwaring, daughter of Oliver Manwaring (or Mainwaring), also of New London, was bapt. 12 June 1709 in the First Church of New London, Connecticut, and was still alive in 1746.[7] According to Gale Ion Harris, “He left New London in 1729 and resided in several towns in the westerly part of Connecticut — Waterbury, Guilford, Ridgefield, Reading — before moving … across the line into Dutchess Co., N.Y.,” and is last attested in Connecticut records on 19 Oct. 1736, when, being described as “of Reading in ye County of Fairfield,” he sold for £90 his 5-acre “homested … together with ye house thereon standing” in Ridgefield.[8] Joseph Harris, “son of Mr. Peter Harris, deceased, formerly of New London, now of Waterbury,” sold his father’s share of land in Waterbury when he came of age in 1730; in a deed dated 1 Feb. 1731, he is called “resident now of Guilford, New Haven County,” Connecticut.[9] G.I. Harris gives further details of Connecticut land transactions for this man. Joseph Harris is first of record in New York in 1737, when he is listed as a tax-payer in the Middle Ward of Nine Partners Precinct, Dutchess Co.[10] He m. before 1739, and probably before 1736, Catharina Hegeman, b. say 1711, probably at Flatbush, Kings Co., New York, living 1746, daughter of Frans Hegeman, of Poughkeepsie, by the latter’s wife Antjen Rouard or Ruwaert. This marriage accounts for the subsequent persistence of the name Francis (the English form of Frans) in this branch of the Harris family.
    In 1738 Joseph Harris was appointed Constable and Collector for Crum Elbow Precinct.[11] According to Jones he paid taxes in the Middle Ward of Dutchess County in 1737-38, in Crum Elbow Precinct in 1738-41, and in Poughkeepsie in 1741-45. He baptized four children in the Poughkeepsie Dutch Church in 1739-45. The account-book of his wife’s mother’s half-brother, Francis Filkin, who was the landlord of their farm at Crum Elbow, records sales to him in 1744 of a total of 14 dozen pigeons, suggesting that he may have been planning to breed them.[12] The same record mentions under the date 1 April 1746 that Joseph Harris had absconded, owing a year’s rent and abandonning his wife and children.[13] He was apparently never heard from again.
    According to G.I. Harris’s account, Joseph Hegeman probably had five children,[14] but we confine our attention here to the two sons through whom Canadian branches of the family derive:[15]

  1. 2Peter Harris, bapt. 26 May 1739.
  2. 3Francis Harris, bapt. 9 May 1740.


First Canadian Generation

2.   (Capt.) Peter5 Harris, J.P., of Poughkeepsie, Dutchess Co., New York, son of Joseph Harris and Catharina Hegeman, was bapt. 26 May 1739 in the Poughkeepsie Dutch Church with sponsors Pieter Harris and Maria Heegeman, and d. (probably intestate) 19 June 1779 at New York City.[16] He m. (probably as her first husband) by New York licence dated 27 May 1763,[17] Sarah Dubois, living 1786, daughter (and probably heiress) of Gideon Dubois, of Poughkeepsie, by the latter’s wife Sara, daughter of Col. Barent Van Kleeck and Antoinette Parmentier.[18] Jones further notes, “She is said to have married (2nd) in 1786, Col. Nathaniel Vernon, in Nova Scotia but she is referred to as ‘Mrs. Harris’ in the vestry minutes of Christ Church, Poughkeepsie, in 1797.” We cannot vouch for the content of these vestry minutes, but if she was indeed the “Sarah Harwish” (sic) who m. Nathaniel Vernon, then the marriage occurred (in Christ Church, Shelburne) on 28 July 1792, not on the date stated by Jones.[19] In any case, it seems likelier that this record relates to the present woman’s daughter, Sarah Harris, and accordingly we reserve further discussion of it for our account of the latter.
    For our knowledge of Peter Harris we are much indebted to the account given by R.B. Jones, despite its occasional inaccuracies. In May 1759, he was commissioned a Lieutenant in the Dutchess County Militia and a year later was promoted to Captain, a post he retained through 1762 or later. At that time he is described as five feet, eight inches tall, brown complexion, with black hair and eyes.[20] Peter Harris was of Rumbout Precinct in 1759-61, when he paid taxes there.[21] He baptized a child at New Hackensack in 1764, and two more at Poughkeepsie in 1766-68. He would not live many more years, and a warrant, dated 19 June 1779, the day of his death, refers to “Capt. Peter Harris’s Company, commanded by Lieut. Coll. Abrm. Van Buskirk,” passing on control of his troops.[22] According to Jones, “He was one of the founders of Christ Episcopal Church in Poughkeepsie in 1766, and his name is entered on the subscription list for £10, an unusually large amount; also, the early organizational meetings were held at his house. He contributed the linen for the Rev. Mr. Beardsley’s surplice and was one of those responsible for the latter’s salary. When the Glebe land for the church was purchased, he was one of two people that furnished a £300 bond toward its cost and he argeed to pay an annuity of £4 annually to Mrs. Ostrum, widow of the former owner. In 1797, Mrs. Harris, Capt. Peter’s widow, was asked by the vestry of Christ Church to furnish receipts of the amount paid.”[23]
    “Peter Harris fought in the French and Indian War under Gen. Jeffrey Amherst. A copy of the order, issued to him at the stime, is still extant. Authorizing him to raise a company of men to reduce Montreal, it is dated April 1760, and was signed by James Delancey. Capt. Peter was one of the leaders in the Christ Church group that took the King’s side during the Revolution and served in the Fourth Battalion of the New Jersey Volunteers in the Prince of Wales’ Regiment. He was twice taken prisoner, once after the evacuation of Boston, and escaped to the British man-of-war Asia on both occasions. His widow had quarters on Long Island and was provided for by the British until she sailed for Shelburne, Nova Scotia, in 1783 with her children, Catherine and Peter.”[24]
    Sarah DuBois would appear to have been a woman of considerable property. On 23 Sept. 1775, Myndert Van Kleeck, merchant, of Poughkeepsie, acting “in trust for Sarah wife of Peter Harris,” lent £500 to Peter Van De Water, farmer, of Rombout Precinct, who put up 158 acres of land as security.[25] The widow Sarah (DuBois) Harris made petition in 1786 for reparation of her husband’s war losses, stating that he had left money in the hands of “Isaac Haegaman, farmer, of Rombout,”[26] and a copy of the “Estimate of the Loss of Property and Effects, Sustained by Sarah Harris, widow of the late Capt. Peter Harris,” mentioning “bonds in the hands of Isaac Hagerman of Rumbout,” with a list of debtors, is to be found in the Harris file at the Public Archives of Nova Scotia.[27] This Isaac Hegeman was presumably Peter Harris’s maternal uncle of this name, who was still alive at the time.[28]
    Known issue:

  1. Sarah Harris, bapt. July 1764 in the New Hackensack Dutch Church, Dutchess Co., with sponsors Gideon Du Bois and Neeltje Luyster. As noted above, a Sarah “Harwish” m. 28 July 1792 in Christ Church, Shelburne, Nathaniel Vernon. He is not accorded any title in the record, but was perhaps the Lieut. Nathaniel Vernon, Jr., who came with his father, Capt. Nathaniel Vernon, Sr., to Jordan River, Shelburne Co., in 1783.[29] No record of any issue of this marriage has been found. These two Nathaniels, father and the son, whose dates of birth we are unable to estimate with any confidence, are not easily distinguished in the materials available to us. The “Capt. Nathaniel Vernon” who m. in the same church on 7 July 1803, Margaret Percy, was certainly the same as “Nathaniel Vernon, half pay capt. 17th Regt. Dragoons,” who was baptized as an adult, together with his son Augustus by this wife, on 17 May 1807.[30]
  2. Peter Harris, of Shelburne, bapt. 19 Oct 1766 in Christ Church, Poughkeepsie, no sponsors being named in the record; living 1829. An unsourced record extracted in the IGI states that he d. 4 May 1835 at Sandy Cove. Jones mentions that he was brought to Shelburne as a child. The names of his sons clearly distinguish him from his cousin, Peter Harris, of Digby. He m. 11 Nov. 1802 in the parish church of SS George and Patrick (more commonly known as Christ Church), Shelburne,[31] Margaret Matthews, living 1827. Although the mother of his first child is named in the baptismal register as Sarah Jane, this is surely incorrect as the mother of the third and fourth children is called Margaret as expected. In the baptismal record of his son Peter and daughter Sarah (1814) he is called of “McNutt’s Island in Shelburne Harbour, farmer.” In that of his twin sons Joseph and William (1818) he is simply called of Shelburne, farmer. He is probably the Peter Harris, with a family of 4 males and 2 females, enumerated in the 1827 census of Shelburne Tp., Shelburne Co. On 14 June 1827, for some reason which is not apparent, he made, possibly in his own hand, a document making “Margreat Harris of Shelburn” his “lawful attorny.”[32]
        Known issue (all baptisms in Christ Church, Shelburne):[33]
    1. Peter DuBois Harris, bapt. 15 Oct. 1814 (but as a son of Peter and Sarah Jane Harris). He has not been found in the 1861, 1871, or 1881 census.
    2. Sarah Jane Harris, bapt. together with her brother Peter; of her nothing further is known.
    3. Joseph Bell Harris (twin), b. 29 April 1818, bapt. 12 May following, evidently named for his uncle-by-marriage, Joseph Bell. He has not been found in the 1871 or 1881 census.
    4. William Cox Harris (twin), b. 29 April 1818, bapt. 12 May following. He has not been found in the 1871 or 1881 census.
  3. DuBois Gideon Harris, bapt. 26 Dec. 1768 in Christ Church, Poughkeepsie, with sponsors William Emott, Jeremiah Du Bois [the mother’s uncle], and Rachel Du Bois [the latter’s wife]. He d. (probably unmarried) of consumption “at the age of “21” (sic) years,” and was buried 3 March 1791 in Christ Church cemetery, Shelburne. Although obviously named for his maternal grandfather, Gideon Dubois, he is called “DuBois Gideon” in the records of his baptism and burial.
  4. 4Catharine Harris, b. 1768-70.

3.   Francis5 Harris, of Rumbout Precinct, Dutchess Co., New York, and of Sandy Cove, Digby Tp., Annapolis (since 1837 Digby) Co., Nova Scotia, “yeoman,” son of Joseph Harris and Catharina Hegeman, was bapt. 9 May 1740 in the Poughkeepsie Dutch Church with sponsors Frans Hegeman and Antjen Ruwaard [his mother’s parents], and d. in Nova Scotia in 1816, between 1 April (when he made his will) and 27 Dec. (when a warrant of appraisement for his estate was issued).[34] He m. (1) 10 Jan. 1763 in the Rumbout Presbyterian Church, Dutchess Co., N.Y.,[35] Catharina Lent, b. say 1743 in New York State, living 1767 but d. by 1774, daughter of Isaac Lent, of Rumbout Precinct, by the latter’s wife Sara Luyster, her parentage being indicated by the appearance of “Isaac Lent and his wife Sarah Luister” as baptismal sponsors to her son Peter in 1765. Francis Harris paid taxes in Rumbout Precinct in 1763 and 1765-73.[36] He was living at Hopewell (now called Hopewell Junction) in 1765-77, when he had children baptized there. A deed of June 1771 which calls him “Francis Harris, yeoman, of Rombout,” recites the fact that in March 1768 his father-in-law Isaac Lent had co-signed for him a mortgage worth £600.[37] He, as “widower of Cathrina Lent,” m. (2) 17 July 1774 in the Hopewell Dutch Church, Engeltje (“Evangeline”) Vandewater, d. in late October or in November of 1810, of apoplexy, and buried at an unstated date in November in Trinity parish churchyard, Digby,[38] of Hopewell at the time of her marriage but of unstated parentage; she was probably a daughter of Peter Vandewater (or Van De Water), of Hopewell and Fishkill, and the latter’s first wife Aagje/Egtje De Lange, who were of the right age to be her parents, and she was almost certainly not this Peter’s sister, as claimed in a 1967 article by Wilson V. Ledley.[39] “Pieter van de Water and his wife” served as baptismal sponsors to Engletje’s daughter Hannah in 1777; and while is a pity the record does not state the name of Pieter’s wife, there is no reason to believe there was more than one man of this name living in the area at the time. A further point supporting this hypothesis as to her parentage is that a year after their marriage, on 23 Sept. 1775, Peter Van De Water, farmer, of Rombout Precinct, using 158 acres of property as collateral, obtained a loan of £500 from Myndert Van Kleeck, merchant, of Poughkeepsie, who was acting “in trust for Sarah wife of Peter Harris,” Francis’s sister-in-law.[40]
    Francis Harris was living at New Hackensack, Wappinger Tp., Dutchess Co., in 1777, when his daughter Hannah was baptized there. R.B. Jones is correct in suggesting that Francis Harris was “probably the Loyalist of that name whose estate was confiscated in Dutchess County and who went to Digby, Nova Scotia, after the peace,”[41] the refugees being transported there by boat by the British in June of 1783.[42] That he was indeed such is verified by the agreement of Canadian records with New York sources respecting his four eldest children. His name appears in the muster roll of Loyalists taken at Digby on 29 May 1784, showing him as a member of Ritchie’s Company, and stating that he had settled at Digby with his wife and their three children, all under the age of ten years.[43] Francis Harris was granted 300 acres in Digby Tp. as a Loyalist in 1784, but he subsequently escheated his land to the Crown after failing to fulfil his settlement duties, and later events make it clear that he took up residence elsewhere.[44] This forfeiture presumably occurred because in the meantime, on 4 Feb. 1787, he had received a grant for 100 more acres at Sandy Cove in Digby Township.[45] It will be noted below that his will disposes of lots 16, 22, and 23, “situated on the north side of St. Mary’s Bay.”
    On 14 Jan. 1788 Francis Harris was one of the settlers of Sandy Cove place who wrote to the Governor complaining that their grants had not been surveyed or assigned, which resulted in an official grant dated 5 June of that year; a list attached to the petition now lists him with a wife and four children, proving that his youngest was born in Nova Scotia.[46] There are several scattered references to Francis Harris there in a nineteenth-century local history, which seem to state that he lived “on Valley Shore, east of the Mills,” and that his house was used as a school.[47] A modern historian describes his property as “a lot which bordered on the Morehouse land above the brook.”[48] Francis Harris’s name appears from 1788 to 1814 in the account-book of the general store kept by Stephen Fountain at Sandy Cove.[49] Following the building of old Trinity Anglican Church, Digby in 1787, he was one of the “proprietors” of the parish taxed to pay the sexton’s salary in 1789.[50] He was also one of the five men of Sandy Cove who, in the summer of 1790, organized the first school in the town.[51] Francis Harris was one of the six original associates in the Hatfield grant of 1801.[52] In 1808 Francis Harris and his son Stephen, with other citizens of Sandy Cove, were granted pasture-land at the head of St. Mary’s Bay.[53]
    In his will, dated 1 April 1816 and proved 27 Dec. following, Francis Harris names his sons Peter, Stephen, and Francis, his daughters Hannah, Sarah, and Catharine, and his granddaughter “Angalshe” (i.e. Engeltje), daughter of his son Peter:

In the name of God, Amen. I, Francis Harris, of the Township of Digby in the County of Annapolis & Province of Nova Scotia, yeoman, being in good health of body and of perfect mind and memory, thanks be given to God, calling into mind the mortality of my body and knowing that it is appointed for all men once to die, do make and ordain this my last will and testament….
    Principally … I give and recommend my soul into the hands of Almighty God that gaive it, and my body I recommend to the earth, to be buried in Christian burial, nothing doubting but at the general resurrection I shall receive the same by the mighty power of God. And as touching such wourldly things and estate wherewith it hath pleased God to bless me in this life, I give, demise [sic! — corrected to “devise” in registered copy], and dispose of the same in manner following, viz.:
    Firstly…, that after my decease and after my just debts are paid and funeral expenses, I … will to my eldes[t] son Peter Harrise {or his heirs} … the sum of fifteen pound currency … to be paid to him … by my son Stephen Harris or my executors in twelve months after my decease in stock or money. Also I give and bequeath to my second son Stephen Harris the sole possession of my lot of land number twenty three also the lot of land number twenty two adjoining to the former lot of land both situated on the north side of St. Marys Bay for him … and his heirs {and assigns} to have and to hold forever.
    Also to my third son Francis Harris I give and bequeath … all my lot of Land number sixteen for him …, his heirs {and assigns}, to have and to hold for ever…. Also six large silver spoons and all the farming intinshal [i.e. utensils] and a pare of hand irons, shovel and tongues [tongs], and trammel, and six tin milk pans, one bed and beading [bedding], and all my carpenter’s tools, and one yoke of oxen, one cow, two heffers [heifers], three sheep, and all the household furniture excepting what shall be given to my daughters … hereafter named. Also my son Francis [shall] pay all my funeral expen[s]es.
    Also I give unto my daughter Hannah one bead [bed] and beading [bedding] curtains, and six silver teaspoons….
    Also I give to my daughter Sarah … one silver snuffbox, one bakepan one chest; also ten pound[s] to be paid her by my son Francis, as occas[i]onaly required or as my Executors shall think propper….
    Also I give unto to my granddaughter Angalshe Harris, daughter of the said Peter Harris, a small spinning-wheel and three sheep.
    Item I give to my daughter Catharine the sum of ten pound[s], to be paid by my son Francis.
    Also my will is that if any of my sons or sons-in-law bring any accounspts [sic] against my estate after my decease they shall be taken out of what I have given them or their wives in my will.
    I constitute, make, and ordain my trusty friend Jacob Connell junior and my beloved son Stephen Harris my executors of this my last will and testament, and I do hereby utterly dissallow, revoke and disannul [!] {all} and every other … by ratifying and confirming this and no other to be my last will and Testament.
    In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & seal this first day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixteen … in the presences of … John Morehouse Sn, Isaac Morehouse, Joseph Morehouse.[54]

    A letter written by his daughter Hannah (Harris) Saunders to her sister Catharine (Harris) Comfort in December 1817 (formerly in the possession of the latter’s descendant Cecelia Botting), refers to Francis Harris’ death in the previous year and to his second wife Evangeline’s death six years earlier.[55]
    By his first wife, Catharina Lent, Francis Harris had the following children:

  1. 5Peter Harris, bapt. 27 Oct 1765.
  2. 6Catharine Harris, b. 5 Oct 1767.

    By his second wife, Engeltje Vandewater, Francis Harris had the following children:

  1. Stephen Harris, b. 13 Sept. 1774, bapt. 26 March 1775 in the Hopewell Dutch Church (no sponsors being named in the record), apparently living 1817, when he is said to have carried a letter from his sister Hannah to his sister Catharine in Lincoln Co., U.C. His name appears in the accounts of Stephen Fountain’s general store at Sandy Cove between 1806 and 1811,[56] and he shared with his father and others in an 1816 grant of pasture land at the head of St. Mary’s Bay.[57] However, no one of this name appears in the 1838 census of Digby Tp.
  2. 7Hannah Harris, bapt. 27 Aug. 1777 in the New Hackensack Dutch Church with sponsors “Pieter van de Water and his wife.”
  3. 8Francis Harris, Jr., born in Nova Scotia, bapt. 20 Sept. 1791 at Sandy Cove by the minister of Trinity Anglican Church, Digby.
  4. Sarah Harris, probably born in Nova Scotia, living 1816, when she is named in her father’s will, but of whom nothing further is known. The bequest to her in her father’s will of an allowance with no stipulations suggests that she was not only unmarried, but was not expected to marry.


Second Canadian Generation

4.   Catharine6 Harris, daughter of (Capt.) Peter Harris, J.P., of Poughkeepsie, Dutchess Co., New York, by the latter’s wife Sarah Dubois, was b. some time in 1768-70, d. 26 May 1852, aged 72 years (per her tombstone) or 73 years (per the burial register), and was buried in Christ Church cemetery, Shelburne, Nova Scotia, although there was no surviving tombstone for her there in 2002. She m. 7 May 1802 in Christ Church, Shelburne, Joseph Bell, of Shelburne, living 1812.[58] Given the known composition of her family, she was surely the Catharine Bell, Methodist, with a household consisting of 1 male and 4 females, who is found in the 1827 census of Shelburne Tp., the adjacent entry being for her son-in-law James Hemeon.[59] Known issue, all baptisms in Christ Church:[60]

  1. An unnamed child of uncertain gender, bapt. 19 Jan. 1803.
  2. 9Clarissa Bell (twin to Almira below?), bapt. 1 April 1804.
  3. Almira Bell (twin to Clarissa above?), bapt. 1 April 1804, living unmarried with her brother William in 1881.
  4. Lucretia Bell, bapt. 7 April 1806. She m. 15 Jan. 1839 in Christ Church, Shelburne, her brother-in-law, Israel Lovitt Wilson, of Barrington Tp., Chelburne Co., said to have been b. 31 Jan. 1802, brother of the wife of Lucretia’s brother William, and son of Obediah Wilson, of Barrington, by the latter’s second wife, Deborah Lovitt, daughter of Andrew Lovitt, of Yarmouth.[61] They have not been found in the 1871 or 1881 census.
  5. 9bWilliam John Bell, b. about March 1807, bapt. 19 July 1807.
  6. Sarah Bell, bapt. 7 June 1812, of whom no further record has been found.

5.   Peter6 Harris, of Sandy Cove, Digby Co., Nova Scotia, son of Francis Harris and his first wife, Catharina Lent, was bapt. 27 Oct 1765 in Hopewell Dutch Reformed Church, Dutchess Co., New York, U.S.A., with sponsors Isaac Lent and Sara Luister his wife [i.e. his maternal grandparents], and d. between 4 May 1831 (when he made his will) and 5 May 1835 (when letters of administration were granted on his estate). This man may safely be presumed to have been the Peter Harris whose name appears (without mention of wife or children) in the muster roll of Loyalists taken at Digby on 29 May 1784, listing him in Hilton’s Company with his name written beside that of his brother-in-law John Comfort, and with his place of settlement given as Digby.[62] This man is spoken of by the nineteenth-century township historian as an early Loyalist settler of Sandy Cove,[63] and more recently Mary Kate Bull, in her well-informed history of Sandy Cove, which appears to account adequately for all its early families, explicitly and unhesitatingly accepts him as such.[64] Although there were other Harrises in the general vicinity,[65] including his exactly-contemporary first cousin and namesake, Peter Harris, son of his uncle Peter Harris, there is no reason to believe that these others were ever connected with Sandy Cove, and the present Peter has a better claim by virtue of his father’s residence there.
    Peter Harris was one of the “proprietors” of the parish taxed to pay the sexton’s salary in 1789, following the bulding of old Trinity Anglican Church two years earlier.[66] In that same year he entered into partnership with John Morehouse[67] and built a saw mill on the Lower Mill Brook (now called T R Brook), in 1794 purchasing his partner’s half of the business with the exception of Morehouse’s half of a large deposit of iron ore on the site which is said to have lasted for many years.[68] But this enterprise appears to have been a side-line for Peter Harris, as according to Bull, “Peter was a weaver and a shoemaker. He and his brother [recte son] John grew flax as well as the usual crops and prepared it for spinning by breaking and dressing it. He wove linen and woollen materials to trade for goods and services he needed…. Soon the brothers were able to buy land and the family moved to the south side of the Cove near Mink Cove [now Highland].”[69] Peter Harris is listed between 1790 to 1801 in the accounts of Stephen Fountain’s general store at Sandy Cove.[70]
    Peter Harris m. 5 March 1793 in old Trinity Anglican Church, Digby,[71] Esther Saunders, “of Digby,” b. say 1770, while Peter’s half-sister Hannah, “of Digby,”[72] married a John Saunders in the same church on the same day. Although Saunders family records apparently make no mention of Esther, it is difficult to doubt that she was a sister of this John Saunders, who is known to have been a son of William (“Billey”) Saunders, of Sandy Cove, by the latter’s wife Ruth ____. On 9 Oct. 1794 Peter Harris and John Saunders bought William Saunders’ original grant, lot 30, with its barn, its house and contents, for £45.[73]
    In 1799 Peter Harris was one of the seven delegates sent by the Rev. Enoch Towner, a Baptist minister in Lower Granville, to a convention held on 22 June in the Baptist Church, Stoney Beach, Granville, to discuss the formation of a Baptist association embracing the colonies of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.[74] In 1828 “Peter Harris and Esther his wife of Digby Tp.” sold land to (their son) “Francis Harris, yeoman” for £8.[75]
    We are on secure ground in identifying Peter Harris, son of Francis, as the father of Engeltje Harris, since she is mentioned in the 1816 will of Peter’s father. This in turn helps to identify his half-brother Francis Harris; for a pair of deeds was drawn in November 1819, in one of which “Peter Harris of Digby … and Esther his wife,” and in the other “Francis Harris of Digby … and Rachel his wife,” mortaged their land to the same group of “loan officers”; while the two documents were drawn separately their content is practically identical.[76]
    In turn, Peter’s own will, dated 4 May 1831, mentions this same daughter Engeltje:

I, Peter Harris, in the township of Digby and County of Annapolis, carpenter, being of sound and disposing mind and memory but advanced in years, and considering that it is appointed unto all men once to die, do this fourth day of May in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirtyone make and publish this my last will and testament in manner following, viz.:
    First, in a reasonable time after it hath pleased almighty God to call my spirit from this transitory state, my will and desire is that my executors hereinafter mentioned cause my body to be decently interred with as little expense as may be nessasary, and after my funerel charges and debts are paid I will and bequeath to my beloved wife Esther all my personal and real estate during her widowhood, but on her death or marriage to be dispersed in manner following:
    Secondly I will and bequeath to my son Francis the one eaquel third part of the lots that I now live on, being sixty rods in frunt, beginning at the shore and running to the westward, one third of the length of the lots including the buildings and the one third of the land that belongs to me in the Westcoat farm going the widows third.
    Also I will and bequeath to my son Charles the one equel third part of the lots that I now live on, being sixty rods in weadth beginning at Lemuel Saunders’ east line and running to the eastward the the one third of the length of the lot.
    Also the one equel third part of the Land that I own in the Westcoat farm, beginning at the eastern end of the land and taking the one third which will be his part in the land that is cleared as the wood land will be devided equally between John and Francis.
    Also I will and bequeath to my son John the one equel third part of the lots that I now live on, being sixty rodds in weadth runing acrost the lots taking enough in length to make the third of the Lots liing [sic] between the land given to Francis and Charles, like wise the one third part of the land that I own in the Westcoat lot on the western part of the lot and the wood land is to be eaquel divided between Francis and John that belongs to me in that farm.
    Also in order that in twelve months after the death or marriage of my beloved wife Esther, Francis Charles and John Harris is to pay to the four girls the sum of twenty eight pounds which will be nine pound six and eight pence each one of them to pay to be eaquelly divided amongst them.
    Also I will and bequeath to my four daughters Catharine, Ruth, Angleche and Phebe seaventy five akers of land, liing [sic] joining Jones Morehouse and Gersham Morehouse on the East side and lands belonging to Garsham Morehouse on the west side.
    Also I give unto my four daughters above-mentioned at the death or marriage of their mother all the stalk [i.e. stock] and movables exceptin my carpenter’s tools and ox chains, which is to be equelly divided between the three boys.
    Also I order that the stock and movables and the seventy five akers of land and the … [smudged] twenty eight pound paid by the boys shall be equelly divided between my four daughters.
    Also I order that the boy that lives [with] me, John Sandell Nellis [?], if he remains till he is twenty one years of age with the family, shall have all the land that belongs to me on the western part of the Westcoat lot included in the widow Morehouses … thir[d] that comes to meat her death.
    Lastly I ordain my dear wif[e] together with our son Francis Harris to be executors of this my last will and testament in witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal in presence of those whose names are here after subscribed as witnesses.
    Signed, sealed, published and delivered … in the presence of … Isaac Morehouse, Nathaniel Westcoat.[77]

A document assenting to the probate signed by the heirs reveals the married names of three of the daughters:

We the undersigned petitioners, heirs of the late Peter Harris of Sandy Cove in Digby … deceased, respectfully pray that the last will and Testament of the said Peter Harris may be duly recorded and administration granted to Francis Harris the Executor named in the Said last will and Testament. Digby 5th [?] May 1835.
      Francis Harris
      Catharine Cartey
      Ruth Welch
      Phebe Harris
      John Harris
      Charles Harris
      Angleche Crauell [i.e. Crowell] [78]

We were informed in 1992 by the late Mrs. Cecelia (Coon) Botting that she had been in correspondence with a descendant of Peter, Leah (Mrs. J.D.) Sykora, of 789 Lincoln Blvd., Bedford, Ohio 44146, but we have been unable to locate Mrs. Sykora, and do not know from which child of Peter Harris she is supposed to descend.
    Known issue:

  1. 10Catharine Harris, bapt. 12 June 1797 at Sandy Cove by the minister of Trinity Anglican Church, Digby.
  2. Ruth Harris, bapt. 27 Aug. 1798 at Mink Cove by the minister of Trinity Anglican Church, Digby, alive in 1835 and almost certainly still alive in 1881. She is called Ruth Welch in the petition of May 1835, and she is doubtless the widow Ruth Welsh, aged 72, who was enumerated in the 1871 census of nearby Westport, Brier Island, Digby Co. She was enumerated again in 1882, when she is recorded as aged 82 years, born in Nova Scotia, and a Baptist.[79] In both years the only other person in her household was an Annie Clark, b. 1862-63 (aged 8 in 1871, 18 in 1881) in Nova Scotia, and no relationship between them is stated. The name Welch (or Welsh) is well represented at Westport, and perhaps some of these persons were her descendants, but we have failed to determine a connection.
  3. Engeltje Harris, b. 1800-01, living 1881, named as “Angalshe” in her paternal grandfather’s will of 1816, and as “Angleche” in her father’s will of 1835. She is called “Angleche Crauell” in the petition of May 1835, enabling us to identify her with the Anglu[c]he Crowell, aged 70 years, born in Nova Scotia, of German (sic) origin, who appears with her husband Thomas W. Crowell in the 1871 census of Sandy Cove.[80] Thomas West Crowell, Jr., b. 23 May 1801 in Barrington Township, Shelburne County, d. 15 Nov. 1874 at Sandy Cove, of consumption,[81] was a farmer, of English origin, and is stated in his death record to have been a son of Thomas Crowell and Elizabeth ____. There is no doubt that he was a son of Capt. Thomas West Crowell (ca. 1760-1823), of Sandy Cove, whose second wife was Elizabeth Trask (1775-1860), with whom he is buried in Zion United Church cemetery, Sandy Cove; however, it has been suggested that Thomas Jr. may have really been a son of his father’s first marriage to Sarah Doane.[82] Both are recorded as Baptists in the 1871 census. Enumerated next to them is their son Wesley W. Crowell, with wife Ruth and two children; Ruth Crowell was the informant on the occasion of the death of Thomas Crowell in 1874. Engeltje appears as an 80-year-old widow in the 1881 census of Sandy Cove, but has not been found in the 1891 census; neither have we found a civil registration of her death. In Marion Angrignon’s unpublished notes on Sandy Cove families, she writes:
    His will was dated 24 July, 1874 but was not recorded until 21 Aug 1902 at which time both wives of his two sons, Wesley and Charles, were then widows. In his will he gives all his worldly goods to his wife Anglecha Crowell and at her death he divides his possessions between his two sons. The two widows of his sons Wesley and Charles also record on the same date, 21 Aug 1902, deeds to each other in which they more particularly describe the properties each will have.
    Known issue (further details will be found in Marion Angrignon’s unpublished notes on Sandy Cove families):
    1. Wesley W. Crowell, b. about 1824 (aged 46 in 1871, 55 in 1881, 65 in 1891), alive in 1891 but predeceased his wife, who is called a widow in her death record. He is said to have d. in 1892 in a well-informed record of this family at Ancestry.com, which however does not supply his parentage, and does not appear to have been contributed by a direct descendant. He m. 12 Feb. 1852 at Sandy Cove,[83] Ruth H. Shaw, b. about Sept. 1829 (aged 40 in 1871, 51 in 1881, 59 [!] in 1891) at Sandy Cove (per death record), d. 14 Dec. 1915 at Sandy Cove, aged 86 years, 3 months; the record, which fails to supply her maiden surname, states that burial was to be in Sandy Cove Baptist Cemetery, but no stone for her is recorded in the cemetery transcription printed in Bull’s Sandy Cove. Wesley is enumerated next to Thomas and Engeltje (Harris) Crowell in the 1871 census,[84] and as noted above, his wife Ruth may be the Ruth Harris who reported the death of Thomas Crowell in 1874. He is enumerated near the widow Angleche Crowell in 1881, and the 1891 census shows that his parents were both born in Nova Scotia as required. He was a charter member of the Sandy Cove Baptist Church in 1883.[85] Known issue:
      1. Emma Jane Crowell, b. about 1853-54 (aged 17 in 1871, 21 in 1874); living with her parents in 1871 but not in 1871. She, then of Sandy Cove, m. 8 Jan. 1874 at the Baptist Church, Sandy Cove, by licence, Samuel Gidney, b. 1848-49 (aged 25 in 1874) at Mink Cove, a farmer of Digby Neck at the time of their marriage, son of Edwin Gidney and Lydia ____. The record of their marriage names both sets of parents, without however supplying the maiden surnames of the mothers. The witnesses were Annie E. Morse and Caddie Morehouse. Descendants are traced in Marion Angrignon’s notes.
      2. William Chipman Crowell, b. 1855-56 (aged 15 in 1871, 25 in 1881) at Sandy Cove (per birthrecord of son Ralph), d. 1885 (per the 1962 Sanford genealogy, infra). His widow and their two sons are found in his parents’ household in the 1891 census. He m. 14 Dec. 1881,[86] Annie Edith (or Edith Annie) Sanford, b. 6 Feb. 1862, d. 17 Jan. 1886, and buried at Clementsvale, daughter of Ezekiel Pryor Sanford, of Bear River or Clementsvale, Nova Scotia, by his second wife, Harriet Amanda Brown. Known issue:
        1. Ralph Chipman Crowell, b. 21 Sept. 1882 at Sandy Cove (per birth record), d. 1968 at Marlborough, Middlesex County, Massachusetts. The 1962 Sanford genealogy names him as his parents’ only surviving child, and note that his wife was a stepdaughter of his maternal uncle Clarence R. Sanford. He m. 30 Dec. 1904 at Bear River, Annapolis County, Gladys Alitha Hilts, b. 8 Jan. 1887 at Bear River, d. 1967, daughter of Reuben Hilts and Euphemia Yarrigle. They moved to the U.S. in 1925, and are found at Marlborough, Middlesex County, Masachusetts, in 1930, and at Hudson Town, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, in 1940. Only known child:
          1. Emma Sylvia Crowell, b. 1 July 1906 at Sandy Cove (birth registered as Sylveta Emma), d. (unmarried?) 1998 at Leominster, Worcester County, Massachusetts.
      3. Augusta Crowell, b. about 1871 (aged 12 [sic] in 1881, 22 in 1891).
    2. Charles T. Crowell, b. 7 Aug. 1829 (per the 1901 census) in Nova Scotia, d. in 1901, aged 73 years (sic), and buried in Sandy Cove Baptist Cemetery.[87] As “my nephew” he was appointed one of the executors of the 1877 will of his uncle Charles Harris (no. 9 below), although he subsequently relinquished the responsibility. He m. before 1858, Ellen ____, b. 25 Feb. 1830 (per the 1901 census) in Nova Scotia, living 1901. They are found in the 1871 census of Sandy Cove, in which the adjacent entry is the houshold of his first cousin, Hiram Harris, son of Charles Harris (no. 12 below); he is called a farmer, and the family were Baptists. In 1881 they were in their own household; he is still called a farmer and was Bible Christian while his wife was Baptist; there were no longer any children living with them.[88] They are also found in the 1891 and 1901 censuses of Sandy Cove.
      1. George R. Crowell, b. 1857-58 (aged 13 in 1871); he was no longer living with his parents in 1881, and we have not found him in the LDS index to the census of that year.
  4. 11Francis Harris, b. ca. 1804 in Nova Scotia.
  5. 12Charles Harris, b. 1808-09 (aged 62 years in 1871) in Nova Scotia.
  6. 13John Harris, b. 1810-11 (aged 60 years in 1871) in Nova Scotia.
  7. Phoebe Harris (position uncertain), still unmarried in May of 1835, of whom we have found no further record.

6.   Catharine6 Harris, daughter of Francis Harris by his first wife, Catharina Lent, was b. 5 Oct. 1767, presumably in Fishkill Tp., Dutchess Co., New York, bapt. 4 Nov. 1767 in the Hopewell Dutch Church, Fishkill Tp. (no sponsors being named in the record), and d. 10 Aug. 1846 in Lincoln Co., U.C. (now Ontario). She married by New York licence dated 13 July 1782,[89] John Comfort, Jr., of Digby Tp., Annapolis (now Digby) Co., Nova Scotia, of Montgomery Tp., Orange Co., N.Y., and finally of Clinton Tp., Lincoln Co., Upper Canada, b. say 1759, probably in Montgomery Tp., d. Jan. 1830 in Lincoln Co., U.C.,[90] son of John Comfort, of Montgomery Tp., by the latter’s wife Anna Maul. He served in the Revolution in the Ulster Co. Militia, 4th Regiment, with his brothers Benjamin and Samuel. But he was probably a Loyalist sympathiser, as he and his wife accompanied her father to Digby, Nova Scotia, at the end of the Revolutionary War, and his name appears next to that of his brother-in-law Peter Harris in a muster roll of Loyalists taken at Digby in May 1784, showing his family as members of Hilton’s Company and their place of settlement as Digby.[91] However, they returned to the United States by 1790, when he appears in the census of Montgomery Tp., N.Y., as John Comfort, Jr., and he and his wife Catherine sold land in Montgomery in 1798. His father’s 1794 will bequeaths “unto my son John and to his heirs and assigns forever all that estate on which he now liveth, with … appurtenances, known and distinguished by lot no. 11.”[92] Finally, leaving behind their two eldest daughters, who were by then married, he and his wife returned to Canada about 1802, going to Clinton Tp., Lincoln Co., U.C., where they founded a large family. Among their ten children was:

  1. 14Francis Comfort, b. 28 Aug 1800, d. June 1880.

7.   Hannah6 Harris, daughter of Francis Harris by his second wife, Engeltje Vandewater, was bapt. 27 Aug. 1777 in the New Hackensack Dutch Church, and still alive in 1817. She m. 5 March 1793 in old Trinity Anglican Church, Digby,[93] evidently in a double wedding with her half-brother Peter above, John Saunders, who was perhaps a brother of her brother Peter’s wife Esther Saunders, and certainly a son of Billy Saunders, weaver, an early settler of Sandy Cove who was one of the Loyalists mustered at Digby in 1784,[94] by the latter’s wife Ruth Raymond (a distant kinswoman of Francis Harris through the Raymond family).[95] Hannah Harris and her husband were both of Digby Cove at the time of their marriage.[96] On 9 Oct. 1794 he and Peter Harris bought John’s father’s original grant, lot 30, with its barn, its house and contents, for £45.[97] The name of John Saunders appears from 1793 to 1814 in the accounts of the general store kept at Sandy Cove by Stephen Fountain.[98] He was presumably the one of this name who was the recipient of 100 acres in the “Hatfield grant” of 1801, in which the township of Digby was set off from Annapolis,[99] and who shared in the 1808 grant to the citizens of Sandy Cove of pasture land at the head of St. Mary’s Bay.[100] He is perhaps also the John Saunders enumerated in the 1838 census of Sandy Cove, with a household consisting (exclusive of himself) of 3 males 14+, 2 females 14+, 1 female 7-14, 1 male 0-6, although the children under 14 cannot possibly have been his own, and must have been grandchildren. Bull’s history of Sandy Cove speaks of John as a farmer, who “also went to sea and died as [a] Captain.”[101] A John Saunders is mentioned as of Sandy Cove in 1840 in Wilson’s Digby, but this is possibly a younger man of the same name.[102]
    A letter written by Hannah (Harris) Saunders in December 1817 to her half-sister Catharine (Harris) Comfort, mentioning the death of their father, was in the possession of the late Cecelia Botting. According to Mrs. Botting, this indicated that Hannah had five sons and six daughters, although only two of the childen are mentioned by name: Billy, aged 24, and Francis, aged 20, who were then living at home. The name Saunders appears frequently in later records of Sandy Cove, although we have not succeeded in reconstructing the family with much certainty or completeness. There are a number of Saunders probates at the Public Archives of Nova Scotia which we have not seen, and which might through further light on the matter.
    Of a family which apparently consisted of eleven children, besides a possible daughter Mary Ellingwood Saunders, who is treated in the list of unplaced persons at the end of these notes, we know with certainty the names only of:

  1. 15William Saunders, b. ca. 1792-93 (aged 24 in 1817, according to his mother; aged 80 at his death in 1874), bapt. (as “Billy”) 21 July 1794 at Sandy Cove by the minister of Trinity Anglican Church, Digby.
  2. 16Francis Saunders, b. ca. 1796-97 (aged 20 in 1817, according to his mother).
  3. Eleanor Saunders, b. ca. 1809; m. Stephen Fountain Eldridge. Their family is treated in detail in unpublished work of Marion Angrignon.
  4. 16b(probably) Holmes Saunders, b. in 1811-12 (based on age at death) at Sandy Cove.[103]
  5. Stephen Saunders, b. 1816-17 (aged 54 in 1871), d. 1879. The references to him in the diary of Eleanor (Saunders) Eldridge strongly support his placement in this family, as shown in the unpublished work of Marion Angrignon, on which we rely heavily here. He is called a farmer in the 1870 birth record of his illegitimate daughter Nancy, and a farmer, and widower, in the 1871 census.[104] He m. (1) Nancy ____, d. 5 Feb. 1869 at Sandy Cove. As Stephen Saunders, widower, aged 54, inkeeper, born at and residing at Sandy Cove, son of John and Hannah (____) Saunders, he m. (2) 7 Aug. 1875 at Digby, Adelaide (____) Austin, a widow with two children. Between his marriages he had two illegitimate chidlren:
    1. (probably illegitimate, by ____:) John S. Saunders, b. 1869-70, living with his father in 1871. This is almost certainly the same child as the John G. Saunders (as the record has been transcribed) who was b. in June 1869 at Digby Neck, the parents’ names being left blank in his birth record.
    2. (by [Eliza] Lewis, to whom the record specifically says he was not married:) Nancy E. Saunders, b. 4 Jan. 1870 at Gulliver’s Cove, not found with her father in the 1871 census.
  6. (possibly) Lemuel Saunders, b. 1821-22 (aged 49 in 1871) in Nova Scotia, living 1871. He m. Maria ____, b. 1819-20 (aged 51 in 1871) in Nova Scotia. He is enumerated either in the same household, or next door to, William Saunders, in the 1871 census of Sandy Cove (two published transcriptions disagree, and we have not checked the original record), suggesting they were closely related; but whether as father and son, or s brothers, seems impossible to say. Lemuel Saunders is called a ship captain, Baptist, of Scottish origin. No children are listed with him and his wife in 1871. He has not been located in the LDS index to the 1881 census.

8.   Francis6 Harris, Jr., of Bayham Tp., Bayham Tp., Elgin Co., U.C. (now Ontario), son of Francis Harris and Engeltje Vandewater, was b. in May or June of 1788 (if the age given on his tombstone is correct) in Nova Scotia, was bapt. 20 Sept. 1791 at Sandy Cove by the minister of Trinity Anglican Church, Digby, d. 25 Sept. 1847, aged 59 years, 3 months (according to his tombstone), and was buried in Estherville Cemetery, Estherville, Ontario. The apparent three-year gap between his birth and baptism would not be extraordinary for the residents of rural Digby County in this period. He m. 16 March 1808 in old Trinity Anglican Church, Digby,[105] Rachel McDormand (alive at the making of her husband’s will on 29 March 1847), said to have been b. ca. 1784 at Westport, Brier Island, Digby County, Nova Scotia, daughter of James3 (Robert2, William1) McDormand, of Westport, and afterwards of Port Burwell, by the latter’s wife Ann, daughter of Judah Rice, of an older planter family from Massachusetts.[106] There is no indication that Rachel was buried with her husband.
    Francis Harris is named in his father’s will of 1817, and later that same year his four children are mentioned, but not named, in a letter written by his sister Hannah. Some time between 1817 and July of 1824 he took his family to Bayham Tp., Elgin Co., U.C. (now Ontario), near the village of Port Burwell. He was of E½ lot 21 in the 3rd concession of Bayham, and also had a village lot in Port Burwell, “being number six north of Hagamon Street,” both pieces of land being mentioned in his will (cited below). Francis Harris is listed in the 1842 census of Bayham Tp., in which he is called a carpenter, the “proprietor” of the land he inhabited, and his family is said to consist of eight persons, all born in English-speaking Canada.[107] His wife Rachel Harris was received into the Port Burwell Baptist Church with a letter of recommendation dated 3 July 1824. However, on 15 April 1844 it was “voted that sister Rachel Harris be dismissed.” This family does not appear in the 1851-52 census of Bayham Tp., part of which however is missing.[108]
    Calnek, the Annapolis County historian, provides an invaluable clue in referring to Rachel McDormand’s husband as “Francis Harris, jun.”[109] Nonetheless, the identity of the Francis Harris who married Rachel McDormand with the one mentioned in the 1817 will of Francis Harris (Sr.) long gave us trouble; for despite the strong presumption, based on Calnek’s statement, that the former was son of a Francis Harris, his will names no collateral relatives, nor gives any clue as to his origin. Yet his family structure conformed well to that required by the letter written in 1817 by Hannah (Harris) Saunders, and he bestowed on his eldest son the somewhat uncommon name of Stephen, which was that of his ostensible brother. And although definitive proof of the connection was eventually found, it was satisfying to us that in the interim, we were able to dispose of a few candidates who might have been regarded as having some rival claim to consideration as the son of Francis Harris (d. 1817) of Sandy Cove.[110] The IGI shows a Francis Harris who with his wife Sally Bush had a son William, baptized 15 July 1819 by the minister of the Digby Anglican Church, but examination of the original register showed that the parents, who were of Joggin, were designated “negroes.”[111] And the 1838 census of Digby Tp. lists a Francis Harris with a wife and one child, but further consideration revealed that this entry was clearly a better match for the present man’s nephew, Francis Harris (no. 8 below).
    The definitive proof that the Francis Harris who married Rachel McDormand belongs to this family is a pair of deeds, drawn in November 1819, in one of which “Peter Harris of Digby … and Esther his wife,” and in the other “Francis Harris of Digby … and Rachel his wife,” mortaged their land to the same group of “loan officers.” While the two documents were drawn separately, and not necessarily on the same day (the day of the month in the second of them being indistinct), they were made sufficiently close together to be recorded as consecutive entries in the registry of deeds, their content is practically identical, and one of the witnesses, John Morehouse, appears in both.[112] Recalling that the Peter Harris who married Esther Saunders is firmly connected to his father through their each mentioning his daughter Engeltje in their respective wills, the chain of evidence is complete.
    Francis Harris’s will, probably made at the very end of his life (the date given with the signatures being actually later than that given on his tombstone), is informative as to his family structure:

In the name of God, Amen. I, Francis Harris, of the Township of Bayham in the County of Middlesex and Province of Canada, yeoman, being in good and tolerable health of body and of perfect mind and memory, thanks be to God, calling into mind the mortality of my body and knowing that it is appointed for all men to die, do make and ordain this my last will and testament; that is to say:
    Principally … I give and recommend my soul unto the hands of Almighty God who gave it, and my body I recommend to the earth, to be buried in Christian burial…. And as touching such worldly things and estate with which it has pleased God to bless me with in this life, I give and dispose of it in manner following, viz.:
    Firstly … to Stephen Harris, my eldest son, I will and bequeath fifty pounds of lawful money.
    Also to Nelson Harris, my second son, I will and bequeath twenty five pounds of lawful money.
    Also to Holand Harris, my third, son I will and bequeath twenty five pounds of lawful money.
    And also to Francis Harris, my fifth son, I will and bequeath twelve pound ten shillings lawful money.
    And also to Sidney Harris, my sixth son, I will and bequeath twelve pound ten shillings lawful money.
    After my decease I will unto my beloved wife Rachel Harris … the lot of land on which I now live, being the east half of lot number twenty one in the third concession in Bayham, one hundred acres with all its appurtenances and benefits, together with all the stock and household furniture, the said household furniture to have and to hold forever subject to her own disposal, and also to hold the land before-mentioned during her life, and after her decease the before-described hundred acres of land to be the property of my fourth son, James Harris, and Joseph, my seventh son, to be equally divided between them or their heirs.
    And also to my daughter Caroline I will and bequeath one pound of lawful money.
    And also unto my daughter Mary Ann I will and bequeath one pound of lawful money.
    And also I will and bequeath unto Sarah, my daughter, the sum of one pound of lawful money.
    And also I will and bequeath unto my daughter Eliza the sum of one pound of lawful money.
    And also unto my daughter Charlotte I will and bequeath one pound of lawful money.
    I also will and appoint my wife Rachel Harris and my son James Harris and my friend Francis William Plowman to be my lawful executors…, especially, to dispose of my village lot in Port Burwell, being number six north of Hagamon Street, and also to collect all of the three notes which I hold against James Scanlan, and out of these and the lot in the Port to pay unto the heirs what I have herein willed to each … with the exception of my sons James and my son Joseph, which I have herein provided for. And in case the sale and collection of the land at the Port and the collection of the notes mentioned shall overrun what I have willed the last of my sons and daughters, the remainder shall be the property of my wife Rachel Harris.
    In witness I have hereunto signed, seal[e]d and published.
    Which said will is witnessed by James A[n]derson of the Township of Bayham aforesaid, yeoman, and Edmond Titus of the same place, yeoman….
    In witness whereof he the said James Harris hath hereunto set his hand and seal on the third day of March in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty eight.
       James Harris
       Signed and sealed in presence of
       James Anderson
       Oscar Gracy [113]

    What happended to Francis Harris’s widow and seven sons is something of a mystery. Only some five years later, not one of them can be found in Elgin County in the 1852 census. It is impossible to believe that they all died in such a brief interval, and much likelier that they left the area; but as to where they may have gone, we have discovered no clue whatsoever. We have discovered no plausible matches in the LDS index to the 1881 census of Canada or to the 1880 census of the U.S. Three of the daughters were already married at the time of their father’s death, and remained in the area; their descendants are the only sure trace of the family of Francis Harris of Bayham Tp. Issue (order partly inferential):[114]

  1. 17Caroline Harris, b. ca. 1808 in Digby Co., Nova Scotia.
  2. Stephen Harris, the eldest son, b. possibly about 1810, and almost certainly before 1817.
  3. 18Mary Ann Harris, b. 1812-13 in Digby Co., Nova Scotia.
  4. 19Sarah Harris, b. 9 May 1814 in Digby Co., Nova Scotia.
  5. Nelson Harris, second son, b. after 1816; his mother had a younger brother of this name. On 27 March 1845 a Nelson Harris purchased 100 acres of lot 15 in the 8th concession of Malahide Tp., Elgin Co., and on 13 Feb. 1846 he sold them to Warren Davis.[115] Our subject was however probably not the only man of this name in the area at the time.[116]
  6. Holland Harris, third son, b. after 1816.
  7. James Harris, fourth son, b. after 1816.
  8. Francis Harris, fifth son, b. after 1816.
  9. Sidney Harris, sixth son, b. after 1816; his mother had a younger brother of this name.
  10. Joseph Harris, seventh son, b. after 1816.
  11. Eliza Jane Harris, probably the fourth daughter and if so b. after 1816, of whom nothing further is known.
  12. Charlotte Harris, probably the fifth daughter and if so b. after 1816, of whom nothing further is known.


Third Canadian Generation

9. Clarissa7 Bell, daughter of Joseph Bell, of Shelburne, by the latter’s wife Catharine Harris, was bapt. 1 April 1804, d. 19 Oct. 1846, and was buried 22 Oct. following in Christ Church Cemetery, Shelburne, a tombstone surviving in 2002.[117] She m. by 1827, James Hemeon, bapt. 1 March 1801 in Christ Chuch, Shelburne, living 1846 (there is no surviving tombstone for him in Christ Church Cemetery), son of Philip Hemeon, of Shelburne, by the latter’s wife Mary Anne.[118] James is erroneously called Philip (the name of his father) by Jones. James “Hemion,” carpenter, a Methodist, is found in the 1827 census of Shelburne Tp. with a household of 1 male and 1 female.[119] He is called of Shelburne in the baptismal records of his sons Cornelius (1830) and Augustus (1833). He is called of Ohio, farmer, in the baptismal record of his daughter Catharine (1835), and of Oak Hill, farmer, in that of his son Joseph (1838). He is again called of Ohio in his wife’s burial record. He has not been found in the 1881 census. There is valuable material on James Hemeon and his family in the notes of Thomas Brenton Smith in the Public Archives of Nova Scotia (MG 1, vols. 817-863, at vol. 838, s.v. Hemeon). Jones mentions that Clarissa Bell and James Hemeon had a “great-granddaughter, Naomi (Thorburn) Rowse…, living in Shelburne in 1952…, to whom we are indebted for information on this family.”[120] Clarissa Bell and James Hemeon had at least the following issue (all baptisms in Christ Church, Shelburne):

  1. Elmira Hemeon, b. 1827-28 (aged 53 in 1881) in Nova Scotia, still alive in 1881. She m. by 1858, Robert Quinlan, a farmer (according to his daughter Clarissa’s marriage record), b. 1826-27 (aged 54 in 1881) in Nova Scotia, alive in 1881. We have not found them in the 1871 census, but they appear in the 1881 Census of the Town of Shelburne, in which Robert is called a lumberman and the family’s religion is given as Canadian Methodist for the parents but Church of England for the children.[121] Robert Quinlan is called a yeoman in the 1891 marriage record of his son John, but it is not clear whether he was then alive. Known issue:
    1. Jane Quinlan, b. 1858-59 (aged 22 in 1881), still living unmarried with her parents in 1881, when she was a school teacher. We have found no marriage or death registration for her.
    2. Clarissa Belle Quinlan, b. 1862-63 at Middle Ohio, Shelburne Co., d. 1899, aged 36 years, and buried with her husband in Pine Grove Cemetery, Elliott Street, in the town of Shelburne. Although her tombstone gives her name as “Clarissa Belle,” it seems likely she was really named Clarissa Bell after her grandmother; her marriage record gives her name only as Clarissa B. Their obelisk-style tombstone appears to have been inscribed on only two of its four sides, and there are no other obvious family members buried with them.[122] One would expect her to appear in Shelburne County in the 1881 census, but there is no chronologically suitable candidate of any surname in the LDS index to that census. We know it must have been she, and not her husband, who was a grandchild of James Hemeon and Clarissa Bell, as her husbands’ parents were two old for such a connection to have been chronologically possible. She m. (as his first wife) 10 Feb. 1892 at Sandy Point Anglican Church, Shelburne Co., by licence,[123] (Capt.) Albert Edward Thorburn, b. 31 Aug. 1861 at Jordan River,[124] d. 12 March 1950 in his home at Sandy Point, aged over 88 years,[125] and buried in Pine Grove Cemetery, son of James and Dorcas (____) Thorburn, of Jordan River, Shelburne Co., who are named in his marriage record, and with whom he appears as a 19-year-old in the 1881 census, in which he is called a fisherman.[126] Both parties were living at Sandy Point at the time of their marriage, in the record of which the groom is called a mariner. Albert Thorburn, of Shelburne Co., seaman, is listed in a directory published in 1896.[127] He appears as a widower, with his two children by his first wife, in the 1901 census of Sandy Point, Shelburne Co., in which he is called a “capton” (i.e. captain).[128] He married secondly 14 June 1906 at Mahone Bay Lutheran Church, Lunenburg County,[129] Mary Celestia Burroughs, and they appear with the two children of his first marriage and three additional children of their own in the 1911 census of Sandy Point.[130] He is called a captain in his death record; his second wife probably survived him as he is there referred to as “married” rather than as a widower. Albert Thorburn and his first wife had only two (surviving) children:
      1. Naomi Ellen Thorburn, b. 13 Jan. 1893 (per 1901 census), d. 7 Dec. 1982, aged 89 years, and buried (as Naomi Ellen Rowse) in Pine Grove Cemetery, Elliott Street, in the town of Shelburne. She was living unmarried with her father in 1911, but subsequently m. ____ Rowse, who does not appear to be buried with her. This is the Naomi Rowse of Shelburne mentioned as an informant by R.B. Jones.
      2. Bertram Thorburn, b. 10 [?] Aug. 1894 (per 1901 census); living with his father in 1911.
    3. Arthur Quinlan, b. 1861-62 (aged 19 in 1881) at Ohio, Nova Scotia, living with his parents in 1881.
    4. John T. Quinlan, b. 1865-66 (aged 15 in 1881, 25 in 1891) in Nova Scotia, living with his parents in 1881. He m. 30 June 1891 at Mahone Bay, Nova Scotia, according to Anglican rites, by licence,[131] C. Grace Inglis, b. 1869-70 (aged 21 years in 1891) at Mahone Bay, daughter of Charles J. Inglis, merchant, by the latter’s wife Cassandra (?) ____. At the time of their marriage, the record of which names both sets of parents without however supplying the mothers’ maiden surnames, both parties were of Mahone Bay, and the groom was a school-teacher.
  2. James Cornelius Hemeon, of Liverpool, Queens Co., b. 21 March 1830 in Shelburne Co., bapt. (as Cornelius James Hemeon) 27 June following. He m. in Jan. 1854 at Liverpool (IGI), Caroline Nickerson. He is enumerated at Liverpool in the 1881 census, in which he is called a farmer and trader; he and his children were Canadian Methodists but his wife was a Baptist.[132] A death notice reads:
    James C. Hemeon, who died at his residence, in Liverpool, on Saturday last, after a severe illness of paralysis of the brain, was the eldest son of the late James Hemeon and was born in Shelburne where he learned the trade of a shipwright. When quite a young man he removed to Liverpool and worked for several years with the late John McLeod of Shipyard Point, assisting in the building of a great many vessels for the late John L. Darrow and others. He afterwarde became a ship owner and largely interested in mercantile affairs. By great industry and energy he amassed considerable propery. He was rather retiring in disposition and did not seek for public positions although well qualified to fill them. He was twice married, his second wife surviving him, together with a family of two sons and three daughters. One of his brothers is the Rev. Joseph B. Hemeon, Methodist minister, who resides at Wolfville, and another is Albert M. Hemeon, M.P.P. for this County. The funeral took place on Monday afternoon and was largely attended, the Friendly Society of which deceased had long been a member, walking in front of the hearse. The services at the house and grave were oonducted by Revds. S. Sykes and J. W. Weeks, the Rev. Mr. Ogden, pastor of the Methodist Church of which the deceased was an adherent, being in the United States. The interment was in the family lot in the Methodist cemetery.[133]
    Known issue, all born in Nova Scotia:
    1. Winslow Hemeon, b. 1859-60 (aged 21 in 1881).
    2. Emma Hemeon, b. 1865-66 (aged 15 in 1881).
    3. Frederick Hemeon, b. 1868-69 (aged 12 in 1881).
    4. Helen L. Hemeon, b. 1871-72 (aged 9 in 1881).
    5. Eva A. Hemeon, b. 1874-75 (aged 6 in 1881).
  3. Augustus Hemeon, b. 16 June 1833, bapt. 7 Oct. following. We have not found him in the 1871 or 1881 census.
  4. Catharine Harris Hemeon, b. 7 July 1835, bapt. 20 Sept. following.
  5. (possibly) Almira Hemeon, b. 1836 (named in an LDS Patrons’ submission record).
  6. The Rev. Joseph Bell Hemmeon (sic), b. 18 April 1838, bapt. 19 Sept. following, d. 14 Nov. 1920 at Wolfville, Kings County, N.S., of angina pectoris, and buried there,[134] He m. by 1867, Ellen D. ____. They are enumerated at Mills, Cumberland County, in the 1881 census, in which he is called a Methodist clergyman.[135] He served from 1862 until about 1892 at various stations in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.[136] His death record gives his occupation as clergyman, states that he had resided at Wolfville for 30 years, and lists the informant as “Dr. M. Hemmeon, Wolfville, son.” Known issue:
    1. Dr. Morley D. Hemmeon, b. 1867-68 (aged 13 in 1881, 24 in 1894) in New Brunswick. As Morley D. Hemmeon, teacher, aged 24, b. at St. John and residing at Truro, son of J. B. Hemmeon, clergyman, he m. 18 July 1894 at Port Hastings, Inverness County, Nova Scotia, Emma F. Laurence, b. 1861-62 (aged 32 in 1894), b. at Port Hood and residing at Port Hastings, daughter of George Laurence, merchant, and Sarah ____.
    2. Douglas B. Hemmeon, b. 1869-70 (aged 11 in 1881) in New Brunswick. He was a Methodist minister, being admitted in 1893.[137] On 10 June 1912 he is described as Douglas B. Hemmeon, aged 41 years, of Southampton, Bermuda.[138]
    3. James M. Hemmeon, b. 1872-73 (aged 8 in 1881) in New Brunswick.
    4. Joseph C. Hemmeon, b. 1878-79 (aged 2 in 1881) in Nova Scotia.
  7. Albert M. Hemeon, M.L.A. for Queens County (1887-1896), of Liverpool, Queens, Nova Scotia, b. probably about 1841,[139] d. 26 April 1896. Despite the uncertainty as to his date of birth, his placement in this family is confirmed by his mention in the death notice of his brother James. He was a merchant, teacher, magistrate, sometime Warden of Queens County, and sat for Queens County as an independent Liberal.[140] He m. (as her second husband) 13 March 1864 at Port Medway, Queens Co., Nova Scotia (IGI), Letitia W. (Parks) McVicar, widow of Edw. H. McVicar. They are enumerated at Liverpool in the 1881 census, in which he is called a Justice of the Peace; his reltion was Church of England but the rest of the family were Baptists.[141] Known issue, all born in Nova Scotia:
    1. Edward Hemeon, b. 1865-66 (aged 15 in 1881).
    2. George Hemeon, b. 1867-68 (aged 13 in 1881).
    3. Carrie Hemeon, b. 1869-70 (aged 11 in 1881).
    4. Nettie Hemeon, b. 1871-72 (aged 9 in 1881).
    5. Annie Hemeon, b. 1873-74 (aged 7 in 1881).
  8. Emily Jane Hemeon, b. 4 April 1843 at Oak Hill, Shelburne Co., bapt. 16 July following, d. 4 April 1911, apparently on her 68th birthday, of pneumonia,[142] and buried with her husband and two children in Pine Grove Cemetery, Elliott Street, in the town of Shelburne.[143] She m. 28 Dec. 1870 at Oak Hill Presbyterian Church, Shelburne Co., by licence,[144] Joseph McNutt Martin, b. about 1834 (aged 36 in 1870, 47 in 1881, 76 in 1911) at Jordan River, Nova Scotia, d. 18 Feb. 1911, aged 76 years, of organic heart disease,[145] son of Ebenezer and Janet (____) Martin. At the time of their marriage the groom was a house joiner, of Mount Hope, and he is called a carpenter, of Jordan River, in the 1872 birth record of his twin children Oscar and Kate. They were enumerated at Jordan River, Shelburne Co., in the 1881 census, in which Joseph is called a farmer.[146] We have not found this couple in the 1901 census. At the time of her husband’s death he was residing at East Jordan, Shelburne Co., and was Presbyterian relistion; the informant was a William Martin, of no stated relationship to the deceased. At the time of her death, the widowed Emily was likewise residing at East Jordan; the informant was (her daughter) Kate Doleman. Known issue (this listing is probably complete):
    1. Oscar McNutt Martin (twin to Kate), b. 3 March 1872 in Nova Scotia,[147] d. unmarried 1 June 1955 at Lockeport, Shelburne County, aged 85 years, of cerebral hemorrhage, and buried with his parents.[148] At the time of his death he was a retired teacher, of Beech Street, Lockeport. His death was reported by a nephew, ____ Doleman, of Lockeport, whose signature on the record is unfortunately illegible.
    2. Kate Lulu McNutt Martin (twin to Oscar), b. 3 March 1872 in Nova Scotia,[149] d. 9 June 1969, aged 97 years; m. Capt. Allan Doleman, lost at sea in 1919, who is commemorated on the family tombstone. They had at least one child, a son, who served as informant on the death of his uncle Oscar Martin in 1955.
  9. (possibly) Clarissa Hemeon, b. 1845, d. 21 March 1847 (named in an LDS Patrons’ submission record).

9b. William John7 Bell, son of Joseph Bell, of Shelburne, by the latter’s wife Catharine Harris, was b. about March 1807, bapt. 19 July 1807, d. 18 Nov. 1889, aged 82 years, 8 months (from tombstone; civil registration of death not found), tombstone of William John Bell (1807-1889) and was buried in the Christ Church Cemetery, Shelburne, where a tombstone, inscribed on three sides, listing him, his wife, and two of their children, survived in 2002.[150] He m. (as her second husband) 28 Dec. 1837 in Christ Church, Shelburne, Jane (Wilson) Dennis, b. 1806, d. 28 March 1900, aged 93 years, 10 months (from tombstone; civil registration of death not found), and buried with her second husband, widow (with issue) of James Dennis, of Barrington Tp., Shelburne Co., sister of the husband of William Bell’s sister Lucretia, and daughter of Obediah Wilson, of Barrington, by the latter’s second wife, Deborah Lovitt, daughter of Andrew Lovitt, of Yarmouth.[151] Their marriage record calls him a shipwright, as do the baptismal records of all seven of his children, and the 1881 census. In 1881 their household included a servant, together with William’s sister, Almira Bell, and a Lucretia Bell, aged 23, who is probably William’s unmarried daughter of that name with the age misstated.[152] Known issue:[153]

  1. John Bell, bapt. 13 Dec. 1838, d. 6 June 1863 at Shanghai, China, and buried with his parents.
  2. Deborah Wilson Bell, b. 1 Dec. 1840, bapt. 20 March 1841, d. unmarried shortly before 24 April 1865, when she was buried with her parents.
  3. Dr. George Wilson Bell,[154] b. 4 Dec. 1842 (per 1901 census) at Shelburne, bapt. 15 Aug. 1844, d. 15 July 1908 at Aylesford, Kings Co., N.S., and buried in Pine Grove Cemetery, Middleton, Wilmot Tp., Annapolis Co., N.S. He was a physician. He m. 16 Feb. 1871 at Amesbury, Merrimack Co., Massachusetts, Maria R.E. Woodbury, b. 10 Dec. 1844 (per 1901 census and death record) at Middleton aforesaid, d. 17 Sept. 1926 at Halifax, Nova Scotia, aged over 81 years, and buried the next day at Middleton,[155] daughter of Francis Woodbury, of Middleton, by the latter’s wife Elizabeth Phinney Congdon.[156] George Wilson Bell is called a doctor in his marriage record. Bell and his wife are enumerated in the 1881 census at New Caledonia, Annapolis Co., in which he is called a physician and surgeon, and at which time there were no children in the household; his religion was Church of England but his wife’s Canadian Methodist.[157] Before the taking of the 1901 census Bell had removed to Kingston, Kings Co., N.S.; he is called a “doctor” and again there were no children in the household.[158] Probably was no issue of this marriage, as Maria’s death was reported by “F.V. Woodbury, nephew.”
  4. Catharine Bell, b. 17 Sept. 1844 at Shelburne, bapt. 9 Dec. following, alive in 1881. She m. in Oct. 1869 at Shelburne, according to Anglican rites, by licence,[159] Capt. Edward James Murphy, b. 1824-25 (aged 44 in 1869) at Pubnico, Nova Scotia, alive in 1881, son of Edward Murphy, farmer, by the latter’s wife Mary ____. At the time of their marriage, the record of which names both sets of parents without however supplying the maiden surnames of the mothers, both parties were of Shelburne, and the groom was a master mariner. The birth records of his children also call Edward Murphy a mariner, of Shelburne. He is found with his wife and five children in the census of 1881, at which time a Sarah Murphy, possibly Edward’s sister, was also a member of their household; the family’s religion is given as Church of England and Edward’s occuption is again given as master mariner.[160] Known issue:
    1. Alice Maud Murphy, b. 18 June 1872 at Shelburne,[161] d. unmarried 26 July 1943 at Shelburne, aged over 71 years, the informant being “Geo. B. Bruce, of Shelburne, nephew” (son of her younger sister Mary).[162] She was a student in 1881.
    2. Jane Bell Murphy, b. 3 Oct. 1873 at Shelburne;[163] a student in 1881.
    3. Mary Murphy, b. 31 April 1875 at Shelburne;[164] a student in 1881. She m. 4 Sept. 1900 at Shelburne, according to Anglican rites,[165] Alfred D. Bruce, b. 1872-73 (aged 27 in 1900), son of Jerael Bruce, master mariner, by the latter’s wife Sophia ____. At the time of their marriage, the record of which names both sets of parents without however supplying the maiden surnames of the mothers, both parties were of Shelburne, and the groom was a clerk; the witnesses were W.E. Murphy and Mary E. Nickerson. Their issue included:
      1. George B. Bruce, of Shelburne, alive on 26 July 1943, when he reported the death of his aunt Maud Bell.
      2. Maude Murphy, of Shelburne, alive on 24 May 1934, when she reported the death of her aunt Lucretia (Bell) Ryer.
    4. Isabella Murphy, b. 1877-78 (aged 3 in 1881; birth registration not found).
    5. William Murphy, b. in Oct. 1880 (per 1881 census; birth registration not found).
  5. Mary Isabella Bell, b. 1 March 1845, bapt. 11 March following.
  6. William Bell, b. 31 July 1846, bapt. same day, d. the following day.
  7. Lucretia Bell, b. 12 Jan. 1848 at Shelburne, d. 24 May 1934 at Shelburne, aged over 86 years, and buried two days later in Pine Grove Cemetery, the death being reported by “Miss Maude Murphy, of Shelburne, niece.”[166] She m. 25 Oct. 1900 at Kingston, N.S., by Anglican rites,[167] Thomas E. Ryer, b. 1838-39 (aged 61 in 1900) at Shelburne, d. 11 Aug. 1911 at Shelburne, aged over 76 years, the informant being his widow.[168] He was a son of Robert Ryer, farmer, by the latter’s wife Elizabeth ____. At the time of their marriage, the record of which names both sets of parents without however supplying the mothers’ maiden surnames, the groom, a widower, was a hotel-keeper; the bride is said to have been a spinster. Thomas Ryer is likewise called an hotel-keeper in his death record. We have found no record of any children, and given Lucretia’s age at their marriage it seems unlikely there were any.

10.   Catharine7 Harris, daughter of Peter Harris and Esther Saunders, was bapt. 12 June 1797 at Sandy Cove by the minister of Trinity Anglican Church, Digby, d. 4 Oct. 1858, “aged 63 years,” and was buried with her husband in Sandy Cove Baptist churchyard. She m. (as his first wife) before 1820, Silas Carty, b. probably about 1794[169] in Nova Scotia (per 1871 and 1881 censuses), d. (intestate) 8 Oct. 1889,[170] aged 95 years according to his tombstone, perhaps (on onomastic grounds) a son of John Carty, of Digby, by the latter’s wife Abigail, daughter of Silas Balcom.[171] She is called Catharine Carty in the petition of May 1835. Her husband fought in the War of 1812 and was one of the last survivors, being one of the 600 men who received an incredibly belated settlement of $30.00 each in 1882-84.[172] He was granted 350 acres of land in Digby Tp. in 1817. He is called a yeoman in the census of Digby Tp. taken in 1838, when his household (excluding himself) included 1 male aged 15+, 2 females aged 15+, 2 males aged 6-14, and 1 female aged 6-14. Silas Carty m. (2) some time in 1858-63, Rachael ____,[173] who d. in March 1891.[174] Silas Carty and his second wife appear at Sandy Cove in the 1871 census, in which he is called a fisherman, and also in the 1881 census, in which he is called a farmer.[175] On 19 Feb. 1889 the widow Rachel Carty successfully petitioned the probate court as follows:

Silas Carty died intestate leaving personal property undisposed of…. During the lifetime of the said Silas Carty, to wit: upon the 8thth day of October A.D. 1869 the said Silas Carty and your petitioner by deed conveyed unto one Harris Carty all their real estate in consideration of the said Harris Carty entering into a bond and agreement to maintain the said Silas Carty and your petitioner during their natural lives…. The said Harris Carty … took possession of said property and used the farm to his own advantage, and still continues to do so…. The said Harris Carty immediately upon the death of the said Silas Carty took and carried away all the personal property belonging to said estate…. Your petitioner is now in her eighty-fifth year and unable to travel, and your petitioner would most humbly request that a Commission do issue for the purpose of said administration. As your said petitioner resides more than twenty miles from the office of the Judge of Probate for the County of Digby … your petitioner humbly asks that Letters of Administration … be granted to her as said widow….

A valuable source on the Carty family is the research commissioned in the 1980s by a descendant, the late Morton W. Saunders, from the professional genealogist Lois Kernaghan, whose papers have been deposited in the Public Archives of Nova Scotia.[176] Catharine Harris and Silas Carty had probably five children, of whom we know the names only of the following:

  1. 20Harris Carty, b. probably in 1819 (aged 54 in 1874, 62 in 1881) at Sandy Cove.
  2. 21Wellington Carty, b. 1823-24 (aged 47 in 1871) in Nova Scotia.

11.   Francis7 Harris, of Sandy Cove, Digby Co., Nova Scotia, son of Peter Harris and Esther Saunders, was b. ca. 1804 in Nova Scotia, and d. (intestate) 30 Nov. 1885. In 1828 he purchased land from his parents, “Peter Harris and Esther his wife of Digby Tp.,” for £8.[177] He m. by 1842, Ruhamah Trask, b. 23 July 1807 at Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, d. in 1871-81, daughter of James Trask, of Yarmouth, by the latter’s wife Sybil, daughter of Samuel Baker.[178] He is enumerated at Sandy Cove in the 1871 census as a farmer, Methodist, of German (sic) origin, aged 67 years, with wife Ruhamah and four children.[179] He is likely the Francis Harris listed at Sandy Cove in a directory published in 1871.[180] In 1881 Francis Harris, aged 77 years, a widow, farmer and fisherman, was enumerated at Sandy Cove.[181] An undated document found in his estate file reads as follows:

To John Holdsworth Esq., Judge of Probate for the County of Digby. In the matter of the estate of Francis Harris late of Sandy Cove, deceased, the petition of James Leslie Adams of Sandy Cove respectfully sheweth that Francis Harris, late of Sandy Cove, died on the 30th day of November A.D. 1885 intestate, leaving real estate goods and chattels which which ought to be administrated upon, and that Sandel Harris his only son has neglected to administer on said estate, and your petitioner being the husband of the only other kin Mary A. Adams, your petitioner therefore prays that you do cite the said Sandel Harris to take administration on said estate and upon his refusal to do so that I … on behalf of my said wife may be allowed to take such administration….

In another document in the file his wife is more fully referred to as Mary Alice Adams. Sandel Harris evidently defaulted on the administration, which was in fact granted to James L. Adams, the estate being finally settled on 26 March 1891.[182] Only surviving issue:

  1. 22Sandel Elias Harris, b. ca. 1842-43.
  2. Mary Alice Harris, b. probably ca. 1849-50 (aged 21 in 1871, 29 in 1881, 43 in 1891, b. 27 July 1844 according to the 1901 census), d. 6 March 1902 (no registration found). She was living unmarried with her father in 1871. She must have m. (as his first wife) soon after 26 June 1871 (although we can find no registration of the event), James Leslie Adams, b. probably ca. 1846,[183] in Digby Co., who administered her father’s estate in 1891, at which time he was of Sandy Cove. The record of his second marriage establishes the names of his parents as Maurice Adams, farmer, and Eliza ____. He is called a shoemaker in the 1881 and 1891 censuses. They also appear in the 1901 census.[184] Leslie Adams m. secondly in 1903,[185] Annie M. Roblee. In the record of his second marriage he is called a fisherman, of Sandy Cove. Only known child:
    1. Haliburton Adams, b. 16 Dec. 1878 (per 1901 census), living unmarried with his parents in 1901, when he was a seaman.

12.   Charles7 Harris, of Sandy Cove, Digby Co., Nova Scotia, son of Peter Harris and Esther Saunders, was b. 1808-09 (aged 62 years in 1871) in Nova Scotia, and d. between 13 Nov. 1877 (when he made his will) and 26 May 1878 (when it was proved). The fact that he names as one of the executors of his will “my nephew Charles T. Crowell” supplies the proof that he was a son of Peter Harris (no. 4). He m. before 1833, Abigail ____, b. 1812-13 (aged 58 years in 1871) in Nova Scotia, living 1891 with her daughter Caroline (Harris) Outhouse. They are found at Sandy Cove in the 1871 census, which calls him a farmer, of German origin, and the family were Baptists; his household at the time included a John R. Harris, aged 4, thus b. 1866-67 and obviously identical with his grandson Robert Harris, illegitimate son of his daughter Mary. Charles Harris and his son Hiram were among the signers of the 1875 petition to restore Israel Blackford as ferryman “on the East Side of Petit Passage,” this Blackford having lost the position when a ferryman was appointed on the other side, “to our great inconvience as we have frequently had to wait for an hour on the shore for the ferryman to come from the west side.”[186] His will, dated 13 Nov. 1877 and proved 26 May 1878, mentions his wife Abigail, children Hiram Harris, Caroline Outhouse, Louisa Gidney, and Mary D. Merry, and “my grandson Robert, he being the son of daughter Mary,” who in another passage is more explictly called Robert Harris. He appoints as executors “my nephew Charles T. Crowell” (who however subsequently declined to serve in the capacity) and Richard Merry, who although the relationship is not stated was his son-in-law. The document shows that some of his land was directly adjacent to that of his brother, John Harris, below:

… First, I give to my beloved wife Abigal the house wherein I now reside and all that land attached, bounded on the northwest by the Main Road, on the sourthwest and southeast by the lands of John Merritt, and to the east by lands of James Merritt, to have full possession during her natural life. At her decease I then bequeath the above-described house and land to my grandson Robert [Harris], he being the son of [my] daughter Mary….
    I also give and bequeath to my beloved wife Abigal all my personal goods and chattels of whatsoever kind that I may be possessed of at my decease. I also give and bequeath to my beloved wife all that piece of land on the north side of the road, bounded by drawing a line through the centre of the well of water, said line to begin at the post road and run in a right angle with the baseline till it strike the lands of John Harris, then southwardly to the lands of said John Harris to the Post Road, then south westerly to the place of beginning, to have full possession during her natural life; and at her decease I give and bequeath the above-described lands to Robert Harris my grandson….
    I also give the remainder of my lands on the north side of the main road … [ at least one entire line cut off at page-break] to be divided equally between them in four equal parts, which I direct to be divided in the following manner; that is, I give to my beloved daughter Mary D. Merry the eastern fo[u]rth part of the same to be divided by a line at a right angle with the basline, then I give the adjoining fourth part to my beloved son Hiram Harris and I give the ajoining … [illegible] fourth part to my beloved daughter Caroline Outhouse, and also I give the adjoining and western fourth part to my beloved daughter Louizia Gedney, all the dividing lines to run parelell with the western line where my lands abut the lands of John Heris.
    I also give all that piece or parcel of land, being a part of the Wescott farm, to be divided in four equal parts to my four children, viz.: Hiram Harris, Carolin Outhouse, Louizia Gidney and Mary D. Merry. All the … [illeg.] lands are to be held by them, their assignes and heeres, forever, save the exception of the wood on the Westcott lands, which wood I give my beloved daugher Mary D. Merry and my grandson Robert Harris to be cut and removed at their pleasure and con[v]enience without hinderance.
    I also appoint my nephew Charles T. Crowell, and Richard Merry, my executors to this my last will and testatment … in witness whereof I set may hand and affix my seal the day and year heretofore written.[187]

Charles T. Crowell subsequently relinquished the right to participate in the administration.     Issue, per will:

  1. Hiram Harris, b. probably in 1832 (aged 38 in 1871, 78 in 1910) at Mink Cove, Digby Co., d. 27 Aug. 1910 at East Ferry, Digby Co., of chronic bronchitis, aged over 78 years.[188] He m. before 1859,[189] Matilda Larymare (as the name is spelt in the 1865 birth record of her son Willie), b. 1842-43 (aged 28 in 1871), living 1891. Hiram Harris is called a mariner in the 1865 birth record of his son Willie. He and his wife are enumerated in the 1871 census of Sandy Cove, an adjacent entry being for the household of his first cousin, Charles T. Crowell, above. He is called a farmer, of East Ferry, in the 1875 birth record of his son James. He and his wife are also enumerated in the 1881 and 1891 censuses, in both of which he is called a seaman. He has not been found in Automated Genealogy’s index to the 1901 census of Nova Scotia. At the time of his death in 1910 he was a farmer, and Baptist in religion. Known issue:
    1. Sarah Harris, b. 1858-59 (aged 12 in 1871), living with her parents in 1871 but not in 1881.
    2. Margaret Harris, b. 1860-61 (aged 10 in 1871), living with her parents in 1871 but not in 1881.
    3. Charles Harris, b. 1862-63 (aged 8 in 1871), still living unmarried with his parents in 1881.
    4. Willie S. Harris, b. 22 June 1865 at Digby Neck, probably d. young as he is not found with his parents in the 1881 census.
    5. Byron S. Harris, b. 1868-69 (aged 2 in 1871).
    6. James Alfred Harris (called Alfred in 1881 census), b. 26 March 1875 at East Ferry,[190] presumably d. by 1881 as he does not appear with his parents in the census of that year.
    7. Newcomb Harris, b. 1884-85 (aged 6 in 1891 census). Wilbur’s “Harris in Annapolis and Digby Counties” page cited at the end of this work says he was the youngest son, and great-grandfather of Barbara Logan.
  2. 23Caroline Harris, b. about 1834 (aged 37 in 1871, 46 in 1881, 56 in 1891) in Nova Scotia.
  3. Louisa Harris, b. 1843-44 (aged 27 in 1871), d. 1893, and buried with her husband in Sandy Cove Baptist Cemetery. She m. 12 April 1865 at Sandy Cove,[191] John B. Gidney, b. 3 Feb. 1840 (per the 1901 census), d. 1915, aged 75 years. They are enumerated in the 1871 census of Sandy Cove, in which he is called a seaman, and in the 1881 census, in which he is called fisherman.[192] He is called a mariner in the birth records of their children Albert (1865) and Effie (1872). The widowed John Gidney is found in the 1901 census, in which he is called a farmer. Known issue:
    1. Albert Edward Gidney, b. 7 June 1865 at Sandy Cove, d. 21 Sept. 1951 at Mink Cove, aged over 86 years,[193] and buried the following day with his parents at Sandy Cove. He m. 15 April 1891 at Sandy Cove, according to Baptist rites, by licence,[194] Emma Mabel Eldridge, b. 24 Feb. 1874 at Sandy Cove (per her birth record and 1901 census), d. 1936 (from tombstone; no death registration found), and buried with her husband’s family, daughter of Fountain Eldridge, mariner, by the latter’s wife Sarah A. Gillaland.[195] At the time of their marriage, the record of which names both sets of parents without however supplying the maiden surnames of the mothers, both parties were of Sandy Cove, and the groom was a fisherman. They are found in the household of his widowed father in 1901. At the time of his death he was a farmer, of Digby Neck Road, Mink Cove; the informant was Carman Gidney, of Mink Cove, his son. Known issue:[196]
      1. Elmer Lawson Gidney, b. 16 Feb. 1893, d. 17 April 1948.
      2. Joseph Duncan Gidney (twin to Gwendolyn), b. 17 March 1896, killed 27 Oct. 1918 in France, dying at the age of 22 years, and buried in Sandy Cove Baptist Cemetery.
      3. Gwendolyn Gidney (twin to Joseph), b. 17 March 1896, d. about 1990.
      4. Pauline Louise Gidney, b. 6 Jan. 1903d, d. in Feb. 1992.
      5. Dorothy Jean Gidney, b. 26 Feb. 1904, d. 2 Nov. 1979.
      6. Albert Eldridge Gidney (twin to Alwert), b. 7 April 1906, d. 11 Feb. 1992. He m. his kinswoman, Gertrude Jean Saunders, daughter of Franklin Morrison Saunders by the latter’s first wife, Mary Christina Saunders. After World War II, they moved to Kentville, but spent summers in Sandy Cove. He was a school teacher, and, when his son reached college age, he moved his family to Boston in 1952, where he took a job in a factory to put them through school. Their son, Ronald Gidney, is our informant for this branch of the family.
      7. Alwert Bertram (“Bert”) Gidney (twin to Albert), b. 7 April 1906, d. 20 Jan. 1978.
      8. Richard Carmen Gidney, b. 28 Sept. 1913, d. 17 Dec. 1983; as Carman Gidney, of Mink Cove, he reported his father’s death in 1951.
    2. Corabell Gidney, b. about 1869 (aged 3 in 1871, 12 in 1881), found with her parents in 1881 but not in 1891. No women of this name (of whatever surname) appear in the 1901 census of Sandy Cove.
    3. Effie C. Gidney, b. 21 Dec. 1872 at Sandy Cove, d. 1878, and buried with her parents.
    4. Charles C. Gidney, b. 1877, d. 1883, and buried with his parents.
  4. Mary D. (or E.?) Harris, b. 1846-47 (aged 24 in 1871) at Sandy Cove, living 1881. She m. 4 Jan. 1871 at Sandy Cove, according to Baptist rites, by licence,[197] Richard Merry, b. 1843-44 (aged 27 in 1871), living 1881, son of Simon Merry, “calker,” by the latter’s wife Emmeline ____. At the time of their marriage the groom was a “calker,” of Lower Granville, and the bride was of Sandy Cove. They are enumerated next to her parents in the 1871 census of Sandy Cove, in which their surname is given as “Marys.” The daughter Alice M. Merry, b. 1864-65 (aged 6 in 1871) was evidently by a previous marriage of her father. In the birth and records of their daughter Louisa (both 1872), Richard is called a mechanic. Richard was appointed one of the executors of the estate of his father-in-law in 1877. Known issue:
    1. (illegitimate, by an unknown father) (John) Robert Harris, b. 15 Feb. 1867 at Sandy Cove, as the son of Mary A. Harris and an unknown father; this is the four-year-old “John R. Harris” found in the household of his maternal grandfather in 1871, and called “son of [my] daughter Mary” in this same grandfather’s will.
    2. (by her husband) Louisa Merry, b. 20 Sept 1872 at Sandy Cove, d. there 20 Nov. following, of “water on the brain.”[198]

13.   John7 Harris, of Sandy Cove, Digby Co., Nova Scotia, son of Peter Harris and Esther Saunders, was b. 1812-13 (aged 60 years in 1871) in Nova Scotia, and was still alive in 1881. The John Harris whom Bull calls a “brother” of Peter Harris was doubtless this son. He m. Ann ____, b. 1812-13 (aged 60 years in 1871) in Ireland, d. 1871-81. He is found at Sandy Cove in the 1871 census, which calls him a farmer, and Baptist, of German origin, while his wife Ann was a Catholic; their household included their married daughter Sarah and the latter’s family.[199] They were enumerated immediately following his elder brother Charles Harris. His land is mentioned as being adjacent to the testator’s in the 1877 will of his brother Charles. At the taking of the 1881 census he, then a widower, was living in the household of James Merritt, of Sandy Cove, his son-in-law.[200] John Harris, with his brother Charles and nephew Hiram, was among the signers of the 1875 petition, mentioned above, to restore Israel Blackford as ferryman on the East Side of Petit Passage. Possible issue:

  1. (?) Sarah P. Harris, b. 1835-36 (aged 35 in 1871), living 1871. She m. in 1860 at Sandy Cove (per the 1869 birth record of their son Charles; no actual registration of the event has been found), James Merritt, b. 1828-29 (aged 42 in 1871) in Nova Scotia, living 1881. James Merritt is called a mariner in the birth record of their son Charles (1869), and a seaman in the 1871 census. As noted above, they appear in the household of her parents in 1871, and her widowed father appears in their household in 1881. They were Baptists in 1871. Known issue (all born in Nova Scotia):
    1. Caroline Merritt, b. 1862-63 (aged 8 in 1871); attending school in 1871.
    2. Helen Merritt, b. 1864-65 (aged 6 in 1871); attending school in 1871.
    3. John Merritt, b. 1866-67 (aged 4 in 1871).
    4. Charles W. Merritt, b. 6 June 1869 at Sandy Cove.

14.   Francis7 Comfort, of Beamsville, Clinton Tp., Lincoln Co., U.C. (now Ontario), son of John Comfort, Jr., and Catharine Harris, was b. 28 Aug. 1800 at Montgomery, Orange Co., N.Y., bapt. 11 Jan. 1801 in the Goodwill Presbyterian Church, Montgomery,[201] d. (testate) on 18 or 19 June 1880 near Beamsville, and was buried in the Clinton Presbyterian churchyard.[202] Brought by his parents to Ontario as a child, Francis Comfort was an elder of the Clinton Presbyterian Church in 1819. He m. 20 Feb. 1822, Jemima Wilcox, b. 27 Dec. 1801 in Grimsby Tp., Lincoln Co., U.C., d. 5 Nov. 1876 near Beamsville, and buried in the Clinton Presbyterian churchyard, daughter of Daniel Wilcox (V) the latter’s wife Mary McIntyre.[203] During the Mackenzie Rebellion of 1838, he served with the 4th Lincoln Regiment. In 1836 he purchased from his brother John, for £200, a farm on lot 19 in the 7th concession of Clinton Tp., and built a house on it after one his father his built was list to fire. He is listed in the 1842, 1851, and 1871 censuses of Clinton Tp. In the 1840s he lost a hand in a threshing-machine accident, and thereafter turned to clerical work, becoming an assessor, tax collector, and census enumerator. The census returns of 1852 testify to his chirographic skill. In a letter written to his son Andrew in 1849 he mentions a visit to his “uncle Daniel Comfort” near Newburgh, N.Y., which the Bottings acknowledge as “one of the main pieces of evidence that he was the grandson of John [Comfort], Sr.”[204] He d. (testate) on 18 or 19 June 1880 near Beamsville. The Bottings note that “all his children were well educated; all the sons had advanced education, one or two attending Western Reserve and one Johns Hopkins; three of the daughters were teachers.” Francis Comfort and his wife had ten children, of whom:

  1. Margaret Comfort, b. 11 Dec. 1833 in Clinton Tp., Lincoln Co., Ontario, bapt. 18 May 1834 in Clinton Presbyterian Church, d. 20 Jan. 1916, and buried in St. Anns Cemetery. She m. 23 Oct. 1856, John Kennedy (IV), of St. Anns, Gainsborough Tp., Lincoln Co., U.C., farmer, b. 29 Feb. 1832, d. 11 Oct. 1897, and buried at St. Anns, son of John Kennedy (III) and Barbara Dean. He was left a 150-acre farm in his father’s will, with the use of the garden reserved to his mother for her lifetime. He became a member of the St. Anns Presbyterian Church on 5 May 1855. His family is found in the 1861 and 1871 censuses of Gainsborough Tp. The Bottings record that “he was much interested in music: for a time the local singing school met each week at his house; he once mortgaged his farm to buy an organ for his children.” They had twelve children, of whom their son John was the great-grandfather of the present compiler, and their daughter Mary Jemima (Kennedy) (Coon) Harcourt was the mother of Mary Cecelia (Coon) Botting, compiler of genealogies of the Comfort and Kennedy families, and other works.[205]

15.   William7 Saunders, of Sandy Cove, Digby Co., Nova Scotia, son of John Saunders and Hannah Harris, was b. ca. 1793 (aged 24 in 1817, according to his mother; aged 77 in 1871; aged 80 at his death in 1874), bapt. (as “Billy”) 21 July 1794 at Sandy Cove by the minister of Trinity Anglican Church, Digby, d. 12 May 1874 at Sandy Cove, aged 80 years, and is buried with his wife in the Baptist churchyard, Sandy Cove.[206] The record of his death, reported by a Charles Saunders, calls him William Saunders, farmer, widower, aged 80, son of John and Mary [sic] Saunders. He is called william Saunders, J.P., on his tombstone. He m. (likely after 1817 when he was still living with his parents), Ruth ____, b. 1801-02, d. 1870, aged 68 years. He is possibly the William Saunders named in an undated list of justices printed in Wilson’s Digby,[207] and is certainly the William Saunders, widower, aged 77 years, born in Nova Scotia, enumerated at Sandy Cove in the 1871 census, which calls him of Scottish origin, and a Baptist.[208] He must be distinguished from an only slightly younger William Saunders, farmer, aged 72, also born in Nova Scotia, and also of Scottish origin and a Baptist, who appears in p. 38 of the same record with wife Hannah [Cornwell]; despite their similarities in ethnicity and religion it is known from other sources that this man was of an entirely different Saunders family (see discussion under no. 28 below). These two men cannot be differentiated in the 1838 census, which does not supply ages. The descendants of this couple are treated in Marion Angrignon’s manuscript Saunders genealogy. We follow only one of their children, for the sake of correcting our previous placement of him in the family of William’s younger brother, Francis Harris (no. 14 below).

  1. 24Lorenzo Saunders, b. 1842.

16.   Francis7 Saunders, of Sandy Cove, Digby Co., Nova Scotia, son of John Saunders and Hannah Harris, was b. ca. 1797 (aged 20 in 1817, 74 in 1871, 84 in 1881), and was still alive in 1881 (no death registration has been found). As noted above, we have the statement of his own mother that he was aged 20 in 1817, and this fact, combined with distinctiveness of the name, leaves no doubt that he was the same Francis Saunders later found at Sandy Cove in census records. In 1838, he was enumerated in Digby Tp. as Francis Saunders, yeoman, with a household consisting (besides himself) of a female above 14 years of age (presumably his wife) and 1 male aged 14+, 1 male aged 0-5, 2 females aged 6-14, and 1 female aged 0-5, suggesting that he then had two sons and three daughters.[209] In the 1871 census he appears as Francis Saunders, married man, aged 74 years, born in Nova Scotia, farmer, of Sandy Cove, and is called a Baptist, of Scottish origin; his wife was aged 72 and born in Nova Scotia, but her name was left blank, and no children are shown with them.[210] In 1881 he is called a farmer and fisherman, and his wife’s name is given as Ann; living with them was a James Merrit, aged 70 years, possibly her brother, and their son-in-law and daughter, William (?) and Adeline (Saunders) Griffith.[211] The researches of Cheryl Andrews supply the following account of him, for which we are much indebted: He m. before 1824, Ann (or Amasa) Merrit, b. ca. 1797-98 in Nova scotia, living 1881, possibly a daughter of John Merritt, a Loyalist from Long Island, and his wife Lucy ____.
    Note that for many years, this web page credited this couple with a son Lorenzo Saunders, b. 1842. However, in 2013 Marion Angrignon found disproof of this identification. Lorenzo (now renumbered 24) was really a son of William Saunders and Ruth ____. Known issue:

  1. (probably) Mary Ann Saunders, b. 1826-27, d. 6 Aug. 1872 at Freeport, aged 45 years, of consumption, whose death record names her parents as “Fr. Saunders, farmer,” and his wife Ann. She m. ____ Carty. We have not yet checked the 1871 census of Freeport for this couple.
  2. 25Holmes Francis Saunders, b. 8 July 1832.
  3. (probably) Lemuel James Saunders (twin to Holmes?), b. 1832-33 (aged 38 in 1871, 48 in 1881), d. 1881-91 (no death registration found). He was of Sandy Cove on 13 Dec. 1854, when he served as a witness at the marriage of Holmes Saunders. He m. in 1856 at Sandy Cove,[212] Adelaide Eldridge, b. probably about 1834 (aged 38 in 1871, 44 in 1881, 54 in 1891), alive in 1891 (no death registration found); she is called Adelia in the 1866 birth record of her son William. He is called a master mariner in the birth records of his children William (1866), Orwell (1870), Howard (1871), and Eva (1874), and in the marriage record of his son Chipman (1903); he is called sea captain in the 1897 marriage record of his daughter Eva. He was enumerated in the 1871 census of Sandy Cove, in which he is called a ship captain; the family were Baptists. He was also enumerated at Sandy Cove in 1881, and his widow in 1891 but not in 1901.
    1. Lemuel Fenwick Saunders, of Sandy Cove, called Fenwick Lemuel Saunders on his tombstone, b. 1858 at Sandy Cove, d. 29 Jan. 1910 at Sandy Cove, aged over 51 years, of pneumonia,[213] and buried with his wife and an unnamed infant (b. 1882, d. 1883) in Sandy Cove Baptist Cemetery. He was still living unmarried with his parents in 1881, but m. 29 Oct. 1886 at Sandy Cove, according to Baptist rites, by licence,[214] Imelda (“Melda”) L. Johnson, b. 1861 at Sandy Cove, d. 1948, daughter of Collins Johnson, a mechanic, by the latter’s wife Caroline ____. At the time of their marriage both were of Sandy Cove, and the groom was a master mariner. They are found at Sandy Cove in the censuses of 1891 and 1901 (where, however, the entry is quite faint). In his death record he is called a master mariner, and a Baptist in religion. He is called a sea-captain in the marriage record of his son Rodney. Only known child:
      1. Rodney Vernon Saunders, b. probably in 1887 (aged 3 in 1891, 26 in 1913) at Sandy Cove, living 1941. He m. 8 Sept. 1913 at Yarmouth, Yarmouth Co., Nova Scotia, by licence,[215] Louise Stacy Potts, b. 1888-89 (aged 24 in 1913) at Westchester, New York, daughter of Stacy G. Potts, an organist, by the latter’s wife Josephine A. ____. At the time of their marriage, the record of which names both sets of parents without however supplying the maiden surnames of the mothers (and misstates the name of the groom’s mother as Amelia), the groom was a traveller, of Sandy Cove, and Methodist Episcopal in religion, while the bride was of Yarmouth, and Episcopal in religion. On 5 Dec. 1941 Rodney Saunders entered the port of Calais, Maine, stating his birthplace as Sandy Cove, his occupation as engineer and his condition as married, and giving the name of his next-of-kin as his mother, Mrs. Imalda Saunders, of Sandy Cove.[216]
    2. Sarah Saunders, b. 1860-61 (aged 10 in 1871), no longer living with her parents in 1881.
    3. Charles Spurgeon Saunders, b. 1863-64 (aged 7 in 1871, 17 in 1881), d. (almost certainly without issue) by 1901. He is called Spurgeon in 1871, Charles in 1881. He m. 24 Sept. 1894 “at the home of the bride’s parents, Sandy Cove,”[217] his (almost certain) 1st cousin, Cora Saunders, daughter of Holmes Saunders, of Sandy Cove, by the latter’s wife Frances Catherine Gidney. Cora appears as the childless widow Cora Saunders in her mother’s household in the 1901 census. As any children would have been mere infants at the time, the absence of any in the household suggests there were none.
    4. William Saunders, b. 18 March 1866 at Sandy Cove. We have found not record of any marriage for him.
    5. Orwell Saunders, b. 6 May 1870 at Sandy Cove, d. in 1880, and buried in Sandy Cove Baptist Cemetery.
    6. Howard Chipman Saunders, b. at Sandy Cove in 1871, on 4 Nov. (per birth record) or 4 Dec. (per 1901 census). He was still living with his parents in 1891, but in 1901 is found, unmarried, as a lodger in the household of his younger sister Eva (Saunders) Morehouse, of Sandy Cove. He m. 23 Dec. 1903 at Sandy Cove, according to Methodist rites, by licence,[218] Sarah (“Sadie”) Jane MacKay,[219] b. 1882-83 (aged 20 in 1903) at Sandy Cove, daughter of Alexander MacKay, blacksmith, by the latter’s wife Etta ____. At the time of their marriage, the record of which names both sets of parents without however supplying the maiden surnames of the mothers, and erroneously calls the groom’s father Leonard, both parties were residing at Sandy Cove, and the groom was a mariner. Chipman Saunders owned a hotel called Brookside House at or near Sandy Cove.[220]
    7. Eva L. Saunders, b. 8 March 1874 at Sandy Cove (according to her birth record, and the 1901 census), living unmarried with her parents in 1891. She m. 22 Dec. 1897 at Digby, according to Baptist rites, by licence,[221] Arnold Ritchie Morehouse, b. 9 Jan. 1877 (per the 1901 census) at Sandy Cove (per marriage record), son of Daniel James Morehouse, seaman, by the latter’s wife Helen Augusta Denton.[222] At the time of their marriage, the record of which names both sets of parents without however supplying the maiden surnames of the mothers, both parties were of Sandy Cove, and the groom was a seaman. He has not been found under this name in the 1881 census of Nova Scotia. They were enumerated at Sandy Cove in 1901, at which time her brother Chipman was a member of their household (although no relationship is stated in the record). Arnold Morehouse is called a carpenter in the 1917 marriage record of his daughter Audrey. Known issue:
      1. Audrey Morehouse, b. 1 Nov. 1898 (per 1901 census; no birth record found). She m. 24 July 1917 at Sandy Cove, according to Baptist rites, by licence,[223] Warren Crowell, b. 1894-95 (aged 22 years in 1917) at Sandy Cove, son of Barlow Crowell, farmer, by the latter’s wife Lizzie ____. At the time of their marriage, the record of which names both sets of parents without however supplying the maiden surnames of the mothers, both parties were of Sandy Cove, and Baptist in religion, and the groom was a farmer.
      2. Irene Morehouse, b. 8 Nov. 1900 (per 1901 census; no birth record found).
    8. Adelaide Saunders, b. 1875-76 (aged 5 in 1881, 15 in 1891), living with her parents in 1891.
  4. Adeline Saunders, b. 22 Oct 1837 (per 1901 census), living 1901. She m. 23 June 1865 at Digby Neck, by licence,[224] David Griffith(s), b. 1832-33 (aged 32 in 1865) in Wales, d. 1891-1901, son of ____ (illegible) Griffith(s), carpenter, by the latter’s wife Lillas (?) Williams. They are enumerated next to her parents in the 1871 census (in which David is erroneously called William). At the time of their marriage, the record of which supplies the full names both sets of parents including the maiden surnames of the mothers, the groom was a seaman, of Wales, and the bride was of Sandy Cove. After her parents’ deaths (as it would appear) she and her husband shared a house with her brother Holmes, as previously stated, then moved to the “Corner House” in Sandy Cove. The birth record of their son William (1869) calls her husband a mariner. Adeline is found as a widow in the 1901 census. Only known child:
    1. William Henry Griffith, b. 27 Aug. 1869 at Sandy Cove, d. there 29 Aug. 1910. He is not found with in his parents in 1881. He m. 13 Oct. 1890 at Sandy Cove, according to Baptist rites, by licence,[225] Carrie Esther Israel, b. 24 March 1869 at Freeport, Digby Co., d. 1948, daughter of Joseph Israel, a farmer in 1869 and fisherman in 1890, by the latter’s wife Susan Rister.[226] At the time of their marriage, the record of which names both sets of parents without however supplying the maiden surnames of the mothers, and which erroneously calls the groom’s father Henry (like the groom himself), the groom was a fisherman, of Sandy Cove, and the bride was of Freeport. He has not been found in the 1881 census of Digby Tp., but he appears as “Henry Griffith” in those of 1891 and 1901, in the latter of which the family are called Baptists. He and his wife are buried together in the Baptist churchyard, Sandy Cove; no other family members are buried with them. Known issue (Griffith or Griffiths):
      1. Olive Griffith, b. 23 Nov. 1890, of whom we have found no further record.
      2. Annie Griffith, b. 24 May 1892.
      3. Marvin Elwood Griffith, b. 7 April 1893. As Marvin Griffiths he m. 10 Sept. 1924 at the Anglican Rectory, Digby, by licence,[227] Iva Frances MacKay, b. 1900-01 (aged 23 in 1924), daughter of Leslie Joseph Mackay, of Rossway, by the latter’s wife Frances Woodworth. At the time of their marriage, the record of which supplies the full names of both sets of parents, the groom was a fisherman, of East Ferry, Digby Co., and a Baptist in religion, and the bride was of Rossway, Digby Co. Her surname is spelled McKay in one place of the record and MacKay in another.
      4. Milledge Griffith (male), b. 1 Feb. 1896, of whom we have found no further record.
      5. Kathleen Griffith, b. 17 Dec. 1898, of whom we have found no further record.
      6. Palma Griffith, b. 31 July 1899, of whom we have found no further record.

16b. Holmes7 Saunders, of Sandy Cove, farmer, probably a son of John Saunders and Hannah Harris,[228] was b. in 1811-12 (based on age at death) at Sandy Cove, d. there 28 Oct. 1891, aged 79 years, of heart disease,[229] and was buried at Zion United Church. He m. (as her second husband) ca. 1840, Mary Morehouse, b. 27 Dec. 1811, d. 23 Dec. 1899, aged 87 years, and buried with her second husband, widow of Elijah Carty (Sr.), and daughter of Joseph Morehouse and Sarah Ann Tongue. (Her first husband was lost at sea in 1831, from the schooner Carolina, bound for St. John, New Brunswick, and is buried at the Church of the Nativity, Sandy Cove. Margaret (MacPhee) (Saunders) Saunders (who was wife successively of Murray Saunders and of Franklin Morrison Saunders) told Cheryl Andrews that Mary went down to the Bay, and brought his body back to Sandy Cove on the back of a horse. Also lost at sea was their son, Elijah Carty, Jr., who d. in 1852, aged 21 years.) Their original homestead was the house now belonging to Ronald Gedney. It was passed down from Holmes and Mary Saunders to their son Watson Saunders and his wife Jenny, then to Margaret (Saunders) McKay, then to Ronald Gedney. The 1871 Census of Sandy Cove lists him as a farmer, and a Baptist, of Scotch origin; also in their household was her mother, the widow Sarah Morehouse, aged 83 years. He is also enumerated in the 1881 census,[230] and his widow appears with most of their children in that of 1891. A newspaper article mentioning his death states:

On Tuesday morning last Mr. Holmes Saunders of Sandy Cove, started from his house to drive some cattle out of a field, and while there met his [wife’s?] nephew Ingram Saunders, with whom he conversed for a few moments after which they seperated, going in opposite directions. When but a short distance away, Ingram happened to turn partly around and look over his shoulder, and on doing so noticed that his uncle had fallen on his hands and knees, he approached and found him speechless, but still retaining between his teeth the pipe which he had been smoking. He was taken home and remedial efforts made which were of no avail, death probably ensuing immediately after the attack. Mr. Saunders was 79 years of age, and leaves a widow and two children who are grown up. His death was the result of disease of the heart.[231]
The Ingram Saunders (our no. 30) mentioned in this account was actually his grandnephew, though as the two men both married into the Morehouse family, they may have had an additional relationship through their wives. Issue:
  1. 26bElizabeth (“Betsy”) Saunders, b. 29 June 1840 (according to the 1901 census) at Sandy Cove.
  2. Caroline Saunders, b. 1842-43, d. 1854, aged 11 years, and buried with her parents.
  3. Watson Saunders, b. 13 Sept. 1845 (per 1901 census) at Sandy Cove, d. there 14 Sept. 1914, aged 69 years, and buried at Zion United Church, Sandy Cove. In his younger life he was a diver, mainly in the building of bridges. He worked on the Fall River Bridge in Massachusetts, where he met and married his wife. They returned to live at Sandy Cove, where he was a farmer and Justice of the Peace. They were living in his parents’ household in 1881, and in that of his widowed mother in 1891. He m. before 1879, Jenny B. Brittain, b. 1 May 1851 (per 1901 census), d. 1923, aged 73 years, and buried with her husband, daughter of John Brittain, of Fall River, Massachusetts, by the latter’s wife Jane MacBeth. He is called a farmer in the 1901 census. Three days before his death he conveyed this home to his daughter Margaret.[232] A death notice reads, in part: “Death has again entered our village and taken as its prey Mr. Watson Saunders, who passed peacefully away on Monday after an illness of about 5 weeks. Deceased was 69 years of age and leaves to mourn his loss a sorrowing widow and two daughters, Mrs. Frank Saunders and Margaret, both of Sandy Cove, besides a host of friends. He was a member of the Methodist church and will be much missed from the church in which he was always a faithful worker.“[233] Issue:
    1. Mary Christina Saunders, b. 23 July 1879 (per 1901 census) at Sandy Cove, d. there 17 July 1916 of hemorrhage, while giving birth to twin sons, and buried with her parents. She was living unmarried with her parents in 1901, but m. before 1904, her probable first cousin once removed, Franklin Morrison Saunders, q.v., son of Holmes Francis Saunders, and grandson of her great-grandfather’s brother Francis Saunders.
    2. Watson Saunders, Jr., b. in March 1881 according to the 1881 census; not listed under this name in the 1891 census, and possibly identical with James Saunders below.
    3. James Lemuel Saunders, said in the 1901 census to have been b. 16 March 1881 at Sandy Cove, thus possibly identical with Watson Saunders above; he d. (unmarried?) on 29 March 1904 at Waverly, Massachusetts, of pneumonia, his age being given as 24 years, and buried with his parents, his tombstone giving the same age at death. Probably by some mistake, he is not listed with his parents in the 1881 census.
    4. Margaret (“Maggie”) Lindsay Saunders, b. 15 May 1888 (according to the 1901 census) at Sandy Cove, d. 20 April 1979 at Underhill, Vermont.[234] She m. Capt. Walter McKay, b. in 1858 at Sandy Cove, d. there in 1937, aged 79 years, and buried in the Catholic cemetery, Digby, son of Edward Mckay.
  4. Adelaide Saunders, b. 1849-50, d. there (unmarried) 25 Dec. 1868, aged 18 years, and buried with her parents.
  5. Mary H. Saunders, b. about 1854, d. 23 May 1869 at Sandy Cove, of inflammation of the bowels, and buried with her parents; her tombstone gives her date of death as 1870 and her age as 16 years.

17.   Caroline7 Harris, daughter of Francis Harris and Rachel McDormand, was b. ca. 1808 (tombstone says 1808) in Digby Co., Nova Scotia, d. in 1878 in Elgin County, Ontario, and is buried with her husband in Otter Valley Cemetery, Bayham Tp. She m. ca. 1825, Henry Edison, b. ca. 1800 (tombstone says 1800) in Nova Scotia, d. in 1883 in Elgin Co., brother of her sister Mary Ann’s husband, son of Samuel Edison, of Bayham Tp., formerly of Caldwell, Essex Co., New Jersey, and of Digby Co., N.S., by the latter’s first wife, Nancy Simpson or Stimson,[235] and uncle of Thomas Alva Edison, the famous inventor.[236] They are found in the 1861 census of Bayham Tp., in which he is called a farmer and the family’s religion is given as Baptist.[237] The same information is given in the 1871 census of Bayham Tp.[238] The 1872 Elgin County gazetteer shows him as a farmer owning the north half of lot 18 in the 3rd concession of Bayham Tp., near the village of Vienna. In 1881 the widowed Henry Edison was living in Bayham Tp. in the household of his daughter Deborah (Edison) Blain.[239] Issue:[240]

  1. John Edison, b. ca. 1826 at Vienna aforesaid, of whom nothing further is known.
  2. Marcellus Edison, b. 26 Oct. 1826 at Vienna, d. 4 April 1908, Grand Forks, North Dakota, and buried with his wife in Bellview Cemetery, Larimore, Grand Forks Co. He m. 29 Dec. 1846 in Bayham Tp., by Methodist Episcopal rites,[241] his undoubted kinswoman, Elizabeth M. “McDermond,” b. probably about 1823-24 (aged 36 in 1860, 42 [!] in 1870, 50 [!!] in 1880), probably in Nova Scotia (per 1880 census) but possibly in Ontario (per 1860 census), d. by 1886 in Dodge Co., Minnesota, who was certainly of the same family as his maternal grandmother. It seems likely (although we have not entirely eliminated other possibilities) that she was an unidentified daughter either (a) of Thomas4 (Robert3, Robert2, William1) McDormand, probably by his first wife (and cousin), Elizabeth McDormand, or (b) of the latter’s younger brother, Elder William4 McDermand (as he consistently spelled the name), a Baptist lay-preacher, of Norfolk and Elgin counties, and his wife Jerusha Wells.[242] At the time of their marriage both parties were of Bayham Tp.; the witnesses were James “Medlers” and Mary Jane “McDermond.” James Medler’s presence can be readily explained as a somewhat younger first cousin of the groom’s mother; b. in 1822-23, he was a son of John Medler, of Bayham Tp., afterward of Sumner Tp., Gratiot Co., Michigan,[243] by the latter’s wife Charlotte, daughter of James3 (Robert2, William1) McDormand.[244] Mary Jane “McDermond,” presumably representing the bride’s family, seems likely to have been Mary Jane McDermand, b. 1826, daughter of William McDermand and Jerusha Wells. Marcellus and Elizabeth Edison are found in Milton Tp., Dodge Co., Minnesota in the censuses of 1860, which calls him a farmer and gives his postal address as Mantorville.[245] The 1870 census also calls him a farmer and gives his postal address as Mantorville, and lists the value of his land as $11,000, or possibly $17,000.[246] In the 1880 census of the town of Mantorville he is called a farmer, and his and his wife’s ages are given very inaccurately.[247] Elizabeth possessed a miraculous talent for aging only about 7 years per census decade. We have not yet found Marcellus in the censuses of 1890 or 1900. Marcellus Edison and his wife had nine children.
  3. Stephen H. Edison, b. in March 1835 at Vienna, living 21 April 1910. He m. before 1859 (the latest possible birthdate of their eldest child), Polly M. ____, b. in Feb. 1835 in New York, of parents both born there (1880 and 1900 censuses), d. 9 March 1907 in Dane Co., Wisconsin.[248] They are found in the 1860 census of Eau Claire Tp., Eau Claire Co., Wisconsin, in which he is called a farmer.[249] They are found in Bristol Tp., Dane Co., Wisconsin, in the census of 1870, which calls him a farmer with property worth $7000, and gives his postal address as Columbus.[250] In 1880 he is again called a farmer.[251] In 1900 he was living at Madison, Dane Co., and was a retired farmer; the census gives the year of his entry into the states as 1852 (which seems unlikely.[252] In 1910 the widowed Stephen Edison was still the head of his own household, and two of his children were living with him.[253] Stephen Edison and his wife had at least four children (per 1870 and 1880 censuses).
  4. William H. Edison, b. 23 May 1836 at Vienna, d. 16 Dec. 1903 in Milton Tp., Dodge County, Minnesota, of chronic Bright’s Disease, and buried with his wife in Evergreen Cemetery, Mantorville, Dodge Co., Minnesota. He m. 31 Dec. 1861, Mariam C. Cramond, b. in July 1837 in New York, of parents both born there (per 1880 census), d. 15 Dec. 1930 at Kasson, Mantorville Tp., Dodge Co. They are found in Milton Tp., Dodge Co. in the census of 1870, which calls him a farmer, and gives the value of his real estate as $3000 and his postal address as Mantorville.[254] They are also found in Milton Tp. in the 1880 census, which again calls him a farmer.[255] According to Rob McDormand they are also found there in 1890, and the widowed Mariam in the 1920 and 1930. They had six children.
  5. Thomas Edison, b. in March 1838 at Vienna, d. 9 July 1900 at Larimore, Grand Forks County, North Dakota, and buried there in Bellview Cemetery. He m. (as her first husband) ca. 1890, his first cousin once removed, Sarah C. Moore, b. 7 Feb. 1867 in Bayham Tp., daughter of Albert Moore and Sarah Jeannette McCurdy (below). They had two children. Sarah m. secondly, Jamison Larimore, and according to Rob McDormand she and her children are found with him in the 1910 census of Larimore, Grand Forks Co.
  6. Charles Edison, farmer, b. in May 1840 at Vienna, Pine Island Cemetery, d. 21 Feb. 1929 in Pine Island Tp., Goodhue Co., Minnesota,[256] and buried there. He m. Melissa ____, b. in Feb. 1848 in New York, d. 29 Aug. 1904 at Pine Island. The name of a “C. Edison” appears in on a map of Pine Island Tp. published in 1877.[257] He is found at Pine Island in the censuses of 1880,[258] 1890, 1910,[259] and 1920.[260] In 1910 he was living as a boarder in a household of unrelated persons, and in 1920 he was living with his son Leon C. Edison; the latter census seems to show the year of his entry into the U.S. as 1865. He and his wife had two children.
  7. George Edison, b. ca. 1842 at Vienna, d. by 1881.
  8. Rachel Edison, b. ca. 1846 at Vienna, d. there in 1911, and buried with her husband in Otter Valley Cemetery, Bayham Tp. She m. 11 June 1865 in Bayham Tp.,[261] George Blain, b. ca. 1843-45 (aged 21 at their marriage) at Toronto, Ontario (per marriage record), d. in 1912, at Vienna, son of Isaac and Elizabeth Blain. Their marriage record supplies the names of both of their parents, although not the maiden surnames of the mothers. Between 1867 and 1871 they went to Missouri, and are found there in the 1880 census of Louisiana Tp., Pike Co., in which he is called a grocer.[262] They had two children.
  9. Deborah Ann Edison, b. 2 Aug. 1852 (per 1901 census) or 1853 (per tombstone) at Vienna, d. in 1928, and buried with her husband in Otter Valley Cemetery, Bayham Tp. She was still living unmarried with her parents at the taking of the 1871 census. She m. probably by the end of 1871, Thomas Blain, b. 18 Aug. 1848 (per the 1901 census; tombstone agrees as to the year), d. in 1932, probably a brother of George Blain above, as their names appear on the same side of the Blain obelisk in Otter Valley Cemetery. Her husband, then single, is found in Bayham Tp. in the 1871 census, in which he is called a farmer, and a Baptist.[263] They are also found there in the 1881 census, her father Henry Edison being then a member of their household,[264] and in the 1901 census.[265] They had two children.

18.   Mary Ann7 Harris, daughter of Francis Harris and Rachel McDormand, was b. 1812-13 in Digby Co., Nova Scotia, d. 15 Jan. 1901 at Vienna, aged 88 years, and is buried there with her husband in St. Luke’s Cemetery, concession 3, lot 16 of Bayham Tp. She (as his second wife) m. 20 April 1831 in Bayham Tp., by a Justice of the Peace,[266] Thomas Edison, b. 1797-98, presumably in Digby Co., N.S., d. 31 Aug. 1866 or 1867 at Vienna, aged 69 years, widower of Deborah Ann ____ (by whom he had had two children), brother of her sister Caroline’s husband, son of Samuel Edison, of Bayham Tp., formerly of Digby Co., N.S., by the latter’s first wife, Nancy Simpson or Stimson, and uncle of Thomas Alva Edison, the famous inventor.[267] The witnesses to their marriage were Samuel Guernsey [?] and Sarah Harris (presumably the bride’s sister). The will of Thomas Edison, of Vienna, merchant, appointing his wife executrix, was proved 31 Aug. 1866, according to a published index.[268] However, a published transcription of the memorials in St. Luke’s Cemetery gives date of his death as 31 Aug. 1867. We are unable to resolve the discrepancy with the materials at hand. Issue (all daughters):[269]

  1. Deborah Ann Edison, b. 1831-32 in Elgin County, Ontario, d. 19 Feb. 1852, aged 20 years, in Elgin County, and buried in St. Luke’s Anglican Cemetery, Bayham Tp. Her tombstone calls her “Deborah Ann, wife of John Smith and daughter of Thomas Edison Esq.” She m. 2 Oct. 1849 by Wesleyan Methodist rites,[270] John Smith. At the time of their marriage both parties were of Bayham Tp.; the witnesses were William Elsworth and Thomas Edison (presumably her brother-in-law). It is not known whether they had issue.
  2. Rachel Edison, b. about 1833 (aged 48 in 1881) in Bayham Tp., d. 10 May 1913 at Pipe Creek, Lincoln Co., Montana. She m. 21 July 1858 at St. Thomas, Elgin County,[271] the Rev. William Doak, a Presbyterian clergyman, b. 22 Feb. 1822 at Doaktown, Blissfield Parish, Northumberland Co., New Brunswick, d. 25 Nov. 1887 at Sarnia, Lambton Co., Ontario, son of Robert Doak, formerly of Ochiltree, Ayrshire, Scotland, founder of Doaktown aforesaid, by the latter’s wife Jane or Jean Kirkland. The Rev. William Doak, “Licentiate of the Church of Scotland,” was called to the Presbytery of London, Ontario, in August of 1854,[272] and is listed as the minister of the Free Church, Port Stanley, Elgin Co., in a directory published in 1857.[273] In their marriage record, the record of which names both sets of parents without however supplying the maiden surnames of the mothers, the groom is identified as the Rev. William Doak, of Port Stanley, and the bride’s residence is given as Vienna. The minister and his wife are found in the 1871 census of Warwick Tp., Lambton Co.,[274] and in the 1881 census of Sarnia, Lambton Co.[275] They had two children.
  3. Eliza J. Edison, b. 1835-36 (aged 25 in 1861) in Elgin County, Ontario, living ____. She m. 11 Dec. 1861 in Elgin County,[276] Richard P. White, b. 1827-28 (aged 33 at his marriage) in Quebec, son of John White and Jane McCallum. At the time of their marriage, the record of which names both sets of parents, both parties were of Vienna. We have not located them in the LDS index to the 1881 census of Ontario.
  4. Martha Edison, b. 1837-38 (aged 23 in 1861) in Elgin County, Ontario, d. 28 Oct. 1896 at Minneapolis, Hennepin Co., Minnesota. She m. 12 March 1862 at Vienna,[277] William McIntosh, b. 1833-34 (aged 28 at their marriage) in Nova Scotia, son of Gilbert McIntosh and Mary McDonald. At the time of their marriage, the record of which names both sets of parents, the groom was of St. Marys and the bride of Vienna. We have not located them in the LDS index to the 1881 census of Ontario.
  5. Mary Edison, b. ca. 1840 in Elgin County, apparently d. young.
  6. Sarah Edison, b. 20 Jan. 1843 at Vienna, d. 17 Nov. 1923 at Toronto, Ontario. She m. 26 May 1875 at Watford, Warwick Tp., Lambton Co., Ontario,[278] the Rev. John Abraham, b. 21 Feb. 1843 at Jarvis, Ontario, d. 20 Nov. 1926 at Toronto, son of Joseph Abraham and Rachael Craig. At the time of their marriage, the record of which names both sets of parents, the groom was described as a clergyman, and both parties were of Watford; the witnesses were William Doak, of Watford, and William H. Murray, of Strathroy. The Rev. John Abraham and his wife appear in the 1881 census of Whitby, Ontario Co., Ontario, in which he is called a Presbyterian clergyman.[279] They had one child.
  7. Frances Caroline Edison, b. ca. 1848 (aged 14 years in 1861; aged 23 at her marriage) at Vienna, living 1881 and possibly 1901. She m. 19 Dec. 1872 at Vienna,[280] Edward Mooney Bigg, b. 15 Oct. 1849 at Belleville, Hastings Co., Ontario, living 1901, son of William R. and Eliza A. (____) Bigg. Their marriage record names both sets of parents without however supplying the maiden surnames of the mothers. They are found in the 1881 census of Park Hill, Middlesex Co., Ontario, in which he is apparently called a school-teacher, and in which the stated age of 29 years for her is surely an understatement.[281] He is found in the 1901 census of Vienna Tp., Elgin Co., which refers to him as married but does not list his wife in his household. They had one child.
  8. Ann Edison, b. about 21/22 Oct. 1850 at Vienna, d. there 8 March 1852, aged 1 year, 4 months, 17 days, and buried in the family plot in St. Luke’s Anglican Cemetery, Bayham Tp.

19.   Sarah7 Harris, daughter of Francis Harris and Rachel McDormand, was b. 9 May 1814 in Digby Co., Nova Scotia, d. 25 Feb. 1854 in Elgin County, Ontario, “aged 39 years, 9 months, 16 days,” and is buried with her in Estherville Cemetery, Elgin Co. She m. 19 Dec. 1832 in Bayham Tp., by the Baptist minister of Bayham,[282] Richard McCurdy, b. 21 May 1806 at Surry, Cheshire County, New Hampshire, d. 14 July 1888 in Bayham Tp., “aged 82 years, 1 month, 22 days,” and buried with his wife, son of John McCurdy and Sarah Watts.[283] The witnesses to their marriage were Thomas Edison (presumbly the bride’s brother-in-law) and John Anderson. Richard McCurdy owned the entire 100 acres of lot 23 in the 2nd concession of Bayham Tp., near the village of Vienna, and he was enumerated there in the censuses of 1861 (in which he is called a mill owner and farmer)[284] and 1871 (in which he is called a farmer).[285] A directory published in 1877 calls him a farmer and lumberman, notes his birth in the United States, and states that he settled in Elgin County in 1830.[286] Sarah’s early death, when her youngest child was not yet two years old, resulted in her daughters being placed in a boarding school, where they are found in 1861.[287] Issue:[288]

  1. John Wheelock McCurdy, b. 4 Nov. 1833 in Bayham Tp., d. 13 May 1837, and buried with his parents in Estherville Cemetery.
  2. Samuel Densmore McCurdy, b. 10 May 1836 (per 1901 census) in Bayham Tp., d. there 5 May 1905, “aged 58 years, 11 months, 26 days,” and buried with his wife in the Otter Valley Cemetery, Bayham Tp. He was still living with his widowed father in 1861, when he is called a farmer in the census. He is said to have m. 5 Jan. 1868 in Norfolk County, Ontario, Elizabeth (“Elsie”) Ann Stilwell, b. 15 Aug. 1843 (per 1901 census) in Middleton Tp., Norfolk Co., Ontario, d. 18 Feb. 1924 in Bayham Township. They are found in Bayham Tp. in the 1871 census, in which he is called a farmer and the family’s religion given as Baptist,[289] and in the 1901 census.[290] They had eight children, their son Holland Harris McCurdy being the grandfather of Ross W. McCurdy.
  3. William Watts H. McCurdy, b. in April 1838 in Bayham Tp., d. 22 June 1900 at Fresno, California. He m. (1) 1 May 1865 in Marion Co., Indiana,[291] Amelia Geisendorf, said to have been b. ca. 1842 in Bayham Tp., and to have d. ca. 1875 at Indianapolis, Marion Co., Indiana. He m. (2) 18 Nov. 1890 in Wayne Co., Indiana,[292] Clara J. Howells, b. ca. 1853 at Indianapolis. We have not located William Watts McCurdy in any census record. He had one child by his first wife.
  4. Stephen Hamilton McCurdy, b. 4 April 1840 in Bayham Tp., d. 4 March 1843, and buried with his parents in Estherville Cemetery.
  5. James Madison McCurdy, b. 30 April 1842 in Bayham Tp., d. 3 March 1843, and buried with his parents in Estherville Cemetery.
  6. Sarah Jeanette McCurdy, b. ca. 1844 in Bayham Tp., d. 10 Feb. 1908 in Elgin County, Ontario. As noted above, she and her two sisters are found in a boarding school in 1861. She m. 8 Jan. 1864 at Port Burwell, Bayham Tp.,[293] Albert Moore, b. 27 May 1842 in Elgin County, d. there 25 March 1881, son of Andrew and Deborah Moore. He was a cabinet-maker. At the time of their marriage, the record of which names both sets of parents, the groom was of Aylmer and the bride of Bayham Tp. They had four children.
  7. Mary Ann McCurdy, b. 21 Aug. 1845 in Bayham Tp., living 1877, but not found in the LDS index to the 1881 census. As noted above, she and her two sisters are found in a boarding school in 1861. She m. 30 June 1867 in Bayham Tp., Richard Nevills, b. 25 Dec. 1837 in Thorold Tp., Lincoln Co., Ontario, d. by 1881, son of Thomas J. Nevills, of Bayham Tp, by the latter’s wife Mary.[294] At the time of their marriage, the record of which names both sets of parents, the groom was of Aylmer and the bride of Middleton Tp. They are found in the 1871 census of Bayham Tp., in which he is called a farmer and the family’s religion is given as Wesleyan Methodist.[295] They had four children.
  8. Eliza Jane McCurdy, b. ca. 1848 in Bayham Tp., d. 13 Nov. 1912 at Vienna. As noted above, she and her two sisters are found in a boarding school in 1861. She m. ca. 1868, Lexy Lewis Hutchinson, b. 12 April 1841 in Elgin County, d. 13 Nov. 1912 at Vienna, son of James Hutchinson, of Bayham. Lexy Lewis Hutchinson is mentioned as a brother in the will of Jane Dexter of Port Burwell, dated 1 Jan. 1860, which names the testator’s father as “James Hutchinson of Bayham, deceased.”[296] Lexy and Eliza appear in the 1881 census, in which he is called farmer, and the family’s religion is given as Baptist.[297] They had one child.
  9. Francis McCurdy, b. 2 March 1849 in Bayham Tp., d. 12 Jan. 1911 at Vienna of heart failure, and buried in Otter Valley Cemetery, Bayham Tp. He is found with his widowed father in the 1861 census. He m. in September 1870 at Topeka, Shawnee Co., Kansas, his second cousin once removed, Hannah S. McDormand (or McDermond), b. 5/7 May 1842, probably in Nova Scotia,[298] bapt. (much later) 3 April 1859 in Port Burwell Baptist Church, Elgin County, Ontario, d. ca. 1922 at Vienna, and buried at Otter Creek Tp., Greenwood Co., Kansas, daughter of Deacon Thomas4 (Robert3, Robert2, William1) McDormand (or McDermond), of Port Burwell, Elgin Co., by his second wife Margaret Quigley Snow.[299] She was a school-teacher at Topeka, Kansas, prior to her marriage. They are found in Bayham Tp. in the 1871 census, in which he is called a farmer and the family’ religion is given as Baptist.[300] They are also found there in the 1901 census, in which he is enumerated next to his elder brother Densmore.[301] They had seven children.
  10. Hiram Fellows McCurdy, b. 5 Oct. 1852 in Bayham Tp., d. there 20 Dec. 1854, and buried in Estherville Cemetery.


Fourth Canadian Generation

20. Harris8 Carty, of Sandy Cove, son of Silas Carty, of the same place, by the latter’s wife Catharine Harris — despite the inexplicable statement in our subject’s marriage record that he was a son of “Silas and Remy” Carty — was b. probably in 1819 (aged 54 in 1874, 62 in 1881) at Sandy Cove, d. in 1900, before 13 Nov., aged 81 years (no death record found), and was buried at Zion United Church, Sandy Cove, with his wife. He m. 18 June 1874 at Sandy Cove, according to Baptist rites, by licence,[302] Almira/Elmira Raymond, b. 1825-26 (aged 48 at her marriage), d. in 1900 (her stated age at death of 88 years being wildly exaggerated), daughter of Daniel Raymond, farmer, by the latter’s wife Sarah ____. He is found, as Harris “Cartey,” in the 1871 census of Sandy Cove, in which he is called a farmer, and a Methodist, of Irish origin, but his marital status is unstated; in his household are his niece Alice Carty, aged 12, and presumed nephew Sumner Carty, aged 18, the girl being certainly, and the boy probably, a child of his younger brother, Wellington Carty. His marriage record calls him a bachelor, gives his place of birth as Sandy Cove, both their places of residence as Digby Neck, and names both sets of parents, without however supplying the maiden surnames of the mothers, and giving the name of the groom’s mother erroneously. He is also called a farmer, of Sandy Cove, in the 1876 birth record of his son Thomas. He and his wife are enumerated near his father in the 1881 census, the only other member of their household being their son Thomas, aged 4.[303] They also appear in the 1891 census, at which time the only other member of their household was their son Thomas. Administration of his estate was granted 13 Nov. 1900 in Digby Co., but we have not checked the original record.[304] Only known child:

  1. 27Thomas Dinestead Carty, b. 4 June 1876 at Sandy Cove.

21. Wellington Carty, of Sandy Cove, son of Silas Carty, of the same place, by the latter’s wife Catharine Harris, was b. 1823-24 (aged 47 in 1871) in Nova Scotia, and d. 1881-91 (no death registration found). He m. (1) before 1850, Lucy [Westcott?], who d. in 1856-64 (but was still alive about 1859 if she was indeed the mother of Alice Carty). He (2) (as her second husband) in 1864 at Sandy Cove,[305] Hannah F. (Ward) Mail or Vail, b. 1820-21 (aged 40 in 1871) in Nova Scotia, d. 30 May 1916, and buried at Little River Baptist Church, widow of ____ Mail or Vail, and presumably daughter of the widow Hannah (____) Ward, aged 78 years, who is found with them in the 1871 census. Wellington Carty is called a carpenter in the birth records of his children Sandford (1864), Margaret (1870), and Handford (1875), and in the marriage record of his daughter Esther (1876), and a mechanic in the birth record of his son George (1866). In the 1864 birth record of his son Sandford he is said to be of Digby Neck, but in the 1866 birth record of his son George he is said to be of Sandy Cove. In the 1871 census of Sandy Cove he is called a house joiner, and a Baptist, of Irish origin. In the 1875 birth record of his son Handford he is said to be of Little River. In 1881, his daughter Alice Carty and presumed son Sumner Carty were members of his household, although the relationship is not specified.[306] His wife appears as a widow in the 1891 census of Sandy Cove, but she hs not been found in that of 1901. The Nelson Dakin Property on Sandy Cove Road, Sandy Cove is said to have been “built by Wellington Carty (Great-Uncle of Ellsworth Carty) … for himself or for Capt. George Nelson Dakin. The oldest deed found was from Wellington Carty to George Nelson Dakin in 1870; ½ acre for $700…. Wellington moved to Little River shortly after the sale. The A.F. Church map (1864) shows a W. Carty and an S. Carty living next to each other in this area.”[307] “Willington [sic] Carty” was one of the signers of the 1875 petition to restore Israel Blackford as ferryman “on the East Side of Petit Passage,” this Blackford having lost the position when a ferryman was appointed on the other side, “to our great inconvience as we have frequently had to wait for an hour on the shore for the ferryman to come from the west side.”[308] Known issue:

(by first wife:)

  1. Silas Carty, “son of Wellington & Lucy,” b. 1849-50, d. 1862, aged 12 years, and buried with his paternal grandparents in Sandy Cove Baptist churchyard.
  2. (probably) Sumner Carty, b. 1852-53 (aged 18 in 1871, 26 in 1881), living with his presumed uncle Harris Carty in 1871, but with Wellington Carty in 1881, when he was a seaman. He was no longer in Wellington Carty’s household in 1891, and has not been found in Automated Genealogy’s index to the 1901 census of Nova Scotia.
  3. 28Esther Carty, b. 9 Oct. 1855 at Sandy Cove.
  4. Alice M.M. Carty,[309] b. about 1859 (aged 12 in 1871, 23 in 1881) at Sandy Cove (according to her marriage record), living with her uncle Harris Carty in 1871, but with her father in 1881. She was no longer in either household in 1891, which is explained by her intervening marriage. Alice Carty m. 10 June 1888 in Rossway Methodist Church, Digby Co.,[310] her probable kinsman, Botsford Viets Beyea, b. around 1855 (aged 29 at his marriage, aged 65 in 1918) at Sandy Cove, d. in 1918, allegedly aged 65 years, and buried with his parents at the Church of the Nativity, Sandy Cove, son of Burkett/Burkitt Beyea and Catherine Carty.[311] Their marriage record gives both their places of residence as Sandy Cove, and names both sets of parents. They are found in the household of his parents in the census of 1891, at which time they did not yet have any surviving children. They are found in their own household in 1901, when again they had no surviving children. As noted by Morton Saunders, she appears in a group photograph taken at a tea party at the home of Mrs. William Saunders, about 1904, which is reproduced in Mary Kate Bull’s Sandy Cove, p. 103. Only known child:
    1. Rita May Beyea, b. 1882-83, d. 1891, aged 8 years (from tombstone; no death registration found), and buried with her father.

    (by second wife:)

  5. Sandford Carty, b. 30 Oct 1864 at Digby Neck,[312] living with his parents in 1881 (when his name is given as Sanford), but not living with his mother in 1891. He has not been found in Automated Genealogy’s index to the 1901 census of Nova Scotia.
  6. George R. Carty, b. 4 Oct. 1866 at Sandy Cove, still living with his parents in 1881. He m. (as her second husband) 27 April 1890 in Little River Baptist Church, the much older Isabel M. (____) Adlington [or Addington?], b. 1851-52 (aged 38 at their marriage) at Little River, widow of ____ Adlington, and daughter of George … (illegible). His marriage record calls him a farmer, and names his parents and his wife’s father. He has not been found in Automated Genealogy’s index to the 1901 census of Nova Scotia.
  7. Margaret H. Carty, b. 19 Nov. 1870 at Little River, not found with her parents in the 1871 census, but she was living at Sandy Cove with her widowed mother in 1891. None of the women named Margaret in the 1901 census of Sandy Cove match her in age.
  8. Meronia/Minerva (?) Carty, b. 2 Oct. 1872 at Little River,[313] called “Meronia” in the birth record but Man… (illegible) in the 1881 census,[314] and Minerva (?) in the 1891 census. None of the women with names similar to this in the 1901 census of Sandy Cove match her in age.
  9. Handford Carty, b. 30 March 1875;[315] called “Hanfred D. Carty” in the birth record but Hantford in the 1881 and Hartford (?) in the 1891 census. He has not been found in Automated Genealogy’s index to the 1901 census of Nova Scotia. He was likely the Hanford D. Carty, aged 44 (thus born 1875-76), born in Canada, house-carpenter, who is with a Nova-Scotia-born wife and two children in the 1920 census of Boston, Massachusetts; his date of immigration is given as 1899 and hers as 1900.[316] His date of arrival is confirmed by the presence of the name of Hanford Carty, aged 25, born in and resident in Nova Scotia, in a list of passengers arriving at Boston on 30 Nov. 1899.[317]
  10. Charles Carty, b. 1878-79 (aged 2 in 1881, 12 in 1891). He has not been found in Automated Genealogy’s index to the 1901 census of Nova Scotia.

22. Sandel Elias8 Harris, of Sandy Cove, Digby Co., Nova Scotia, son of Francis Harris, of Sandy Cove, by the latter’s wife Ruhamah Trask, was b. ca. 1842-43 (aged 28 in 1871) at Sandy Cove (per the death record of his son Layton), and was dead by 1901, when his wife is called a widow in the census. He m. 13 Oct. 1868, Mary Ann Raymond, b. 14 March 1849 (per 1901 census) at Mink Cove (per the death record of her son Layton), living 1901, daughter of Asa George Raymond, of Mink Cove, N.S., by the latter’s wife Elizabeth Leonise Theriault.[318] They are found in his father’s houshold in 1871, and in 1881 they were enumerated very close to him (possibly next door) but in a separate household. In 1871 he and his family are recorded as Baptists. In 1881 he was a Methodist but the rest of his family were Baptists.[319] His widow is enumerated with five children at Sandy Cove in 1901.[320] Known issue (birth dates from civil vital records):[321]

  1. Henry (“Harry”) D. Harris, b. 6 Sept. 1869 (per 1901 census) at Sandy Cove, d. 18 Oct. 1936 at Grand Manan, New Brunswick. He was still living unmarried with his mother in 1901, when he is called a fisherman. According to Sandy Wilbur he m. (1) in Aug. 1904 at Grand Manan, Blanche Guthrie, b. 1885 at Grand Manan, d. there 20 Dec. 1922; and (2) after 1922, Fannie Ramsdell, and had by the first wife three children:
    1. Rexford Harris, b. 1911 at Grand Manan, d. there 14 Jan. 1969; m. Lila Leola Greene, b. 23 Jan. 1931 at Grand Manan, d. there in 1998.
    2. John Harris, b. 18 Dec. 1913 at Grand Manan, d. there 11 April 1980. He m. Hazel Munroe, b. 23 Nov. 1923 at Dartmouth, N.S. Issue:
      1. George Harris, b. 28 Dec. 1944 at Grand Manan; m. (1) Shirley Tucker; m. (2) Susan Wilson.
      2. Stephen Harris, b. 30 April 1946; m. (1) Margaret Harvey; m. (2) Nancy Mahar.
      3. Douglas Harris, b. 18 May 1948; m. Diane Glenhorn.
      4. Raymond Harris, b. 9 Aug. 1950; m. (1) Dale ____; m. (2) Frances ____.
      5. Linda Harris, b. 31 Aug. 1951; m. Terrance Ingalls.
      6. Brian Harris, b. 31 July 1954; m. Mary Nell Locke.
    3. Rebecca Harris, b. 1914 at Grand Manan; m. Roscoe Leavitt. Issue:
      1. Mariner Leavitt.
      2. Royce Leavitt.
  2. Florence Lee Harris, b. 25 Nov. 1871 at Sandy Cove, d. (unmarried?) Aug. 1936 at Karsdale, Anna Co., Nova Scotia.
  3. Sandel Harris, Jr., b. 12 May 1873 (per 1901 census) at Sandy Cove,[322] He was still living unmarried with his mother in 1901, when he is called a fisherman. According to Sandy Wilbur he m. Mary E. Speight, but we have found no marriage registration. He d. 6 Jan. 1936 at Sandy Cove, aged 61 years, of heart disease, and buried there two days later.[323] The death record, which specifically calls him son of Sandal Harris and Mary Ann Raymond, gives his name as Sandford Harris, states the date of his birth as May 1874, and his occupation as fisherman; the informant was Douglas Harris, of Sandy Cove, his son.
  4. Adam Layton Harris, b. 11 Jan. 1875 at Sandy Cove,[324] d. there 26 March 1943, in a diabetic coma, aged over 68 years.[325] He was still living unmarried with his mother in 1901, in the census of which year his name is given as Layton. His death registration calls him Layton Adams Harris, farmer; the informant was Mrs. Jennie Harris, of Mink Cove, niece. He m. Ethel ____, who is mentioned in his death record.
  5. Frank John Harris (called John in the 1881 census), b. 25 June 1877 (per 1901 census; no birth registration found) at Sandy Cove, d. 1926 in Massachusetts. He was still living unmarried with his mother in 1901, when he is called a fisherman.
  6. James E. Harris, b. 1 April 1888 (per 1901 census), living 1901.

23. Caroline8 Harris, daughter of Charles Harris, of Sandy Cove, by his wife Abigail ____, was b. about 1834 (aged 37 in 1871, 46 in 1881, 56 in 1891) in Nova Scotia, still alive in 1901. She m. probably in late 1856 at Sandy Cove,[326] John William Outhouse, b. 1832-33 (aged 38 in 1871, 48 in 1881, 57 in 1891), d. 1891-1901. He is called a master mariner in the birth record of their daughter Edith (1867), a mariner in that of their son Frederick (1869), and a seaman in that of their daughter Waita (1872); all three records give the parents’ place of residence as Petite Passage, and supply the mother’s maiden surname. A John B. Outhouse was one of the signers of the 1875 petition, mentioned above, to restore Israel Blackford as ferryman on the East Side of Petit Passage, Digby Co. The name Outhouse was very common there, and he was perhaps a son of the widower Simon Outhouse, aged 73, who is found in an adjacent household. John and Caroline Outhouse are enumerated in the 1871 census of Petite Passage, in which he is called a fisherman, and the family’s religion is given as Baptist. They had however moved to Tiverton, Digby Co., by 1881, when the census again calls John Outhouse a fisherman, and gives the family’s religion as Baptist.[327] They are also listed in the 1891 census when her widowed mother was a member of their household. Between 1891 the family removed to Tiverton, Digby Co., where Caroline appears as a widow in the household of her son Frederick in 1901.[328] The name Outhouse was also common at Tiverton; in 1901 persons of this name constituted 152 of the 542 persons in the town (fully 28% of the population). Known issue:

  1. Handley Outhouse, b. 12 June 1860 (per the 1901 census) at Tiverton, d. 13 Feb. 1920 at Tiverton.[329] He was still living unmarried with his parents in 1881. He m. 1885,[330] Alice F. Merry, b. 14 May 1865 (per the 1901 census) at Mink Cove, d. before 13 Feb. 1920 (as her husband is described as a widower in his death record), daughter of Rihcard Merry, a mechanic, by the latter’s wife Mary ____. At the time of their marriage, the record of which names both sets of parents without however supplying the maiden surnames of the mothers, he was a fisherman, of Tiverton, and the bride was of Mink Cove. They are found in the 1901 census of Tiverton, Digby Co.[331] Known issue:
    1. Dimmock Delong Outhouse, b. 2 Feb. 1887 at Tiverton. He m. 24 Jan. 1917 at Annapolis, Annapolis Co., N.S., according to Baptist rites, by licence,[332] Addie Nera Johnson, b. 1884-85 (aged 32 at their marriage), daughter of Edgar Johnson, farmer, by the latter’s wife Carrie ____. At the time of their marriage the groom was of Halifax, a Baptist in religion, and his occupation seems to read “soldier,” while the bride was also a Baptist, and her place of residence is illegible in the record.
    2. Robert Outhouse, b. 14 Sept. 1888.
    3. Clarence Outhouse, b. 1 May 1890 at Tiverton. He m. 27 March 1925 at Freeport, Digby Co.,[333] Dorothy Allbright, b. 1897-98 (aged 27 at the time of their marriage), daughter of Berton Allbright, by the latter’s wife Hattie (?) McNeil. At the time of their marriage the groom was of Freeport, a fisherman and Baptist in religion, while the bride, a housekeeper, was also of Freeport.
    4. Ellwood Outhouse, b. 15 Oct. 1891.
  2. Elizabeth Outhouse, b. 1861-62 (aged 9 in 1871), living with her parents in 1871 but not in 1871.
  3. Henry Outhouse, b. 9 June 1863 (per the 1901 census). He was living unmarried with his parents in 1881, but is not found in their household in 1891. He m. before 1891, Annie L. ____, b. 17 March 1863 (per 1901 census). They are found in the 1901 census of Tiverton, in which he is called fisherman, and the family’s religion given as Baptist.[334] Known issue:
    1. Neil B. Outhouse, b. 17 April 1891.
    2. Edith B. Outhouse, b. 4 July 1894 at Tiverton, N.S. She m. 23 Oct. 1913 at Freeport, Digby Co., by licence,[335] her presumable kinsman, Atwood Outhouse, b. 1883-84 (aged 29 at their marriage) at Tiverton, N.S., son of Danforth Outhouse, fisherman, by the latter’s wife Irene (?). At the time of the marriage, the record of which names both sets of parents without however supplying the maiden surnames of the mothers, the groom was of Tiverton, was a fisherman, and gave his religion only as “Christian,” while the bride was also of Tiverton, and a Baptist.
  4. Edith Outhouse, b. 23 Jan. 1867 at Petite Passage, Digby Co.,[336] living with her parents in 1881 but not in 1891.
  5. Frederick Outhouse, b. 1 June 1869 at Petite Passage, living 1901. He was still living unmarried with his parents in 1891. He m. by 1894, Philida ____, who d. by 1901. The widowed Fred Outhouse was living at Tiverton in 1901, when his household included his widowed mother and one child.[337] In the 1915 marriage record of his daughter Viva he is called a barber.
    1. Viva Luella Outhouse, b. in July 1894 (per the 1901 census) at Tiverton. She m. 1 Feb 1915 at Freeport, Digby Co., according to Baptist rites, by licence,[338] Ralph Burk Eaton, b. 1883-84 (aged 31 at their marriage) at Freeport, son of James Eaton, a schoolmaster, by the latter’s wife Ianthe ____. At the time of their marriage, the record of which names both sets of parents without however supplying the maiden surnames of the mothers, the groom was of Freeport, an engineer, and Baptist in religion, while the bride was of Tiverton, and likewise a Baptist.
  6. Waita/Vaita Outhouse, b. 11 (per her birth record) or 28 (per the 1901 census) Feb. 1872 at Petite Passage, still living unmarried with her parents in 1891. She is called Waita in her birth record by Vaita in the 1881 census, Waitie in her marriage record, and Waite (or perhaps Waitie) in the 1901 census. She m. 20 Nov. 1894 at Tiverton, according to the rites of the Disciples of Christ, by licence,[339] Frank Ruggles, b. 9 July 1865 at Tiverton, son of John Ruggles and Lalia (?) ____. At the time of their marriage both parties were of Tiverton; the groom’s occupation is illegible in the copy of the record before us. She and her husband were enumerated next door to her older brother Frederick Outhouse in the 1901 census of Tiverton.[340] In the 1913 birth record of their daughter Laliah he is called a lighthouse-keeper. Known issue:
    1. Laliah/Leliah Burpee Ruggles, b. 17 May 1895. As Laliah Burpee Ruggles she m. 24 Sept. 1913 at Freeport, according to Baptist rites, by licence,[341] Reginald Guy Farnsworth, b. 1887-88 (aged 25 at their marriage) at Tiverton, son of George Farnsworth (the mother’s name not being stated in the marriage register). At the time of their marriage both parties were of Tiverton; the groom was a fisherman.
    2. Gertrude H. Ruggles, b. 3 March 1901. She m. 14 Sept. 1927 at Tiverton, by licence,[342] Gordon B. Cosaboom, b. at Smith’s Cove, son of William Minor Cosaboom by the latter’s wife Clara Beatrice Soulis. At the time of their marriage, the record of which supplies the full names of both sets of parents, the groom was an electrician, of Smith’s Cove, and a Baptist in religion, while the bride was a school-teacher, of Digby.
  7. Cora Outhouse, b. 13 July 1874 at Tiverton,[343] living 1891. She m. 11 July 1892 at Tiverton, according to the rites of the Disciples of Christ,[344] Byron Blackford, b. 1872-72 (aged 20 at his marriage) at Tiverton, son of Henry A. Blackford, a ferryman. At the time of their marriage both parties were of Tiverton, and the groom was a ferryman, like his father.
  8. John Outhouse, Jr., b. 1877-78 (aged 3 in 1881), living 1891. He has not been found in the 1901 census of Tiverton.

24. Lorenzo8 Saunders, of Sandy Cove, mariner and farmer, son of William Saunders and Ruth ____, is said to have been b. 1842, and d. 20 May 1880 at Sandy Cove. For many years we listed him as a child of his father’s younger brother, Francis Saunders (no. 16) and the latter’s wife Ann (or Amasa) Merrit. However, in 2013 Marion Angrignon found that the settlement of the estate of William’s son, Capt. Charles Saunders, named nephews William Saunders and Rowland Saunders, both of New Hampshire. These can be securely identified as sons of Lorenzo Saunders, proving that Lorenzo must also have been a son of William.
    Lorenzo Saunders m. 26 Nov. 1860 at Sandy Cove (see below for citation), Catherine (“Kate”) Gidney, b. 1839 at Bridgetown, N.S., d. 25 Dec. 1917 at Laconia, Belknap Co., New Hampshire, sister of his brother Holmes’s wife, and daughter of Angus Morrison Gidney, Sergeant-at-Arms of the House of Assembly, by the latter’s wife Experience Ann Beals.[345] A local Baptist newspaper reported the “Marriage by the Reverend John C. Morse, Sandy Cove on the 26th November, 1860,” of “Lorenzo Saunders to Catherine, second daughter of AM Gidney, Esquire, all of Sandy Cove.[346] Lorenzo Saunders is called a mariner in the birth record of his son William (1865), and a seaman in that of his daughter Bertha (1868), but a farmer in those of his sons “Lorenzo” (recte Harleigh?) (1870) and Roland (1873). In the 1871 census he is called a fisherman, and a Baptist, of English origin. His wife appears as a widow in the 1881 census.[347] In 1884, she removed with at least some of her children to Laconia, New Hampshire, where she spent the remainder of her life. She is found there in the 1910 census, which states that she became a U.S. citizen in 1884.[348] Known issue:

  1. Alice L. Saunders, b. 1860-61 at Sandy Cove, d. 19 April 1875 at Sandy Cove, of consumption.[349]
  2. Agnes Saunders, b. 1862-63, of whom nothing further is known.
  3. William W. Saunders, b. 24 April 1865 at Sandy Cove, living 1920. He m. before 1902, Amaret ____, b. 1866-67 (aged 43 in 1910) in Canada, probably (considering the rarity of her name) identical with Amaret Waters Morehouse, b. 18 Aug. 1865 at Digby Neck, daughter of Charles E. Morehouse, farmer, by the latter’s wife Sarah Ann Dakin. They were enumerated at Laconia, New Hampshire, in the 1910 census, in which he is called an electrician; the entry is not very legible.[350] He is also found there in 1920.[351] Known issue:
    1. Milo T. Saunders, b. 20 July 1891 in New Hampshire, d. in Sept. 1968 at Laconia.[352] He was living with his parents in 1910. He m. before 1912, Louise Morisette, also b. 20 July 1891 in New Hampshire, d. in Dec. 1978 at Laconia,[353] daughter of the widow Marie Morisette, aged 57, born in Canada, of French ancestry, in whose household they are enumerated in the 1920 census.[354] They were living in their own household in 1930, in which he is acalled a tool-maker.[355] According to their death records, they were born on the very same day as one another, and this is possible given that their ages are both reported as 28 in 1920 and as 38 in 1930. Known issue:
      1. Rachel Saunders, b. about 1911 (aged 8 in 1920, 19 in 1930) in New Hampshire; still living unmarried with her parents in 1930.
      2. Charles J. Saunders, b. 1912-13 (aged 7 in 1920, 17 in 1930) in New Hampshire; still living unmarried with his parents in 1930.
      3. Albert William Saunders, b. 1917 (aged 2½ in 1920, 12 in 1930) in New Hampshire, called William in 1920 but Albert W. in 1930. We assume this was the Albert W. Saunders b. 21 Sept. 1917, d. 27 Feb. 1995 in New Hampshire, whose last known address was Franklin, Merrimack Co., NH.[356]
    2. Charles A. Saunders, b. 1902-03 (aged 17 in 1910) in New Hampshire, still living unmarried with his parents in 1920.
    3. Agnes Saunders, b. about 1898 (aged 12 in 1910, 21 in 1920) in New Hampshire; m. before 1920, ____ Collins, who was dead by the taking of the 1920 census, when she was a widow, living with her parents; no children appear with her.
  4. Bertha Saunders, b. 12 March 1868 at Sandy Cove, of whom nothing further is known. No woman named Bertha of her age appears in the 1901 census of Sandy Cove.
  5. Harleigh/Harley Saunders, b. July 1870 (according to the 1871 census), called Harland in the 1871 census but Harleigh in the 1881 census and Harley in the 1910 census. This must be the child born 26 June 1870 at Sandy Cove whose name is given as Lorenzo (the name of the father being repeated by mistake), as no son Lorenzo is found with his parents in the 1871 census or with his mother in the 1881 census. According to a published index, he was enumerated at Laconia, New Hampshire, in the 1910 census, but the entry is completely illegible in the copy before us.[357] We have not found him in the 1920 census. It would seem that the following woman, found in the 1930 census, must have been the widow of this man: Minnie N. Saunders, widow, b. 1876-77 (aged 53 in 1930) in French Canada, with the following sons:[358]
    1. Lorenzo E. Saunders, b. 1911-12 (aged 18 in 1930) in New Hampshire, d. 1962. He m. Alice R. LaCroix, b. 26 Aug. 1911 at Lakeport, New Hampshire, d. 1 Jan. 2004 at the Belknap County Nursing Home, Laconia, aged 92 years, and buried there in the family plot in Union Cemetery, daughter of Joseph and Sadie (LaPointe) LaCroix. Her death notice reads, in part: “Mrs. Alice R. Saunders, 92, formerly of 21 Winter Street, died on Thursday, January 1, 2004…. She was the widow of Lorenzo E. Saunders who died in 1962. Mrs. Saunders … was a lifelong resident of Laconia and worked at the Laconia State School and Training Center for over twenty years. For fifteen years, she was active with the Foster Grandparent Program. Mrs. Saunders is survived by a niece, Lucille Smith of Dover, NH. She was predeceased by two brothers, Archie LaCroix who died in 1991 and Joseph LaCroix who died in 1985; by a niece, Nancy Marcoux, who died in 2002; by a nephew, Raymond Garneau; and by a friend, Robert Desautell, who died in 1986.”[359]
    2. William H. Saunders, b. 1914-15 (aged 15 in 1930) in New Hampshire; probably the William Saunders who was b. 9 March 1915, and d. in Feb. 1980 at Laconia.[360]
  6. Roland Saunders, b. 23 May 1873 at Sandy Cove. He was still unmarried in 1920, when he was enumerated in the census of that year at Laconia, New Hampshire.[361]
  7. Alice Saunders, b. about 1876 (aged 33 in 1910); m. by 1910, Thomas E. ____ (surname and age illegible in 1910 census), b. in Canada. She and her husband are found in her mother’s household in the 1910 census.
  8. 29Clarace (“Clara”) Saunders, b. 20 Sept. 1879 at Sandy Cove.

25. Holmes Francis8 Saunders, of Sandy Cove, mariner and farmer, son of Francis Saunders and Ann (or Amasa) Merrit, was b. 8 July 1832, d. 26 May 1896 at Sandy Cove, and was buried there with his wife in the Baptist churchyard. He shared a house with his sister, Adeline. This home is now the home of his granddaughter, June (____) Lewis, wife of Elmer Lewis.[362] He m. 13 Dec. 1854 at Sandy Cove, Frances Catherine Gidney, b. 11 June 1836 (per 1901 census), d. 1904, sister of his brother Lorenzo’s wife, and daughter of Angus Morrison Gidney, Sergeant-at-Arms of the House of Assembly, by the latter’s wife Experience Ann Beals.[363] Their marriage certificate was signed by a Lemuel James Saunders, of Sandy Cove. He is called a mariner in the birth records of his daughter Annie (1866) and Laura (1869) and a fisherman in that of his son Charles (1873). The 1871 Census lists him as a fisherman, and Baptist, of Scotch origin. He is called a farmer and fisherman in the 1881 census.[364] He was also enumerated at Sandy Cove in 1891, and his widow in 1901. A death notice for him reads, in part:

We regret to record this week the death of one of the best known residents of Digby Neck, Mr. Holmes Saunders, of Sandy Cove, on Tuesday morning last. Mr. Saunders had been troubled periodically during the past year with a heart complaint but had of late been comparatively free from the consequent ill effects. On Monday he was engaged at work among the fish weirs and during the afternoon complained of a return of the symptoms which however seemed to pass away on returning home and retiring for the night. He rested quietly till about 2:00 when he was seized with an attack of the trouble which in three hours’ time proved fatal. He passed away quietly at about 5:00. The deceased was 63 years of age and a native of Sandy Cove. He was a son of Frank Saunders, Esq., one of the prominent citizens of former days. His avocation was that of a fisherman, which he followed up, as stated, to the last day of his life. He was an adherent of the Baptist church and was a man who was universally respected among all his acquaintances. He leaves in bereavement a wife, a daughter of the late Angus Gidney, of newspaper fame, three sons and two daughters, all of whom are resident at Sandy Cove. The service took place yesterday afternoon, with services by the Baptist church, and was largely attended.[365]
Their home was inherited by their youngest son, Frank. Known issue:

  1. Capt. Herbert Saunders, b. 1856 at Sandy Cove, d. 1912 (?) at sea, and buried in Sandy Cove Baptist Cemetery. He m. 24 July 1880 at Sandy Cove, Angeline B. Lewis, b. 13 May 1860 (per 1901 census) or 13 May 1861 (per death record) in Nova Scotia, d. 7 Jan. 1934 at Sandy Cove, aged at least 72 years, and buried with her husband, daughter of Austin Lewis and Sarah Beals.[366] His marriage record names his parents as Holmes and Frances (____) Saunders. He is called a fisherman in the 1881 census of Digby Cove, in which he is enumerated very close to his parents; at that time they did not have any children.[367] He was also eumerated at Sandy Cove in the 1891 and 1901 censuses. The informant for the death of Amelia (Lewis) Saunders was “Mrs. Frank Morehouse, Sandy Cove, daughter.” In the later year this couple had seven children:
    1. An unnamed infant, b. 1882, buried with its parents.
    2. Frances Lyle Saunders, b. 27 July 1887 at Sandy Cove, alive on 7 Jan. 1934, when as “Mrs. Frank Morehouse, Sandy Cove” she served as informant for the death of her mother. She m. 14 March 1902 at Sandy Cove, according to Baptist rites, by licence,[368] Frank Benning Morehouse, b. 1880-81 (aged 21 in 1902) at Sandy Cove, son of Reuben Morehouse, a seaman, by the latter’s wife Annie ____. At the time of their marriage, both parties were of Sandy Cove, and the groom was a seaman.
    3. William Saunders, b. 12 June 1889.
    4. Murray Saunders, b. 13 Jan. 1890, d. in 1918, and buried with his parents. He m. (as her first husband) 31 May 1918, Margaret MacPhee, daughter of Philip McPhee, b. at West Bay, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia.[369]. Ronald Gidney tells us, “Murray Saunders was with his father on their ship in Boston, when he received an injury. He met Margaret MacPhee at the hospital and they ended up being married May 31, 1918, and Margaret moved to Sandy Cove. They lived in Herbert’s house on the Lake. In 1919, he and his father set sail for the West Indies and were never heard from again. The two widows [of the father and the son] lived together until Frank and Margaret married in 1921.” The widow Margaret m. secondly, as his second wife, 5 Aug. 1921 at Weymouth, N.S., her first husband’s uncle, Franklin Morrison Saunders.
    5. Burton Saunders, b. 18 June 1892.
    6. Sarah Saunders, b. 28 Nov. 1893, d. 1901, and buried with her parents.
    7. Clara M. Saunders, b. 1 June 1896, d. 1901, and buried with her parents.
    8. Leta Saunders, b. 6 Aug. 1899.
  2. 30Ingraham/Ingram L. Saunders, b. 17 July 1858 (per 1901 census) at Sandy Cove (per marriage record).
  3. Jessie Saunders [female], b. 1859-60 (aged 11 in 1871) at Sandy Cove, d. by 1904 (she predeceased her mother). She was living unmarried with her father in 1881, but was no longer there in 1891. She m. ____ Thurber, but we cannot find them in the 1891 census or 1901 census of Sandy Cove.
  4. Clara Saunders, b. about 1863 (aged 7 in 1871, 16 in 1881, 27 in 1891, b. 1864 per tombstone) at Sandy Cove, d. there Aug. 1941, and buried with her husband in Sandy Cove Baptist Cemetery. She was living unmarried with her parents in 1881, but was no longer there in 1891. She m. before 1890, Capt. William T. Burns, Jr., b. about 1862 (aged 9 in 1871, 19 in 1881, 29 in 1891, b. 1863 per tombstone), d. 1943, son of William Burns, of Sandy Cove, by the latter’s wife Paulina Saunders, whose connection, if any, with the other persons named Saunders treated herein has not been established (but see the list of Unplaced Persons at the end for further details). William Burns is called a master mariner in the 1901 census of Sandy Cove, and the family were Baptists. Known issue:
    1. Clyde Burns, b. 1889-90 (aged 1 in 1891).
    2. Gerald V. Burns, b. 4 Nov. 1897 (per 1901 census), d. 1913, aged 16 years, and buried with his parents.
    3. Ferda (?) Burns (female child, name illegible in 1901 census), b. 3 Oct. 1898.
    4. Roger W. Burns, b. 1903, possibly buried with his parents although there is no date of death carved on the tombstone.
  5. Annie G. Saunders, b. 29 Sept. 1866 (according to the 1901 census) or 2 Oct. 1866 (according to her birth record) at Sandy Cove, said to have d. there in 1932. She was living unmarried with her parents in 1881. She m. (1) 15 Oct. 1884 at Sandy Cove,[370] Charles W. Jeffrey, of Bear River, living 1901, when he is called a seaman in the census. She m. (2) after 1900, her possible kinsman, Charles Beyea, probably the one of this name b. 1855-56 (aged 15 in 1871, 25 in 1881, 35 in 1891), son of Burkett/Burkitt Beyea and Catharine Carty, above-mentioned, who was still living unmarried with his widowed mother in 1901. She appears in a group photograph reproduced in Bull’s Sandy Cove, p. 103. Known issue:
    1. George Jeffrey, b. 19 March 1890.
    2. Floyd Jeffrey, b. 28 Nov. 1892.
    3. Spurgeon Jeffrey, b. 24 July 1894.
    4. Winston Jeffrey, b. 10 Jan. 1901.
  6. Cora L. Saunders, b. 2 Feb. 1869 at Sandy Cove, alive in 1901. Although her birth record apparently calls her Laura, she appears as Cora in the 1871 census and as Corah in the 1881 census, so we presume that Cora was her true name. She was still living unmarried with her parents in 1891. She m. 24 Sept. 1894 “at the home of the bride’s parents, Sandy Cove,”[371] her (almost certain) 1st cousin, Charles Spurgeon Saunders, b. 1863-64 (aged 7 in 1871, 17 in 1881), d. (almost certainly without issue) by 1901, son of Lemuel James Saunders and Adelaide Eldridge. She appears as the childless widow Cora Saunders in her mother’s household in the 1901 census. As any children would have been mere infants at the time, the absence of any in the household suggests there were none.
  7. Charles H. Saunders, b. 21 Nov. 1873 at Sandy Cove, d. there 15 Jan. 1883, and buried with his parents in the Baptist churchyard, Sandy Cove.
  8. Franklin Morrison Saunders, of Sandy Cove, farmer, b. 21 Nov. 1875 (per 1901 census) at Sandy Cove, d. there 25 Jan. 1954. He was still living with his parents in 1891, and with his widowed mother in 1901. As noted above, he inherited the family household on her death in 1904. He became a farmer, raising pigs, hens, cows, oxen, and also vegetables. He m. (1) before 1904, his first cousin once removed, Mary Christina Saunders, who d. at the age of 37 years from hemorrhage following childbirth, and was buried with her parents at Zion United Church, Sandy Cove, daughter of Watson Saunders, granddaughter of Holmes Saunders, and great-granddaughter of Frank’s grandfather’s brother, William Saunders. A death notice reads (in part):
    It is with extreme sadness we are obliged to chronicle the sudden death of Mrs. Frank Saunders, who passed away at her home two hours after giving birth to a daughter, which also died, Monday night, July 17th. The deceased, who was but 37 years of age, will be greatly missed by the community as she always had a cheerful welcome and a pleasant smile for all those she came in contact with. She leaves to mourn her loss a sorrowing husband and two little girls, Ethel and Gene, who have lost the love of a loving wife and fond mother.[372]
    He m. (2) 5 Aug. 1921 at Weymouth, N.S., Margaret Ann (McPhee) Saunders, widow of his nephew Murray Saunders, and daughter of Philip McPhee, b. at West Bay, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia.[373] Issue (by first wife):
    1. Ethel Saunders.
    2. Gertrude Jean Saunders, m. her kinsman, Albert Eldridge Gidney, b. 7 April 1906, d. 11 Feb. 1992, son of Albert Edward Gidney and Emma Mabel Eldridge, and had issue. Their son, Ronald Gidney, is our informant for this branch of the family.

26b. Elizabeth (“Betsy”)8 Saunders, daughter of Holmes Saunders, of Sandy Cove, by his wife Mary Morehouse, was b. 29 June 1840 (according to the 1901 census) at Sandy Cove, d. there 4 Sept. 1902, and was buried there with her husband at the Church of the Nativity. She m. 1 Dec. 1860 at Sandy Cove, Jacob Edward Morehouse, of Digby Neck and Sandy Cove, b. 9 May 1838 (according to the 1901 census), d. 1902, son of Jones Morehouse and Eliza Trask, and a grandson of John Morehouse and Mary Jones.[374] He is called a farmer in the birth records of his children George (1865), Adelaide (1867), Mary (1870) and Byron (1873), a ship carpenter in the 1871 census, and a labourer in the birth record of his daughter Edith (1874). He is called a farmer and mechanic in the 1881 census.[375] They also appear in the 1901 census. Issue:

  1. Jones Almon (“Sonny”) Morehouse, b. 12 March 1861, d. 1931 at Sandy Cove, and buried with his parents. He was still living unmarried with his parents in 1901, when he is called a seaman. He is said to have later m. Sarah Rowena Cornwell, but there is no wife buried with him.
  2. George Edwin Morehouse, b. 8 Jan. 1865 at Digby Neck, d. 3 March 1910 on the Siberian Railway, of pneumonia. He was still living unmarried with his parents in 1901, when he is called a seaman. He later m. Annie Frances Trask.
  3. Adelaide Potter Morehouse, b. 4 or 5 June 1867 at Digby Neck,[376] d. 10 Oct. 1933. She m. (probably by 1901, when she was no longer a member of her parents’ household), Harry Jensen, b. 1860 in Norway, d. 1946. We have not found them in the 1901 census of Sandy Cove. According to M. McKay, they had issue:
    1. Eleanora Georgina Jensen.
    2. Violet Elizabeth Jensen.
  4. Mary Eliza (“Daisy”) Morehouse, b. 25 Dec. 1870 at Sandy Cove, d. 11 June 1922 at Sandy Cove, and buried with her parents, her tombstone calling her “wife of F. Haines.” She was still living unmarried with her parents in 1901, but subsequently m. Frank Leslie Haines, b. 1872, d. 1930, and buried with his wife. We have not found them in the 1901 census of Sandy Cove.
  5. Byron Watson Morehouse, b. 11 March 1873 at Sandy Cove, d. there 9 Dec. 1894, and buried with his parents. He is said to have m. (probably by 1901, when he was no longer a member of his parents’ household), Cynthia M. Morehouse. However, we have not found him in Automated Genealogy’s index to the 1901 census of Nova Scotia.
  6. Edith Bond Morehouse, b. 25 May 1874 at Sandy Cove, d. 14 Sept. 1895, and buried with her parents, her tombstone calling her “wife of A. Doucette.” She m. (probably by 1901, when she was no longer a member of her parents’ household), Alvin Doucette, but we have not found them in the 1901 census of Sandy Cove.
  7. Elizabeth (“Lizzie”) Duncan Morehouse, b. 21 May 1878 (per 1901 census), d. 3 May 1960. She was living with her parents in 1891, but m. by 1900, St. Clair Brown, b. 1 Oct. 1874 (per 1901 census). In 1901 they were living at Freeport, Digby Tp.[377] Only know child:
    1. Harriet F. Brown, b. 2 Oct. 1900.
  8. Orwell Holmes Morehouse, b. 25 Oct. 1883 at Sandy Cove, d. there 24 Jan. 1952, and buried with his parents and wife. He was living unmarried with his parents in 1901, but subsequently m. by 1904, Jennie Scott Reid, of Gulliver’s Cove, b. in June 1886 (per the 1901 census), d. 1967. In 1910 he purchased the “Capt. Charles Saunders house” from the widow Isabella Morehouse; in 1948 he conveyed the title of the home to his youngest child, Jones Osborne Morehouse.[378] He and his wife were enumerated at Sandy Cove in the 1911 census, in which he is called a fisherman.[379] Known issue (order of younger children uncertain):
    1. Darrell Morehouse, b. in Dec. 1904 (per 1911 census), d. by 2002.
    2. Addie Morehouse, b. in July 1906 (per 1911 census) d. unmarried by 2002.
    3. Stella Morehouse, b. in Dec. 1907 (per 1911 census), d. by 2002; m. ____ Goodwin.
    4. Nora Georgina Morehouse, b. in Sept. 1910 (per 1911 census), living 2002. She m. (1) in 1928, her kinsman, Harry Trueman Saunders (whom see elsewhere in this page), b. 17 May 1893, d. 1969, and buried with his parents, son of Ingram L. Saunders, of Sandy Cove, by the latter’s wife Nancy S. Eldridge. She m. (2) ____ Stevens. She was living with her son Gerald in Halifax in 2000, and is mentioned as of Halifax at the time of the death of her brother Jack in 2002.
    5. Jack Edmund Morehouse, b. 1911-12, d. 9 Nov. 2002, aged 90 years, “at his home in Sandy Cove.” He m. Juanita Snow. A death notice reads, “Born in Sandy Cove, March 17, 1912, he was the second son of the late Orwell and Jennie (Reid) Morehouse. He was a weir owner and lobster fisherman for 50 years. Jack was a kind and gentle man who loved nature, especially bird watching, gardening both vegetable and flower. He was a great conversationalist who liked to play a good game of cards and always welcomed visitors to his home. He cherished the community of Sandy Cove and fulfilled his dream of lifelong residency. He is survived by daughters, Linda Morehouse, Lower Sackville; Sharon (Joe) Bicknell, Digby; Heather (Larry) Hartlin, Avonport; grandchildren, Kevin, Cheryl, Steve, Heather, Laura, Jackie; great-grandson, Adam; sister, Nora Saunders-Stevens, Halifax. His beloved wife, Juanita (Snow) passed away November 7, 1978. He was predeceased by brothers, Darrell and Osborne; sisters, Addie Morehouse, Stella Goodwin, Margaret MacLean. Funeral service will be held 2:30 p.m. today, November 12, in Zion United Church, Sandy Cove, Digby Co., Rev. Linda Reid officiating. Donations may be made to Zion United Church Building Fund or Cemetery Fund, Sandy Cove…. Arrangements entrusted to Jayne’s Funeral Home, Digby.[380]
    6. Jones Osborne Morehouse, b. after 1910, d. by 2002. He m. Ruby Jean Roddick. Osborne Morehouse, a fisherman at Sandy Cove, served with the West Nova Scotia Highlanders during World War II. Osborne and Jean operated a summer tourist home at Sandy Cove called “Orchard House,” which since his death has continued to be operated by his widow and by their two children, Danny and Jennifer.[381]
    7. Margaret Morehouse, b. after 1910, d. by 2002; m. ____ MacLean


Fifth Canadian Generation

27. Thomas Dinestead9 Carty, of Sandy Cove, son of Harris Carty, of the same place, by the latter’s wife Almira/Elmira Raymond, was b. at Sandy Cove 4 June 1876, and d. there 3 Jan. 1947,[382] and he and his wife are buried in the same plot as his parents. He m. before 1898, Edna Mary Mitchell, b. 1 June 1875, d. 1955, daughter of Capt. Arthur Mitchell and Mary Eliza Eldridge,[383] and granddaughter of Stephen Fountain Eldridge and Eleanor Saunders.[384] He appears as a four-year-old with his parents in the 1881 census. He appears with his wife in the 1901 census of Sandy Cove, in which he is called a Methodist, but his wife and their children Baptists. They are however described as of Mink Cove in the death notice of their son Ellsworth. A valuable source of information on this family is the interview of their son, Stewart Carty, of Mink Cove, conducted in Oct. 2000 by Cindy Graham.[385] He says the family farm was “about three quarters of a mile from the new Consolidated School…. It was a good house, and a nice barn … forty by forty seven [feet].” The farm-house is now in ruins. They had exactly eight children, of whom the first six all predeceased the last two:

  1. Effie M. Carty, b. 7 Feb. 1898; according to her brother Stewart she d. unmarried at the age of 99 years.
  2. Emerson L. Carty, b. 15 May 1899, d. 1918, and buried with his parents.
  3. Beulah Blanche Carty, b. 8 Oct. 1900. She m. 26 Dec. 1923 at Sandy Cove, according to Baptist rites, by licence,[386] George Laurie Wallace, b. 1888-89 (aged 27 at their marriage) at West Gore, Hants Co., N.S., son of Wimburne Wallace, farmer, by the latter’s wife Mary De Wolfe. At the time of their marriage, the record of which supplies the full names of both sets of parents, the groom was a farmer, of Seekonk, Massachusetts, and the bride was of Sandy Cove; her religion was Baptist but his Disciple [of Christ].
  4. Evelyn Carty, b. ca. 1902, d. 1993 (IGI).
  5. Arthur Carty (IGI).
  6. Kenneth Carty, d. 1982 (IGI).
  7. Ellsworth Wall Carty, b. 1910-11, d. 10 March 2002 at Sandy Cove, aged 91 years. “He was the son of the late Thomas and Edna (Mitchell) Carty of Mink Cove. He is survived by his wife, Amelia O’Neil Carty; sons, Scott (Pauline), Massachusetts, U.S.A.; Seymour (Dorothy), Annapolis Co.; Ronald (Cora), Berwick, Kings Co.; Lorne (Sharon), Prescott, Ont.; Alvin (Deborah), Centerville, Digby Co.; daughters, Louise (Ashton) Lewis, Rossway, Digby Co.; Elaine (Phil) Belliveau, Calgary, AB; several grandchildren and great grandchildren; brother, Stewart, Mink Cove, Digby Co. Predeceased by 3 brothers and 3 sisters…. Funeral service will be held Saturday, March 16, at 2 p.m. from the Sandy Cove Baptist Church. Burial in the Zion United Church Cemetery, Sandy Cove.”[387]
  8. Stewart Erwood Carty, of Mink Cove, b. there in 1914, still alive in March 2002, when he is mentioned in the death notice of his brother Ellsworth, but d. by 10 Aug. 2005, when he is mentioned as deceased in a death notice of his son Emerson. He is a cattle farmer. He m. about 1942, Margaret Eliza Theriault, b. about 1921, also d. by 10 Aug. 2005, daughter of Walter Theriault and Estelle Hersey.[388] They had 3 sons and 4 daughters (order uncertain):
    1. Carol Carty, d. before 10 Aug. 2005, as she is mentioned as deceased in the death notice of her brother Emerson. She m. ____ Addington.
    2. Emerson Wayne Carty, b. 1946-47 in Digby Co., d. 10 Aug. 2005 in Valley Regional Hospital, Kentville, N.S., aged 58 years, and buried in Sandy Cove Baptist Cemetery. He was of Mink Cove, Digby Co., at the time of his death. He m. ________, by whom he had three children. A death notice reads, in part:
      Born in Digby, he was a son of the late Stewart and Margaret (Theriault) Carty. Emerson was an entrepreneur who owned and operated several companies in the Digby Neck area. He was active in the community and loved bluegrass music. Emerson enjoyed life to the fullest. He is survived by daughter, Lynette (Peter) Wagner, Ashmore, Digby Co.; sons, Dean (Wendy), Plympton, Digby Co.; Ian (Angie), Mink Cove, Digby Co.; sisters, Maxine Carty, Kentville, and Donna Carty, Coldbrook, Kings Co.; brothers, Gary, Gulliver’s Cove, Digby Co.; Roger, South Range, Digby Co.; Darrin, Culloden, Digby Co.; granddaughters, Kristen, Catherine, Amber, Laurel and Lexie; companion, Joan Comeau; many nieces and nephews. He was predeceased by his daughter, Loretta, and sister, Carol Addington…. Interment in Sandy Cove Baptist Cemetery.[389]
    3. Maxine Carty, unmarried and of Kentville in 2005.
    4. Donna Carty, unmarried and of Coldbrook, Kings Co., in 2005.
    5. Gary Carty, of Gulliver’s Cove, Digby Co., in 2005.
    6. Roger Carty, of South Range, Digby Co., in 2005.
    7. Darrin Carty, of Culloden, Digby Co., in 2005.

28. Esther9 Carty, daughter of Wellington Carty, of Sandy Cove, by his first wife Lucy [Westcott?], was b. 9 Oct. 1855 at Sandy Cove, and d. 17 Nov. 1940 at Somerville, Massachusetts. She is found in her father’s household in 1871 but not in 1881. She m. 5 Jan. 1876 at Little River, by licence, by Baptist rites,[390] Isaac W. Saunders, b. 1855-56 (aged 20 in 1876) at Digby Neck, d. 1881-1930, son of William Saunders, farmer, by the latter’s wife Hannah Cornwell (which William Saunders, as previously noted, was not related in any known way to the Saunders family of Esther Carty’s father’s mother’s mother).[391] At the time of their marriage Isaac Saunders was a mechanic, and he was living at Rossway and Esther at Little River; the record names both sets of parents. They are enumerated at Rossway, Digby Co., in the 1881 census, in which he is called a joiner, and the family’s religion given as Baptist; their household included his mother, the widow Hannah Saunders, aged 78 years.[392] They do not appear to have been enumerated in Digby Co. in 1891, and they are not in Automated Genealogy’s index to the Nova Scotia census of 1901. It would appear from the census records relating to their younger children that they went to Massachusetts before the end of 1881. While we have failed to find them listed in Massachusetts census records, the widowed Esther Saunders is found living in Vermont with her daughter Effie (Saunders) Barber in the 1930 census. Known issue:

  1. William H. Saunders, b. 1876-77 (aged 4 in 1881) in Nova Scotia, living 1920. He m. (1) 29 Oct 1898, Grace E. Taylor, b. 9 Nov. 1878 at Medford, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts, d. 17 Oct. 1908 at Somerville, Massachusetts. He m. (2) 27 July 1910, Jessie A. Kempton, b. ca. 1876, living 1920. He and the two children of his first marriage were living at Medford in the household of his sister, Bertha (Saunders) McKenzie, in 1910, when he was working as a meat-cutter in a market; the year of his receiving U.S. citizenship is given as 1885.[393] He and his second wife are found in the 1920 census of Dedham, Norfolk Co., Massachusetts.[394] Known issue:

    (by first wife:)

    1. William Henry Saunders, b. 11 May 1900 at Natick, Massachusetts, d. in July 1961. He was living with his father in 1920. He m. in 1923, Nina Louise Tibbetts, by whom he is said to have had two children.
    2. Leslie Albert Saunders, b. 25 July 1904 at Medford, Massachusetts, d. 28 April 1935. He was living with his father in 1920. He is said to have subsequently married, and to have had four children.

    (by second wife:)

    1. Esther A. Saunders, apparently b. 1909-10 (if she was aged 10 years in 1920); the 1910 census simply gives her age as “10,” but as she is listed last among the children it is possible her age was intended to be 10 months.
    2. Jessie P. (?) Saunders (female), b. 1911-12 (aged 8 in 1920) in Massachusetts
    3. Morton W. Saunders, b. 16 Jan. 1916 in Massachusetts, d. 5 Oct. 1998 at Providence, Rhode Island.[395] Writing to Lois Kernaghan, on 22 April 1982 he mentions his wife Eleanor, and on 27 Sept. 1982 he states, “I was a representative for CIBA Pharmaceutical Co. until my retirement after 24 years.” He was a governor of the Rhode Island Society of Mayflower Descendants, and the author of the posthumously-published study of his mother’s family, The Kempton/Kimpton Families in North America, from Plymouth Colony through the tenth generation throughout the United States and Canada, ed. Eleanor F. Saunders & Kevin W. Saunders (Baltimore, 2000). He m. Eleanor Wall, b. 11 April 1920, 1 July 2003 at Cranston, Rhode Island, aged 83 years,[396] sister of Brigadeer-General J. Colbert Wall, and daughter of William J. Wall the latter’s wife Margaret Colbert. We quote from her interesting obituary:
      “Eleanor F. Saunders, 83, of Seaview Avenue, who possessed a fundraising acumen so keen that she raised millions of dollars for charitable causes in her lifetime, and a wanderer’s spirit that led her across six continents, died Tuesday at home. She left a legacy as a longtime civic leader and as a public-relations and fundraising expert. She bolstered the coffers of struggling nonprofits by launching ingenious campaigns … and highly successful telethons during the early years of television. Mrs. Saunders also shared decades of travel adventures with her husband, the late Morton W. Saunders, that took them from the Andes mountains of Peru to the Maru River in Kenya, to Europe and Southeast Asia. In Ethiopia, the couple alit from a plane in tiny mountain villages where cows had to be chased from the landing strips…. Her fundraising, organizational and public-relations skills brought honors that included her induction into the Cranston Hall of Fame in 1985, the State Junior Women’s Clubs’ award for distinguished achievement and “spectacular growth in membership,” and several other awards for excellence in producing telethons.
          Born in Providence in 1920, a daughter of the late William J. Wall and Margaret (Colbert) Wall, she had lived in Cranston since 1928. She was a graduate of Cranston High School and a nominee for the Pembroke College four-year regional scholarship, which she was forced to decline because of family finances. She was a graduate of the Edgewood Secretarial School and the Johnson & Wales Business School, now Johnson & Wales University. Her civic involvement began when she joined the Cranston Junior Women’s Club at her husband’s urging, around 1949. She soon became state director of the Junior Women’s Clubs in Rhode Island, forming five new clubs. She organized the adult polio-vaccine clinics that immunized thousands in Rhode Island, and became a nationwide project of Junior Women’s Clubs. In the early 1960s, she became director for the Heart Fund of the Rhode Island Heart Association, and then became the association’s assistant executive director. In 1971, the Meeting Street School (a school in East Providence run by the Easter Seal Society for multihandicapped children) hired her to do public relations and fundraising. She increased its profits from less than $200,000 per year to more than $1 million in 1984…. In 1974, she produced the first annual telethon for the Easter Seal Society. It remained a top money-raiser, at times raising more than $1 million a year. In 1984, she and her husband formed Saunders Consultants, a consulting firm in development and public relations that they operated from home. Mrs. Saunders retired two years later rather than expand the business.
          She was a member of the Easter Seal Executive Association, the Professional Staff Society of the American Heart Association, the National Society of Fundraising Executives, the Public Relations Society of America, the Health Executives Assocaition, and the Rhode Island Advertising Club. Her numerous civic-group involvements included the Travelers Aid Society of Rhode Island executive board, Literacy Volunteers of America board of directors, the Cranston Women of Rotary, the St. Joseph Hospital Women’s League, and the General and Rhode Island Federation of Women’s Clubs.[397]
      Issue (per their mother’s obituary):
      1. Susan M. Saunders, unmarried at her mother’s death, living 18 July 2002.[398]
      2. Kevin Wall Saunders, of Okemos, Michigan, in 2003. He is a prolific writer on legal subjects, and since 2002 has been a Professor of Law at Michigan State University, Detroit.[399]
      3. G. William Saunders, of Wellsville, N.Y., in 2003.
  2. Bertha Saunders, b. 4 Dec. 1878 in Nova Scotia, living 1910. She m. Charles W. McKenzie, b. 1878-79 (aged 31 in 1910) in Massachusetts, of a Canadian-born father, living 1910. She is mentioned as “my aunt Bertha (Saunders) MacKenzie [sic]” by Morton W. Saunders in a letter to Lois Kernaghan dated 22 April 1982. Bertha and her husband were living at Medford, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts, in 1910, when he was working as a machinist in a shoe factory; at that time her brother, William was also a member of their household. The year of her receiving U.S. citizenship is given as 1885, in agreement with that given for her brother.[400] Known issue:
    1. Mildred A. McKenzie, b. 1903-04 (aged 6 in 1910).
    2. Effie A. McKenzie, b. 1906-07 (aged 3 in 1910).
  3. Rufus Warren Saunders (twin), b. 20 Sept. 1881 in Massachusetts (the 1920 census confirms that he was born there), d. 21 March 1932. He m. before 1913, Marie E. ____, b. (aged 34 in 1920) in Massachestts, to parents both born there, living 1930. He was drafted into the army in September 1918, at which time he was working as a stableman at Somerville, Middlesex Co., Massachetts. He and his wife are found at Somerville in the 1920 census,[401] and at Malden, in the same county, in the 1930 census, in which he is called a carpenter.[402] Known issue:
    1. Warren Saunders, b. 1912-13 (aged 7 in 1920) in Massachusetts, living unmarried with his parents in 1930.
    2. Mildred L. Saunders, b. 1914-15 (aged 5 in 1920) in Massachusetts, living with her parents in 1930.
    3. Florence C. Saunders, b. about September 1919 (aged 4 months in January 1920) in Massachusetts, living 1930.
    4. John Saunders, b. 1923-24 (aged 6 in 1930).
    5. Catharine Saunders, b. about Feb. 1926 (aged 4 years, 2 months in April 1930).
  4. Effie B. Saunders (twin), b. 20 Sept. 1881 in Massachusetts (the 1930 census confirms that she was born there), d. 21 March 1932. She m. (1) apparently in 1909-10 (as she is said in the 1930 census to have been aged 28 at her first marriage), Frederick A. Brennan, by whom she does not appear to have had issue. She m. (2) (as his second wife) by 1920, and probably by 1913, Wallace M. Barber, b. 12 April 1868 in New York, of an English-born father and American-born mother (per 1920 census), d. in Sept. 1940 in Vermont.[403] He must have been married previously as the statement in the 1930 census that he was aged 34 at his first marriage would place that event around 1903. Effie and her second husband appear in the 1920 census of Burlington City, Chittenden Co., Vermont.[404] In the 1930 census Wallace Barber is called a “salesman [of] paints and varnishes,” at the time their household included Effie’s widowed mother.[405] Effie is said to have had two children by Barber, and so was probably the mother of the two children who appear with them in 1920, the daughter Esther apparently being named for Effie’s own mother:
    1. Esther A. Barber, b. 1913-14 (aged 6 in 1920, aged 16 in 1930) in Massachusetts, living 1930.
    2. Wallace A. Barber, b. 5 Oct. 1916 in Massachusetts, d. 19 June 1996 in Florida. At the time of his death he was living at 33408 North Palm Beach, Palm Beach, Florida.[406] He is not listed with his father in the 1930 census.
  5. Harry S. Saunders, b. 29 Nov 1887 in Massachusetts, living 1920. He m. 20 Nov. 1912, Florence M. Parks, b. 1887-88 (aged 32 in 1920), living 1920, daughter of James W.M. Parks. They are are found in the 1920 census of Somerville, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts; their household included her father and a brother.[407] He also appears at Somerville in 1930, when he was an assistant shopkeeper for the “steam railroad.” [408] Only known child:
    1. Catharine M. Saunders, b. about November 1925 (aged 4 years and 5 months in April 1930).

29. Clarace (“Clara”) Saunders, b. 20 Sept. 1879 at Sandy Cove, d. 1 May 1920 at Franklin, New Hampshire, of consumption (i.e. tuberculosis), and buried in a public cemetery near Salisbury, New Hampshire, her name apppearing on the headstone of a John Bassett. She m. (1) (by 1906) Harry Pearl Dimond, possibly m. (2) (by 1909) George Daniel Carr, and possibly m. (3) (by 1912) John Durgin, or at least she is known to have had children by all these men, in that order. The relationship with Dimond had ended by 1909. By George Daniel Carr of Five Corners, New York, she had a son, George Daniel, born in 1909. In an entry for the 1910 census made on 25 April of that year, Clara “Carr” appears with this son, living in the household of George P. Eastman, of Sanbornton Tp., Belnap Co., New Hampshire, to whom she was housekeeper; her marital status is shown as “M2,” implying that she had been married twice, but whether she had ever really been married to Carr or to anyone else is unclear.[409] Some time after this Clara, apparently not able to care for her infant son, voluntarily or otherwise surrendered him to the state of New Hampshire, which placed him with the family of Elmon and Alice Levoy, of Gilford, Belnap Co., who appear to have had at least three other foster children. The mystery of Clara’s separated sons was solved after 40 years of research by her grandson, (Dana) George Levoy, leading to a reunion of her sons George Levoy and Roger Durgin, then aged 78 and 76 years, respectively. A resulting newspaper article mentioned that Durgin “was stunned to learn that his brother had lived for most his life in North Reading, Mass., not much more than 15 miles away from Durgin’s East Derry home.”[410] Clara had, possibly with other issue:

  1. (by Harry Pearl Dimond) Chester Dimond, b. 3 Dec. 1906 in Michigan (?), d. in Oct. 1973 at Farmington, Strafford Co., New Hampshire.[411] For the evidence that there was a son of this name, see below under the discussion of his half-brother, Roger Frederick Durgin. He is pretty surely the Chester L. Dimond found as a 3-year-old boarder in the household of George E. and Ella Page, of Gilmanton, Belknap Co., New Hampshire,[412] as a 13-year-old boarder in their household in 1920,[413] and ten years later as the head of his own household in the same town, in which year he was a laborer, with a wife Florence and two daughters.[414]
  2. (by George Daniel Carr) George Daniel Carr, Jr., renamed George Elmon Levoy (the name also appears as Lavoie), b. in Sept. 1909 at Charlestown, Massachusetts, d. in 2004, aged 95 years, and buried in Pine Grove Cemetery, Gilford, New Hampshire. His son George Levoy informs us that he erroneously used a birthdate of September 1910 (impossible given his appearance in the 1910 census, taken in April of that year), and that “my father looked for his mother all of his life until 1988, when I found her in Salisbury while I lived in California.” George’s birth record shows the father to be George Daniel Carr of Five Corners, New York. As noted above, George Jr. became a foster-child of Elmon and Alice Levoy, of Gilford, New Hampshire. When he began attending school at Gilford he used the name George Elmon Levoy even though he was not adopted, and continued to use that name for the rest of his life. The 1920 census shows George E. Levoy as a 9 year-old “son” in the Levoy household, but the parental birthplaces stated for him and also for the youngest child, Mary J. Levoy, shows that they cannot have been their parents’ natural children.[415] He m. in 1930, probably at Laconia, New Hampshire, Edna M. Dalton, of Tilton, New Hampshire, b. 1912. He lived for most of his life in North Reading, Massachusetts. Children:
    1. Dana George Levoy, b. in May 1932 at Peabody, Massachusetts. He is of P.O. Box 40308, San Antonio, TX 78229, as of September 2007. He m. Roberta (“Bobbie”) Ann Scribner, b. in March 1931 in Massachusetts, and they have three children:
      1. Guy Carr Levoy, b. in Dec. 1953 in Massachusetts.
      2. Daniel Kurtis Levoy, b. in Dec 1954 in California, d. in 1990 at San Diego, California, of leukemia, and buried at Oceanside, California.
      3. Linda Jean Levoy, b. in Jan. 1956 in California.
    2. Al Levoy.
    3. Frank Levoy.
  3. (by John Durgin) Roger Frederick Durgin, b. 9 July 1912 in New Hampshire, d. 15 July 1997 at East Derry, Rockingham Co., New Hampshire,[416] and buried in Forest Hill Cemetery, Hampstead Road, East Derry.[417] He is pretty surely the 17-year-old Roger C. [sic] Durgin, born in New Hampshire, listed as a “state ward,” of no occupation, in the household of Frank and Maria P. Kimball, of Kensington, Rockingham Co., New Hampshire, in the 1930 census, despite the discrepancy in the middle initial and fact that both the parents are said to have been born in New Hampshire, which would be incorrect for the mother of the present man.[418] Rogert Durgin served in the U.S. Navy during the Korean War.[419] As Roger Durgin, then of East Tilton, New Hampshire, he m. (1) 24 July 1935 in Maine,[420] Alice Valley, of Warner, Merrimack Co., New Hampshire, she probably being the Alice G. (____) Durgin, b. 14 March 1918, d. 21 Dec. 1994, whose last known residence was Warner.[421] They were living at his wife’s home town of Warner at the birth of their son Charles in 1940. He m. (2) Hattie Lavalley, alive in 2002. Much of our information is taken from a posting concerning him to the Genealogy.com Durgin forum, submitted by a granddaughter: “I found out a little more on Roger Fred Durgin. His brothers’ names are George Lavoie and Chester Diamond. They were all adopted…. I also found that his children’s names are Linda, Pat, Babara [sic], Joanne, Ennie, Charles, Judy, and Roger. His real mother lived in Salisbury, NH, and his adopted mom [was] Mrs. Cone? I would like to find any info on him. His first wife was Alice Lavalley. His second wife was Hattie Lavalley, and she is still living.”[422] He seems to have been stepfather of Ray Gosselin, of Sandown, New Hampshire, who is mentioned as a town selectman in the 1988 newspaper article above (which actually calls Gosselin Durgin’s “son”). Known issue (order possibly not correct):
    1. Linda Durgin.
    2. Pat Durgin.
    3. Barbara Durgin.
    4. Joanne Durgin.
    5. Ennie Durgin.
    6. Charles Durgin, b. 22 Aug. 1940 at Warner, New Hampshire, d. there 4 March 2006. He was certainly a son of Roger Durgin and Alice Valley.[423] A death notice reads:
      Charlie Durgin was a native of Warner. He graduated from Simonds Free High School and served in the U.S. Air Force during the Vietnam War. Charlie was a correctional officer for the County Jail in Boscawen. Later on, he worked for Southworth Milton in Contoocook. Charlie worked for the Town of Warner and the Village Precinct for 18 years. He held the position of Precinct Commissioner during the time of major improvements to the water system. Charlie was the first manager of the Transfer and Recycling Station where he promoted recycling, which the Town is still embracing. He was the Town’s Health Officer from 1994 until his death. Charlie also volunteered and served on numerous committees that benefited Warner. Charlie was a member of the United Church of Warner. He was chaplain and finance officer for the American Legion Post No. 81 in Contoocook.[424]
      Durgin was survived by at least one of his sisters, for the town records note: “Since the passing of Charlie Durgin … Charlie’s sister has delivered the files from Charlie’s house to the Selectmen”s office.”[425]
    7. Judy Durgin.
    8. Roger Durgin, Jr., possibly the Roger A. Durgin b. 4 April 1937, d. 25 Oct. 2000 in New Hampshire, his last known address being Concord, Merrimack Co., NH.[426]

30. Ingraham/Ingram L.9 Saunders, of Sandy Cove, son of Holmes Francis Saunders, of the same place, by the latter’s wife Frances Catherine Gidney, was b. 17 July 1858 (per 1901 census) at Sandy Cove (per marriage record), d. (testate) 14 Dec. 1926,[427] and was buried with his parents (his tombstone erroneously giving the date of his birth as 1859). He was living unmarried with his parents in 1881. He m. (1) 1 Dec. 1881 at Sandy Cove,[428] Nancy S. Eldridge, b. 1861-62 (aged 19 at marriage) at Sandy Cove, d. 1899, daughter of Fountain Eldridge and Sarah Ann ____. In the record of their marriage, which names both sets of parents, his occupation is given as fisherman. He is enumerated in the 1891 census of Sandy Cove, and also in that of 1901, in which he is called a fisherman. He m. (2) (as her second husband) 9 Dec. 1910 at Sandy Cove, his third cousin (through the Saunders family), Caroline Morehouse, d. by 1881, widow of William Henry Eldridge, and daughter of Jones Hanford Morehouse and Frances Anne Morehouse.[429] Ingram Saunders served as Warden of the County for 30 years. He and his second wife are buried with his parents in the Baptist churchyard, Sandy Cove. His handsome house on Sandy Cove Road, which still survives, was built by or for him about 1884. His widow kept sole title to the house until 1930, when she sold it to her stepson, Harry; some 116 years after its construction, in June 2000, it was still in family hands.[430] Issue, by first wife:

  1. Jessie Morrison Saunders [female], b. 9 Nov. 1883,[431] living 1911. She m. by 1912 (possibly in 1906),[432] her presumable kinsman, Guy Eustace Morehouse, b. probably in May 1881 (per 1911 census, although the entry is very faint), in Nova Scotia, d. 20 Nov. 1963, son of Daniel James Morehouse and Helen Augusta Denton. They were enumerated at Sandy Cove in the 1911 census, in which Guy Morehouse is called an engineer and the famliy’s religion is given as Baptist.[433] Issue, order of younger children uncertain:

    1. Theta Morehouse, b. in May 1906 in Nova Scotia; m. ____ Spielman
    2. Nancy Morehouse, b. in Nov. 1908 in Nova Scotia; m. ____ Denton.
    3. Helen Louise Morehouse, b. 1911-1912 (aged 94 at her death in 2006), d. 7 May 2006, and buried in Trinity Anglican churchyard, Digby. She m. David Daley, who predeceased her. A death notice in the Digby Courier reads:
      Helen Louise Daley, 94, of Tideview Terrace, Digby, passed away May 7, 2006 at the home. Born in Sandy Cove, Digby County, she was a daughter of the late Guy and Jessie (Saunders) Morehouse. Helen worked at Digby Regional High School for 20 years. She was an avid golfer and former president of the Digby Ladies Golf Club. She bowled, curled, square danced, played tennis and badminton, and played the saxophone as a member of the Community Band. Helen was an avid bridge player in Digby. She was a member of Trinity Anglican Church and was a member of the choir for over 50 years. She was a past president of Zelma Rebecca Lodge, a member of the New Horizon Club for seniors, and the Lionettes.
      She was the last surviving member of the immediate family. Surviving are daughters, Laura (Mrs. Roderick Robicheau), Digby; Peggy (Mrs. Alston MacAlpine), Digby; sons Richard (Inez) Daley, Digby; Douglas (Myrna) Daley, Fredericton, N.B.; grandchildren, Darren, Digby; Stacey (Charmaine) Daley, Tantallon; Trudy (Laurie Goulden) Daley, Darmouth; Spencer (Jennifer Sims) Daley, Digby; Margot (John) Spurway, Fredericton, N.B.; Michael (Cathy) Daley, Digby; David (Carolyn) Daley, Fredericton, N.B; Kimberly (Nils) Mathieson, Fredericton; Kelly Robicheau, Digby; Troy Robicheau, Digby; Angela MacAlpine, Halifax; Scott MacAlpine, Fredericton, N.B.; 17 great grandchildren; and several nieces and nephew.
      She was predeceased by her husband David Daley; sisters, Theta Spielman, Nancy Denton, Laura Deming, Edith Cookson, Dorothy Morehouse; brothers Guy Morehouse, Paul Morehouse, Roscoe Morehouse; nephew Steven Deming; and granddaughter-in-law Kimberley Daley.
      … Funeral service took place May 10 at 2:30 p.m. in Trinity Anglican Church, Digby, with Rev. Tom Vaughn officiating. Interment was in Forest Hills Cemetery, Digby. Donations may be made to Trinity Anglican Church….[434]
    4. Laura Morehouse, m. ____ Deming. They had a son, Steven Deming, who predeceased his aunt, Helen (Saunders) Daley.
    5. Edith Morehouse, m. ____ Cookson
    6. Dorothy Morehouse, d. unmarried.
    7. Guy Morehouse, Jr.
    8. Paul Morehouse.
    9. Roscoe Morehouse.
  2. Harry Trueman Saunders, b. 17 May 1893, d. 1969, and buried with his parents. He m. in 1928, his kinswoman, Nora Georgina Morehouse (whom see elsewhere in these notes), still alive in June 2000, daughter of Orwell Holmes Morehouse and Jennie Scott Reid. He purchased his father’s house from his stepmother in 1930, and held it until 1957. His widow was living with her son Gerald in Halifax in 2000.
    Harry was a foreman at one of Henry Ford’s farms (museums) in the United States, and he also worked for General Electric. In 1926 (the year his father died) he returned to Sandy Cove and went into the scallop business. Two years later he married Nora. He operated machinery for road construction in Digby County. He worked with his brother-in-law, Guy Morehouse, on the mail and bus route for Digby Neck and the Islands for many years. His adventures did not end there as in 1951 (at the age of 58) he moved to Halifax and was employed with the Fisheries Department on a government patrol boat. In 1957, he deeded the house to his wife. He moved back to Sandy Cove from 1959 to 1963 and due to ill health, he moved to Windsor where his daughter Dorothy lived.

    Nora taught school for one year after graduating from Normal College Summer School. When she and Harry moved to Halifax, she worked as a sales lady at Wood Brothers for two and a half years and at Robert Simpsons’ for three years. She then went into training at Camp Hill Hospital and graduated as a Registered Nursing Assistant. After graduation she joined the staff of the Children’s Hospital in Halifax. When they made the move back to Sandy Cove, she joined the staff of Digby General Hospital where she nursed for four and a half years. When the move was made to Windsor, she obtained employment with her son-in-law, Dr. D.A. Stewart … for twelve years.[435]
    Issue:
    1. Gerald Ingram Saunders, of Halifax in 2000.
    2. Dorothy Saunders, m. Dr. Donald A. Stewart.


Unplaced Persons

We here list a number of persons surnamed Harris or Saunders of the Sandy Cove area, whom we have not succeeded in fitting into the text above. Given the commonness of the two surnames, it is of course possible that some of these persons had not connection whatsoever with the families we have treated. We have tried to avoid listing member of the Saunders family who are proved not to be Harris descendants by the unpublished Saunders genealogy by Marion Angrignon.

William Saunders, of Sandy Cove, mariner, m. before 1849, Catharine ____. They are known from the marriage record of a son:

  1. William W. Saunders, b. 1847-48 (aged 33 in 1881) at Sandy Cove. He m. 6 Sept 1881 at Sandy Cove, according to Baptist rites, by licence,[436] Clarissa J. Eldridge, b. 1859-60 (aged 21 years in 1881) at Sandy Cove, daughter of Shubael Eldridge, farmer, by the latter’s wife Sophronia ____. At the time of their marriage, the record of which names both sets of parents without however supplying the maiden surnames of the mothers, both parties were of Sandy Cove, and the groom was a mariner; the witnesses were Caroline McKay and Jennett Morse.

Phoebe A. Harris, b. 1832-33 (aged 38 in 1871) in Nova Scotia, living 1871 (no death registration found). She m. in 1848 at Sandy Cove,[437] Benjamin Doucette, b. 1827-28 (aged 43 in 1871) in Nova Scotia. They are enumerated at Sandy Cove in the 1871 census, in which he is called a ship carpenter, and he is called Catholic but all the rest of the family Baptist. Benjamin is called a carpenter in the 1875 birth record of his son Edmund and a mechanic in the 1887 marriage record of his son John. We have not found this family in the 1881 census. Known issue:

  1. Charles B. Doucette, b. 1853-54 (aged 17 in 1871), a ship carpenter in 1871.
  2. Annabell Doucette b. 1854-55 (aged 16 in 1871).
  3. Isa W. Doucette, b. 1857-58 (aged 13 in 1871).
  4. John A. Doucette, b. 1862-63 (aged 8 in 1871) at Sandy Cove. He m. 14 April 1887 at Sandy Cove, according to Baptist rites, by licence,[438] Esther Melanson, b. (aged 20 in 1887) at East Ferry, daughter of Cyril Melanson, a mechanic, by the latter’s wife Ellen ____. At the time of their marriage, the record of which names both sets of parents without howevever supplying the maiden surnames of the mothers, both parties were of Little River; and the groom (whose age is understated as 21) was a fisherman.
  5. Mina E. Doucette, b. 1865-66 (aged 5 in 1871).
  6. Sarah P. Doucette, b. 1867-68 (aged 3 in 1871).
  7. Sophia A. Doucette, b. 8 Oct. 1870 at East Ferry.
  8. Edmund P. Doucette, b. 31 April 1875 at East Ferry.[439]

Pauline (or Paulina) Saunders, b. ca. 1834, living 1891 (no death registration found). She m. in 1852 at Digby Neck,[440] William Burns, b. 8 Feb. 1837, living 1891, son of Isaac Burns, of Digby Neck and Weymouth, by the latter’s wife Lucy, daughter of Capt. William Smith.[441] He is called a mason in the birth records of their daughter Ellen (1864), son Charles (1866), and daughter Mary (1871). They are found at Sandy Cove in the censuses of 1871, 1881, and 1891, with their children Hannah, William, Louisa, Charles, and Mary. Known issue:

  1. Hannah Burns.
  2. Capt. William T. Burns, b. about 1862 (aged 9 in 1871, 19 in 1881, 29 in 1891, b. 1863 per tombstone), d. 1943, who m. Clara Saunders (see above).
  3. Ellen Louisa Burns, b. 1 Dec. 1864 at Sandy Cove.
  4. Louisa Burns.
  5. Charles F. Burns, b. 14 Nov. 1866 at Sandy Cove.
  6. Mary A. Burns, b. 31 Aug. 1871 at Sandy Cove.

Mary Saunders, no death registration found. She m. by 1855, James Eldridge. Only known child:

  1. Ainsley Ensley Eldridge, b. 8 July 1855 at Sandy Cove, d. 2 Aug. 1937 at Glendale, Los Angeles, California.[442] He m. 15 May 1866 at Puerto, Colorado, Miriam Catherine Minnie Rice.

Leafy Saunders,[443] b. 1861-62 (aged 29 in 1871) in Nova Scotia, living 1873 (no death registration found). She m. in 1862, probably at Sandy Cove,[444] Joseph W. Morehouse, b. 1827-28 (aged 43 in 1871) in Nova Scotia, living 1873, who is a called a seaman in the birth record of his daughter Anabel (1862) and a mariner in those of his children Eugenia (1868), John (1870), Alice (1872), and Hannah (1873). They appear in the 1871 census of Sandy Cove, in which Joseph is called a sea captain.[445] Known issue:

  1. Anabel Morehouse, b. 10 Nov. 1864 at Sandy Cove; attending school in 1871.
  2. Eugenia M. Morehouse, b. 13 April 1868 at Sandy Cove, living 1871.
  3. John J. Morehouse, b. 2 June 1870 at Sandy Cove, living 1871.
  4. Alice M. Morehouse, b. 14 April 1872 at Sandy Cove.
  5. Hannah A. Morehouse, b. 24 July 1873 at Sandy Cove.

William Saunders, of Sandy Cove, first mate of the schooner Olive Pecker, murdered at sea in August 1897, but no official registration of his death has been found. He is briefly mentioned in a newspaper story concerning the incident:

The U.S.S. Lancaster dropped anchor in Hampton Roads this morning from Bahia, Brazil. In military confinement on the war ship are 5 men, of the crew of the schooner Olive Pecker, whose captain, J.M. Whitman, of Rockland, Maine, and first mate William Saunders, of Sandy Cove, Nova Scotia, were murdered at sea in August last. In the ship’s brig, closely ironed, is J. Andersen, the cook, who was the self-confessed perpetrator of the murder and who afterwards set fire to the vessel. The Olive Pecker sailed from Boston June 27th with a cargo of lumber for Bahia….[446]

Unexamined Documents

The following materials of possible relevance to this family have ben identified from indexes, but copies of the originals have not yet been obtained:

Digby County Wills, Public Archives of Nova Scotia

name                   residence   date      will/  date*      reference
                                   of death  admin.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Harris, Sarah          Digby                     W  20 Feb.  1883  A-922
Saunders, Charles      Sandy Cove  27 May  1909  A  27 Feb.  1925  A-2251
   "    , Clarissa J.  Sandy Cove  30 May  1929  A   6 Sept. 1929  A-2412
   "    , Francis      Sandy Cove   7 May  1904  W  17 Oct.  1914  A-1865
   "    , Ingram L.    Sandy Cove  14 Dec. 1926  W  31 Dec.  1926  A-2301
   "    , Isabel       Sandy Cove  14 Dec. 1908  W  28 Oct.  1908  A-1659
   "    , J.F.         Digby                     W   8 Jan.  1900  A-1415
   "    , John         Sandy Cove                A  18 May   1895  A-1266
   "    , John A.      Sandy Cove                A   4 July  1859  A-414
   "    , John A.      Digby                     A   1 May   1863  A-478
   "    , John Robert  Sandy Cove                A  12 Oct.  1892  A-1202
   "    , Loren        Sandy Cove                W  27 Sept. 1890  A-1150
   "    , Lemuel       Digby                     W  10 Aug.  1847  A-347
   "    , Lemuel       Digby                     A  14 June  1855  A-353
   "    , Stephen      Digby                     W  23 Dec.  1879  A-833
   "    , William      Sandy Cove                A  30 Aug.  1873  A-680
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Of proving of will or grant of administration


A list of the main Church and Cemetery Records used in these notes

New York

Fishkill and Hopewell: First Reformed Church, Fishkill … [and] First Reformed Church, Hopewell, copied … by Mrs. Jean D. Worden. 1981.

Poughkeepsie: “Records of the First Reformed Church of Poughkeepsie,” 1892 transcript at Adriance Memorial Library [Family History Library microfilm no. 940,278, item 4]. We must reluctantly mention that a published version, First and Second Reformed Dutch Church, Poughkeepsie, Dutchess County, New York, 1716-1912, copied … by Mrs. Jean D. Worden (1992), was based on an illegible microfilm of the originals [Family History Library microfilm no. 533,472, items 1-5] and despite brave efforts on the part of the transcriber contains many errors.

Nova Scotia

Digby, N.S.: “Notitia Parochialis of Trinity Parish, Nova Scotia, by Roger Viets, Doctor of Divinity…,” in Digby Township Book, Public Archives of Nova Scotia, reel 11337. Also the modern transcript of this record, P.A.N.S. MG 4, vol. 23, item 3, reel 15032, available online at https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1925428

Sandy Cove: “Church of the Nativity, Sandy Cove,” transcribed by Carol Measham, available online at http://www.rootsweb.com/~nsdigby/cemeterys/ sandycove_anglican_nativity.htm.

Shelburne, N.S.: Shelburne Records, transcribed by the Nova Scotia Branch of the Public Archives of Canada ca. 1920, typescript, Public Archives of Nova Scotia, MG 4, vol. 141, reel 21958.

Ontario

“Estherville Cemetery, Bayham Township, Elgin County, Ontario, Canada, Gravestone Inscriptions,” transcribed by James McCallum, available online at http://www.elginogs.ca/cemeteries/bayham/estherville.htm.

“Otter Valley Cemetery, Bayham Township, Elgin County, Ontario, Canada, Gravestone Inscriptions, Road between Con. 2 and Con. 3., Bayham Township,” transcribed by Jim McCallum, available online at http://www.elginogs.ca/cemeteries/bayham/ottervalley.htm.

“St. Luke’s Anglican Cemetery, Con. 3, Lot 16, Heritage Line, Bayham Township, Elgin County, Ontario, Canada,” available online at http://www.elginogs.ca/cemeteries/bayham/stluke.htm.


Notes

1Roderick Bissell Jones, “The Harris Family of Block Island and Dutchess County, N.Y.,” New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, vol. 84, no. 3 (July 1953), 134-48; vol. 84, no. 4 (Oct. 1953), 216-32.
2Robert H. Bowerman, “Additional material pertaining to the Harris family of Block Island and Dutchess County,” NYGBR 124 (1993): 222-24. Analysis of Jones’s later writings, which attempt to extend this Harris lineage backward, were found to contain insurmountable flaws by Gale Ion Harris, “Wyllys-Harris-Chambers-Hamlin-Smith,” The American Genealogist 64 (1989): 226-32.
3Gale Ion Harris, “The supposed children of Thomas Harris of Dutchess County, New York: Reevaluation and Revisions,” NYGBR 133 (2002): 3-18; “Walter and Mary (Fry) Harris of New London, Connecticut,” NEHGR 156 (2002), 145-58, 262-79, 357-72. Miriam (Harris) Coult did indeed belong to the family of William1 Harris, her name alone being almost sufficient to establish her as a daughter of Thomas Harris and Miriam Willey, but Harris makes a compelling case against her having brothers Peter, Stephen, and Joseph Harris, for none of whom Jones could find any baptismal records. Ironically, as Harris notes (NYGBR 133:12 n. 72), Jones was well aware (see NYGBR 84:139, footnote) that the family of Peter Harris, of New London, and his wife Elizabeth Manwaring, contained a “trio of brothers” with precisely these names, yet he insisted that they were “another” three men.
4With the recent exception of Frank J. Doherty, Settlers of the Beekman Patent, Dutchess County, New York, vol. 6 (2001), whose account of the Harrises postdates that given in the first appearance of the present page.
5For more detail on this matter see our The descendants of Hendrick Hegeman, of Flatbush, Kings County, Long Island, New York.
6Terrence M. Punch, Genealogical Research in Nova Scotia (Halifax, 1978), 114.
7Roderick Bissell Jones, “The Harris Family of Block Island and Dutchess County, N.Y.,” NYGBR 84 (1953): 134-48, 216-32, at pp. 143-6, which tentatively but correctly identifies Joseph’s wife, and notes the mention of him in Francis Filkin’s account-book, among other sources. But notice the error in its account of Joseph’s parentage, already referred to, and corrected in the articles by Gale Ion Harris previously cited.
8G.I. Harris, in NYGBR 133:14-15.
9R.B. Jones, in NYGBR 84:139 n., citing Waterbury Deeds, v. 3, p. 441, in a passage in which he was unaware he was referring to the present man.
10Year Book [of the] Dutchess County Historical Society, 25:47.
11Collections of the Dutchess County Historical Society, 7:21.
12Francis Filkin’s account-book, published as Account book of a country store keeper in the 18th century at Poughkeepsie (Poughkeepsie, 1911), pp. 92, 93.
13Filkin’s account-book, 92.
14G.I. Harris does not accept the attribution of a son John to this couple by R.B. Jones.
15Another line of descent from him and his wife is traced, through the Van Vliet family, in Ruth Ellsworth Richardson, Samuel Richardson (1602-1658) and Josiah Ellsworth (1629-1689): some descendants (1974).
16Bureau of Archives for the Province of Ontario, 2nd Report (1904), 635-6.
17Names of persons for whom marriage licenses were issued by the Secretary of the Province of New York, previous to 1784 (Albany, 1860), 172. Record of the actual marriage has not been discovered.
18This connection, which is consistent with contemporary records, is given in “an ancient parchment, the ‘Van Kleeck chart’ … now in the possession of the Dutchess County Historical Society,” transcribed in Prentiss Glazier’s Van Kleeck family of Dutchess County, New York (typescript, 1974, New York Genealogical & Biographical Society), and referred to in p. 3 of his text. Gideon DuBois was bapt. 11 Jan. 1719 in the Kingston Dutch Church, son of Matthys DuBois and Sara Matthys [van Keulen] (Kingston Dutch Reformed Church baptismal register, entry no. 2628), and older brother of Jeremiah DuBois, bapt. 18 May 1721 in the same church (Ibid., entry no. 2879), who married Rachel Viele, and served with her as a baptismal sponsor for the third child of Sarah (DuBois) Harris. It is not clear precisely when Gideon DuBois married Sara van Kleeck, but they served together as baptismal sponsors on 8 May 1740 in the Poughkeepsie Dutch Church, although no relationship is stated between them in the record. For Sara van Kleeck see Lorine McGinnis Schulze, “Jan Corneliszen Damen in the New World,” New Netherland Connections 4 (1999): 47-56, at p. 52; Bruce A. Bennett, “Pierre1 Parmentier of New Amsterdam and his Dutchess County descendants,” pt. 1, New York Genealogical and Biographical Record 138 (2007): 85-96, at p. 93.
19Our source here, as for all the Shelburne church and cemetery records, is Shelburne Records, transcribed by the Nova Scotia Branch of the Public Archives of Canada ca. 1920, typescript, Public Archives of Nova Scotia, MG 4, vol. 141, reel 21958.
20R.B. Jones, citing “Colonial Muster Rolls,” in Second Annual Report of the State Historian of the State of New York (1896), pp. 520, 535, 555, 700.
21Eighteenth Century Records of the portion of Dutchess County, New York, that was included in Rombout Precinct and the original town of Fishkill (Collections of the Dutchess County Historical Society, VI, 1938), 27.
22New Jersey Volunteers Authorization to Recruit, available online at http://www.royalprovincial.com/military/rhist/njv/njvrcrt.htm, citing Shelburne County, Nova Scotia Museum, Captain Peter Harris file.
23R.B. Jones, citing Helen Wilkinson Reynolds, Records of Christ Church, Poughkeepsie (1911), v. I, pp. 14, 17, 19, 48, 379.
24R.B. Jones, in NYGBR; the original materials which he summarizes are in the Harris files at the Provincial Archives of Nova Scotia (hereafter P.A.N.S.), MG 100, vol. 161, no. 54; reel 15201.
25Eighteenth Century Records…, mortages, no. 152.
26Bureau of Archives for the Province of Ontario, 2nd Report, 635-6; Peter Wilson Coldham, American Loyalist Claims, volume I, abstracted from the Public Record Office, Audit Office Series 13, Bundles 1-35 & 37 (Washington, D.C.: National Genealogical Society, 1980), 218-19; also Harris file in P.A.N.S.
27Harris file, Public Archives of Nova Scotia, MG 100, vol. 161, no. 54, reel 15201.
28This man’s will was made no earlier than 1793, although two different dates are given in Eighteenth Century Records of … Rombout Precinct: estates, no. 108, and in Frank J. Doherty, Settlers of the Beekman Patent, 3 (1995), p. 617.
29Marion Robertson, King’s Bounty: A History of Early Shelburne, Nova Scotia (Halifax, 1983), p. 78.
30There is a notice of Capt. Nathaniel Vernon in Donald J. Gara, British Legion Biographical Sketches, Cavalry Officers, available online at http://www.royalprovincial.com/Military/rhist/britlegn/blcav1.htm, where he is identified with the Nathaniel Vernon, Sheriff of Chester County, Pennsylvania, mentioned in Lorenzo Sabine, Biographical Sketches of Loyalists of the American, 2:387, whose confiscated estates became vested in his four sons, a fact corroborated by John Hill Martin, Chester (and its vicinity), Delaware County, in Pennsylvania; with genealogical sketches of some old families (Philadelphia, 1877), p. 188. His son, Augustus Vernon, d. 10 April 1856, aged 50 years, leaving behind a family, and was buried in Christ Church Cemetery, Shelburne, where a tombstone survived in 2002.
31Controlled extracts for the marriage register of Christ Church, Shelburne, 1783-1869, in the IGI, batches M510051, M534151.
32A photocopy of this document will be found in the Harris file, Public Archives of Nova Scotia, MG 100, vol. 161, no. 54, reel 15201.
33Controlled extracts from the baptismal register of Christ Church, Shelburne, 1783-1869, as indexed in the IGI, batch C510051.
34Gale Ion Harris, “The supposed children of Thomas Harris of Dutchess County, New York,” at p. 16.
35NYGBR 69:291.
36Eighteenth-century records of the portion of Dutchess County, New York, that was included in Rombout Precinct and the original Town of Fishkill (Collections of the Dutchess County Historical Society, vol. VI, 1938), p. 27.
37“Francis Harris with Isaac Lent (lately deceased) gave a bond on March 16, 1768, to Charles LeRoux for £600; and Harris and LeRoux have agreed that LeRoux will alllow to Harris and the heirs of Isaac Lent, deceased, extension of payment date” (Eighteenth-century records of … Rombout Precinct and the original Town of Fishkill, mortgagee no. 100, pp. 143-4, citing Dutchess Co. Mortgages, Liber III, page 114, June 1771.
38”Notitia Parochialis of Trinity Parish, Nova Scotia” (see list of church and cemetery records at end of these notes. The entry calls her only “wife of Francis Harris,” but the date is pretty good agreement with by a letter written by her daughter Hannah (Harris) Saunders in December 1817 (see below), mentioning Evangeline’s death six [sic] years earlier.
39Wilson V. Ledley, “The Vanderwaters of New York: The First Five Generations,” New York Genealogical and Biographical Record 98 (1967): 23-33, 95-98, 153-58, 212-21, at p. 95, where for some unfathomable reason Francis Harris is described as the “widower of Catherine Smith.” Previously, some of this material had appeared in a manuscript deposited by the author at the Holland Society of New York in 1958, and its existence, and the chronological implausibility of Ledley’s claim, were kindly brought to our attention by Ross W. McCurdy. Peter’s sister (almost certainly), Engeltje Vandewater, m. 29 June 1750 in the Fishkill Dutch Church, Jonas Schoonhoven, from Esopus (now Kingston). Ledley, without citing any evidence, claims that she afterward became the wife of Francis Harris. But had she been so, she would surely have been called a widow in their marriage record, since he is called a widower. Furthermore, it is nearly impossible that a woman first married in 1750 could still have been bearing children so late as 1788.
    Peter Vandewater and Egtje De Lange, who were married 2 Feb. 1744 at Fishkill (no places of origin or residence for them being given in the record), had the following known children:
  1. Lena, bapt. 25 Dec. 1745 at Fishkill; no sponsors named.
  2. Jacobus, said to have been b. 13 Jan. 1747.
  3. Pieter, Jr., bapt. 12 Sept. 1759 at Hopewell (also recorded under date of 30 Dec. 1759 at Fishkill), with sponsors Paul Vandevoorten and Jannet Vandewater [perhaps the father’s sister; a “Jannetke” Vandewater joined the Fishkill Dutch church on 2 Sept. 1744].
  4. Sara, bapt. (as “Saartje”) 18 Oct. 1761 at Fishkill, with sponsors “Joonis” Schoonhoven and “Engelye” Schoonhoven [i.e. Jonas Schoonhoven, from Esopus (now Kingston), and his wife Engeltje Vandewater, from Long Island, who were married 29 June 1750 in the Fishkill Dutch Church; Ledley plausibly identifies her as a sister of Peter].
  5. Jannetje, bapt. 25 Oct. 1763 at Hopewell, with sponsor Jannetje de Lang, widow [ostensibly the mother’s mother]. She was likely the Jannetje Vandewater who m. Moses De Graef, and baptized a daughter named Egje [sic] 7 June 1782 in the Poughkeepsie Dutch Church (no sponsors being named in the record).
  6. Elizabeth, bapt. 24 July 1768 at Hopewell; no sponsors named.
It is clear that there was ample room for other children in this family, although no daughter Engletje is given either by Ledley, or by James C. Anderson, Pieter (Peter) Van de Water, available online at http://www.legacyfamilytree.ca/Pickering/315.htm, citing Edna (Van de Water) Cameron, The Van de Waters (privately published), which we have not seen. But she was likely born some time during the huge gap between the second and third children.
    Peter Vandewater was a son of Jacobus van de Water and Helena Loyse/Losee, and a grandson of Benjamin van de Water and Engeltje Lieverse.
    Egtje De Lange was a daughter of Frans/Francis De Lange (d. 1755), of Kingston, Poughkeepsie, and New York City, by the latter’s wife Maria/Marytjen van Schaick, as (per Ledley) she is named as “Egie” in his 1751 will. The marriage intentions of Frans De Lange and Maritje van Schaick were recorded 31 July 1703 in the Albany Dutch Reformed Church, he being recorded as born at Esopus, Ulster Co., and residing in New York City, and she as born and residing at Kinderhook; the marriage ensued on 6 Sept. of that year. Unfortunately, none of the baptismal sponsorships of their children gives an obvious clue to the identity of Maria van Schaick, but as has been noted by van Schaick researchers, her second son was named Niclaas, and there was a Niclaes van Schaick of Kinderhook who was of about the right age to have been her father. The known issue of Frans De Lange and Maria van Schaick was as follows:
  1. Arie, b. say 1705; named in his father’s will.
  2. Rachel, b. say 1708; named in her father’s will; m. Lawrence Lossee.
  3. Niclaas, bapt. 10 Aug. 1711 in the Kingston Dutch Church, as a child of Frans de Lange and Marytjen van Schaak, with sponsors Gerrit Wynkoop and Rachel Ploeg (Kingston baptisms, no. 1971); m. Johanna Dolsen, and his parents served as baptismal sponsor to a child of theirs at Fishkill in 1734.
  4. Louwerens, bapt. 31 May 1713 in the Kingston Dutch Church, as a child of Frans de Lange and Marytjen van Schaak, with sponsors Theunis Peer and Geesjen de Lange (Kingston baptisms, no. 2138); m. Neeltje Parmentier [New York Genealogical and Biographical Record 138 (2007): 202].
  5. Jannetjen, bapt. 27 Feb. 1715 in the Kingston Dutch Church, as a child of Frans de Lange and Marytjen van Scheyk, with sponsors Aart Masten and Aagjen van Vlied [wife of Theunis Adamsz. Swart] (Kingston baptisms, no. 2292); m. Benjamin Hasbrouck, an executor of her father’s will [New York Genealogical and Biographical Record 7 (1876): 46, 94].
  6. Maria, bapt. (as “Maryen”) 10 Oct. 1716 in the Poughkeepsie Dutch Church as a child of Frans De Lange and Maryjen van ____ [illegible], with sponsors Johannes van Peltz and Aaltjen ter Bos; m. (1) Martin Wiltsee [New York Genealogical and Biographical Record 107 (1976): 81].
  7. Lydia, bapt. 23 Oct. 1718 in the Poughkeepsie Dutch Church as a child of Frans De Lange and Marytje van Schaack, with sponsors Frans LaRoy and Lelia David.
  8. Elisabeth, bapt. 6 July 1720 in the Poughkeepsie Dutch Church as a child of Frans de Lange and Marytje ____, with sponsors Ary Kool and Elisabeth van den Bogaard.
  9. Catharina, bapt. 8 April 1722 in the New York Dutch Church as a child of Frans de Langet [sic] and Maria van Schaik, with sponsors Jan Montras and Jannetje Langet.
  10. Elias, b. say 1723-24.
  11. Geesje, b. say 1725.
  12. Egtje, b. around Feb. 1727, bapt. 20 Aug. 1727 by the minister of the Lutheran Church, New York City, as “Egje, ½ year old, daughter of Frans de Lange and Mary ____, with sponsors Egje van Vliet [wife of Theunis Adamsz. Swart] and Pieter du Bois [New York Genealogical and Biographical Record 97 (1966): 104]. Egie and her husband Peter van der Water are named in papers relating to the settlement of her father’s estate.
40Eighteenth Century Records…, mortages, no. 152. Such Dutchess County records as are available to us do not throw much further light on Peter Vandewater. His property lay somewhere between Hopewell Church and Fishkill Landing on the Hudson River (Ibid., deeds, no. 120; mortages, no. 25, 118, 152, 172, 314). When in 1783 he sold 158 acres of land at Wappingers Kill to a Jacobus Vandewater, both are designated “yeoman” (Ibid., deeds, no. 150), suggesting considerable social status, but he was probably not wealthy, as he had to mortgage property on two other occasions (Ibid., mortgages, nos. 36, 38).
41R.B. Jones, in NYGBR 84:145.
42Further details of the transportation will be found in Mike Parker, Historic Digby: Imgaes of our Past (Halifax, 2000), p. viii.
43W.A. Calnek & A.W. Savary, History of the County of Annapolis, 2 vols. (Toronto, 1897), 2:117-27, at p. 121, available online at Our Roots; Isaiah W. Wilson, A Geography and History of the County of Digby, Nova Scotia (Halifax, 1900), 70-73, at p. 72, also available online at Our Roots. It will be noticed that this total of three children will not account for the two children of his first marriage, so that they cannot have been living with him at the time; and it also shows that his youngest child — whether Francis or Sarah — was born after 1783 and, consequently, in Nova Scotia, a conclusion corroborated by the appearance of four children in a list of 1788 mentioned below.
44Marion Gilroy, Loyalists and Land Settlement in Nova Scotia (Public Archives of Nova Scotia Publication No. 4, Halifax, 1937), p. 33; Wilson’s Digby, p. 64.
45Gilroy, 14; Mary Kate Bull, Sandy Cove: The History of a Nova Scotia Village (Hantsport, N.S., 1978), 17.
46This memorial and associated documents can be found at http://www.novascotia.ca/nsarm/virtual/landpapers/archives.asp?ID=1129. Cf. Bull’s Sandy Cove, 19, 127.
47There are references to men named Francis Harris in Wilson’s Digby, pp. 60, 62, 64, 93; but they are not particularly lucid and it is not clear whether they all pertain to the same person.
48Bull’s Sandy Cove, 26.
49Bull’s Sandy Cove, 124-26, at p. 125, citing Stephen Fountain’s account book in the possession of Mrs. Lenika (Eldridge) Ensor, of Sandy Cove, also available on microfilm at the Public Archives of Canada and at P.A.N.S.
50Wilson’s Digby, 385-7.
51Bull’s Sandy Cove, 59.
52Wilson’s Digby, 133, 389-92, at p. 389; Abraham Hatfield, The Hatfields of Westchester: a genealogy of the descendants of Thomas Hatfield, of New Amsterdam and Mamaroneck, whose sons settled in White Plains, Westchester County, New York (New York, 1935), 69.
53Bull’s Sandy Cove, 38.
54Original will of Francis Harris, of Digby, 1 April 1816, Digby County Probates no. A-27, P.A.N.S. reel 20457, collated against registered copy, P.A.N.S. R.G. 48, reel 19326, and punctuation added and capitalization normalized for the sake of clarity. We have inserted in curly braces a few words which appear only in the registered copy, evidently inserted to correct defects in the legal phrasing.
55Information contained in a letter to the compiler from the late Cecelia (Coon) Botting, of Tucson, Arizona, dated 13 Feb. 1991; we have not personally seen the letter to which she refers. Mrs. Botting’s exact words, in describing the letter, were as follows: “From the letter of Hannah Saunders to John and Catherine [née Harris] Comfort and delivered by Stephen Harris to Catharine, she gives the approximate date of her parents’ deaths, news of neighbors, and the names of her two oldest boys: Billy who was 24 and Francis who was 20, both living at home. Her letter was dated Dec. 1817 and that means Billy was born in 1793 and Francis in 1797.”
56Bull’s Sandy Cove, p. 125.
57Bull’s Sandy Cove, p. 38.
58A “Joseph Bell, of Great Marlow, Buckinghamshire … m. Sarah, dau. of Peter and Elizabeth (Lee) Lake, of Shrewsbury. The family came over to New York, and in the fall of 1793 came with the Loyalists to Shelburne. A few years afterward they removed to Yarmouth, where Mr. Bell d. 2d July, 1828, aged 89. Mrs. Bell d. 9 Aug., 1809. They had two daus., one of whom m. in Orange Co., N.Y., and remained there. The other, Elizabeth, b. in London 9th Jany., 1766, accompanied her parents to Shelburne, and m. there 5th May, 1785, Joseph Norman Bond.” — George S. Brown, Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, genealogies, transcribed from the Yarmouth Herald (Baltimore, 1993), 48. This Bell-Bond marriage is also noted in G.W.T. Farish, M.D., “A Medical Biography of the Bond-Farish family,” Canadian Medical Association Journal 23 (1930): 696-8, available online at http://www.yarmouth.org/villages/town/people/farish.htm. Brown’s account is further supported by the statement that “Joseph Bell, born in England, came to New York before the Revolution. At the peace [he] came to Shelburne with his family of three and one servant. Removed to Yarmouth and died there in 1829, aged 89 years.” — see Disbanded Soldiers Mustered at Shelburne, available online at http://www.lib.unb.ca/Texts/Marston/articles/Shelburne_table.html. Joseph Bell was “a captain of one of the companies of Loyalists,” and his name is commemmorated in Bell’s Cove, as mentioned in Mary Archibald, “The Shelburne Loyalists,” Nova Scotia Historical Review 3 (1983): 5-20, at p. 10, n. 16. He was warranted land in Shelburne County in 1785 (Gilroy, Loyalists and Land Settlement in Nova Scotia, p. 107).
    This man cannot, however, have been the Joseph Bell who married Catharine Harris. First, he was still married to Sarah Lake 6½ years after Catharine Harris’s first child was born, and secondly, he himself was still alive throughout 1827, in which year Catharine is attested as a widow. If this is the right Bell family, he, with a birthdate of about 1738, was some thirty years older than Catharine Harris, and may perhaps have been her father-in-law, though we have found no evidence that he actually was. Finally, it should be noted that William Bell, son of Joseph Bell and Catharine Harris, reported his ethnicity as Irish in the 1881 census.
59Public Archives of Nova Scotia, R.G. 1, vol. 446, fos. 72, 73, on Public Archives of Canada microfilm no. M-5219.
60An anonymous typescript in the Harris file, Public Archives of Nova Scotia, MG 100, vol. 161, no. 54, reel 15201, credits them also with a son “Tom John (1807-1889),” but no evidence is offered, and his stated date of birth is in conflict with that of the known son William John in the same year.
61Lovitt Wilson is mentioned, but with no issue traced, in Edwin Crowell, History of Barrington Township (Yarmouth, 1923), 596.
62Calnek’s Annapolis, 2:121.
63Wilson’s Digby, p. 60.
64Bull’s Sandy Cove, 24, 26.
65Wilson’s Digby, 310-11; Calnek’s Annapolis, 1:521 ff.
66Wilson’s Digby, 385-7.
67Presumably John Morehouse, from Connecticut, mentioned in Sabine’s Biographical Sketches of Loyalists of the American Revolution, 2:103, who d. at Digby Neck in 1839, aged 78 years; his wife was a Mary Jones. “Descendants of John Morehouse are very numerous in and about Digby.” — Cornelius Starr Morehouse, Ancestry and descendants of Gershom Morehouse, Jr. of Redding, Connecticut, a captain in the American Revolution (s.l., 1894), p. 26.
68Bull’s Sandy Cove, 24-6.
69Bull’s Sandy Cove, 26.
70See the index to the customers’ names in the account-book given in Bull’s Sandy Cove, 124-26, at p. 125.
71Wilson’s Digby, 360.
72Wilson’s Digby, p. 360, writes “of Sandy Cove,” which while probably true is not in the original record.
73Bull’s Sandy Cove, 26, citing Digby County Registry Office, Book 1B, p. 472.
74Wilson’s Digby, 90-1. Towner is discussed in Allan M. Hill, Some Chapters in the History of Digby County… (Halifax, 1901), 101-3; also Dictionary of Canadian Biography, s.v. Roger Viets.
75Digby County Deeds, Liber 10, no. 160; P.A.N.S. reel no. 17701, item 2.
76Digby County deeds, Liber 5, nos. 534 & 535 respectively; P.A.N.S. reel 17699, item 2.
77Will of Peter Harris, from a transcription kindly supplied by Ross McCurdy; punctuation added for clarity.
78Will of Peter Harris, from a transcription kindly supplied by Ross McCurdy; puctuation added and capitalization normalized for clarity.
791881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Digby Co., Westport, district 15, sub-district F, p. 16; PAC microfilm no. C-13172 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,808].
801871 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, district 191 (Digby County), subdistrict d (Sandy Cove), p. 29; PAC microfilm no. C-10544. The entry reads:
name             age cond. birthplace  religion  origin   occupation
--------------------------------------------------------------------
Thomas W. Crowell  69 m.  Nova Scotia  Baptist  English  farmer
Angleche Crowell   70 m.  Nova Scotia  Baptist  German
81Digby County death registrations, book 1806, p. 94.
82Information from Marion Angrignon. For Thomas West Crowell Sr. see Bull, Sandy Cove, p. 129. Thomas West Crowell, Sr., was a son of Thomas Crowell “Sr.,” a grantee at Barrington, and Martha Coleman; see Elizabeth Pearson White, “Nova Scotia Settlers from Chatham, Mass., 1759-1769,” National Genealogical Society Quartlerly 62 (1974): 96-117, at p. 100. He m. (1) Sarah, daughter of Thomas Doane by his second wife Elizabeth Lewis, and “moved to Digby Neck,” according to Edwin Crowell, History of Barrington Township (Yarmouth, 1923), pp. 458, 477; White, “Nova Scotia Settlers from Chatham,” at pp. 101-102. He m. (2) Elizabeth Trask, b. 26 Nov. 1775, daughter of Thomas Trask and Hannah Waterman, for whose identification see George S. Brown, Yarmouth Genealogies, pp. 413, 44.
83Christian Messenger, 27 Feb. 1852, per unpublished notes of Marion Angrignon.
841871 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, district 191 (Digby County), subdistrict d (Sandy Cove), p. 29; PAC microfilm no. C-10544. The entry reads:
name             age  cond. occupation
--------------------------------------
Wesley W. Crowell  46  m.   farmer
Ruth H. Crowell	   40  m.
Emma S. Crowell	   17  -
William C. Crowell 15  -
=====
Everyone in household born in Nova Scotia, Baptist in religion,
English in origin
85Bull, Sandy Cove, 173, n. 19.
86Vital record not found. This date, and some of our other information, is taken from Jack Minard Sanford, President John Sanford of Boston, Massachusetts and Portsmouth, Rhode Island (East Aurora, New York: privately published, 1966), 174.
87Bull, Sandy Cove, 135.
881881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Digby Co., Sandy Cove, district 15, sub-district D, p. 19; PAC microfilm no. C-13172 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,808].
89Names of persons for whom marriage licenses were issued by the Secretary of the Province of New York, previous to 1784 (Albany, 1860), 171.
90The career of this man has been so thoroughly covered by previous researchers that (albeit he is a direct ancestor of the present writer) we have as yet personally undertaken little investigation of him in primary sources, and so will not enter into the matter here in any detail. The most important of the works which have come to our notice are Arthur H. Radasch, Comfort Families of Orange County, New York (Upper Montclair, N.J., 1962; typescript at the National Library of the Daughters of the American Revolution, Washington, D.C.), p. 11 [Family History Library microfilm no. 858,851, item 8]; and Cecelia C. Botting & Roland B. Botting, Comfort Families of America: A Collection of Genealogical Data (Brookings, South Dakota: the authors, 1971), 328-31, 619-20, 621. Earlier references include R. Janet Powell, Annals of the Forty: Loyalist and Pioneer Families of West Lincoln, 1783-1833, 1st ed., 10 vols. (Grimsby, Ontario, 1952-59), 4 (1953): 25-7, 9 (1958): 90; and 2nd ed. (1965-68), 4 (1965): 29-32, and Roland & Cecelia Botting, A History of the Kennedy Family [1st ed.] (1957), Comfort appendix, pp. 17-22 (where however the Comfort and Harris families are confused). A query regarding this family appeared in “Families in Process of Research,” Genealogical Newsletter of the Nova Scotia Historical Society, no. 15 (April 1976), p. 1.
91Calnek’s Annapolis, 2:117-27, at p. 119; Wilson’s Digby, 70-73, at p. 71.
92Comfort Families of America, 619-20.
93Wilson’s Digby, p. 360.
94Calnek’s Annapolis, 2:125.
95Identification of Ruth (Raymond) Saunders courtesy of Jordan Peeples. For the Saunders family see Bull’s Sandy Cove, 26-27, 139-40 (for her transcription of tombstones in Sandy Cove Baptist Cemetery); also M. Mackay, William Saunders, available online at http://www.magma.ca/~mmackay/wc01/wc01_329.html. William (“Billy”) Saunders was, with the Francis Harris into whose family two of his children seem to have married, one of the original grantees of Sandy Cove in 1788 (Bull’s Sandy Cove, p. 127), and is recorded as a customer at Stephen Fountain’s store in 1788-1794, as are his sons John (in 1793-1814) and Lemuel (in 1799-1814). William Saunders and his wife Ruth (____) do not appear to have any surviving tombstones, and their dates cannot be stated with any precision. Although most of the Saunders family of Sandy Cove were their descendants, a separate and smaller Saunders family was later founded there by William Saunders (1799-1871+), from Yarmouth, and his wife Hannah Cornwell (ca. 1802-1881+); see Brown’s Yarmouth Genealogies, p. 151. Their known or probable children were:
  1. (probably) Esther Saunders, b. say 1770; m. Peter Harris, bapt. 27 Oct 1765 (see the text).
  2. William Saunders, Jr. (position uncertain).
  3. John Saunders, b. say 1775; m. Hannah Harris, bapt. 27 Aug. 1777 (see the text).
  4. Lemuel Saunders, b. ca. 1777-78, who as “Lemuel Saunders, Sr., d. 1847, aged 69 years,” is buried with his wife in Sandy Cove Baptist cemetery. Bull states that he and his brother John “continued to farm at the Cove but … also went to sea and died as captains.” He m. Mary ____, b. 1781-82, d. 1859, aged 77 years, and buried with her husband. One of their children was a son William (1807/8-1873), of Sandy Cove, merchant, whose death record names his parents [Digby County death registrations, Book 1806, p. 83].
  5. Elizabeth Saunders, bapt. 14 Aug. 1786 at Sandy Cove by the minister of Trinity Anglican Church, Digby, d. 17 Dec. 1877. She m. before 1816, Jessie Addington, of Digby (see the web page of M. Mackay).
  6. Sarah Saunders, bapt. 20 Sept. 1791 at Sandy Cove by the minister of Trinity Anglican Church, Digby, of whom nothing further seems to be known.
96Wilson, Digby, p. 360, writes “of Sandy Cove,” but while probably true is not in the original record.
97Bull’s Sandy Cove, 26, citing Digby County Registry Office, Book 1B, p. 472.
98See the index to the account-book in Bull’s Sandy Cove, 124-6, at p. 125.
99Wilson’s Digby, 389-92, at p. 390.
100Bull’s Sandy Cove, 38.
101Bull’s Sandy Cove, 27.
102Wilson’s Digby, 234.
103See his own entry for a discussion of the evidence for his parentage.
1041871 Census of Sandy Cove, p. 3. The entry reads:
Saunders Stephen  M  54  widower NS  FW Bapt. Scotch farmer
   "     John S.  M   1  ---     NS  FW Bapt. Scotch
Holms    Emley    F  50  ---     NS  Baptist  Scotch house keeper
105The record refers to the groom as “Ephraim Harris Jr.,” an error which has caused much confusion but is fortunately corrected by Calnek (see below in the text) and other evidence. As pointed out to me by Ross W. McCurdy, the error is further compounded in a modern transcript of the church register, P.A.N.S. MG-4, vol. 23, item 3, reel 15032, in which the name of the groom is given as “Ephraim Haines Jr.,” a mistake which shows up in the IGI. Some writers have attempted to accomodate this reading and insisted that Rachel McDormand had two husbands, Francis Harris and Ephraim Haines, but this is chronologically impossible.
106Calnek’s Annapolis, 1:547 (McDormand), 568-75 (Rice); Wilson’s Digby, 320-21 (McDormand); Esther Clark Wright, Planters and Pioneers: Nova Scotia, 1749 to 1775 (Wolfville, N.S., 1978) (for Rice); and especially, Ross W. McCurdy, Descendants of James & Anna (Rice) McDormand, of Brier Island, Nova Scotia (South Yarmouth, Massachusetts: the author, 2013), p. 8.
1071842 Census of Upper Canada, Bayhamp Tp., PAC microfilm no. C-1345. The entries in the Bayham census are so hopelessly out of alignment that any attempt to piece together the more detailed statistical data on family composition from the various columns would appear to be of dubious value.
108As noted, with particular mention of this family, in a letter to the editor by Ross W. McCurdy printed in New England Ancestors, vol. 8, no. 3 (Summer 2007), p. 9.
109Calnek’s Annapolis, 1:547, a passage kindly brought to our attention by Ross W. McCurdy.
110We have however failed to eliminate directly the Francis Harris, farmer, Methodist, found in the 1827 census of Clements Tp. (immediately adjacent to Digby), with a household consisting of 1 male and 2 females (FHL microfilm no. 6,046,789).
111The correctness of this statement is supported by an earlier entry in the register for “Abraham, black child, son of Francis Harris, bapt. 22 June 1797 at Mink Cove.
112Digby County deeds, Liber 5, nos. 534 & 535 respectively; P.A.N.S. reel 17699, item 2.
113Bayham Township Wills, Liber A, fo. 3; punctuation added for clarity. We are indebted to Ross W. McCurdy for a copy of this will.
114For this family we draw heavily upon the extensive research of Rob McDormand at http://members.shaw.ca/rmcdormand/, which should be consulted for its much accounts of the vast progeny of the three sisters Caroline (Harris) Edison, Mary Ann (Harris) Edison, and Sarah (Harris) McCurdy. We are also grateful to Mr. McDormand for supplying supplementary materials.
115Information from Ross W. McCurdy.
116The Nelson Harris of Hallowell who m. 30 Dec. 1835 in Prince Edward District, Deborah Platt, also of Hallowell, with witnesses Henry Platt and Phillip Williams [Ontario Register 7 (1983-84): 91]), is shown as aged 69 years in the 1881 census, which would place his birth in 1811-12, and furthermore he was a Quaker, a very unlikely religious affiliation for our subject; see 1881 census of Canada, Ontario, district 119 (Prince Edward Co.), subdistrict I, division 3, p. 53; PAC microfilm no. NA C-13237 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,873]
117Garry Burt, Shelburne County Cemteries, CD-ROM series, vol. 1.
118The name appears in a variety of spellings, including Hemion and Hemeion, but the most prevalent was Hemeon. Philip Hemion d. 6 April 1837, aged 70 years, and his wife Mary Ann, who d. 7 Oct. 1857, aged 82 years, are buried in Christ Church Cemetery, Shelburne. His will, not seen by us, was proved at Shelburne on 24 Nov 1837. He was a son of Adam Hemeon, d. 25 Aug. 1825 aged 84 years, and the latter’s wife Sophia, d. 1 Jan. 1793 aged 45 years, who are also buried in Christ Church Cemetery, the connection being established by the extensive Hemeon memoir in Brown’s Yarmouth Genealogies, 729-37.
119P.A.N.S., R.G. 1, vol. 446, fos. 72, 73; Public Archives of Canada microfilm no. M-5219.
120NYGBR 84:220.
1211881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, District 13 (Shelburne Co.), subdistrict C (Shelburne), p. 20; PAC microfilm no. C-13171 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,807]. The entry reads, in part:
name       status  gender ethn. age  birthplace    occupation      religion
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Robert Quinlan  M  Male   Irish  54  Nova Scotia   lumberman       Can. Methodist  
Almira Quinlan  M  Female Irish  53  Nova Scotia   ----            Can. Methodist  
Jane Quinlan       Female Irish  22  Nova Scotia   school teacher  C. of England  
Arthur Quinlan     Male   Irish  19  Nova Scotia   farmer's son    C. of England  
John T. Quinlan    Male   Irish  15  Nova Scotia   farmer's son    C. of England  
122Garry Burt, Shelburne County Cemteries, CD-ROM series, vol. 1.
123Shelburne County marriage registrations, Book 1836, p. 207.
124The date is from the 1901 census, the place from the record of his second marriage.
125Shelburne County death registrations, book 1950, p. 2157. This record is filled in incorrectly, giving, where the mother should have been named, the the particulars are the deceased’s second wife.
1261881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, district 13 (Shelburne), subdistrict E (Jordan River), p. 8; PAC microfilm no. C-13171 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,807]. The entry reads:
James Thorborn   M  Male   Scottish  57  N.S. farmer
Dorcas Thorborn  M  Female Scottish  55  N.S. ----
Albert Thorborn     Male   Scottish  19  N.S. fisherman 
Fr...man Thorborn   Male   Scottish  17  N.S. farmer
====
Entire family is Baptist

Given his evident birthdate of 1823-24, James Thorburn, who according to his son’s death record was born in Nova Scotia, is probably identical with the James Thorbourne, b. 25 Oct. 1823, bapt. 19 April 1827 in Christ Church, Shelburne (per IGI), son of John and Martha (____) Thorbourne.
127McAlpine’s Nova Scotia Directory for 1896 (Halifax: McAlpine’s Publishing Company, 1896), p. 1486.
1281901 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, district 40 (Shelburne & Queens), subdistrict C (Sandy Point), division 6, p. 10. The entry reads:
Albert Thorbourne  head     W     40  31 Aug. 1861  capton [sic]
Naomi Thorbourne   ....*    S      8  13 Jan. 1893
Bertram Thorbourne son      S      6  10 [?] Aug. 1894
Ethel Griffith     housekpr M     34   4 Feb. 1867
Al... Griffith     " son    M [!]  9  19 Oct. 1892
====
Entire household of English origin, Canadian ethnicity,
Baptist religion
* illegible
129Lunenburg County marriage registrations, book 1830, p. 33.
1301911 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Shelburne & Queens, subdistrict 19 (Sandy Point), p. 10. The entry reads:
Thorburn Albert      M  head  M  Aug.  1861   50
Thorburn Mary C.     F  wife  M  Jan.  1879   32
Thorburn Naomi E.    F  dau.  S  Jan.  1893   18
Thorburn Bertram     M  son   S  Aug.  1894   16
Thorburn Gerald E.B. M  son   S  April 1907    4
Thorburn Murry W.    M  son   S  Dec.  1908    2
Thorburn Walter A.   M  son   S  Sept. 1910 2/12
131Lunenburg County marriage registrations, Book 1829, p. 92.
1321881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Queens County, Liverpool, Local District No. 2, District 12, Sub-district B, p. 44; Library and Archives Canada microfilm no. C-13170, Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,806. The entry reads:
name        cond.  gender ethn.  age  b.p.          occupation         religion
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
James C. HEMEON     M   German   50   Nova Scotia   Farmer & Trader   C. Methodist  
Mary HEMEON       M F   English  45   Nova Scotia                     Baptist  
Winslow HEMEON      M   German   21   Nova Scotia   Farmer            C. Methodist  
Emma HEMEON         F   German   15   Nova Scotia                     C. Methodist  
Frederick HEMEON    M   German   12   Nova Scotia                     C. Methodist  
Helen L. HEMEON     F   German    9   Nova Scotia                     C. Methodist  
Eva A. HEMEON       F   German    6   Nova Scotia                     C. Methodist  
Anna LUTZ           F   German   20   Nova Scotia   Servant      Church of England  
133Death notice, Liverpool Advance, 12 Oct. 1887, from a transcript in the Thomas Brenton Smith collection, PANS, MG 1 v. 838.
134Kings County death registrations, Book 92, p. 370.
1351881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Cumberland Co., Mills, District 22, Sub-district M, Division 2, p. 1; Library and Archives Canada microfilm no. C-13177, Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,813. The entry reads:
name        cond.  gender ethn.  age    b.p.          occupation   religion
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Joseph B. HEMEON  M   M   German   41   Nova Scotia   Clergyman    Methodist  
Ellen D. HEMEON   M   F   English  36   Nova Scotia                Methodist  
Morley D. HEMEON      M   German   13   New Brunswick              Methodist  
Douglas B. HEMEON     M   German   11   New Brunswick              Methodist  
James M. HEMEON       M   German    8   New Brunswick              Methodist  
Joseph C. HEMEON      M   German    2   Nova Scotia                Methodist  
136George Henry Cornish, Cyclopædia of Methodism in Canada, vol. 1 (1881), 387, 752; D. Johnson, History of Methodism in Eastern British America (n.d.), 439, credits him with 30 years of service.
137D. Johnson, History of Methodism in Eastern British America (n.d.), 422.
138Manifest of The Bermudian 10 June 1912, at http://www.ellisisland.org/.
139Although the 1881 census gives his ages as 38 and the A Directory of the Members of the Legislative Assembly of Nova Scotia, 1758-1958 (below) says he was born in 1843, this conflicts with the birth of his sister Emily, with whom he was probably not a twin (as he was not baptized with her).
140See A Directory of the Members of the Legislative Assembly of Nova Scotia, 1758-1958 (Halifax: Public Archives of Nova Scotia, 1958), 157.
1411881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Queens County, Liverpool, Local District No. 2, District 12, Sub-district B, p. 15; Library and Archives Canada microfilm no. C-13170, Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,806. The entry reads:
name        cond.  gender ethn.  age   b.p.         occupation         religion
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Albert M. HEMEON  M  M   German   38   Nova Scotia  Justice of the Peace  C. of E.
Latitia HEMEON    M  F   English  40   Nova Scotia                     Baptist
Edward HEMEON        M   German   15   Nova Scotia  Clerk              Baptist
George HEMEON        M   German   13   Nova Scotia  Clerk              Baptist
Carrie HEMEON        F   German   11   Nova Scotia                     Baptist
Nettie HIMEON        F   German   9    Nova Scotia                     Baptist
Annie HEMEON         F   German   7    Nova Scotia                     Baptist
Lavinia CLATTENBURG  F   German   18   Nova Scotia  Servant      Church of England
142Shelburne County death registrations, Book 17, p. 86.
143Garry Burt, Shelburne County Cemteries, CD-ROM series, vol. 1.
144Shelburne County marriage registrations, book 1836, p. 32.
145Shelburne County death registrations, Book 17, p. 73.
1461881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, district 13 (Shelburne County), subdistrict E (Jordan River), p. 10; PAC microfilm no. C-13171 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,807.] The entry reads:
Joseph Martin M Male   Scottish  47  N.S.  C. Presbyterian  farmer 
Emily Martin  M Female German    37  N.S.  C. Methodist     ----
Oscar Martin    Male   Scottish   9  N.S.  C. Methodist     student
Kate Martin     Female Scottish   9  N.S.  C. Methodist     student
147Shelburne County birth registrations, book 1821, p. 103.
148Shelburne County death registrations, 1955, no. 003423, and tombstone.
149Shelburne County birth registrations, book 1821, p. 103.
150Garry Burt, Shelburne County Cemteries, CD-ROM series, vol. 1.
151Crowell’s Barrington, p. 596. The fact that Jane’s maiden surname was Wilson is stated in the 1934 death record of her daughter Lucretia.
1521881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Shelburne Co., Shelburne, district 13, Sub-district C, p. 30; PAC microfilm no. C-13171 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,807]. The entry reads:
William J. Bell M Male    Irish    74  N.S.  C. of E. ship wright
Jane Bell       M Female  English  74  N.S.  C. of E.
Lucretia Bell   M Female  English  23  N.S.  C. of E. 
Jessie Bell       Female  English  23  N.S.  C. Meth. servant
Almira Bell       Female  Irish    77  N.S.  C. of E.
153Crowell’s Barrington, p. 596, gives a very poor account of the children in this family, showing only George and Lucretia, to the latter of whom is assigned two husbands, Capt. Edward Murphy and Thomas Ryer. Murphy was in fact the husband of Lucretia’s elder sister, Catharine Bell.
154Information on this man was requested by Michael Christie in, “Dr. George Wilson Bell,” query dated 20 Jan. 2004, available online at http://www.rootsweb.com/~nsannapo/queries8.html.
155Halifax County death registations, 1926, no. 1344.
156Larry Wert, Descendants of John & William Woodbury of Beverly, MA, available online at http://www.woodburyober.com/; Jack Manning, Nova Scotia Roots, available online at http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=jmann49.
1571881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, district 16 (Annapolis Co.), subdistrict F (New Caledonia), p. 56; PAC microfilm no. C-13172 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,808. The entry reads:
George W. Bell M Male   English 38 Nova Scotia Church of England
  Physician & Surgeon
Maria W.   "   M Female English 36 Nova Scotia Methodist Canada ----
1581901 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, district 36 (Kings County), subdistrict Q (Kingston), division 1, p. 1. The entry reads:
George W. Bell  head 4 Dec.  1842  58  N.S. English  C. of E. doctor
Maria W.  "     wife 10 Dec. 1844  56  N.S.   "      Meth.
159Shelburne County marriage registrations, Book 1836, p. 26. In the copy available to us, we cannot make out the exact date of the marriage.
1601881 Census of canada, Nova Scotia, District 13 (Shelburne Co.), Subdistrict C (Town of Shelburne), p. 41; PAC microfilmn no. C-13171 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,807]. The entry reads, in part:
name       cond. gender  age  relgion            occupation
---------------------------------------------------------------
Edward Murphy  M   M     55   Church of England  Master Mariner
Kate Murphy    M   F     36   Church of England  
Maud Murphy        F      8   Church of England  Student
Jane Murphy        F      7   Church of England  Student
Mary Murphy        F      6   Church of England  Student
Isabella Murphy    F      3   Church of England
William Murphy     M   6/12*  Church of England
Sarah Murphy       F     48   Baptist
----
Entire household (including Kate) shown as Irish in origin; all
born in Nova Scotia
* born in October
161Shelburne County birth registrations, Book 1821, p. 102.
162Shelburne, Shelburne County death registrations, Book 191, p. 666.
163Shelburne County birth registrations, Book 1821, p. 302.
164Shelburne County birth registrations, Book 1821, p. 152.
165Shelburne County marriage registrations, Book 1836, p. 263.
166Shelburne County death registrations, Book 154, p. 252.
167Kings County marriage registrations, Book 1827, p. 52.
168Shelburne County death registrations, Book 17, p. 94.
169His age is inconsistently given as 79 in the 1871 census, 90 in the 1881 census, and 95 tombstone. We have taken the last as being the leas implausible.
170Digby County probates, no. A-1093.
171Silas Balcom and his daughter Abigail are mentioned in Calnek’s Annapolis, 1:470, where the name of his wife’s is given only as “Susan ____.” According to an undocumented entry in Ancestry.com’s Family Data Collection, Abigail was born in 1763, and her mother was Susan Rachel Smith.
    Despite the apparent plausibility of this connection, we must note that there was also a James Carty of Digby who was of the right age to have been father of the Silas of our text, for he is named in the death record of a son, John Carty, who was b. about 1783-84 at Digby, and d. 29 Oct. 1869 at Hillsburgh, aged 85 years.
172“Names and Places of Residence of all Militiamen of 1812 who received their pension during the last fiscal year [1882-84], and the amount paid to each of them,” in Sessional Papers/Parliamentary Papers: Pensions to Militiamen of the War of 1812 Paid in 1884, from Government of Canada Sessional Papers 48 Victoria 1885 (81), available online at http://ist.uwaterloo.ca/~marj/genealogy/Sessional/pensions1812.html.
173In earlier versions of these notes, we erroneously reported her name as Rachael Dunn. However, Rachel (Dunn) McCarty was still alive in 1911, when she is mentioned in the death notice of a sister: “The death of Susan Dunn Gilliatt, widow of the late Edmund R. Gilliatt, occured very suddenly at the home of her son, C.H. Gilliatt, Wellfleet, Mass. on Tuesday April the 18th [1911]. Mrs. Gilliatt was the daughter of William and Mary Miller Dunn of Bear River and was 81 years of age. She leaves to mourn … one brother Edward Dunn of Landsdowne and one sister Mrs. Rachel Carty of Digby.” (Death notice, Digby Courier, available online at http://www.rootsweb.com/~nsdigby/obituaries/query006.htm#153). In fact, Rachel Dunn, married in 1853 at Hillsborough, William Carty, carpenter, a fact mentioned in the birth record of their son Charles H. Carty, b. 6 Sept. 1864 at Sandy Cove.
174Death notice, Digby Weekly Courier, 20 March 1891, p. 2, col. 4, which, under the heading “Sandy Cove,” notes only that “Mrs. Rachel Carty, relict of the late Silas Carty, died last week at the age of eighty-seven years.”
1751881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Digby Tp., Sandy Cove, district 15, sub-district D, p. 20; PAC microfilm no. C-13172 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,808].
176Lois Kernaghan Papers, P.A.N.S., MS 1, vol. 2591, file no. 18; reel 579.
177Digby County Deeds, Liber 10, no. 160; P.A.N.S. reel no. 17701, item 2.
178Brown, Yarmouth Genealogies, 44, 414 (for Trask, accepting a reader-submitted correction of a previous sketch of the same family on p. 10, which had given the husband of Ruhamah Trask as “____ Crowell”); 621 (for Baker). We are indebted for several additional details here to Elaine Deion, Raymond Roots, formerly available online at http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Plains/6137/.
179Digby County Census, 1871, [Family History Library microfilm no. 493,602], p. 30, transcribed by Theresa Mangnall, available online at http://www.rootsweb.com/~nsdigby/census/1871/1871sandycove2.htm
180Nova Scotia Directory for 1871, p. 220.
1811881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Digby Co., Sandy Cove, District 15, Subdistrict D, p. 19 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,808].
182Digby County Probates, A-1165, P.A.N.S. reel no. 20470.
183He was aged 33 in 1881, 45 in 1891, and 57 in 1903. The birthdate of 1 Jan. 1842 stated for him in the 1901 census seems impossible.
1841901 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Digby Co., Sandy Cove, subdistrict r, p. 6; PAC microfilm no. T-6450.
185Digby County marriage registations, Book 1812, p. 261.
186A Petition regarding the Petite Passage Ferryman, November 1875, transcribed by Ken Eavis, available online at http://www.rootsweb.com/~nsdigby/lists/petit.htm.
187Will of Charles Harris, of Digby Neck, Digby County Probates no. A-786, P.A.N.S. microfilm no. 20465; document cut off in several places on the microfilm. Punctuation has been added for the sake of clarity.
188Digby County death registrations, Book 6, p. 93.
189The 1875 the birth record of their son James states that the marriage occurred at Digby in 1859, but this is unlikely given the estimated birthdate of their eldest child.
190Digby County birth registrations, Book 1807, p. 226, as James A. Harris, with mother’s name recorded as Martha [sic] Lareyman.
191Digby County marriage registrations; this agrees pretty well with the statement in the 1865 birth record of their son Albert that they were married in 1865 at Digby Neck.
1921881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Digby Co., Sandy Cove, district 15, sub-district D, p. 17; PAC microfilm no. C-13172 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,808].
193Digby County death registrations, 1951, no. 004411.
194Digby County marriage registrations, Book 1812, p. 185.
195Fountain Eldridge and Sarah A. Gillaland were married in 1857 at Sandy Cove.
196Per 1901 census, and information from Ronald Gidney.
197Digby County marriage registrations, Book 1812, p. 45.
198Digby County death registration, Book 1806, p. 76.
1991871 Census of Sandy Cove, p. 27. The entry reads:
Harris  John       M  60  mar.  NS      Baptist  German  farmer
   "    Ann        F  60  mar.  Ireland Catholic Irish
Merritt James      M  42  mar.  NS      Baptist  English seaman
   "    Sarah P.   F  35  mar.  NS      Baptist  German
   "    Caroline   F   8  ----  NS      Baptist  English in school
   "    Hellan     F   6  ----  NS      Baptist  English in school
   "    John       M   4  ----  NS      Baptist  English
   "    Charles W. M   1  ----  NS      Baptist  English
2001881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Digby Co., Sandy Cove, district 15, sub-district D, p. 18; PAC microfilm no. C-13172 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,808].
201Francis’ baptismal record is printed in Early Settlers of New York State, vol. 3, no. 5 (Nov. 1936), p. 6, repr. Jane Wethy Foley (ed.), Early Settlers of New York State: Their Ancestors and Descendants, 9 vols. in 2 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1993), 1:401.
202See Roland & Cecelia Botting, A History of the Kennedy Family [1st ed.] (1957), 18-20, and especially Cecelia C. and Roland B. Botting, Comfort Families of America, 344-58.
203Cecelia and Roland Botting, Wilcoxes and McIntyres of Lincoln County [Ontario] (Tucson, Arizona: the authors, 197_), p. 13.
204The Bottings printed this letter in Copper State Bulletin (Arizona State Genealogical Society), vol. 9, no. 3 (19—), pp. 75-6.
205See generally Roland & Cecelia Botting, A History of the Kennedy Family [1st ed.] (Hutchinson, Kansas: privately published, 1957), pp. 8-11; Cecelia C. and Roland B. Botting, Comfort Families of America, p. 347; Descendants of John Kennedy of Sussex County, New Jersey [3rd ed.] (n.p., 1989), pp. 14-15.
206Bull’s Sandy Cove, p. 140; see also the mention of him on p. 27 of that work.
207Wilson’s Digby, pp. 431-3, at p. 432.
208Digby County Census, 1871 [Family History Library microfilm no. 493,602], p. 5, transcribed by Theresa Mangnall, available online at http://www.rootsweb.com/~nsdigby/census/cenidx.htm.
2091838 Digby Census, transcribed by Kim Stevens, available online at http://www.rootsweb.com/~nsdigby/census/1838/digby1.htm.
210Digby County Census, 1871, [Family History Library microfilm no. 493,602], p. 1, transcribed by Theresa Mangnall, available online at http://www.rootsweb.com/~nsdigby/census/1871/1871sandycove.htm.
2111881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Digby Co., Sandy Cove, District 15, Subdistrict D, p. 25 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,808].
212According to the birth records of their child Orwell (1870), Howard (1871), and Eva (1874); however that of their son William (1866) gives the date as 1855.
213Digby County, death registrations, Book 6, p. 67.
214Digby County marriage registrations, Book 1812, p. 156.
215Yarmouth County marriage registrations, 1913, no. 016489.
216Border Crossings from Canada to U.S., 1895-1956, database at Ancestry.com.
217Digby Courier, 29 Sept. 1893, as quoted in L. Marshall “Saunders/Saunders,” posting to CAN-NS-DIGBY-L Archives dated 16 Sept. 2001, at http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/CAN-NS-DIGBY/2001-09/1000664236.
218Digby County marriage registrations, Book 1812, p. 267.
219Correction of surname (given as McKay in marriage record) from Jim MacKay, of Fox, Arizona, a grandson of Oscar Appleby MacKay, brother of Sadie MacKay.
220Interviews by Cindy Graham, Leneika [Eldridge] Ensor, October 13, 2000, available online at http://www.municipalities.com/elders/elder_leneikaensor.htm; Stewart Erwood Carty, of Mink Cove, October 31, 2000, available online at http://www.municipalities.com/elders/elder_stewartcarty.htm.
221Digby County marriage registrations, Book 1812, p. 227.
222Per Family Data Collection — Individual Records, a database at Ancestry.com.
223Digby County marriage registrations, 1917, no. 004364.
2241865 in Digby County marriage registrations, Book 1812, p. 6.
225Digby County marriage registrations, Book 1812, p. 181.
226Joseph Israel and Susan Rister were married in 1866 at Freeport).
227Digby County marriage registrations, 1924, no. 1055.
228Our grounds for regarding him as a likely son of John Saunders are as follows: (a) his ethnicity (Scottish) and religion (Baptist) match that given for John’s known son William Saunders in the 1871 census, in which the two men are listed only one or two entries apart (two published transcriptions disagree, and we have not checked the original record); (b) he shared the first name Holmes with a son of William’s brother Francis; (c) his granddaughter Betsey Saunders married Francis’s grandson Franklin Morrison Saunders. In an earlier version of these notes, we made him a son of William Saunders, which is chronologically impossible.
229Death notice, Digby Weekly Courier, 31 Oct. 1890, p. 3, col. 4.
2301881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Digby Co., Sandy Cove, District 15, Subdistrict D, p. 26 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,808].
231Newspaper article announcing death of Holmes Saunders, quoted but not sourced in “____ Walker and Margaret Mckay,” anonymous posting to CAN-NS-DIGBY-L Archives dated 26 July 2001, at http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/CAN-NS-DIGBY/2001-07/0996167944.
232“____ Walker and Margaret Mckay,” anonymous posting to CAN-NS-DIGBY-L Archives dated 26 July 2001, at http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/CAN-NS-DIGBY/2001-07/0996167944.
233Death notice of Watson Saunders from the Digby Courier (?), quoted in “____ Walker and Margaret Mckay,” anonymous posting to CAN-NS-DIGBY-L Archives dated 26 July 2001, at http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/CAN-NS-DIGBY/2001-07/0996167944.
234We have taken a few details from L. Marshall, “____ Walker and Margaret Mckay,” posting to the CAN-NS-DIGBY-L Archives dated 25 July 2001, at http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/CAN-NS-DIGBY/2001-07/0996079971.
235Samuel Edison and Nancy Simpson (as her name is there given) were married 14 Nov. 1792 by the Rev. Roger Viets, Anglican minister of Digby.
236Wilson’s Digby, 347; William Ogden Wheeler, The Ogden family in America (Elizabethtown branch) and their English ancestry: John Ogden, the Pilgrim, and his descendants, 1640-1906… (Philadelphia, 1907), 228-29 (showing the connection with Caroline Harris and her sister Mary Ann); Ida Louise Haggan, The Haggan Papers: Genealogies, Part III, ed. Karen Balley (St. Thomas, Ontario, 1978), 5, 6-7 (for the connection with Thomas Alva Edison); from a copy kindly supplied by Wayne Morgan. For a convenient and well-documented summary of the ancestry shared with Thomas Alva Edison consult Gary Boyd Roberts, Notable Kin: An anthology of columns first published in the NEHGS NEXUS, 2 vols. (Santa Clarita, California, 1998, 1999), 2:37, 38. We have not seen the Rev. Clarence A. Roberts, The Descendants of John Edison, nor Lyal Tait, The Edisons of Vienna, a copy of which is available at the St. Thomas Public Library.
2371861 Census of Upper Canada, Bayham Tp., District 2, p. 29; PAC microfilm no. C-1018.
2381871 Census of Canada, Elgin East, Bayham Tp., division 2, p. 5; PAC microfilm no. C-9900.
2391881 Census of Canada, Ontario, Elgin East, Bayham Tp., district 163, sub-district H, division 1, p. 10; PAC microfilm no. C-13266 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,902].
240As previously noted, most of our information on this family is from the website of Rob McDormand, at http://members.shaw.ca/rmcdormand/.
241London/Middlesex District Marriage Register 1832-1853, Archives of Ontario microfilm MS 248, reel 3, vol. 16, transcribed by Kathie McCutcheon-Gawne, available online at http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~maryc/londondist2.htm.
242Although this William McDermand has often been designated a minister, this does not accord with the mentions of him given in E.A. Owen, Pioneer Sketches of Long Point Settlement (Toronto, 1898), 41, 273-76 passim, 460.
243 Portrait and Biographical Album of Gratiot County, Mich. [sic], containing portraits and biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens of the county… (Chicago, 1884), 384 (sketch of his son John, Jr.).
244James “Midlar,” aged 38 years, is found in the 1861 census of Bayham Tp., District 1, p. 17; PAC microfilm no. C-1018.
2451860 U.S. Federal Census, Minnesota, Dodge Co., Milton Tp., p. 51 (p. 765 of modern numbering); roll M653_568.
2461870 U.S. Federal Census, Minnesota, Dodge Co., Mantorville, p. 787 of modern numbering; roll M593_3.
2471880 U.S. Federal Census, Minnesota, Dodge Co., Mantorville, p. 303A; National Archives microfilm no. T9-0618 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,254,618].
248Wisconsin Vital Records Death Index.
2491860 U.S. Federal Census, Wisconsin, Eau Claire Co., Eau Claire Tp., p. 44; roll M653_1407.
2501870 U.S. Federal Census, Wisconsin, Dane Co., Bristol Tp., p. 30; roll M593_1708.
2511880 U.S. Federal Census, Wisconsin, Dane Co., Bristol Tp., p. 245B; National Arcxhives microfilm no. T9-1421 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,255,421].
2521900 U.S. Federal Census, Wisconsin, Dane Co., Madison, Ward 6, enumeration district 53, sheet 28B; series T623, roll 1783.
2531910 U.S. Federal Census, Wisconsin, Dane Co., Madison, Ward 6, enumeration district 68, sheet 6A (sheet 187 of modern stamped numbering); series T624, roll 1708.
2541870 U.S. Federal Census, Minnesota, Dodge Co., Mantorville, p. 765 of modern numbering; roll M593_3.
2551880 U.S. Federal Census, Minnesota, Dodge Co., Milton Tp., p. 291A; National Archives microfilm no. T9-0618 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,254,618].
256The date and country are confirmed by the Minnesota Death Index.
257Goodhue County Atlas (1877), from an index (original not seen).
258 1880 U.S. Federal Census, Minnesota, Goodhue Co., Pine Island Tp., p. 421C; National Archives microfilm no. T9-0621 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,254,621].
2591910 U.S. Federal Census, Minnesota, Goodhue Co., Pine Island Tp., enumeration district 49, sheet 10A; series T624, roll 698.
2601920 U.S. Federal Census, Goodhue Co., Pine Island Tp., enumeration district 51, p. 12B; roll T625_831.
261Elgin County marriage registrations, no. ________.
2621880 U.S. Federal Census, Missouri, Pike Co., Louisiana Tp., Pike, Missouri, p. 478D; National Archives microfilm no. T9-0709 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,254,709].
2631871 Census of Canada, Elgin East, Bayham Tp., division 1, p. 24; PAC microfilm no. C-9900.
2641881 Census of Canada, Ontario, Elgin East, Bayham Tp., district 163, sub-district H, division 1, p. 10; PAC microfilm no. C-13266 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,902].
2651901 Census of Canada, Ontario, district 57 (Elgin East), subdistrict b-2 (Bayham), p. 11; PAC microfilm no. T-6464.
266Ontario Register 1 (1968), 52-53.
267See the preceding note on his brother Henry.
268Elgin County Surrogate Court estates, file no. 190, from the index published online by the Elgin County Library, at http://www.library.elgin-county.on.ca/history/estate.html.
269As previously noted, most of our information on this family is from the website of Rob McDormand, at http://members.shaw.ca/rmcdormand/.
270London/Middlesex District Marriage Register, 1832-1853, Archives of Ontario microfilm MS 248, reel 3, vol. 16, transcribed by Kathie McCutcheon-Gawne, available online at http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~maryc/londist7.htm.
271Elgin County marriage registrations, no. ________.
272Historical Sketch of the Village of Port Stanley, compiled by Agnes M. Hepburg (Port Stanley, Ontario: Port Stanley Women’s Institute, 1952), p. 7.
273John Lovell, Canadian Directory (1857).
2741871 Census of Canada, Ontario, Lambton, Warwick Tp., division 4, p. 29; PAC microfilm no. C-9897.
2751881 Census of Canada, Ontairo, Lambton Co., Sarnia, district 179, Sub-district A, division 1, p. 63; PAC microfilm no. C-13277 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,913].
276Elgin County marriage registrations, no. ________.
277Elgin County marriage registrations, no. ________.
278Lambton County marriage registrations, no. 004358.
2791881 Census of Canada, Ontario, Ontario [County] South, Whitby Tp., district 132, sub-district C, division 2, p. 35; PAC microfilm no. C-13244 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,880].
280Elgin County marriage registrations, no. ________.
2811881 Census of Canada, Ontario, Middlesex North, Park Hill, district 169, sub-district H, p. 61; PAC microfilm no. C-13270 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,906].
282Ontario Register 1 (1968), 63.
283Ross W. McCurdy, Descendants of Samuel McCurdy of Surry, New Hampshire, to the 7th generation (Cumberland, Rhode Island: the author, 1989), p. 14.
2841861 Census of Upper Canada, Bayham Tp., District 1, p. 18; PAC microfilm no. C-1018.
2851871 Census of Canada, Elgin East, Bayham Tp., division 1, p. 71; PAC microfilm no. C-9900.
286Illustrated historical atlas of the county of Elgin, Ont. (Toronto, 1877).
2871861 Census of Upper Canada, Bayham Tp., District 1, p. 26; PAC microfilm no. C-1018.
288For their issue see Ross W. McCurdy, Descendants of Samuel and Elizabeth (Gray) McCurdy of Surry New Hampshire, 14ff, and the website of Rob McDormand, at http://members.shaw.ca/rmcdormand/.
2891871 Census of Canada, Elgin East, Bayham Tp., division 1, pp. 25-26; PAC microfilm no. C-9900.
2901901 Census of Canada, Ontario, district 57 (Elgin Co.), subdistrict b (Bayham Tp.), division 2, p. 12; PAC microfilm no. T-6464.
291Indiana Marriage Records Index, 1845-1920 (subscription database at ancestry.com).
292Indiana Marriage Records Index, 1845-1920 (subscription database at ancestry.com).
293Elgin County marriage registrations, no. ________.
294This family is found in the 1861 census of Bayham Tp., District 1, p. 10; PAC microfilm no. C-1018.
2951871 Census of Canada, elgin Co., Bayham Tp., Division 1, p. 20; PAC microfilm no. C-9900.
296Elgin County Surrogate Court estates, file no. 31, from the index published online by the Elgin County Library, at http://www.library.elgin-county.on.ca/history/estate.html.
2971881 Census of Canada, Ontario, Elgin East, Bayham Tp., district 163, sub-district H, division 1, p. 60; PAC microfilm no. C-13266 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,902].
298Rob McDormand’s records say 5 May in Bayham Tp., while the 1901 census says 7 May in Nova Scotia.
299The earlier generations of this lines are given in Calnek’s Annapolis, 1:547.
3001871 Census of Canada, Elgin East, Bayham Tp., division 2, p. 5; PAC microfilm no. C-9900.
3011901 Census of Canada, Ontario, district 57 (Elgin Co.), subdistrict b (Bayham Tp.), division 2, p. 12; PAC microfilm no. T-6464.
302Digby County mariage registrations, Book 1812, p. 75.
3031881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Digby Tp., Sandy Cove, district 15, sub-district D, p. 16; PAC microfilm no. C-13172 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,808].
304Digby County Probates, no. 1093.
305According to the birth records of their children Sandford, George, and Margaret.
3061881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Digby Co., Sandy Cove, district 15, sub-district D, p. 9; PAC microfilm no. C-13172 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,808].
307Digby Municipal Heritage, “Heritage Properties: Nelson Dakin Property, Sandy Cove Road, Sandy Cove, available online at http://www.westerncounties.ca/digby/cgi-bin/getProperty01.cgi?sqry=7.
308A Petition regarding the Petite Passage Ferryman, November 1875, transcribed by Ken Eavis, available online at http://www.rootsweb.com/~nsdigby/lists/petit.htm.
309Prior to the discovery of Alice’s marriage record, which names her parents as Wellington and Lucy Carty, Lois Kernaghan, in a letter to Morton Saunders of 8 Nov. 1982, suggested that Sumner and Alice Carty might have been the children of Harris Carty, in whose household they are found in 1871. Probably she felt is was unlikely these children would have been living with a wifeless man were they not his own offspring, and this impression might have been strengthened by the anomaly that in the entry for the household of Wellington Harris in the 1881 census they are listed last, after all the other children in the family, despite the fact that their ages would have dovetailed with those of two of the other children. However, given that Harris Carty is specifically called a bachelor in his 1874 marriage record, he could not have been the father of Sumner or of Alice, and the record of Alice’s marriage settles the matter so far as she is concerned.
    Although it is not strictly necessary for developing the chain of evidence, we quote from a letter of Morton Saunders to Lois Kernaghan dated 22 April 1982, in which he states:
Alice was supposed to be sister of Esther [daughter of Wellington Carty]. The family was broken up by death of someone (possibly the death of [Wellington’s first wife] Lucy). When Alice died she left her house to my Aunt Bertha (Saunders) MacKenzie. Alice had the married name of something that sounded like ‘Boovay.’ On page 103 of the book Sandy Cove by Mary Kate Bull there is a picture of a tea party at the home of Mrs. William Saunders about 1904. One of the girls shown is Mrs. Alice Beyea, which I am inclined to believe is Esther’s sister.
310Digby County marriage registrations, Book 1812, p. 129.
311The name of Botsford Viets Beyea commemorates a granduncle, Botsford Viets, who died young in 1807 of a “nervous fever.” The 1850 marriage licence of Burkett/Burkitt Beyea and Catherine Carty is cited, but not transcribed by, Lois Kernaghan. Burkett/Burkitt Beyea (aged 65 in 1871) and his much younger wife Catharine (aged 45 in 1871) are found at Sandy Cove in all the censuses taken between 1871 and 1891. Burkett/Burkitt was a son of John Beyea, of Digby, mariner, by the latter’s wife Martha (“Patty”) Viets, daughter of the distinguished clergyman and poet, the Rev. Roger Viets, by the latter’s first wife, Hester Botsford; see Francis Hubbard Viets, A Genealogy of the Viets Family, with biographical sketches (Hartford, Connecticut, 1902), 35, 36, and (less importantly) Wilson’s Digby, pp. 339-44.
312Digby County birth registrations, Book 1807, p. 7.
313Digby County birth registrations, Book 1807, p. 163.
314We have not checked the original record; Lois Kernaghan read the name as “Manoria [?]” and in the LDS indes to the census it appears as “Hanussa Cortey.”
315Digby County birth registration, Book 1807, p. 227.
3161920 U.S. Federal Census, Masachusetts, Suffolk Co., Boston, Ward 15, enumeration district 387, sheet 2A. The entry reads:
                                    father  mother
Hanford D. Carty*  head 44  Canada  Canada  Canada
  house-carpenter
Louise D. Carty**  wife 38  N.S.    N.S.    N.S.
Victor L. Carty    son  14  Mass.   Canada  N.S.
Cecile W. Carty    dau. 12  Mass.   Canada  N.S.
====
 * date of immigration: 1899
** date of immigration: 1900
317Ancestry.com”s Boston Passenger Lists, 1820-1943, database.
318Again, our source is Elaine Deion, Raymond Roots, formerly available online at http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Plains/6137/. The following death notice, published in the Digby Courier in April 1908, probably relates to her father: “Mr. Asa Raymond, an aged and respected citizen of Mink Cove passed away Sunday [10 April 1908] at the advanced age of 80 years and 7 months. He is survived by a widow to whom he had been married 68 years. They had a family of thirteen, seven of whom survive their father. The funeral was held Wednesday with interment at Sandy Cove….”
3191881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, district 15 (Digby Co.), subdistrict D (Sandy Cove), p. 19 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,808]. The entry reads:
Sandle Harris  M  Male   English   41  N.S.  Methodist  Fishing
Mary Harris    M  Female English   31  N.S.  Baptist  
Henry Harris      Male   English   12  N.S.  Baptist  
Florance Harris   Female English   10  N.S.  Baptist  
Sandle Harris     Male   English    8  N.S.  Baptist  
Addem Harris      Male   English    6  N.S.  Baptist  
John Harris       Male   English    3  N.S.  Baptist
3201901 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, district 31 (Digby), subdistrict V (Sandy Cove), enumeration district 4, p. 3. The entry reads:
Mary Harris  F head W 14 March 1849  52  N.S. Baptist   farmer
Henry   "    M son  S  6 Sept. 1869  31  N.S.   "       fisherman
Sandal  "    M son  S 12 March 1873* 27  N.S. Methodist fisherman
Layton  "    M son  S 11 Jan.  1875  25  N.S.   "       farmer's son
Frank   "    M son  S 25 June  1877  23  N.S.   "       fisherman
James   "    M son  S  2 April 1888  12  N.S.   "       ----
====
Entire family's ethnicity given as English
* originally the date was given (obviously incorrectly) as 1879;
a "3" was later written above the "9"
321This is the branch of the Sandy Cove Harrises traced by Sandy Wilbur in Harris in Annapolis and Digby Counties, Nova Scotia, available online at http://www.condortales.com/Resources/harrisannap%201.html, and in A Bibliography of Harris Families in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, available online at http://www.condortales.com/Resources/harrisbiblio.html, which has some errors in the dates. This family is also the subject of a number of patrons’ submission records extracted in the IGI, including that for a supposed daughter, Mary Ann Harris, b. 1878, for whose existence we have found no evidence.
322Some writers have given the year as 1879, not noticing the correction written into the census. The year 1879 would place his birth out of the listed sequence and make his recorded age of 27 impossible.
323Digby County death registrations, 1936, no. 706.
324Digby County birth registrations, Book 1807, p. 216.
325Digby County death registrations, 1943, no. 270.
326a. Their marriage is variously stated to have occured in 1855 at Sandy Cove (according to the 1867 birth record of their daughter Edith), in Dec. 1856 at Sandy Cove (according to the 1872 birth record of their daughter Waita), on 29 Nov. 1856 at Sandy Cove (according to the 1874 birth record of their daugher Cora), and in Dec. 1857 at Digby Neck (according to the 1869 birth record of their son Frederick).
3271881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Digby Co., Tiverton, district 15, sub-district M, p. 8; PAC microfilm no. C-13172 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,808].
3281901 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Digby Co., Tiverton, district 31, subdistrict u, p. 10; PAC microfilm no. T-6450.
329Digby County death registrations, Book 66, p. 87.
330Digby County marriage registrations, Book 1812, p. 150.
3311901 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Digby Co., Tiverton, district 31, subdistrict u, p. 10; PAC microfilm no. T-6450.
332Annapolis County marriage registrations, Book 1, p. 430.
333Digby County marriage registrations, 1925, no. 023020.
3341901 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Digby Co., Tiverton, district 31, subdistrict u, p. 6; PAC microfilm no. T-6450.
335Digby County marriage registrations, Book 3, p. 841.
336Digby County birth registrations, Book 1807, p. 32.
3371901 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Digby Co., Tiverton, district 31, subdistrict u, p. 10; PAC microfilm no. T-6450.
338Digby County marriage registrations, 1925, no. 004040.
339Digby County marriage registrations, Book 1812, p. 210.
3401901 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Digby Co., Tiverton, district 31, subdistrict u, p. 10; PAC microfilm no. T-6450.
341Digby County marriage registrations, 1913, no. 003842.
342Digby County marriage registrations, 1927, no. 049955.
343Digby County birth registrations, Book 1807, p. 204.
344Digby County marriage registrations, Book 1812, p. 194.
345George Levoy, message posted RootsWeb, dated 18 Dec. 1998, available online at http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/ACADIAN-CAJUN/ 1998-12/0913980211. As previously noted, there is a very good genealogy of this family: Donald W. Beals, A Genealogy of our Beals Family, available online at http://beals-genealogy.com/genealogy/.
346Christian Messenger (Halifax), 23 Jan. 23 1861, from an extract kindly communicated by George Levoy.
3471881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Digby Co., Sandy Cove, district 15, subdistrict D, p. 26 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,808].
3481910 U.S. Federal Census, New Hampshire, Belknap Co., Laconia, 5-WD, p. 159B; series T624, roll 860, pt. 1.
349Digby County death registrations, Book 1806, p. 99.
3501910 U.S. Federal Census, New Hampshire, Belknap Co., Laconia, 5-WD, p. 161A; series T624, roll 860, pt. 1.
3511920 U.S. Federal Census, New Hampshire, Belknap Co., Laconia, enumeration district 11, p. 4B; roll T625_1006.
352Social Security Death Index.
353Social Security Death Index.
3541920 U.S. Federal Census, New Hampshire, Belknap Co., Laconia, enumeration district 8, p. 17A; roll T625_1006.
3551930 U.S. Federal Census, New Hampshire, Belknap Co., Laconia, enumeration district 9, sheets 15A & 16A [?]; roll 1298.
356Society Security Death Index.
3571910 U.S. Federal Census, New Hampshire, Belknap Co., Laconia, 5-WD, p. 151A; series T624, roll 860, pt. 1.
3581930 U.S. Federal Census, New Hampshire, Belknap Co., Laconia, enumeration district 12, sheet 8B; roll 1298.
359Death notice of Alice R. Saunders, available online at http://www.wilkinsonbeane.com/Obituaries/JANUARY%202004/saunders.html.
360Social Security Death Index.
3611920 U.S. Federal Census, New Hampshire, Belknap Co., Laconia, enumeration district 11, p. 8B; roll T625_1006.
362The fact that June (____) Lewis is the granddaughter of Holmes Francis Saunders is mentioned in “____ Walker and Margaret Mckay,” an anonymous posting to CAN-NS-DIGBY-L Archives dated 26 July 2001, at http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/CAN-NS-DIGBY/2001-07/0996167944.
363There is a very good genealogy of this family: Donald W. Beals, A Genealogy of our Beals Family, available online at http://beals-genealogy.com/genealogy/, which however misses Frances Catherine Gidney even though it shows her sister Catherine, wife of Lorenzo Saunders.
3641881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Digby Co., Sandy Cove, District 15, Subdistrict D, p. 25 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,808].
365Death notice of Holmes Saunders from the Digby Courier (?), quote in “____ Walker and Margaret Mckay,” anonymous posting to CAN-NS-DIGBY-L Archives dated 26 July 2001, at http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/CAN-NS-DIGBY/2001-07/0996167944.
366Digby County death registrations, Book 144, p. 245.
3671881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Digby Co., Sandy Cove, District 15, Subdistrict D, p. 24 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,808].
368Digby County marriage registrations, Book 1812, p. 254.
369“____ Walker and Margaret Mckay,” anonymous posting to CAN-NS-DIGBY-L Archives dated 26 July 2001, at http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/CAN-NS-DIGBY/2001-07/0996167944; also information from Ronald Gidney.
370Annapolis Spectator, 31 Oct. 1884, transcribed at Annapolis Spectator, Annapolis Royal, Annapolis Co, Nova Scotia, http://www.rootsweb.com/~canbrnep/ARSpec1884.htm.
371Digby Courier, 29 Sept. 1893, as quoted in L. Marshall “Saunders/Saunders,” posting to CAN-NS-DIGBY-L Archives dated 16 Sept. 2001, at http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/CAN-NS-DIGBY/2001-09/1000664236.
372Death notice of Christina (Saunders) Saunders from the Digby Courier (?), quoted in “____ Walker and Margaret Mckay,” anonymous posting to CAN-NS-DIGBY-L Archives dated 26 July 2001, at http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/CAN-NS-DIGBY/2001-07/0996167944.
373“____ Walker and Margaret Mckay,” anonymous posting to CAN-NS-DIGBY-L Archives dated 26 July 2001, at http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/CAN-NS-DIGBY/2001-07/0996167944; also information from Ronald Gidney.
374Jones Morehouse (1797-1867) and Eliza Trask (1814-1885) are buried at the Church of the Nativity, Sandy Cove. See M. Mackay, Jacob Edmund Morehouse, available online at http://www.magma.ca/~mmackay/wc45/wc45_174.html.
3751881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Digby Co., Sandy Cove, District 15, Subdistrict D, p. 28 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,808].
376In the published transcription of the Digby birth records, she is listed twice with two different dates.
3771901 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Digby Tp., Freeport, district 31, subdistrict g, p. 15; PAC microfilm no. T-6450.
378See the brief account of this man in Digby Municipal Heritage Heritage Properties, Capt. Charles Saunders Property, Sandy Cove Road, Sandy Cove, 1878?, available online at http://www.westerncounties.ca/digby/cgi-bin/getProperty01.cgi?sqry=60.
3791911 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, district 43 (Digby Co.), subdistrict 19 (Sandy Cove), p. 6. The entry reads:
Orwell __ Morehouse  head  Oct.  1883  27  N.S.  English  fisherman
Jennie       "       wife  June  1886  24  N.S.  Scotch
Darrell       "      son   Dec.  1904   6  N.S.  English
Addie        "       dau.  July  1906   4  N.S.     "
Stella       "       dau.  Dec.  1907   3  N.S.     "
Nora         "       dau.  Sept. 1910 8/12 N.S.     "
====
The entire family was Canadian in nationality; their religion
is illegible.
380Halifax Daily News, 9 Nov. 2002.
381Digby Municipal Heritage Heritage Properties, Capt. Charles Saunders Property, Sandy Cove Road, Sandy Cove, 1878?, available online at http://www.westerncounties.ca/digby/cgi-bin/getProperty01.cgi?sqry=60.
382Digby County death registrations, 1947, no. 001267.
383Information from Marion Angrignon.
384Mary Kate Bull, Sandy Cove, pp. 68-69.
385Cindy Graham, [interview with] Stewart Erwood Carty, of Mink Cove, October 31, 2000, available online at http://www.municipalities.com/elders/elder_stewartcarty.htm. Stewart Carty was however mistaken in his belief that his mother was 48 years old at the time of his birth. Some of his statements respecting his siblings cannot be attributed to a specific person. He says (we have slightly condensed the very literal transcript):
My oldest sister lived ’til she was ninety nine. And our other sister [which one?] died at ninety seven. And there was two boys that died the youngest. They was eighty one and eighty two…. I had one sister that lived in the States. She lived in Lexington, Mass. And I had another sister that lived down in Yarmouth, in Carleton. And one of the boys that died lived here in Sandy Cove. And the other one had lived here pretty well all of his life, and after he got in his fifties, he ran afoul of a woman. And she had a little money and [was] from Philadelphia. And he married her, and then moved down below Virginia, I think it was. And he died down there. And then she come back here, and she was only here a little while when she passed away.
386Digby County marriage registrations, Book 17, p. 652.
387Death notice, Halifax Daily News, as extracted in Digby obituaries for March thru April 2002, available online at http://www.rootsweb.com/~nsdigby/obituaries/query024.htm.
388Information from Marion Angrignon.
389Death notice, Halifax Herald, __ Aug. 2005, as extracted in Digby obituaries for July 2005 thru February 2006, available online at http://www.rootsweb.com/~nsdigby/obituaries/query038.htm.
390Digby County marriage registrations, Book 1812, p. 90.
391According to Morton Saunders, writing on 22 April 1982 to Lois Kernaghan, “The Saunders [family] of Digby were mostly Loyalists descended from Billie Saunders, who had his grant in Sandy Cove. However my line would come under the Planter group. William Saunders, b. 11 January 1799 [at] Yarmouth, N.S., moved over to Digby and married Hannah Cornwell.” This agrees with Brown’s Yarmouth Genealogies, pp. 148, 151, where Hannah is called “Hannah Conwell [sic] of Digby Neck.” She would appear to have been a daughter of Jacob Cornwell, an early settler at Digby Neck, who m. in 1800, Sarah, daughter of Capt. Isaac Titus, U.E.L. (see Wilson’s Digby, p. 372). William Saunders (aged 72) and his wife Hannah (aged 68) are found in the 1871 census of Sandy Cove, and Hannah was still alive in 1881.
3921881 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, Digby Co., Rossway, district 15, p. 1; PAC microfilm no. C-13172 [Family History Library microfilm no. 1,375,808].
3931910 U.S. Federal Census, Massachusetts, Middlesex Co., Medford, roll 602, pt. 2, p. 18B.
3941920 U.S. Federal Census, Massachusetts, Norfolk Co., Dedham, enumeration district 189, p. 15A; roll T625_722.
395Social Security Death Index.
396Social Security Death Index, and obituary cited below.
397Karen Lee Ziner, “Eleanor F. Saunders, 83; civic activist, noted fundraiser for charitable events,” available online on the Rhode Island Society of Mayflower Descendants website, at http://www.mayflower-ri.org/efs-obit.htm.
398When she posted a message to the genealogical forum of Genealogy.com, at http://genforum.genealogy.com/kempton/messages/288.html.
399Kevin Wall Saunders, available online at http://www.law.msu.edu/faculty_staff/saunde44.pdf.
4001910 U.S. Federal Census, Massachusetts, Middlesex Co., Medford, roll 602, pt. 2, p. 18B.
4011920 U.S. Federal Census, Massachusetts, Middlesex Co., Somerville, Middlesex, Massachusetts, enumeration district 423, p. 2B; roll T625_718.
4021930 U.S. Federal Census, Massachusetts, Middlesex Co., Malden, enumeration district 279, sheet 4B; roll 923.
403Social Security Death Index.
4041920 U.S. Federal Census, Vermont, Chittenden Co., Burlington City, Chittenden, Vermont, enumeration district 50, p. 7B; roll T625_1871.
4051930 U.S. Federal Census, Vermont, Chittenden Co., Essex Junction, enumeration district 29, p. __; roll 2428.
406social Security Death Index.
4071920 U.S. Federal Census, Massachusetts, Middlesex Co., Somerville, enumeration district 454, p. 4B; roll T625_718.
4081930 U.S. Federal Census, Massachusetts, Middlesex Co., Somerville, enumeration district 450, sheet 13A; roll 928.
4091910 U.S. Federal Census, New Hampshire, Belnap Co., Sanbornton, enumeration district 12, sheet 5B; roll T624_860. The entry reads:
name            relat. gen. age mar. b.p.  f.b.p. m.b.p. lang. occ.
-------------------------------------------------------------------
George P. Eastman  head  M 60   W   N.H.   N.H.   N.H.  Eng. farmer
Clara Carr      servant  F 32   M2  C.E.*  C.E.   C.E.  Eng. house-
  keeper
George D. Carr  boarder  M 8/12 S   Mass.  Mass.  C.E.+ ----
====
* Canada English
+ written over "Nova Scotia"
410Derry News (Derry, N.H.), 2 Nov. 1988, from a copy kindly supplied by (Dana) George Levoy.
411Social Security Death Index.
4121910 U.S. Federal Census, New Hampshire, Belknap Co., Gilmanton, enumeration district 6, sheet 9A; roll T624_860. The entry reads:
name            relat. gend. age stat. b.p.  f.b.p. m.b.p. occ.
------------------------------------------------------------------
George E. Page*   head    M 55  M1  N.H.     N.H.  N.H.  farmer
                                                     (general farm)
Ella Page*+       wife    F 50  M1  N.H.     N.H.  N.H.
Frank J. Page     son     M 22  S   N.H.     N.H.  N.H.  farmer
                                                     (general farm)
Joseph L. Page    son     M 19  S   N.H.     N.H.  N.H.  farm laborer
                                                         (home farm)
Alice M. Page     dau.    F 17  S   N.H.     N.H.  N.H.
Ralph G. Page     son     M 12  S   N.H.     N.H.  N.H.
Chester L. Demond boarder M  3  S   Michigan unkn. unkn.
====
* Number of years of present marriage: 29
+ Mother of 5 children
Entire household's language English
4131920 U.S. Federal Census, New Hampshire, Belknap Co., Gilmanton, enumeration district 6, sheets 2B and 3B; roll T625_1006. The entry reads:
name            relat. gend. age stat. b.p.  f.b.p. m.b.p. occ.
--------------------------------------------------------------------
George E. Page    head     M  65  M  N.H.      N.H. N.H.  farmer
                                                   (general farming)
Ella Page         wife     F  60  M  N.H.      N.H. N.H.  none
=== (page break) ===
Alice M. Page     dau.     F  28  S  N.H.      N.H. N.H.  teacher
                                                   (public school)
Ralph G. Page     son      M  22  S  N.H.      N.H. N.H.  machinist
                                                   (machine shop)
Chester L. Dimond boarder  M  13  S  Michigan  N.H. U.S.  none
4141930 U.S. Federal Census, New Hampshire, Belknap Co., Gilmanton, enumeration district 6, sheet 4B; roll 1298. The entry reads:
name              relat. gend. age stat. b.p.   f.b.p. m.b.p. occ
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Chester L. Dimond*   head   M  24  M   Michigan U.S.+  U.S.+  labor (odd jobs)
Florence B. Dimond*  wife   F  25  M   N.H.     N.H.   N.H.
Alice F. Dimond      dau.   F   6  S   N.H.     N.H.   N.H.
Ernestine B. Dimond  dau.   F   2  S   N.H.     N.H.   N.H.
====
* Both listed as aged 17 at first marriage
+ Written over "unknown"
4151920 U.S. Federal Census, Belnap Co., Gilford, enumeration district 5, sheet 2B; roll: T625_1006. The entry reads:
name             relat. gen. age stat. b.p.  f.b.p.  m.b.p.  occ.
-------------------------------------------------------------------
Elmon E. Levoy*    head    M  46  M  Canada   Canada Canada  farmer
S.+ Alice Levoy    wife    F  39  M  New Eng. Eng.   Eng.
Ruth E. Levoy      dau.    F  16  S  N.H.     N.H.   N.H.
Henry W. Levoy     son     M  15  S  N.H.     N.H.   N.H.
George E. Levoy    son     M   9  S  Mass.    Mass.  Mass.
Mary J. Levoy      dau.    F   2  S  N.H.     N.H.   Vermont
Clarence E. Haines boarder M   3  S  Mass.    Mass.  Mass.
Dorothy A. Haines  boarder F   1  S  Mass.    Mass.  Mass.
====
* obtained citizenship in 1886
+ probably; George Levoy thinks her first name was Sarah
416Social Security Death Index; U.S. Veterans Gravesites, ca. 1775-2006, databases at Ancestry.com.
417U.S. Veterans Gravesites, ca. 1775-2006, as cited above.
4181930 U.S. Federal Census, New Hampshire, Rockingham Co., Kensington, enumeration district: 20, sheet 1B; roll 1305.
419U.S. Veterans Gravesites, ca. 1775-2006, as cited above.
420Maine Marriages, 1892-1996 (a subscription database at Ancestry.com).
421Society Security Death Index.
422“Dick Durgin,” posting to the Durgin forum at http://genforum.genealogy.com/cgi-bin/pageload.cgi?roger::durgin::107.html, dated 27 Feb. 2002, signed only “Jessica” [is her surname Earle?] at earle1971cs.com.
423Annual Reports of the Selectmen, Treasurer, Town Clerk and Tax Collector of the Town of Warner, New Hampshire, together with the reports of the Warner Village Water District, Vital Statistics, etc., for fiscal year ending December 31, 2006 [PDF], p. 139, available online at http://www.warner.nh.us/downloads/2006_report/2006%20Town%20Report.pdf.
424Annual Reports of the Selectmen, Treasurer, Town Clerk and Tax Collector of the Town of Warner, as cited above, p. 4.
425Warner Board of Selectmen Meeting Minutes, March 7, 2006, available online at http://www.warner.nh.us/meetings/minutes/selectmen/sel030706.htm.
426Social Security Death Index.
427His will, proved 31 Dec. 1926, is Digby County Will no. A-2301, but we have not checked the original document. The calendar to these wills supplies his date of death.
428Digby County marriage registrations.
429Information from Marion Angrignon; also Ross W. McCurdy, Descendants of James and Anna (Rice) McDormand, 52.
430Digby Municipal Heritage Heritage Properties, Ingram Saunders Property, Sandy Cove Road, Sandy Cove, 1884, available online at http://www.westerncounties.ca/digby/cgi-bin/getProperty01.cgi?sqry=31.
431Per her birth record, agreeing as to the month and year with the 1911 census.
432Family Data Collection — Individual Records, a database at Ancestry.com, from which we have taken a few additional details including the statement as to the parentage and date of death of Guy Eustace Morehouse.
4331911 Census of Canada, Nova Scotia, district no. 43 (Digby), subdistrict no. 19 (Sandy Cove poll district, Centreville, Mink Cove), p. 5. The entry reads:
Guy Morehouse head May  1881  30  NS  engineer
Jessie   "    wife Nov. 1883  28  NS
Theta    "    dau. May  1906   5  NS
Nancy A. "    dau. Nov. 1908   2  NS
----
All of English origin and Canadian citizenship; all Baptist
in religion. The entry is very faint and it is possible that
a few of the numbers may have been misinterpreted.
434Digby Courier, 18 May 2006.
435Digby Municipal Heritage Heritage Properties, Ingram Saunders Property, Sandy Cove Road, Sandy Cove, 1884, available online at http://www.westerncounties.ca/digby/cgi-bin/getProperty01.cgi?sqry=31.
436Digby County marriage registrations, Book 1812, p. 124.
437According to the 1870 birth record of their daughter Sophia.
438Digby County marriage registrations, Book 1812, p. 162.
439Digby County birth registrations, Book 1807, p. 226.
440Per the birth record of their daughter Ellen, although that of their daughter Mary gives the date as 1857.
441See Tyler Seymour Morris, The Tucker Genealogy: A Record of Gilbert Ruggles and Evelina Christina (Snyder) Tucker; their ancestors and descendants (Chicago, 1901), 18.
442All this information is from Family Data Collection — Individual Records, a database at Ancestry.com.
443She is called Leafy in the birth records of her daughters Eugenia (1868) and Hannah (1873), Leaffy in that of her daughter Alice (1872), and Lefee in the 1871 census, but possibly “Langley” in that of her daughter Anabel (1864), while that of her son John (1870) merely gives her initial.
444The birth record of her daugher Eugenia says they were married in 1862 at Digby, but that of their son John says it was in 1862 at Sandy Cove.
4451871 Census of Sandy Cove, pp. 7-8. The entry reads:
Morehouse Joseph   M  43   mar. NS  Baptist English sea captain
    "     Lefee    F  29   mar. NS  Baptist Scotch
    "     Annabell F   6   ---  NS  Baptist English in school
    "     Eugenia  F   3   ---  NS  Baptist English
=== (page break) ===
    "     John J.  M  10m* ---  NS  Baptist English
------
* "b. June 1870" added in note
446Newport News (Virginia), 6 Nov. 1897, quoted in “____ Walker and Margaret Mckay,” anonymous posting to CAN-NS-DIGBY-L Archives dated 26 July 2001, at http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/CAN-NS-DIGBY/2001-07/0996167944, where much fuller extracts are given.


Some Sites of Related Interest

From the Genealogy Page of John Blythe Dobson
URL = library.uwinnipeg.ca/people/Dobson/genealogy/ff/Harris-Joseph.cfm
This page written 17 March 2000
Last revised 8 September 2014